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REALITA
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Articles 66 Documents
KONTRIBUSI PESANTREN SALAF DALAM MEMPERKUAT ISLAM AHL AL-SUNNAH WA AL-JAMA’AH (Studi Terhadap Kajian dan Penggunaan Hadis pad Forum Bahtsul Masa’il Pondok Pesantren (FBMPP) Pare Kediri) -, Khamim
REALITA Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
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Three pesantren salaf joining in Bahtsul Masa’il Forum of Pesantren Pare, those are Pesantren Fathul ‘Ulum Kwagean, Darussalam Sumbersari and Mahir ar-Riyadh Ringinagung, are engaged in composing “Meluruskan Kesalahan Buku Putih Kiai NU”as a review for “Buku Putih Kiai NU” by Afrakhi, a book that has arisen unrest and slander among the Muslim. In this book, hadith is used and comprehended employing method and approach of understanding hadith. This study is examining the contribution of pesantren salaf in strengthening Islam ahl al-sunnah wa a al jama’ah related to the review and usage of hadith, as well as the underlying background. This qualitative field research uses phenomenological approach. The results show that the contribution of pesantren salaf in strengthening Islam ahl al-sunnah wa a al-jama’ah are providing hadith that is comprehended as the source of jurisprudence or, related to a problem, examining, reviewing, and synthesizing the hadith with other hadith or relating it with Al-Qur’an. Such contribution was underlied by a view that hadith constitutes a source of Islamic jurisprudence, by societal demand and the appeal of religious institution to put hadith at the results of Bahthul Masa’il decision, and by the necessity of hadith contextualization as well.Keywords; Bahtsul Masa’il, Ijtihad, Hadits, Pesantren Salaf, Ahlussunnah wal Jama’ah
PAJAK TANAH SEBAGAI INSTRUMEN PENDAPATAN KEUANGAN PUBLIK DALAM EKONOMI ISLAM (Studi atas Kitab Al-Istikhrāj Li Ahkām Al-Kharāj Karya Ibn Rajab (w.795 H./1393 M.) Syakur, Ahmad
REALITA Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
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Tax is the main source of state revenue in this modern era, but one of the big problems is that tax in most moslems’ opinion is not a part of religious obligation. Meanwhile, taxation concept in Islam was known and implemented in the early Islamic rule. Many classic ulama studied about al-kharaj and taxation systems, and one of them was Ibn Rajab al-Hambali (Died in 795 A.H or 1393 A.D), but these books did not have take more moslems’ attention. This is a library reseach and usea qualitative method with models of discriptive, analytic and eksplanatory. The primary source of data is the book written by Ibn Rajab al-Hambali, al-Istikhrāj Li Aḥkām al-kharāj. Secondery sources of data are all of books and articles that talk about the topic. Descriptive and comparative methods were then used to analyze the data. The results of this reseach are: 1) The concept of Al-kharaj or land tax in kitab al-Istikhrāj Li Aḥkām al-kharāj is based on ijtihad of imam for being beneficial in the present time and in the next time. So, the implementation of al-kharaj throughout the Islamic history is dynamic and flexibel. The dynamism and flexibility in the policy of al-kharāj include the dynamism of its policy changes and the rationale behind the reduction in tax rates, the policy of affordable taxes, the changes in types of taxes and the collection policy; 2) Taxation system in the Islamic public finance that is studied in kitab al Istikhrāj Li Aḥkām al-kharāj is matching and suitable with principles of tax in public finance proposed by Adam Smith that is known as four maxims of taxation: equity, certainty, convenience and economy. The dynamism in the implementation of al-kharāj enable us to develop the Islamic taxation systems, that is synchronous with management of zakat, so that the justice for all citizens, moslem and not moslem, can be realized.Keywords: land tax, kharaj, public finance
KORELASI JABATAN FUNGSIONAL, KEPANGKATAN, MASA KERJA, IJASAH DENGAN PROFESIONALITAS DOSEN JURUSAN TARBIYAH SEKOLAH TINGGI AGAMA ISLAM NEGERI (STAIN) KEDIRI Anwar, Ali
REALITA Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
