Nutri-Sains
Gizi terkait dengan aspek biokimia, gizi klinik, gizi masyarakat, pangan fungsional, aspek kehalalan pangan, dan sosial ekonomi serta regulasi dan informasi gizi dan pangan.
Articles
18
Articles
The Differences of Food Waste in Animal Side Dishes Based on Garnish Giving

Muskatim, Mustakim, Kusuma, Hapsari Sulistya, Ulvie, Yuliana Noor Setiawati

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

Food waste is one of the important indicators to find out the success of food service in a food organization in a hospital. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in food waste on a treatment: serve with and without garnishes on diet serving in Rajawali room to patients 5A and 5B Dr. Kariadi Semarang hospital. This type of descriptive analytic study illustrates the differences in the weight of the food waste (staple food, animal and vegetable side dish) serve with and without garnishes. This study involved 36 respondents which were divided into 2 groups. The first group of 18 respondents received food served with garnishes, while the second group of 18 received with no garnishes. The garnishes given in the form of lettuce and tomatoes (rounded cut on animal side dishes). The food waste was weighed using a digital scale with an accuracy of 0.01 grams and the data was then analyzed using Mann-Whitney. The results showed the food waste in animal side dishes with garnishes was 9.9%. While the serving with no garnishes was 26.4%. It implies that the use of garnishes is able to reduce the food waste on animal side dishes by 16.5%. Based on the data analysis, it was obtained the p-value = 0.000, which indicating a significant difference on the average weight of the food waste which served with and without garnishes.

Formulation of Avocado Juice with Coconut Water Potentially Lowers Hypertension

Sariningsih, Eka, Srimiati, Mia

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

Avocado is a fruit that high unsaturated fatty acid, while coconut water is fluid which has high potassium. The objective of this study was to assess the formulation of avocado juice with coconut water that could potentially reduce hypertension. The design of the study was an experimental with the degree of subsititution of coconut water as treatments. There were 3 kinds of treatment, i.e. F1 (75% avocado and 25% coconut water), F2 (50% avocado and 50% coconut water), F3 (25% avocado and 75% coconut water) and F0 (without coconut water but using water). Avocado juice product with 75% avocado substitution and 25% coconut water (F1) was a best formula determined by the hedonic test. This formula contained 68,48% (%w/w) water, 3,12% (%w/w) ash content, 4,45% (%w/w) fat content, 1,76% (%w/w) protein content, 21,07% (%w/w) carbohydrate content, 2163,8 (mg/kg) potassium content, 9,20% (%w/w) linoleic acid content, 1,11% (%w/w) linolenic acid content and 42,4% (%w/w) of total unsaturated fatty acid. This product could potentially reduce and prevent hypertension, because in one serving size (200cc) contain 432,76 mg of potassium (claim source of potassium).

Effect of Nutrition Education with Video Media for Student Knowledge of Snack Selection in Muhammadiyah 10 Surakarta Junior High School

Anestya, Mery, Muwakhidah, Muwakhidah

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

Adolescence need adequate energy intake to support their physical and psychology development, one of them was obtained for snack consumtion in school. Election of food snacks was influenced by student knowledge. There are 30% students who have bad knowlegde. Aim of this research is for knowing effect nutritional education using video media for student knowledge of snack selection in Muhammadiyah 10 Surakarta Junior High School. This research using quasy eksperiment design with one grup pretest-posttest. Taking of sample using proportionate random sampling with total sample are 44 students. In this research using video media. Data analysis using Kolmogorov smirnov and Paired sample T-Test. Based on data analysis using Paired sample T-Test got result p = 0.000 it shows p< 0.005 so H0 is refused it means there is any effect after giving nutrition education using video media. Mean score of students after giving nutrition education increase from 75,6 become 87. The conclusion is any effect nutrition education using video media for student knowledge in Muhammadiyah 10 Surakarta Junior High School.

Effect of The Sweet Potato Against Mice on Blood Glucose of Diabetes Mellitus

Kustiani, Ai, Raziq, Wilda

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of the sweet potato to the levels of blood glucose on diabetic mellitus mice. This study had been carried out with a sample of 25 mice which were divided into 5 groups. The levels of blood glucose on mice before treating with rice flour and sweet potato flour on the negative control group (KN) was 76.2 ± SD, on the positive control group (KP) was 159.4 ± SD, on the 1st treatment group (P1) was 159.4 ± SD, on the 2nd treatment group (P2) was 166.6 ± SD and 3rd treatment group (P3) was 161.2 ± SD. The average blood glucose levels on the 2nd treatment group (P2) before treatment was 166.6 ± SD and after treatment was 109.0 ± SD. The result showed a significant difference based on the statistical data (p < 0.05) between 4 test groups of mice. There was a big difference on the average blood glucose levels before and after treatment o P2 and P3. It is concluded that the treatment of sweet potatoes gives a positive effects on the blood glucose levels of diabetic mellitus mice.

