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Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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61
Articles
Pertumbuhan Penduduk Perkotaan dan Perkembangan Pola Distribusinya pada Kawasan Metropolitan Surakarta

Mardiansjah, Fadjar Hari, Handayani, Wiwandari, Setyono, Jawoto Sih

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 3 (2018): December 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

In many developing countries, urbanization has brought rapid changes and transformed many aspects of urban processes including in spatial aspect, in the form of the extended spatial formation of the cities into the surroundings, in order to meet the needs of economic and productive processes as well as those of social and consumption processes. Using the case of the growth of Surakarta Metropolitan, this paper will show the process of metropolitanization of medium city size in Indonesia that extends into the surrounding areas, by employing time serial analysis by utilizing the national censuses population data from 1990 to 2010, The paper analyzed the urbanization process in Surakarta that leads into a extended spatial form which also characterized by sprawl phenomena. The result shows that the spatial urban formation formed by such a process consist of a combination of some extensions of the previous urban areas and the formation of new urban centers that approached each other in the long run. This process need to be understood as urbanization process is also a major contributors that shape the resource allocation and consumption. For the cases of Indonesia, which are also characterized by fragmented urbanization process in the growth of its cities, the understanding of this process will be beneficial for the formulation of sustainable urbanization strategies in the future.

Keragaman Fungsi dan Bentuk Spasial Pertanian Kota (Studi Kasus: Pertanian Kota di Jakarta)

Anggrahita, Hayuning, Guswandi, Guswandi

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 3 (2018): December 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Urbanization in Jakarta encourages the conversion of agricultural land and other green open spaces into built-up area. Agriculture becomes marginalized and its contribution is only 0.1% of the economy of Jakarta. Previous studies show that although its contribution is small, Jakartas agriculture is able to survive from extinction because it is transformed in terms of expanding the agricultural function from only a single function as a food provider, especially staple food, into diverse functions (multifunctional) such as environmental functions, cultural functions, property claims protection functions, etc. This study aims to identify agricultural multi-functionality in Jakarta that manifested in space. To achieve this objective, this research uses descriptive quantitative analysis method and deepened with qualitative analysis through interview and scientific photography technique to represent physical and social reality in the field. The results of this study indicate that Jakarta agriculture is scattered due to urbanization pressure. In addition, Jakartas agriculture is transformed through the creation of new urban values that demonstrate the ability of urban agriculture to survive.

Estimasi Daya Dukung Sumber Daya Air di Pulau Kecil (Studi Kasus Pulau Pari)

Marganingrum, Dyah, Sudrajat, Yayat

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 3 (2018): December 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Small islands are often used as a tourism destination evenhough these have limitations of water resources because of their limited storage capacity. In this context, we need efforts to make sustainable water resources in the small island to support the tourism destination purpose. This study aims to estimate the calculating of water resources carrying capacity in Pari Island. The estimation method is the ratio between water availability and water demand. The water reseources availability is done by considering the island area, aquifer thickness, annual rainfall, hydraulic conductivity or soil permeability, and application of rainwater harvesting technology (PAH). The estimation result of the water resources carrying capacity without technological intervention in Pari Island is 2.05. The meaning of this value is safe without quality aspect considering. The quality aspect can be improved by applying PAH technology but yielding water resource carrying capacity of 1.37 and 1.47 (secure conditional) for each existing condition and prediction 25 years ahead respectively. Basen on this study, the recommendation is management of tourists to support the water resources sustainability and has no impact on the survival of the people who live in Pari Island and the islands ecosystem itself.

Sistem Pertanian Konservasi Pola Agroforestri dan Hubungannya dengan Tingkat Erosi di Wilayah Sub Das Wuno, Das Palu, Sulawesi Tengah

Naharuddin, Naharuddin

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 3 (2018): December 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

 Wuno sub watershed, Palu Watershed mainly upstream massive exploitation of land use occurs, such exploitation has the effect of increasing erosion. One way to reduce the rate of erosion is the practice conservation farming systems. This research aims to know the farming system conservation of agroforestry patterns based on geographic information system  as well as erosion level on agroforestry farm conservation system applied by community of Wuno Sub watershed, Palu watershed of Sigi Regency, Central Sulawesi. The results showed that there are four agroforestry patterns in Wuno Sub watershed that are trees along border, alternate rows, alley cropping and random mixture. The highest erosion rates in all four agroforestry patterns are alley cropping of 5.17 grams/ha and lowest trees along border of 0.47 grams/ha,  total rainfall of 493.6 mm. The canopy cover of the agroforestry pattern influences the amount of erosion that occurs.

