The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 20879733     EISSN : 2442983X
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development (P-ISSN: 2087-9733 and E-ISSN: 2442-983X) is a journal devoted to the study of urban and regional planning and development issues in Indonesia and the other countries. IJPD publishes empirical and theoretical research in order to advance and disseminate knowledge emerged from Indonesian or foreign experiences to an international forum. IJPD emphasizes sustainability issues on economic, social, environmental and institutional dimensions concerning regional and urban development in Indonesia and the other countries. The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development published two times per year in February and October
Articles
22
Articles
The Dynamics of Sustainable Development in Rurban Area (Case Study in Mejobo Village, Mejobo District, Kudus Regency)

Nggili, Marthin Oktovianus, Soetomo, Sugiono

The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development Vol 3, No 2 (2018): October 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Mejobo Village, located in the Southern part of Kudus Regency, is a strategic area for the development of industrial activities. The growth of small and household, industrial activities in agricultural areas in Mejobo Village has led to the formation of the rural-urban areas (rurban). This study aims to describe the dynamics of sustainable development in rurban areas in Mejobo Village alongside the development of the industrial sector in agricultural areas. The research method being used in this study is quantitative, where data are collected through questioner, conducted observation, semi-structured interview, and obtained documents that are relevant to the investigation. The research shows that in Mejobo Village, proves of sustainable development can be found within the economic activities; productivity of industrial activities; community activities and the availability of environmental facilities and infrastructure. Through this study, it can be concluded that the change from rural to rural-urban areas due to the development of small industries and households industries in Mejobo Village has been sustainable, with the need for continuous attention towards the productivity of the agricultural areas, so that it remains as the basis of local economic development.

Comparison Study of Three Industrial Parks in Central Java Indonesia

Dwiatmoko, Sujarwanto, Suwitri, Sri, Warsono, Hardi, Dwimawanti, Ida Hayu, Handayani, Alfina

The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development Vol 3, No 2 (2018): October 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Industrial parks have an important role in supporting economic growth. However, their development, especially in Central Java, is not well documented.  Therefore, this study aims to compare the condition of three industrial parks in Central Java. Three aspects have been discussed, consist of administration, infrastructure provision, and management. This research adopts a descriptive-qualitative research method to address a particular research problem. The previous survey of this study was conducted in eight industrial parks management in Central Java. Three industrial parks (KIW, Terboyo, and  BSB)   representing of industrial park s as a core business, an industrial plot provider and a residential area supporter were profoundly explored in dept. The data were collected through observation, focus group discussion (FGD), in-depth interviews and documentation. The key informants are the industrial park manager s and their team. The result s show jurisdictional prerequisites are an important factor in the development of industrial estates, affecting construction costs and future management. The provision of infrastructure is fairly adequate. The quality of industrial park management basically does not depend on the status of ownership but the professionalism of the manager and tenant satisfaction. Both KIW and BSB have proved to provide better service performance than Terboyo.  As own state regulation, however, KIW, there are many strict regulations and supervision, especially in land acquisition. Hence, the concept of land banking and supportive regulation are needed. Finally, the managers commitment is pivotal to implement the business and master plans.

Study of Regional Disparities among Districts in East Java Province

Novianto, Enggar Dwi, Handayani, Wiwandari

The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development Vol 3, No 2 (2018): October 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Some evidences have emerged indicating that there are regional disparities in East Java Province and industrialization seems to give its contribution in creating regional disparities. In 2014, Manufacturing industry dominated the contribution to the GDP which was 29%, on the other hand mostly the people worked in agricultural sector, and so was the land which mostly agricultural. This statement is also strengthened by the Williamson index which showed that the regional disparities were quite high, with two districts indicated to contributing the most, Kediri and Surabaya City. By using factor analysis, this research will try to answer what factors influencing the disparities statistically and cluster analysis is trying to figure out the disparities spatially. Then it is going to be proven that some districts agglomerated in certain area and can implicate the disparities in East Java. 

The Role of Place Identity in Planning Heritage Tourism

Ginting, Nurlisa, Rahman, N. Vinky, Subhilhar, Subhilhar, Wahid, Julaihi

The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development Vol 3, No 2 (2018): October 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Spatial planning can improve someone quality of life by enhancing the environmental quality and its potential. In achieving this condition, it is essential to apply the concept of identity into the planning to emphasize the significance of a place, especially in heritage tourism area, where tourist satisfaction is obtained from the tourism objects peculiarities that become the place identity. However, the study of this type of application is still limited. Therefore, it hopes this study will contribute to filling the gaps. This study conducted in Maimoon Palace District, a historic area in Medan. This study aims to find the concept of spatial planning based on the area identity. A qualitative method is used to collect the data about spatial planning elements in the area. The finding indicated that existing spatial planning already contains place identity. However, many problems in spatial planning elements still cause a chaotic view of the area. Therefore, the government should improve the area. It is not only to improve the physical quality but also to increase tourist satisfaction to enhance tourism.

