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INDONESIA
SOSIOLOGI NUSANTARA
Published by Universitas Bengkulu
ISSN : 24609099     EISSN : 26229617     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara (JSN) merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh Jurusan Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan ilmu Politik, Universitas Bengkulu. Jurnal Sosiologii Nusantara teregistrasi dengan ISSN Print (2460-9099) dan ISSN Online (2622-9617). Jurnal ini menerima artikel ilmiah yang berisi hasil penelitian di bidang sosial humaniora, kajian mengenai kependudukan, gender, pemberdayaan masyarakat. Redaksi tetap menerima naskah artikel yang masih berkaitan dengan topik sosial yang relevan. Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara terbit sebanyak 2 kali dalam 1 tahun, yakni pada bulan Juni dan Desember.
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Articles 46 Documents
ANALISIS KONFLIK ATAU SENGKETA HAK KEPEMILIKAN TANAH ADAT BETANG SANGKUWU DI DESA TUMBANG MARAK, KECAMATAN KATINGAN TENGAH, KABUPATEN KATINGAN, KALIMANTAN TENGAH Perdana, Dedy Ilham; Yuliana, Yuliana
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (317.543 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.1.1.1-16

Abstract

The conflict on the customary land of Betang Sangkuwu in Tubang Marakvillage occured because of the struggle for the ownership of customary land of Betang Sangkuwu located in the middle of the palm oil processing plantation company, namely PT Karya Dewi Putera (PT KDP). The fight for customary land ownership of Betang Sangkuwu occurred between the indigenous people of Tubang Marak village and the comers settling in this village, called penampil.This study uses a phenomenological study with a qualitative approach, whichexamines the phenomenon to be developed. The source of data in this reseach came from primary data, which were collected through direct and in-dept interviews between the researcher and informants (the subject), observations, recordings and field notes. Data analysis techniques used are data reduction, analysis of data, and the conclusion and verification. The results showed that in the process of customary land disputes in Betang Sangkuwu of Tumbang Marak village there were actors who played roles (roles of authority). The conflict occured because of the root triggered by economic values, social values (social rent/social previlages), and rent ricardian (sacred cultural values). The conflict was in the form of latent conflict, namely slandering, suspicion, and threatened each other, as well as manifest conflict in the form of blaming each other. Efforts have been made, namely the mediation and hinting (a customary fine) in Dayak customary. The fight for customary land ownership rights of Betang Sangkuwuin Tumbang Marak village has not been completed. The penampil community together with KCW personnels would raise the issue to the positive law. Yet, since the indigenous people of Tumbang Marak village were willing to accept the results of the mediation, the relationship between parties involved the conflict in Tumbang Marak village was getting better. Keywords: Land Dispute, Indigenous Lands, Mediation and Hinting
KERENTANAN HIDUP PEREMPUAN PENARIK LANCANG DI KAWASAN PANTAI JAKAT KOTA BENGKULU Osira, Yessilia
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.586 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.1.1.81-95

Abstract

Pulling a sailboat, locally known as nyongsong, is one of informal sector jobs at Pantai Jakat of Bengkulu city. The workers‘ lives depended on the job of fishermen in catching fish, whose income was uncertain. This Study shows that the number of nyongsong woman-workers was increasing, and it was dominated by women aged more than 40 years old with three to seven dependents. Even though initially the motivation of those women in doing their job was just to help their respective family‘s economy, the job is now playing an important role in fulfilling family need. The study shows that the nyongsong may raise vulnerability, namely: a) vulnerability of job and outcome, b) job risk, c) inability to access and manage social guarantee. However, the nyongsong was able to adapt in: a) changing the motivation to help family in fulfilling the family need, b) collecting the fish together with the fishermen, and the result would be divided for two parties, c) producing dried fish, becoming farming laborers, selling vegetables, if there was no job to do.Key words : Sailboat pulling worker, Vulnerability
KONSTRUKSI BERITA KONFLIK PASCA BENCANA ALAM PADA HARIAN KOMPAS Muslimah, Dian
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.999 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.1.1.17-37

