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Justicia Islamica
ISSN : 16935926     EISSN : 25027646
Justicia Islamica published by the Department of Sharia and Islamic Economic IAIN Ponorogo. The journal is intended as a venue for open-minded to all people. Editor accepts writings of the results of conceptual thinking and research in the fields of law, Islamic law and social problems that have never been published. The editor reserves the right to perform editing without changing the intent of writing.
Articles
114
Articles
Tolerance in Fikih’s Mazhab of Santri in Malang

Arfan, Abbas

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

ABSTRAKKonflik yang bernuansa SARA (Suku, Agama, Ras dan Antar-golongan), terutama konflik internal antar umat Islam di Indonesia masih sering terjadi. Hal itu memberi gambaran bahwa toleransi antar umat Islam atau lebih tepatnya antar pengikut mazhab fikih masih relatif rendah, sehingga perlu adanya penelitian kuantitatif untuk berusaha mengukur secara kuantitas nilai sikap toleransi bermazhab fikih terutama bagi genarasi muda, yaitu kaum santri di wilayah Malang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan metode survey, teknik pengambilan datanya dengan non probability sampling-sistematis random sampling, instrumen penelitiannya dengan model skala Likert dan teknik analisis datanya dengan rumus theta, lamda dan gamma. Kemudian diuji dengan rumus chi-square. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah sebagai berikut: 1) Tidak ada pengaruh (hubungan) yang signifikan antara perbedaan jenis kelamin santri terhadap sikap toleransi bermazhab fikih santri pondok pesantren di Malang; 2) Ada pengaruh (hubungan) yang signifikan antara perbedaan model pesantren terhadap sikap toleransi bermazhab fikih santri pondok pesantren di Malang dan santri pesantren khalaf (modern) lebih toleran daripada santri pesantren salaf (tradisional); 3) Ada pengaruh (hubungan) yang signifikan antara perbedaan masa studi di pesantren terhadap sikap toleransi bermazhab fikih santri pondok pesantren di Malang dan santri yang masa studinya di atas tiga tahun lebih toleran daripada yang kurang dari tiga tahun; dan 4) Tidak ada pengaruh (hubungan) yang signifikan antara perbedaan pengusaan fikih perbandingan mazhab terhadap sikap toleransi bermazhab fikih santri pondok pesantren di Malang.لا تزال النزاعات غالبا حول القضية العرقية والدينية والفئوية، ولا سيما النزاعات الداخلية بين المسلمين في إندونيسيا. و هذا يبين لنا أن التسامح بين المسلمين، أو بتعبير أدق بين أتباع المذاهب الفقهية لا تزال منخفضة نسبيا، لذلك نحن بحاجة إلى بحث كمي لقياس موقف التسامح الكمي بين أتباع المذاهب من قبل جيل الشباب و وخاصة بطلاب المعاهد الاسلامية (المجتمع السنتري) في مالانج. نوع هذا البحث هو البحث الكمي بطريقة المسح الكمي، وتقنيات جمع البيانات هي عدم احتمال أخذ العينات-أخذ العينات العشوائية المنتظمة، وأداة هذا البحث هي نموذج مقياس "ليكرت" (Likert) وتحليل البيانات بصيغة "ثيتا" (theta)، "لمدا" (lamda) و"غاما" (gamma). ثم اختبرت بصيغة "جي- سقوير"(chi-square). الاستنتاجات من هذا البحث هي : 1) ليس هناك تأثير كبير (العلاقة) في الفرق بين جنسي الطالبين و الطالبات في المعاهد الاسلامية نحو التسامح بين المذاهب الفقهية في مالانج ؛ 2) هناك تأثير كبير (العلاقة) بين مختلفة نماذج المعاهد (السلفية و العصرية) في موقف التسامح بين المذاهب فطلاب المعاهد العصرية أكثر تسامحا من طلاب المعاهد السلفية (التقليدية)؛ 3) هناك تأثير كبير (العلاقة) بين مختلفة فترة الدراسة (الطويلة و القصيرة) بالمعاهد في موقف التسامح بين المذاهب في مالانج فالطلاب الذين يدرسون أكثر من ثلاث سنوات أكثر تسامحا من الطلاب الذين يدرسون أقل من ثلاث سنوات؛ 4) لا يوجد أي تأثير (العلاقة) بين اختلاف الطلاب في علمهم بالفقه المقارن وعدم علمهم نحو موقف التسامح بين المذاهب في مالانج.Nowadays, Ethnicity, religion, race, and inter-group relations conflicts, especially internal conflict among Muslim in Indonesia often occurs around us. That shows us that the tolerance among Moslems or more appropriately among mazhab followers is relatively at the low level, therefore, we need quantitative research to measure the tolerance attitude quantitatively among mazhab followers especially in teenagers, which in this research is santri society in Malang city. This kind of research is quantitative research with survey method, data collection technique with non-probability sampling-systematic random sampling, research instrument with the Likert scale model, and data analysis technique with theta, lamda and gamma formulas. Then examined with chi-square formula. Conclusions of this research are: 1) There are no significant influences between santri sex gender to the tolerance attitude among santri at Islamic boarding school (pesantren) in Malang; 2) There are some significant influences between Islamic boarding school types on the tolerance attitude among santri at Islamic boarding school in Malang and santri at Khalaf (modern) Islamic boarding school are more tolerant than at the Salaf (traditional) Islamic Boarding School; 3) There are some significant influences between long study period to the tolerance attitude among santri at Islamic boarding school in Malang and santri with either 3 years or above  long study period are more tolerant than less one; and 4) There are no significant influences between ability of fiqh mazhab comparison to the tolerance attitude among santri at Islamic boarding school in Malang.

