The scope or coverage of this International journal will include but are not limited to: Islamic Economics, Islamic Business, Islamic banking, Islamic capital markets, Islamic wealth management, Issues on shariah implementation/practices of Islamic banking, Zakat and awqaf, Takaful, Islamic Corporate Finance, Shariah-compliant risk management, Islamic derivatives, Issues of Shari`ah Supervisory Boards, Islamic business ethics, Islamic Accounting, Islamic Auditing.
The discussions of good governance are being widely debatable all over the world. The world has arrived at an agreement that good governance has major influence for human resource development in the society. The debate is currently, going on all sectors of activities such the social, economic, and political imperatives, cultural sources and traditions. These have contribution to supervise and govern societies, how to manage business enterprises. The purposeof this paper is to investigate and to understand the theory of good governance from both a modern and Islamic perspective. Firstly, this paper is aimed to find out what is the good governance in modern term. Secondly, this paper will try to explore and explain the siyasah shar?iyyah means concerning to good governance on modern societies. Thirdly, explaining and exploring the concept of good governance in the reign of caliph Omar ibn Abd al-Aziz. Italready known that within short time he was able to bring the khilafah to glorious administration. This paper find that it is believed that the concept of good governance already practised by Caliph Omar ibn Aziz throughout his reign. In addition, there are many successes have been achieved by Omar either in the field of economy, politics and national defense and religious fields where the field may be difficult to achieve todays leaders.
The purpose of the study is threefold (1) to examine the level of faraid awareness among university students, as well as (2)the factors that may influence it, and (3)to investigate whether there is any difference between the various groups of respondents based on gender, education level, age and country of origin. The study uses three main statistical techniques to analyse the data, namely, one sample t-test, MANOVA and multiple regression. The data was gathered by distributing the questionnaire to 150 students of International Islamic University Malaysia. The findings indicate that overall the students have good knowledge about faraid. Nevertheless, the students were found to have a misconception and misunderstanding regarding female share in inheritance in Islam. In addition, the findings show that there is significant education level difference in faraid awareness. Finally, the findings conclude that among the variables initially included in the study, only facilitating conditions is significantly influencing the level of awareness of the university students.
This study examines the conditional correlations and volatility spillovers between the US and ASEAN Islamic stock markets. The empirical design uses MSCI (Morgan Stanley Capital International) Islamic indexes as it adopted stringent restriction to include companies in sharia list. By using a three multivariate GARCH models (BEKK, diagonal VECH, and CCC model), we find evidence of returns and volatility spillovers from the US to the ASEAN Islamic stock markets. However, as the estimated time-varying conditional correlations and volatilities indicate there is still a room for diversification benefits, particularly in the single markets. The Islamic MSCI of Thailand, Indonesia, and Singapore are less correlate to the US MSCI Islamic index. The implication is that foreign investors may benefit from the reduction of risk by adding the Islamic stocks in those countries.
: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of macroeconomic indicators and specific-firm characteristics on the profitability of Islamic banks in Asia for period 2008-2012. Macroeconomic indicators using variables GDP growth and inflation, while the firm-specific characteristics using variables leverage, capitalization, operating expense, asset quality, number of branches, and firm size. Bank profitability measured by ROA and ROE. Research method using Ordinary Least Squares regression (OLS) to process the data types unbalanced panels and balanced panel. Unbalanced panel using sample of 42 Islamic banks with 188 observations, while on balanced panel using sample of 28 Islamic banks with 140 observations. The result of this research shows that capitalization, firm size, GDP growth, and inflation are determinants affecting ROA with positive and significant influence, while operating expense and leverage are significantly negative determinants that affect ROA. Asset quality and number of branches had no significant influence to ROA. The research also shows that Â determinant factors that affect ROE with positive and significant influence are captalization, number of branch, GDP growth, and inflation, while operating expense, and asset quality are determinants that affect significantly negative to ROE. Leverage and firm size donât have significant influence to ROE. These results expected to be useful as a consideration material to improve the performance of Islamic banking, especially in Indonesia in order to compete with Islamic banking in Asia.