Abstract

Natural disasters often lead to social change, and the changes of structural society often lead to post-disaster conflicts in the community. When a natural disaster occurs, the mass media became one of the main elements that preach it to the outside world through a text message. While the news is the result of social construction that always involving views, ideologies and values. Construction performed by mass media does not take place in an empty space, but it is loaded with interests especially for the news of conflict, because it contains a high value news. This study aimed to determine the focus on post disaster situations on Kompas news, and how Kompas taking up the post-conflicts on Padang earthquake within community through text message construction. This study is focused on the news text in the Kompas Daily that contain post earthquake conflict during October, 2009, and will be analyzed using critical discourse analysis of Teun Van Dijk's three levels of analysis methods. Seen from the analysis result of post-disaster conflict news text that occurred in Padang, the post- disaster conflict news had conducted by Kompas daily with a great caution. News themes of conflict that raised were not presented the opinion of both parties who are in conflict in the same text news. From the social analysis of this research, conflicts regarding to natural disaster relief as happened in West Sumatra were included in the conflict caused by differences in the aspirations between parties, which led to negative attitudes and perceptions to other party. While the result of social cognition analysis to Kompas, found that past experiences lead Kompas applying style crab journalism that being cautious, especially in conflict review. Kompas Daily also apply transcendental humanism principles to make it accepted by all parties. Moreover, the presence of Standardization Language team (BP) that standardize the language, makes the language style used by Kompas become more delicate and polite. In the earthquake disaster that occurred in Padang, the conflict was happened vertically, between the community and government caused by the unequal distribution of aid. By the factors, conflicts are often caused by the process of social change are not equally experienced by people in the community structure, the social changes experiencing by the post-disaster community are caused by unexpected pressure beyond human capability as well as the factor of interest (of the government/ authorities) which further leads to survival instinct. But apparently behind the process of social change that led to conflict, post-disaster conflict was caused by the society attempts to get back the means of production due to the changing mode of production caused by natural disasters. This effort makes a vertical conflict between the government as a resource owners and the community as a group that does not have the resources, which leads to collective action such as protests against the policies of aid distribution that are deemed unfair.Keywords : Disasters, Conflicts, Critical Discourse Analysis
NILAI-NILAI LOKAL MASYARAKAT PESISIR DALAM UPAYA PELESTARIAN SUMBERDAYA PESISIR DI KOTA BENGKULU Nopianti, Heni; Hanum, Sri Handayani; Widiono, Sumarto
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (255.19 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.1.1.38-47

Abstract

This study aims to identify and describe the local values of the coastal community of Bengkulu city in managing coastal resources. The data and information were collected from a number of informants who were selected based on purposive sampling technique. The required data were collected through interviews, observation, and documentation. Data analysis was done simultaneously in conjunction with the data collection process by using conventional analytical techniques applicable in qualitative research. The result of this study shows that there are a number of local values in the coastal community of Bengkulu city, either they are still alive or have been ignored. The values had been continuously maintained for the preservation of coastal resources are: using boats (canoes) and traditional equipments in fishing instead of using trawls; avoid using explosives and poison potassium in making the catch; making restrictions on the catchment area; managing household waste; doing reforestation; and not catching the sharks.Keywords : Local Value, Management, Coastal Resource
DAMPAK FERTILITAS TERHADAP KEBUTUHAN DASAR KELUARGA (Studi Kasus Pada Keluarga Dengan Jumlah Anak Lebih dari Dua di Desa Pondok Kelapa, Kabupaten Bengkulu Tengah) Sunaryanto, Heri
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (296.908 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.1.1.48-67

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of high fertility on the fulfillment of basic needs in Central Bengkulu Regency. This research is quantitative descriptive with the number of respondents was 50 people. The analytical method used was SPSS (Statistic Program for Sosial Sciences) with cross tabulation analysis and triangulation. The results showed that there was no relationship between the number of children and the fulfillment of basic needs such as education, fulfillment of food, shelter and health. There are several reasons of the explanation of the social reality. Furthermore, from the people perspective high fertility level is more linked to social values of children than of the calculation based on the fulfillment of basic needs.Keywords: Impact Fertility, Education, Housing, Food and Health.
DINAMIKA DAN REPRODUKSI KEKERASAN PELAJAR DI DENPASAR Tamim, Imron Hadi
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (267.188 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.1.1.68-80

Abstract

This research aims to explore the students’ violence, its dynamics and the reproduction of violence. As a young person, the student views that the meaning of personal identity is very important for his/her life to be existing in the social world. The “geng pelajar” is the social group which has contributed to students’ personality. This research was held in four senior high schools in Denpasar. The researh used qualitative approach to inquiry the data. The Senior High School students in SMAN Denpasar, SMAN 2 Denpasar, SMAN 3 Denpasar and SMAN 7 Denpasar have many social groups called “geng”. Then the gangs in those schools influenced the member of gangs. The reproduction of violence occurred in the gangs so that the violence was dynamic not static.Keywords: student‘s violence, gangs, dynamic and reproduction
HUBUNGAN KONSEP DIRI dan LINGKUNGAN SEKOLAH DENGAN PENYESUAIAN SOSIAL SISWA KELAS AKSELERASI (Studi Kasus : SMP Negeri 1 Kota Bengkulu) Zahra, Siti; Pribadi, Hasan; Wardaya, Sulistya
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.2.1.1-8