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The present study aims at examining teacher’s professionalism and its reciprocal relation with functional position, rank stratification, length of work, and the diploma. Besides intended to verify the theory of James H. Stronge et al, this study can also be employed to evaluate Peraturan Pemerintah RI number 37 year 2009 Chapter 7, that states that teacher certification is valid as long as the teachers conduct their assignment as teachers, and it is not necessarily evaluated regularly. Data collection technique in the present study was executed through documentation and questionnaire. The  total of the student sample who provided their assessment on the teacher professionalism was 328, with 8 students representing each class. Each student provides their assessment for all teachers who were teaching in even semester of 2013-2014. Kendali tau was then employed for the data analysis technique. This study concluded that, firsly, functional position is negatively correlated with teacher professionalism at the Department of Tarbiyah STAIN Kediri; secondly, rank stratification is also negatively correlated with teacher professionalism; thirdly, length of teaching is not correlated with teacher professionalism; and fourthly, level of diploma is also not correlated with teacher professionalism at the Department of Tarbiyah STAIN Kediri.Keywords; Korelasi, Jabatan Fungsional, Kepangkatan, Masa Kerja, Ijasah, Profesionalitas, STAIN Kediri.
ANALISA MANAJEMEN PORTOFOLIO INVESTASI REKSADANA SYARI’AH DITINJAU DARI STRATEGI INVESTASI BERDASARKAN RESIKO INVESTASI DAN PENGUKURAN KINERJA (Studi Kasus pada Laporan Keuangan Reksadana Syariah di Bursa Efek Indonesia Tahun 2013) Natalina, Sri Anugrah
REALITA Vol 13, No 2 (2015)
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Shari’ah mutual funds has its own charm than other types of mutual funds. Shari’ah mutual funds is not limited only to Muslims as the general public, who are already seeing the benefits of investment that is based on the choice of sector and company specific criteria more promising and minimize risk. Islamic mutual funds are able to contribute the confidence of investors amounted to 3.31% in 2011, 4.31% in 2012 and 3.79% in 2013. So the value of the confidence of investors on mutual fund products sharia to 2013 is still around 3-4% . As for growth on Islamic mutual funds into one of the capital market products showed an increase in value in 2012 amounted to 3.79% later in the year 2013 to 4.32%. Investment portfolio management works based framework (framework) for investment management which covers the planning, implementation, evaluation, and adjustment. In mutual funds, investment managers responsible for investment activities, which includes the analysis and selection of investment types, and perform the necessary actions for the benefit of investors. Form of mutual fund performance measurement Shari’ah assessed net asset value (NAV) of the sub weekly. Showed a good performance rekasadana Shari’ah when in a period of return obtained is more positive. Keywords; Reksadana Syari’ah, Manajemen Portofolio, Nilai Aktiva Bersih (NAB)
KECERDASAN EMOSIONAL GURU DALAM MEMBINA MORALITAS PESERTA DIDIK Binti Maunah, Muh. Habubulloh dan
REALITA Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
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The research in this thesis is motivated by moral aspect rather than overlooking learners, particularly learners who are experiencing puberty, when their curiosity raging-nggebu with things that are foreign to them. Technology is the most dominant factor in supporting their curiosity. For example, technology delivers everything instantly, software that enables google search of all knowledge, knowledge that can be both positive and negative. Subsequently, this fact affects the young who employ such technology improperly, especially those who are students. The rise of the porn video that has spread in cyberspace make this negative impact worse to those who are still studying. Thus, this situation requires teachers who are emotionally intelligent and have good morality in order to produce reliable output. Teachers who become educators at both institutions already have experience of EQ tests in collaboration with other universities psychiatrist. Emotional intelligence determines our potential to learn the skills - practical skills based on five elements: self-awareness, motivation, self-regulation, empathy and skills in developing relationships with others. This is associated with emotional intelligence as a teacher educator, who have the ability to recognize emotions, self-control, self-motivation, empathy and fostering hunbungan to provide a forum for students to pay more attention to their behavior. Students will indirectly follow what the teacher do.Keywords; Emotional Intelligence, Morality Students