Kontestasi Aktor dalam Proses Revisi Rencana Tata Ruang Provinsi (RTRWP) di Indonesia (Studi Kasus: Revisi RTRW Provinsi Riau)

Suprapto, Suprapto, Awang, San Afri, Maryudi, Ahmad, Wardhana, Wahyu

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 3 (2018): December 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Riau Province is one of the provinces that have not completed the RTRWP until 2017. One of the things that caused it was the existence of various problems that existed in the drafting process, especially related to the conflict between the actors involved in it. Each actor will use the power they have to maintain their interests. This study aims to actors identify, measure the power of actors and obtain recommendations in resolving the issue of the revision of the Riau RTRWP. The method used in this research is the Actor-Centered Power (ACP) approach which is supported by Content Analysis of Riaus RTRWP document, related laws and regulations. The research findings show that there are at least 9 (nine) actors involved in the revision process of the Riau RTRWP, where the role of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry is the most powerful followed by the role of the Riau Provincial Government. The research also shows the emergence of the role of Ombudsman, Private (company), and Non-Governmental Organization in the contestation of the revised Riau RTRWP. To accelerate the completion of the Riau RTRWP Regional Regulation Draft, coordination and integration between the actors involved, law enforcement against legal violations and comprehensive conflict management are needed.

Peran Pembangunan Infrastruktur terhadap Ketimpangan Ekonomi Antarwilayah di Indonesia

Sukwika, Tatan

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Infrastructure disparity is considered as one of the factors that enhances economic inequality between regions. In the Indonesian context, the issue is interesting to be examined, especially the government is currently encouraging infrastructure development in various regions in Indonesia.This study aims at analyzing the dynamics of infrastructure and economic inequalities between regions (provinces) in Indonesia and examining the relationship between the two. This research employs several methods, namely Williamson Index, Klassen typology, and correlation and regression analyses. These methods are to provide an adequate scope of analysis to investigate trends and linkages of infrastructure development and economic imbalances between provinces in Indonesia. The study results find that the economic gap (in term of GRDP per capita) among the provinces in Indonesia was relatively high during the period 2011-2015. It was confirmed by the value of Williamson Index at 0.7 points. The relatively high rate of the gap was mostly associated with the infrastructure gap among the provinces. Strong positive correlation between the gap of GRDP per capita and of infrastructure among provinces. This delivers a strong message to the government to accelerate equal development programs proportionally in lagging regions in order to reduce development bias to more developed regions.

Keberlanjutan Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum Berbasis Komunitas (Studi Kasus: Hippam Mandiri Arjowinangun, Kota Malang)

Maryati, Sri, Rahmani, Natasha Indah, Rahajeng, Anggit Suko

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Limited capacity of government on drinking water supply has demanded the implementation of Community Based Water Supply System, one of them in the form of a Drinking Water User Association (Hippam). An important issue in community-based water supply is sustainability, from which institutions play a critical factor in the sustained provision of drinking water. Institutions relate to management, maintenance and financing systems, and contribute to technology selection and decision making. The purpose of this study is to explore the institutional conditions as a determinant factor for the sustainability of community-based water management. The study also aims to develop a framework for sustainable institutional assessment in community-based drinking water supply. In this study Hippam Mandiri Arjowinangun (HMA) in Malang City, East Java Province was chosen as a case study. HMA has been operating since 1994. The sustainability of HMA regarding applying the principles of institutional support for sustainability was very interesting as a case. The research method applied qualitative research by comparing the benchmark of institutional principles of sustainability with institutional principles applied to HMA. The result shows that HMA has applied the principles of institutional support for sustainability. However, some issues should be addressed in the HMA sustainability include the delineation of the water source boundary, specific attributes for the users, and the rules of water utilization. The study has also produced an assessment framework for the sustainability of community-based drinking water supply systems from the institutional perspective.