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui hubungan konsep diri dan lingkungan sekolah dengan penyesuaian sosial siswa akselerasi. Teknik penetapan sampel menggunakan “total sampling”. Pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik kuesioner. Analisa data dilakukan dengan pengeditan data, coding (pengkodean) data dan setelah itu dianalisis dengan menggunakan product moment, korelasi partial, korelasi ganda, sampai pada penarikan kesimpulan untuk mendapatkan konsep-konsep sebagai hasil penelitian. Temuan dilapangan mengindikasikan bahwa penyesuaian sosial siswa akselarasi dipengaruhi oleh variabel konsep diri, dan lingkungan sekolah. Fakta dilapangan menunjukkan: pertama, sebenarnya variabel konsep diri berpengaruh terhadap penyesuaian sosial dengan taraf signifikansi 95%. Kedua : variabel lingkungan sekolah berpengaruh terhadap penyesuaian sosial dengan taraf signifikansi 95%. Ketiga : variabel konsep diri dan lingkungan sekolah secara bersama-sama mempengaruhi atau berpengaruh positif terhadap penyesuaian sosial siswa akselerasi. Rekomendasi dari penelitian ini adalah penyesuaian sosial siswa akselerasi dipengaruhi variabel konsep diri dan lingkungan sekolah pada taraf signifikan 95% dengan besar pengaruhnya sebesar 41%.Kata Kunci: Konsep Diri, Lingkungan Sekolah, Penyesuaian Sosial Siswa Akselerasi.
PERAN DUKUN DALAM PERAWATAN BAYI PERIODE PERINATAL Studi Kasus di Desa Sidoharjo, Kecamatan Tugumulyo, Kabupaten Musirawas, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan Suratmini, Suratmini; Pramudyasmono, Hajar G; Hanum, Sri Handayani
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.2.1.9-18

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mengetahui kedudukan sosial dukun dalam masyarakatnya, (2) mendeskripsikan peranan yang dilakukan oleh dukun bayi dalam perawatan bayi periode perinatal, (3) menggali informasi tentang rincian perawatan bayiyang dilakukan oleh dukun bayi pada periode perinatal. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif deskriptif dan menggunakan paradigma fakta sosial dengan teori struktural fungsional sebagai alat analisisnya. Informan diperoleh dengan teknik purposive sampling yaitu ibu-ibu yang memiliki bayi yang berumur 0-12 bulan serta dukun bayi yang melakukan perawatan bayi selama periode perinatal. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik observasi dan wawancara. Analisis data dilakukan dari reduksi data, penyajian data serta penarikan simpulan untuk mendapatkan konsep-konsep sebagai hasil penelitian. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa kedudukan sosial dukun bayi dalam masyarakat yakni sebagai pemimpin ritual-ritual dalam masyarakat seperti pemimpin ritual mitoni, menguburkan ari-ari, pemimpin ritus brokohan, pemimpin ritus sepasaran, dan mitra bidan saat proses persalinan, sertapemberi nasehat. Peran yang dilakukan oleh dukun bayi dalam melakukan perawatan bayi pada periode perinatal yakni memijat bayi, memandikan bayi, serta merawat tali pusat bayi. Dukun bayi menjadi mitra bidan karena adanya peraturan dari Departemen Kesehatan yang mengharuskan pertolongan persalinan dilakukan oleh tenaga medis terlatih. Kepercayaan warga masyarakat terhadap dukun bayi dilatarbelakangi oleh kesamaan budaya, lingkungan sosial yang sama serta adanya kedekatan secara emosional yang terjalin antara dukun bayi dengan warga masyarakat desa Sidoharjo. Kata Kunci : Dukun, Perawatan Perinatal.
KELOMPOK MUSIK INDIE DI KALANGAN REMAJA: Studi di Kelurahan Surabaya, Kota Bengkulu Oktar, Wandi; Suminar, Panji; Topan, Asep
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.2.1.18-28