Development of Jam Product from Peel and Flesh of Dragon Fruit as High Antioxidant Snack

Nisa, Tessa Chairun, Marjan, Avliya Quratul, Nasrullah, Nanang

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of different proportion of peel and flesh red dragon fruit of the jam to organoleptic test, to obtain the results of analysis of chemical properties and physical properties of jam, and also the selected formula. This research used experimental method by using Randomized Design. The organoleptic test was then analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney method. The result showed that proportion of peel and flesh of red dragon fruit has significant test (p<0,005) on hedonic quality test of color, texture, taste, aftertaste and hedonic test of flavor and taste. Based on the hedonic test, water content, carbohydrate content, antioxidant capacity, total flavonoid, and viscosity of the selected formula were  F3 (peel (70 g) and flesh (30g)), with water content (30,95%), ash content (0,27%), protein content (0,65%), fat content (0,20%), carbohydrate content (67,93%), antioxidant capacity (164,79 mg AEAC), total flavonoid (0,430 mg/g), viscosity (1333,67 cP) and polish (15,5 cm).

Correlation of Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of a Mother about Breastfeeding with Nutritional Status of Children Aged 6-23 of Sukmajaya Health Center, Depok City

Apriyanti, Resti Ayu, Arini, Firlia Ayu, Puspita, Ikha Deviyanti

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of a mother about breastfeeding with the nutritional status of children aged 6-23 months by using cross sectional design. The target population were all mothers with children aged 6-23 months. The samples were 179 respondents using purposive sampling techniques. Retrieval of data was done using questionnaires and structured interviews. Statistical calculation performed using univariate and bivariate analysis with chi-square test. The result showed that there was no correlation between maternal knowledge with BB/U (p=0,056), though there was a correlation between maternal attitudes with BB/U (p=0,000) and maternal behaviors with BB/U (p=0,000). It is concluded that there was significant correlation between attitudes and behavior of mothers with nutritional status of children aged 6-23 months. It is suggested to nutrition counselor to add more education related to exclusive breastfeeding. 

PENGARUH SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG KIMPUL (Xanthosomasagittifolium) TERHADAP TINGKAT PENGEMBANGAN DAN DAYA TERIMA BOLU

Kumara, Faresia Milda, Purwani, Eni -

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

The lack of utilization of local food one of which is kimpul (Xanthosomasagittifolium). Processed into flour is one of the methods for kimpul so it can be utilized into various food products such as cake. Kimpul has no gluten content such as wheat flour so it affects the expansion level and sensory preferences of the cake.The purpose of this study was toknow the relation of substitution ofkimpulflour to the expansion level and sensory preferences of cake. This research isusing an experimental study. The object used in this research is cake with 0%; 12.5%; 25%; 37.5% substitution of kimpul flour. Panelists used in this study were 33 panelists. What is assessed are the expansion level of cake from each substitution and the sensory preferences includes color, aroma, taste, texture and overall by the panelists. The analysis of the expansion level of cake by substitution of kimpul flour was done using one way Anova test, while for the sensory preferences using Friedman test and Duncan test.This study shows the best cake cultivation rate is cake with  12.5% of kimpul flour substitution with an average of 88.56% followed by cake with 25% of kimpul flour substitution with an average of 85.82%. In the overall sensory preferences test,most of panelists prefercake with 0% of kimpul flour substitution and followed by cake with 12.5% of kimpul flour substitution. This study can be concluded thatthere are no effects ofkimpul flour substitution on the expansion level of the cake, and there are effects of kimpul flour substitution on the sensory preferences test of the cake.