POLA KOMUNIKASI DAN PROSES AKULTURASI MAHASISWA ASING DI STAIN KEDIRI Amanah, Siti
REALITA Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
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The research aims to: (1). describe the patterns of communication employed by Thai students to facilitate the process of their adaptation and acculturation with the Indonesian culture especially in the environment STAIN Kediri ; (2). to identify and describe internal and external factors that facilitate Thai students in the process of adaptation and acculturation with culture, especially in the Kediri . This study is categoried into descriptive research type with qualitative method. Methods of collecting data are by using direct observation, participative, in depth interview and documentation. The respondents were taken with purposive sampling technique. The data analysis applied is Miles and Huberman’s interactive model of data analysis which consist of data reduction, data display, conclusion drawing and verification. The result shows that: (1) the communication patterns that are applied to facilitate the process of adaptation and acculturation with the culture of Indonesia in the environment STAIN Kediri are interpersonal communication with friends countrymen, friends in campus, and nearby residents. There was also a group communication to perform routine discussion and groups of discussion; (2) Internal factors that help the process of adaptation and acculturation is a psychological adaptation that is the motivation of their friends and countrymen, while external factors are socio-cultural adaptation that is intended to improve interaction with the new culture, their land lady and their friends. In addition, the potential of acculturation include similarities in terms of religion, race, environment, similar language (i.e. Malay), educational background, open personality, knowledge about Indonesia. Besides, the age of Thai students who are still young make them easy to be accustomed with new culture and environment.Keywords: the communication patterns, acculturation, culture
POLA ASUH ANAK YATIM DI PANTI ASUHAN MUHAMMADIYAH PUTRI PARE
REALITA Vol 13, No 2 (2015)
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Family is a smallest social unit. The change number of the family member will influence the atmosphere of the family relationship which influence feeling, thought, and attitude of the members. The father’s dead which makes children become orphan is a fact of life. It always makes family atmosphere become sad, and it causes bad situation for the children in which they lose love and good leader. Therefore, it is important to develop their potentials which will give benefits for their life and their family. Developing orphans’ positive potentials can be done at home or in orphanage. This article aims at investigating orphans parenting in Muhammadiyah girl orphanage in Pare. The result shows that the orphans parenting in Muhammadiyah girl orphanage in Pare can be seen from the parenthood which has good attitude and character. She has motherly attitude, patient, discipline, and perceptive with the orphans’ condition. The learning activity in the orphanage is 24 hours. The orphans learn religious knowledge, foreign language, and entrepreneurship. The parenting model used are that the parenthood educate the orphans as like her own children, and the relationship between the old and the young orphans is like own brother-sister. The supporting factors of the parenting in this orphanage are honest intention, community support, financial source, and facilities. Meanwhile, the problems faced are juvenile delinquency and insufficient facilities.Keywords: Pola Asuh, Anak Yatim dan Panti Asuhan
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENGLISH AS A LOCAL CONTENT AT FIFTH GRADE OF MI HIDAYATUT THOWALIB PARE-KEDIRI Akhlis, Nur
REALITA Vol 13, No 2 (2015)