GENDER EQUALITY ISSUES, PERCEPTION AND DIVORCE

Wandi, Joni Indra, Reflianto, Reflianto

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

Purposes of this study were to analyze the behavioral phenomenon, emotional and divorce lawsuit by women in the family of matrilineal society in Padang. This research used a qualitative method with survey design. Technique of collecting data used interview form, observation sheets and documentation. Data analysis was carried out by classifying, getting interpretation, making validity and drawing conclusions. To test the validity of the data used triangulation and discussions with colleagues. The results of research showed that phenomenon of behavioral, emotional and divorce lawsuit by women in the family of matrilineal society in Padang occur due to the impact of gender equality. On the positive side, gender equality could be felt by women in education, leadership and the opportunity to get a job. While the negative side effects of gender equality in the family was declining the emotional maturity, changing in culture and religious values in the social behavior of women. Implementation of this research to be useful for ninik mamak, academician, clergy and the local government of Padang to socialize and provide consultation to evaluate the application of cultural values, customs and religion in a gender perspective and thus creating gender equality should be in accordance with the customary and religious teachings.

Social Problems of Modern Society in Applying Islamic law in Aceh (Tracing the Past Culture Society Aceh in the manuscript)

Hayani, Aida

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

The implementation of Islamic law in this modern age seems to be strange among moslems. It is the caused by most of them are opposed and if it is implemented a scare among the social socity perfectly. Besides, they are still not integrated to implement the Islamic law, most of them still have not taken Islam as the path of life yet. So, as if it is not their responsibility to keep it goes along Reviews their life, and Neither to take control and implement it perfectly and truely in their daily life. This research is Aimed to upgrade the knowledge and understanding of public socity that implementation of Islamic law. Perfectly is Necessary to Anticipate the problems in this modern age. The local policy is getting reduce by coming the modern culture. As a sample, Achehnese most of the teenagers who live in urban can not understand to berkomunikasi by using Achehnese language well and most of the attitude of Achehnese is getting dissappear from their ancestor inheritance. There are many manuscripts about Achehnese culture in meseum and dayah (Traditional Islamic boarding school) Described roomates Achehnese the culture of the which is bordered by Islamic values. Base on the previous statements, the goverment of Aceh is expected to apply the Islamic law in Aceh perfectly among all society.

Javanese Interpretation of Moderatism:Contribution of Tafsir Al-Ibri>z on Moderate Understanding in Sharia and Mu’amalah

Abidin, Ahmad Zainal, Aziz, Thoriqul

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

Recently, some Muslims tend to stay in an extreme position related to their religion. They consider the scripturesas textual-exclusive source of religious teachings which then results in radical understanding of Islam. Meanwhile, others understand Islam contextulally and free which cause the emergence of liberal Islam. Most of the two behave excessively in applying religionrelated to sharia andmu’amalah. In between the two, a group having moderate view of Islam appears with Bisri Mustofa, a Javanese interpreter whose thought could be found inTafsiral-Ibriz, as its figure. This research utilizes descriptive-analytical method looking more on al-Qur’an understanding in sharia dan mu’amalah. This writing suggests that: 1) Bisri Mustofa has moderatethoughtin his interpretation of Qur’anic messages with fair, middle, balanced, and tolerantcharacteristics 2) Bisri Mustofa’s moderate thoughtof sharia could be reflected in some aspects in performing five prayers, dhikir, and pray, and recitingal-Qur’an, tashbi>h,and tahli>l. 3) Bisri Mustofa’s moderate thought of mu’amalah is reflected in the ethicsof visiting, working, and economic management.