The Role of Social Entrepreneurship in Kampong Development at Semarang City

Hadi, Muhammad Indra, Rudiarto, Iwan

The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development Vol 3, No 2 (2018): October 2018 (Article in Press)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Social entrepreneurship identifies the contribution of business opportunity and value-added for the surrounding community. In the context of SME cluster, the implementation is more likely to be found in the kampong area, which has a high level of kinship system. This condition makes the application of local entrepreneurship in some cases potentially forms the original kampong through the diffusion of business innovation. This research describes how the role of social entrepreneurs is capable of creating the characteristics of creative kampong by taking the study area in Semarang City. Through the cluster business approach, the result of this research shows the entrepreneurship transformation in becoming social entrepreneurship, along with the development of kampong to become creative kampong by the role of social entrepreneurship. This entrepreneurship transformation occurs because of the stimulation of absorbed innovation transfer by the community massively. The implementation of local entrepreneurship has indeed influenced the characteristics of kampong and in some extents can create the identity of creative kampong in Semarang City.

The Role of Landscape Architecture Profession In Two Different Contexts: A Comparative Review of the Practitioners in Responding To Climate Change Adaptation

Mildawani, Irina, Khan, Shahed

International Journal of Planning and Development Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Abstract: In the context of rising concerns about global warming and sustainable development this paper examines the challenges of landscape architecture (LA) in developing and developed countries in handling climate change adaptation. The paper aims to find how the LA institutes define their professionals’ roles in dealing with society and environment. It seeks to focus on the professionals’ involvement in climate change adaptation programs in Indonesia and Australia. The paper seeks to determine how contextual factors such as institutional roles and types of prevalent governance systems shape the development of landscape architecture discipline and its professional capability with respect to other related built environment professions (architecture and planning). The websites of the ISLA (Indonesian Society of Landscape Architects) and the AILA (Australian Institutes of Landscape Architects) are examined and analysed from the perspective of professional principles of the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA). The aim is to determine the LA practitioners’ awareness and approaches in handling climate change challenges in various roles and capabilities. It has found that the professional institute in Australia has been involved in the educational program to equip their practitioner members to have a basic knowledge and further application of climate change adaptation in their design and planning projects; whereas in Indonesia the practitioners are actively involved in community capacity building to increase people’s awareness and participation in mitigating the climate change at local as well as regional levels. Findings from the study seek to establish the universality of the LA profession and its relevance in both developed and developing countries.Keywords: climate change adaptation network, IFLA principles, ISLA and AILA, landscape architecture profession

Collaborative Planning on Cross-Border Service of Water Supply in Surakarta Urban Border Area, Indonesia

Wahyono, Hadi, Djunaedi, Achmad, Setiawan, Bakti, Subanu, Leksono

International Journal of Planning and Development Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Abstract: Recently, many planners apply collaborative planning theory in planning involving two or more parties, such as between government, private and community, including in the inter-region cooperation. However, the theory has rarely been used to explain the interaction between regions in city border area, especially in the cases in Indonesia. This article discusses the case of cross-border service of water supply of the Local Water Company (PDAM-Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum) of Surakarta City into the urban border area of Sukoharjo Regency, based on collaborative planning theory. This article is written based on results of the research on the case using case study research method. The discussion concludes that the approach of collaborative planning theory used on the case is cooperative-accommodation approach. It is because PDAM of Surakarta City accommodate the cross-border region service as a reciprocal policy, as most of their water inputs come from their neighboring regions. In general, such an approach is in accordance with the need of the interacting regions, which one region needs supporting service to meet the need of their communities in water service, and another can fulfill the need based on its capacity. In this case, the concerned technical agencies, PDAM of every region interact each other directly in providing the service. The important thing, the interaction is in line with the prevailing cross-border region bureaucratic regulations and does not infringe the autonomy of every region.Keywords: city border area, collaborative planning, cross-border water supply, Surakarta

Reshaping the Culture: Improving and Integrating Social Capital to Affirm Land Use Control A Case of Bali in Democratic Decentralization Era