HUBUNGAN ASUPAN ENERGI, SERAT, DAN PENGELUARAN ENERGI DENGAN RASIO LINGKAR PINGGANG-PANGGUL (RLPP)

Hartanti, Dwi, Mulyati, Tatik

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

The enhancement of WHR value which is one of abdominal obesity predictor is usually correlated with the rise of chronic disease risks because its relations with the metabolic syndrome. Dietary intake and energy expenditure factors may have the important role of balance energy that can increase WHR value. The aim of this study is to analyze correlation of energy expenditure, energy and fiber intake with waist hip ratio (WHR) of officers. This cross-sectional study was taken place at PT. Pertamina (Persero) Semarang with consecutive counted 55 sample. Energy and fiber intake was estimated by dietary food record 2 x 24 hour dan Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Quesionaire. While energy expenditure was counted by using form diary activity. Statistic correlation was calculated by Statistic Package for the Social Science (SPSS) for window. About 70,9% of total subject has abdominal obesity. The prevalence of abdominal obesity is higher in women (81,5%) than men (60,7%). The mean of energy intake is 2402.2 ± 319.68 Kcal. Obese subject has 7,2% higher energy intake than normal subject. About 40% subject has light energy expenditure category and 45,5% subject is belong to moderate energy expenditure category. About 96,4% subject has fiber intake less than 25 gram per day. The result of this study shows that energy intake has association with WHR(r = 0.455 ; p = 0.000). Fiber intake is inversely associated with WHR(r = -0.382 ; p = 0.004). Energy expenditure also has negative association with WHR(r = -0.268 ; p = 0.048). There are significantly correlation of energy expenditure, energy and fiber intake with WHR.

HUBUNGAN KEBIASAAN MINUM DENGAN STATUS HIDRASI DAN KEBUGARAN JASMANI PADA ATLET DI PERSATUAN BULUTANGKIS KABUPATEN KUDUS

ariantika, aprilia, Mardiyati, Nur Lathifah

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know the correlation of drinking habit with hydration status and physical fitness of athlete in Badminton Association of Kudus Regency. This type of observational research with cross sectional approach. The number of research subjects is 33 athletes consisting of three badminton clubs in Kudus District, namely PB Taurus, PB Putra Sang Fajar and PB Djarum Kudus. Sampling using simple random sampling method. Taking data on drinking habits is obtained with Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). The hydration status is obtained by card measurement PURI (Check Your Own Urine). Physical fitness is derived from a physical fitness test that is a Beep test. Test the relationship using Spearmen Rank Test and Pearson Product Moment Test. Research subjects who have drinking habits less 48,5%, enough 15,2% and more 36,4%. Dehydrated athletes weigh 9,1%, mild dehydration 60,6% and well hydrated 30,3%. Athletes who have physical fitness under 12,1% average, 12,1% average, above average 24,2%, Excellent 30,3% and Superior 21,2%. The correlation between drinking habit and hydration status was obtained (p=0,000, r=0,589) and the relationship between drinking and physical fitness was obtained (p=0,459). Conclusion In this study there is a relationship between drinking habits with hydration status and no relationship between drinking habits and physical fitness. Advice for athletes is expected to know the factors that affect dehydration and its effects.

PEMANFAATAN AMPAS TEBU UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS (SIFAT ORGANOLEPTIK, PARAMETER OKSIDASI, DAN PROFIL ASAM LEMAK) PADA MINYAK JELANTAH

Wahyuni, Winda Tri, Srimiati, Mia

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

Used cooking oil is widely used by Indonesian people to fry many foods, which is the oil have been oxidized. On the other hand, Indonesia has a lot of unutilized waste products, such as bagasse. The design of the study was experimental, which added the bagasse to the used cooking oil to filtrate the physical and chemical impurities. There were 3 kinds of treatments, i.e. F1 (3% of bagasse), F2 (5% bagasse), F3 (7% bagasse), and control (without bagasse). The characteristics of used cooking oil (control) were: dark brown, rancid odor, having 0,39% of free fatty acid, 12,39 meq/Kg of peroxide value, 35,52% w/w palmitic acid, 35,31 oleic acid, 9,35% w/w linoleic acid, and 3,32% w/w stearic acid. The best treatment taken on the highest yield, organoleptic test, and peroxide number was F1 (3% bagasse), it could reduced free fatty acid and peroxide value become 0,26% and 6,67 mEq/kg. The number of fatty acids from the best treatment were dominated by palmitic acid (33,94% w/w), oleic acid (33,92% w/w), linoleic acid (9,03% w/w) and also had stearic acid (3,21% w/w). The bagasse can significantly reduce the organoleptic properties, the oxidation parameters, and other fatty acids of used oil (P<0,05). So, the bagasse could potentially decrease the oxidation parameters of used cooking oil.