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi, menggambarkan dan juga menjelaskan mengapa remaja di Kota Bengkulu membentuk kelompok musik indie, selain itu bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi, menggambarkan dan menjelaskan apa saja bentuk dukungan dari masyarakat terhadap kelompok musik indie. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan teori Interaksionisme Simbolik. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif ekploratif. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui proses observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Pemilihan informan dilakukan berdasarkan teknik Purposive Sampling. Analisis data dilakukan secara kualitatif yang meliputi pengujian, pemilihan kategorisasi, evaluasi, membandingkan, reduksi data sampai pada penarikan kesimpulan dan verifikasi untuk mendapatkan konsep-konsep sebagai hasil penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada berbagai alasan sehingga kalangan remaja yang ada di Kota Bengkulu membentuk kelompok musik secara indie, kelompok musik yang berada di luar jalur industri musik label. Pertama, adanya pengaruh lingkungan peer group yang terdiri dari teman sekolah, tetangga dan juga kerabat, remaja membentuk kelompok musik indie karena berdasarkan lingkungan sekolah, selain itu juga berdasarkan tetangga dan juga tempat tinggal yang sama. Kedua terbentuk karena adanya ajakan oleh teman. Ketiga, membentuk kelompok musik indie karena ingin menunjukkan eksistensi kelompok dan identitas diri. Selanjutnya atau yang ke empat, membentuk kelompok musik indie sebagai jalur alternatif untuk berkarya di luar jalur industri musik label. Kelima adanya faktor hubungan interaksi seperti imitasi yang meliputi imitasi terhadap anggota keluarga, imitasi terhadap teman dan juga imitasi terhadap tokoh idola, berikutnya ada sugesti yang meliputi sugesti oleh anggota keluarga, selanjutnya karena identifikasi. Dengan melalui berbagai langkah mulai dari proses mempromosikan hasil karyanya, bukan tanpa alasan bila kelompok musik indie yang dibentuk oleh kalangan remaja sudah di kenal oleh masyarakat, dengan demikian hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada berbagai bentuk dukungan masyarakat terhadap kelompok musik indie meliputi. Pertama, diselenggarakannya acara festival untuk kelompok musik indie. Kedua, disediakannya ekstrakulikuler musik baik di sekolah maupun di Universitas. Ketiga, undangan untuk mengisi acara baik itu resepsi pernikahan maupun acara ulang tahun, dan yang berikutnya disediakannya segmen khusus acara kelompok musik indie baik di televisi lokal maupun di radio. Kata Kunci : Kelompok, Musik Indie, Remaja 
PERAN WANITA PESISIR PEDAGANG DALAM PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN PRIMER KESEHATAN KELUARGA (Studi Kasus Wanita Pedagang di Kawasan Pantai Kota Bengkulu) Johansyah, Syafri; Arwani, Muhaammad Marwan; Hartati, Sri
Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33369/jsn.2.1.29-37

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis peran wanita pesisir pedagang menjalankan fungsinya memenuhi kebutuhan primer kesehatan keluarga. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori fungsional struktural dan metode penelitian kuantitatif deskriptif analitik. Lokasi penelitian berada di kawasan Pantai Kota Bengkulu. Sasaran utama penelitian ini wanita pedagang di pantai. Data diperoleh melalui kuesioner dan disebarkankepada 32 responden. Sampel menggunakan teknik random sampling. Teknik analisis data menggunakan model analisis kuantitatif deskriptif analitik. Hasil penelitian menjelaskan bahwa pemeliharaan kesehatan dengan lima indikator yaitu, berperan memasak makanan 90,62%, berperan membeli pangan di pasar tradisional 83,12%, tidak berperan membeli pangan di pasar modern 39,37%, berperan membiasakan mandi, mencuci tangan dan menggosok gigi 90,00%, berperan menjaga jam tidur 67,50%, secara keseluruhan pemeliharaan kesehatan berperan 74,12%. Pencegahan penyakit dengan sembilan indikator yaitu berperan menyapu dan mengepel 89,37%, berperan menjaga kebersihan dapur 90,00%, tidak berperan membersihkan selokan 55,62%, tidak berperan melaksanakan 3M 55,62%, berperan menyiapkan tempat sampah 96,25%, berperan memeriksakan kehamilan 83,12%, berperanmelakukan imunisasi 89,37%, berperan selektif jajanan anak 71,87%, tidak berperan menggunakan kelambu 36,87%, secara keseluruhan pencegahan penyakit berperan 74,23%. Pencarian pengobatan dengan tiga indikator yaitu berperan membeli obat 70,62%, berperan ke puskesmas 80,62%, tidak berperan ke rumah sakit 44,37%, secara keseluruhan pencarian pengobatan berperan 65,20%. Pemulihan kesehatan dengan dua indikator yaitu, berperan memberikan perawatan 94,37%, berperan memastikan mengkonsumsi obat secara rutin dan tepat waktu 95,00%, secara keseluruhan pemulihan kesehatan berperan 94,68%.  Kata Kunci: Peningkatan dan Pemeliharaan Kesehatan, Pencegahan Penyakit, Pencarian Pengobatan, dan Pemulihan Kesehatan.