Putra, I Wayan Indrabayu Pandi, Pratama, Reba Anindyajati

International Journal of Planning and Development Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Abtsract: One of the important issues emergences in the context of spatial planning is about community participation. In Indonesia, this issue widely spread in line with development of decentralization system and low level of trust to government. In Bali, problem in land management became crucial issue in regard with rocket development of tourism sector. Triangle conflicts among Indigenous Village, State Government and investor became a common things today. Social capital as an instrument of control is absolutely necessary to monitor the implementation of spatial planning. In regard with endogenous concept in contemporary urban planning, and considering the weakness and limitations of current land use control tools this paper discus and propose an idea to enforce the uses of social capital to support and affirm land use control. This paper began with elaboration of the challenges and conflict of land management in Bali, followed by analysis weakness and limitations of existing regulations and finally ends up with an idea to enforce the function of social capital through institutional reform. Based on the discussion, integrating social capital can be done through accommodating the value into concept of spatial planning and involving indigenous village as institution control for the implementation of spatial plan.Keywords: indigenous, land conflict, participation, social capital, spatial planning

Local Food Crops and the Poor (The Case of the Three Geographical Regions of Kulon Progo Regency)

Widiyanto, Dodi, Rijanta, R., Toekidjo, Toekidjo

International Journal of Planning and Development Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Abstract: It is believed that local food crops are available widely in rural regions. However, not all of the people consume them. The facts also show that local food crops are placed as secondary sources of foodstuff. This research aims at (1) describing the profile of local food crops consumed by the poor rural households and 2) exploring causes and mechanism of the poor rural household in maintaining local food crops as their food sources in the three different geographical regions of Kulon Progo Regency, namely the upland region, the transitional region, and the lowland region of Kulon Progo Regency. A household survey is conducted to achieve the above mentioned objectives. Respondents of this research are chosen purposively from the poor households’ data as listed by the Kulon Progo Regional Planning Board to represent the three regions in the regency. Three districts in the regency are selected to represent the three types of regions respectively, i.e: Samigaluh, Pengasih, and Lendah. A questionnaire is distributed in order to collect the data from the selected household respondents. The findings of this research are (1) there are various kinds of local food crops that were consumed by the respondents from three different geographical regions. The researchers collected that there were 36 types of local food totally from these three geographical regions, (2) there were also several motives that were important to be described in order to explained the reason why the respondents processed local food crops such as to be sold or to be consumed by themselves, (3) spatially, there are a specific pattern of harvested local food crops based on the respondents perceptions in three geographical areas: (i) based on nature, and (ii) based on human decision , (4) there were also various methods of utilisation local food crops, such as boiled, fried, steamed, cooked into intermediate products, or cooked into final commodities that were ready to be consumed.Keywords: background, geographical regions, harvested pattern, local food crops, poor households

Typologies of Peri-Urban Klaten-Central Java: A study based on Socio-Economic Perspective

Yesiana, Reny

International Journal of Planning and Development Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Abstract: Urbanization as a socio-economic change in developing countries has been leading to the existence of a region with a mixture of rural and urban character so called Peri-Urban Areas (PUA). PUA has been emerging as a part of urban growth process as well as rural growth, regarded as rural-urban transition. This phenomenon could be clearly observed in Klaten District, Central Java Province. Located between two strategic cities in Central Java, i.e. Yogyakarta and Surakarta, Klaten has been experiencing a significant land conversion (among the highest in the province) and a significant economic growth in comparison to other districts in the province. Accordingly, Klaten was chosen as the case study to understand the PUA development in Central Java. By focusing on socio-economic perspective, this paper aims to determine PUA typology in Klaten and further analyze the driving factors of the emerging PUA typology. Quantitative analysis using GIS tools and scoring method was applied to create the typology based on secondary socio-economic data taken from statistics report. As the results of the analysis, it has been shown that most of villages in the study area are highly rural in terms of social character. On the contrary, in economic aspect such as employment, the PUA of Klaten community has a strong urban character. It is classified as the fourth typology (highly rural in social character and highly urban in economic character) among the four identified PUA typologies in Klaten. The underlying influential factor of the development of PUA in Klaten is very much its local potential, i.e. the local economic activity. This may provide an evidence that urban and rural growth could be taken place as a part of ‘local’ growth which does not necessarily take place as a part of urban growth (expansion) of the main city (growth center).Keywords: Urbanization, Peri-Urban, Klaten