Monsanto’s Business of Death in Islamic Perspective In Indonesia

meirison, meirison meirison

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

Monsanto is an agriculture company, the origin of the United States .Monsanto's seed-producing food by using the techniques of genetic engineering, seed the food through the process of mixing genes from a species that is not a type. A cunning Monsanto Company characteristics, making them as if the lid of the eye with what they're working on just catching up the highest possible profit. This process can cause the seed that has been genetically modified can cause various diseases among them are  going on in the physical growth disorders and psychology problem in a rather old and bad effects can cause cancer, physical disabilities and death to those who consume it. Allah said: And when he goes away, he strives throughout the land to cause corruption therein and destroy crops and animals. And Allah does not like corruption. And prophet Mohammed PBUH said: no harm and no reciprocated harm"Islam is fundamentally not object to the use of genetically modified crops, given the benefits that are greater than harmful. But the use of it must done carefully considering the transferred gene can come from another plant organism. As for the MUI (Assembly of Indonesia Islamic Ulema) itself has not issued a fatwa about the use of genetically modified crops officialy, but the principle of caution always take precedence. The status of genetically modified crops would be lawful throughout the whole process of gene resources and engineering.

Faith in God, Independence of Law and Independence of Judges (Study of Theistic Legal Realism in legal settlement)

Utami, Nofi Sri, Suteki, Suteki, Saraswati, Retno, Budiono, Arief

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

The condition that law and legal apparatus in all levels including judges, are imprisoned in fatal positivism. This understanding reduces the law only as mere deterministic, mechanistic and esoteric laws and regulations. Solitary law is solitary law without include the transcendence, morality, or custom. The final result of this paradigm is only able to present legal certainty but lack of justice. The roots of all crises and the collapse of public trust in the law are originated from a law that educates only the mouthpiece of the legislation. The law that teaches the legislation as a sacred ideology, the law is just law or regulation. Fresh graduate of law who fill positions of legal apparatus experts have skills but they are lack of empathy, neglect of public justice and corrupt. A new legal choice paradigm is needed, namely theistic legal realism which gives judges and other legal apparatuses the freedom from the shackles of procedural justice in the style of positivism. Through the law with the Theistic Legal Realism paradigm, it is expected that the legal apparatus will have virtue, to be able to read the substance of justice with his faith in Allah rather than merely being a mouthpiece of the law and be able to guard against despicable behavior on the basis of his faith.

Contribution of Mohammad Nawawī bin ‘Umar in Family Conflict Management

Ainiyah, Qurrotul

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

Moeslim ulamas of Indonesia have so many works which talk about any social aspect including the concept of family. One of moeslim ulamas of Indonesia who was very active to contibute the idea in the written form was Syeikh Nawawī bin Umar. This paper will be focused on ‘Uqūd Al-Lijjain book. It is one of Sheikh Nawawi's work which describes about family management that regulate how to keep the harmonization of family. This book tends to the superiority of man. It is because this book has been written in more than one hundred years ago, where Syeikh Nawawi lived in patriarchy environment. Then, the results of this paper are;first, the education background and social life of Syeikh Nawawi which basically in islamic boarding school. Second, ‘Uqūd Al-Lijjain is a book which provides family management including the laws and relation ethics between husband and wife according to Imam Syafii madzhab. Third, ‘Uqūd Al-Lijjain answers the management conflict in a family, that is between a husband and wife should understand the right and obigation of each.