Aspek Ekologis dan Determinan Produksi Kopi Arabika Spesialti di Wilayah Dataran Tinggi Sumatera Utara

Saragih, Jef Rudiantho

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Monoculture farming of arabica coffee plantation does not support environmental sustainability. International market demands arabica coffee product in compliance with an environmentally friendly standard which promotes ecological-based management. This study aims to identify the ecological aspects of specialty arabica coffee cultivation, and to analyze the effect of shade tree population, the use of organic fertilizer, the pruning of coffee crop, land conservation, and the control of coffee berry borer on specialty arabica coffee production. The data of ecological aspect was collected from three regencies in North Sumatera Province, namely Simalungun, North Tapanuli, and Dairi. Production determinant was analyzed concerning farming cultivation in three districts of Simalungun Regency namely Sidamanik, Pamatang Sidamanik, and Dolok Pardamean. The location was determined with multi-stage cluster sampling and the farmer samples with simple random sampling. The ecological aspect was analyzed descriptively while the determinant of arabica coffee production was analyzed with multiple regression method. The result shows that the shaded arabica coffee farming covers only 32% of the total arabica coffee production in the study area with a population of 54 trees/ha. Land conservation conducted by the farmers utilizes coffee fruit mulch (92%), individual terrace (3%), rorak (4%), and bench terrace (1%). The arabica coffee farming system managed by the farmers consists of monoculture (30%), mix farming (24%), shade coffee (32%), and multistrata coffee (14%). The pruning of coffee plants and integrated control of coffee berry borer has a significant effect on specialty arabica coffee production. Land conservation, population of shade tree, and organic fertilizer are an important production determinant on arabica coffee production in the short-term. These three ecological variables play a role to maintain land preservation and support sustainable arabica coffee production in the long-term.

Peran Kelompok Masyarakat dalam Rehabilitasi Ekosistem Mangrove di Pesisir Kota Semarang

Martuti, Nana Kariada Tri, Susilowati, Sri Mulyani Endang, Sidiq, Wahid Akhsin Budi Nur, Mutiatari, Ditha Prasisca

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

The coastal area of Semarang City has a strategic function for regional economic development. Due to land use change, the environmental quality of coastal area is damaged and declining. The environmental quality decline has affected the socio-economic quality of local community. This research aims to investigate the role of local community in sustainable environmental management in Semarang City coastal area. The study takes place in two kelurahans, namely Tugurejo and Mangunharjo, and applies a descriptive qualitative approach to figure out the local community role in the coastal environment rehabilitation. Data collection through a preliminary survey supported with a satellite imagery study covers up an appropriate ecosystem with the research substance. Then the following data analysis and interpretation uses Miles and Huberman interactive analysis method. The results show the significant role of the local community in coastal area quality management and improvement in Semarang City more effectively and efficiently. This relates to their active interactions in various community-based programs including wave-breaking instrument building and mangrove nursery and planting.

Sustainable Solutions to ‘Complex Problem-Solving’ A Key to Effective Community and Industry Engagement and Partnerships by University Researchers

Richards, Cameron, Tanquilut, Neil

Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Abstract Community and industry engagement by universities and academics are sometimes prone to accusations of exclusive or academic ‘talk-fests’ which can reinforce rather than resolve the ‘bridgeable disconnect’ between the general community and particular organizations with vested interests (Grayson, 2010). Concrete modes and strategies of ‘linking knowledge to action’ are needed to build upon the participatory exchange or mediation of stakeholder perspectives and interests. This paper reports on the exploration, development and application of the kind of convergent and also interdisciplinary approach to development studies which might: (a) better link theory and practice as a basis for the elusive goal of strategic ‘sustainability’, and (b) also encourage and optimize authentic, collaborative, and complex modes of problem-solving as a key to community and industry engagement by academic institutions and researchers. It will do so in relation to some practical case studies in such partnerships. Keywords: collaborative research and development; community-industry-university partnerships; complex problem-solving; interdisciplinary methodologies; sustainability