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Bahasa Inggris adalah bahasa asing bagi siswa-siswa di Indonesia. Bahasa inggris diajarkan mulai SMP sampai universitas lebih dari 60 tahun. Namun, hasil dari pengajaran bahasa inggris masih belum memuaskan. Sehingga para pengajar mencoba untuk meningkatkan kualitas pengajaran bahasa Inggris. Berdasarkan peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI nomor 007/113/M/KPS/1994 pada tanggal 2 Februari 1994, dicantumkan bahwa bahasa Inggris dapat diajarkan di SD pada kelas 4-6. Tujuan pengajaran bahasa Inggris di SD adalah untuk memampukan siswa memahami bahasa Inggris lisan dan tulisan pada ekspresi sederhana. Oleh karena itu, penulis tertarik untuk melakukan penelitian terhadap pengajaran bahasa Inggris di MI Hidayatut Thowalib Pare-Kediri. Ini adalah penelitian kualitatif, dan subjeknya adalah kepala sekolah, guru bahasa Inggris, dan para siswa kelas lima di MI Hidayatut Thowalib Pare-Kediri (sekitar 42 siswa). Instrumen yang digunakan adalah angket, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) kualifikasi guru dianggap mempunyai cukup kualifikasi untuk mengajar bahasa Inggris di SD, karena dia lulusan dari program studi bahasa Inggris, mengikuti kursus bahasa Inggris, workshop dan seminar. Bahkan dia mempunyai kursusan bahasa Inggris, sehingga dia mempunyai banyak pengalaman dalam mengajar anak. (2) Materi pengajaran yang diberikan mengacu pada rancangan kemampuan dasar pada muatan lokal kurikulum 2006. (3) Teknik pengajaran yang digunakan adalah menyanyi, cerita, dan percakapan. (4) Media pengajaran yang digunakan adalah objek nyata, materi seni, gambar, file, tape recorder, TV, dan video. (5) Nilai rata-rata prestasi siswa adalah 82 pada semester I tahun akademik 2014-2015. Kesimpulannya, bahwa penerapan bahasa Inggris sebagai muatan lokal di kelas 5 MI Hidayatut Thowalib Pare- Kediri sukses. Hal itu bisa dilihat dari nilai rata-rata prestasi siswa, tetapi nasih perlu untuk ditingkatkan.Keywords: Pengajaran dan pembelajaran bahasa Inggris, muatan lokal, Sekolah Dasar.
BOARDING SCHOOL DALAM AKTIFITAS SHALAT (Kasus di MTs Ma’arif NU Kota Blitar) Huda, Syamsul
REALITA Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
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The widely appearance of Boarding School in Indonesia is a phenomenon worth examining. According to Karel A. Steenbirk, Boarding School is a trans historical synthesis of pesantren and modernity, such that this enables the school to create an ideal educational environment in order to produce generation who believe, have good knowledge and have good works. This article is describing the result of a study examining the case of Boarding School at MTs Ma’arif NU Kota Blitar, East Java. The writer intends to illustrate to what extent the education in the Boarding School at MTs Ma’arif NU can foster the students’ praying activities in order to protect themselves responding to the challenges they have currently faced. Thus, this article is intended to describe the effectiveness of Boarding School in developing that praying activities. Data collection was conducted through observation, in-depth interview, and documentation. The obtained data were then analyzed qualitatively, by applying analysis procedures proposed by Miles and Huberman, including data reduction, data organization, data display and conclusion drawing or verification. The results show that: (1) in the implementation of Boarding School at MTs Ma’arif NU Kota Blitar, there are three sorts of internal activities, morning activities, evening activities, and night activities, besides the programs other than these three activities, filled with worshipping activities. Worshipping activities in the form of praying at MTs Ma’arif NU are obligatory for all, and must be done together, for both obligatory and suggested prayers; (2) The effect of the implementation of the rule that praying together is a must is that students have high discipline. They are aware of their own responsibility for their need to do praying.Keywords; Boarding school, intra-kurikuler, kedisiplinan, pembiasaan shalat.
HUKUM PERKAWINAN ISLAM DALAM KUASA PEMILIK MODAL Rahman, Zayad Abd.
REALITA Vol 13, No 2 (2015)
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Islamic marriage law that grows and develops in the social space describing the multiple possibilities to be interpreted through history. Issues around issues of justice, equality became the main centrum discussed with different approaches. Thesis William Montgomery Watt states that the trade of Mecca is an important factor for the emergence of Islam. Socioeconomic standpoint this has enriched the interpretation of the history of the emergence of Islam as a debatable academically. Although theses Watt also received sharp criticism from Patricia Crone, but both are at the same point the assumption that Mecca declared as an important trading town in the 7th century AD.Keywords; Mecca, the financier, the Islamic marriage law.