ANALISIS YURIDIS PERKAWINAN BEDA AGAMA DENGAN PENDEKATAN MAQASHID AL-YARI’AH DALAM KONTEKS NEGARA HUKUM PANCASILA

Budiarti, Budiarti

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

Artikel ini mengeksplorasi tentang analisis yuridis perkawinan beda agama dengan pendekatan maqashid al-syari’ah dalam konteks negara hukum Pancasila. Hasil kajian menegaskan bahwa nilai maqashid al-syari’ah menjiwai substansi Undang-Undang No. 1 Tahun 1974 tentang Perkawinan. Produk yuridis tentang perkawinan dengan menjadikan agama sebagai syarat sahnya perkawinan serta legitimasi negara melalui tindakan administratif, bukanlah tindakan diskriminatif dan tidak melanggar hak-hak dasar warga negara. Bahkan mengukuhkan relasi fungsional antara agama dan negara dalam konteks negara hukum Pancasila. Demikian pula dalam pandangan majelis-majelis agama, yaitu MUI, PGI, KWI, WALUBI, PHDI, dan MATAKIN. Majelis-majelis agama tersebut berpandangan, perkawinan beda agama bukanlah perkawinan yang ideal menurut ajaran masing-masing agama. Implikasi dari kajian ini bahwa perlu memerhatikan nilai-nilai agama dalam merumuskan suatu produk yuridis menuju suatu produk hukum responsif. Selain itu, perlu upaya preventif dan mengadvokasi masyarakat secara dini agar tidak lagi terjadi perkawinan beda agama demi mewujudkan kepastian hukum bagi pasangan yang telah melaksanakan perkawinan.

DIALEKTIKA FATWA & HUKUM POSITIF DI INDONESIA “Meneguhkan Urgensi Dan Posisi Fatwa Di Masyarakat Muslim Nusantara”

sutopo, umarwan

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

Fatwa bagi tradisi umat islam merupakan salah satu media untuk menyampaikan hukum-hukum islam (shariah). Masyarakat muslim mempunyai kecenderungan untuk bertanya tentang banyak hal, pernikahan, muamalah, jinayah, ibadah dan persoalan-persoalan lainnya. Selain itu, keberadaan fatwa berkaitan dengan penghayatan dan pengamalan agama umat muslim yang dijamin oleh undang-undang. Persoalannya adalah bagaimana jika antara fatwa dengan ketetapan pemerintah/ aturan hukum positif terjadi persinggungan yang tidak selaras apalagi bertolak belakang? Baik dengan hukum secara khusus maupun dengan keanekaragamaan suku, budaya dan ras yang berada di Indonesia. Hal ini mencuat misalnya pada kasus penodaan agama, fatwa keharaman rokok, serta awal ramadhan dan syawal yang sama sekali berbeda dengan ketetapan pemerintah. Pada posisi seperti ini sebenarnya, bagaimana posisi dan kedudukan fatwa dalam kehidupan umat muslim sebagai kaum beragama sekaligus warga negara, serta bagaimana sikap yang seharusnya dikedepankan?. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif terhadap persoalan-persoalan yang terjadi di masyarakat Indonesia terkait pro dan kontra terhadap beberapa fatwa dengan analisis yang mendalam, lalu dikaitkan dengan kedudukan fatwa dalam sistem hukum positif (yang berlaku), serta urgensi fatwa bagi umat islam secara umum dan muslim indonesia secara khusus. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa fatwa bagi umat islam Indonesia menduduki wilayah yang sangat urgen. Meski keberadaannya tidak masuk dalam sistem hukum positif di Indonesia, seandainya ada persinggungan yang tidak seirama antara keduannya, maka perwujudannya harus disikapi secara bijaksana, baik oleh negara, pembuat fatwa dan masyarakat Indonesia.

PUBLIC MORALITY IN INDONESIAN PENAL CODE DRAFT: ZINA DEFINITION DEBATE

Widyantoro, Hary

Justicia Islamica Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

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Abstract

A heated debate at the end of 2017 to the beginning of 2018 in Indonesia, on zina redefinition in Indonesian Penal Code that received both national and international attention, as becoming an interesting study discussing the revival of Zina law in Muslim majority countries. This study examines the contestation over Zina definition between actors. It argues that religious values has become framework to make morality becomes public matter through the law reform, in Indonesian plural Muslims majority country. The contestation between religious and secular took place in the process, as part of ongoing Islamization. The data is collected from media, such as online newspaper and the TV One Indonesian Lawyers Club program where actors were involved in constructing the discourse of gender, sexuality, and its regulation in Indonesia. Hence, this contributes to the discussion on gender and sexuality in Muslims majority countries, where religious and secular ideas are contested.