Islamic banks have very much engaged in debt financing businesses the same way and as much as their conventional counterparts do. Â Debt financing businesses, as widely implemented, were specifically targeted for and tailored to the needs of middle and upper income group of people. Â The low income people remain left out and forgotten in most banking businesses while microfinance instruments, which are meant to help the poor and needy, remain unpopular among the banking institutions. There is indeed increasing calls for Islamic banks to seriously consider this type of instrument as part of their religious obligation embedded under their Islamic identity. This paper demonstrated that microfinance instruments are viable for Islamic banks to consider despite the claims that the contracts are less secured and hence, too risky to embark in. Â A number of microfinance instruments based on Islamic concepts namely Musyarakah, Murabahah, Mudharabah, Ijarah and Qard al-Hassan as well as operational frameworks such as SPV and wakalah, were being proposed and discussed to pave ways for its implementation by the Islamic banks.
This paper attempts to analyze the relationship between Jakarta Stock Exchange Islamic Index (JII) and selected macroeconomic variables namely exchange rate, industrial production, inflation rate, and money supply. We used monthly data from January 2000 toDecember 2010.The methodology used in this paper is time series techniques of co-integration and vector autoregression (VAR). In the analysis, we rely on variance decompositions and impulse-response functions to capture the strength of interactions among variables. The results revealed that there is co-integration between Islamic stock prices and macroeconomic variables. Specifically, Indonesian Islamic stock market are driven more by domestic factors. These macroeconomic factors considered to be emphasized as the policy instruments by the governments in order to stabilize Islamic stock prices.
Stable economic growth is the major macroeconomic goal which is all nations seek. Economist and policy makers have been tried to find the ways to sustain and maintain stable economic growth. This paper examines the macroeconomic fluctuations and economic growth in Malaysia and Indonesia and its determinant by using multiple regression models. Five variables were chosen for the model namely variables are Money supply (MS), Industrial production (IP), Interest rate (IR), exchange rate (ER), Consumer price Index (CPI) and stock prices. The study shows that Money supply (MS), Interest rate (IR), exchange rate (ER), and stock prices are among others, the determinant factors of macroeconomic fluctuations in both countries. Specifically, the empirical results reveal that Interest rate (IR), exchange rate (ER), and stock prices has significant contribution to the performance of real GDP in Malaysia while Money supply (MS) and exchange rate (ER) are the main cause of macroeconomic fluctuations in Indonesia. This may be due to the different monetary policies pursued by the two countries. The two countries might have different monetary policy strategies; Malaysia pursues interest rate targeting policy, whereas Indonesia applies inflation rate targeting policy.The study recommends for both countries government policies play an important role in economic performance. Therefore, a careful policy should be the foremost important factor for economic in these nations and the every country in general.
This research aims to analyze the financial stability especially in dual banking system in Indonesia and discusses the role of Islamic banks in the financial stability of national banks. In addition, this study also focuses on the analysis of the determinants of financial stability namely on the national banking Industry. This research uses panel data in which combined data between time series and cross section with an observation periods are 2005:1 - 2009:1 by using an internal variable of banks and macroeconomic data. Z-score analysis will be used as main tool analysis regressed with internal variable. Empirical results obtained from this research shows that during the period of 2005:1 - 2009:1 banking financial stability, for both conventional and Islamic and categorized based on an asset scale, the movement of the Z-score value is different. From the Z-score values analysis shows that Islamic banks are the most stable bank with a trend increased sharply when compared with other banks, namely conventional couterparts. If viewed from each category, small conventional banks more stable than small Islamic banks, and there are declining trend in 2005:1 to 2009:1. Whereas for large and middle conventional banks the trend of the Z-score movement are in the same patterns. This study also founds that the determinant of the banking stability can be seen from two sides namely banks internal factors and macroeconomic factors. Internal factors consist of: Income Diversity (ID), Credit or Financing (Loan), Total Assets (TA), Operational Cost (Cost), Cost Income (CI), Loan Asset (LA), Current Liability (CL), Cash to Current Liabilities (CCL), Capital Bank (MDL). While macroeconomic factors consist of: inflation, BI Rate, Exchange Rate, Composite Index (JCI), the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This research also examined the extent to which the role of Islamic banks and the global financial crisis to the financial stability of national banking. This analysis shows that the global financial crisis and Islamic banks affect significantly to the financial stability of banking industries in Indonesia.