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Episteme: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman
Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman merupakan jurnal akademik multidisipliner yang diterbitkan oleh Pascasarjana Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Tulungagung. Epistemé terbit dua nomor setiap tahunnya, pada bulan Juni dan Desember. Artikel yang diterbitkan meliputi kajian Islam yang ditinjau dari berbagai perspektif, mulai dari komunikasi, antropologi, pendidikan, ekonomi, sosiologi, filologi, pendidikan, filsafat dan lain sebagainya. Jurnal ini didedikasikan kepada akademisi, dan pemerhati bidang kajian studi Islam. Artikel yang diterbitkan harus berupa karya orisinal dan tidak harus sejalan dengan pandangan redaksi.
Articles
117
Articles
MENTRADISIKAN KRITIK TAFSIR: UPAYA MERETAS MATA RANTAI ABSOLUTISME PENAFSIRAN

MK Ridwan, Adang Kuswaya

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

This paper aims to provide insight and new perspectives in cutting the chain of absolutism interpretation through tradition criticism interpretation that emphasizes the values of objectivity, comprehensiveness, scientific and systematic. Because in reality absolutism interpretation still becomes mainstream among the general public even an interpreter generation. Absolutism of interpretation becomes one of dangerous threat which can lead to stagnation of the science and the obstacle of civilization. Whereas interpretation is no more just a product of the times and continuous process in exploring the meanings of the Quran. So there is no ‘final word’ in an interpretation. To answer the problem, this reseach uses science philosophy approach as its analysis tools. In conclusion, there are at least four operational steps in carrying out the work criticism interpretation that boils down to the region of the ontology, epistemology, and axiology i.e; Firstly, the critic must first understand the substance of exegesis interpretation as process and interpretation as product. Secondly, understand the construction criticism interpretation are the historicity of criticism, the base of criticism, the purpose of criticism, as well as the principles and parameters of criticism. Thirdly, start working criticism interpretation with two work areas that are criticism intrinsic and criticism extrinsic. Fourthly, give the review and assessment of the object of study of criticism that is good (mahmud) and feasible to use (maqbul), or deviate (munharif) and not unworthy to use (mardud).

ZIARAH KUBUR, NILAI DIDAKTIS DAN REKONSTRUKSI TEORI PENDIDIKAN HUMANISTIK

Aziz, Abd. ( IAIN Tulungagung )

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

As a form of da’wah, the grave pilgrimage has didactic function. Some didactic values contained in the pilgrimage of the grave are the exemplary to the charismatic figures, the transformation of remembering death as a spirit of the good deed, the building of social capital, the medium of gratitude, and of order and obedience. One of the challenges faced in Indonesian education is the rampant violence done by students and parents to teachers. This problem can not be solved only through the application of the concept of humanistic education. Therefore, the author offers the concept of humanistic religious education. This concept contains the use of some didactic values of the grave pilgrimage to complement the weaknesses of the concept of humanistic education. The use of didactic value is motivated by the reason that the grave pilgrimage is the religious practice that is easily accessible to the public from all social classes, except for those who reject it. Some of the companion values of the concept of humanistic education are the sacralization of the function of the teacher, the transformation of remembering death for charity and commitment to order and obedience. The sacralization of teachers is necessary to awaken parents and students that violence to teachers can lead to quality for perpetrators of violence. The concept of charity should be maintained in education to encourage the awareness of parents and students to not only need to respect the teacher during the learning process, but also to continue after the student completes his education. Commitment to obeying the order is necessary so that the parents and the student do not resort to violence to the teacher when the teacher carries out his disciplinary duties.

MENCARI BENTUK REKONSILIASI INTRA-AGAMA: Analisis terhadap Pengungsi Syiah Sampang dan Ahmadiyah Mataram

Pamungkas, Cahyo ( Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) )

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

This article aims to answer a three of questions as follows: first, whether reconciliation between the refugees of Islam minorities, Shia Sampang andAhmadiyah Lombok, and Sunni’s majority in their hometown still possible? Second, if it is still possible how to implement it and what constraints do arise? Third, theoretically, which model of reconciliation is in accordance with the context of the intra-religious conflict in Indonesia? This article is written based on the study of literature and field research, conducted by LIPI research team, which seeks to identify conditions or necessary conditions to achieve reconciliation between displaced Islamic minority and Islamic majority live in their places of origin. The issue of reconciliation is very important, considering both the refugee community is Indonesian citizens who have the right to be protected. However, in reality, they like to be in a quarantine so-called refugee camps. The proposition of this article is reconciliation among communities displaced by the public place of origin is possible with certain conditions such as the strong implementation of the fulfillment of human rights, cultural context and theological beliefs that support the peace process, and the role of active government in pushing the peace process.

MUHAMMADIYAH- NAHDLATUL ULAMA (NU): MONUMENTAL CULTURAL CREATIVITY HERITAGE OF THE WORLD RELIGION

Sintha W, Maman A. Majid B ( Somariah F )

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

Muhammadiyah and NU are two well-known socio-religious organizations in the world over the years. In spite of the fact that both organizations are characterized as religious social movement, each of them has their individual creativity, which is called al-thaqafat in their motions. This study aims to identify the organization of Muhammadiyah-NU as a religious heritage,which affects other religious organizations both in Indonesia and other countries. This research employed a qualitative approach by using historical method to obtain the actual reality. For data collection, literature reviews,documentation and interviews were also conducted to gather empiric facts.The researchers interviewed public figures of the organizations. Al-thaqafat becomes part of elements rather than cultivated culture, which is understood as habitual patterns of human creativity, including a religious organization. Both organizations are the result of an al-thaqafat religious creativity created by each founder and can be pursued into the world monumental heritage. Without denying, the existence of al-thaqafat creativity will continue to enlighten the world civilization. Therefore, Muhammadiyah and NU have been doing and keeping continuing al-thaqafat creativity enlightenment through their charitable organizations and institutions. The result is profoundly proven so that they have been in an existence more than a century.

ASAS KONKORDANSI ISLAM DAN PANCASILA BAGI PERKEMBANGAN PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

Darmalaksana, Wahyudin ( UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung )

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

This study analyzed the principles of concordance of Islamic law and Pancasila for the development of sharia banking in Indonesia. The growth of Islamic banking was overshadowed by the lack of Islamic economics sciences, so its development was experiencing infectivity in Indonesia. This study used the juridical-normative method of research subjects. In addition, the analysis was also conducted deductive and inductive to the legal materials. Basically, the essence of Islamic economics embodied in the principles of Islamic economics served as the foundation for the creation of Islamic economic sciences. However, the international Islamic world economic movement was more influential in the transformation of Islamic banking taqnin in Indonesia. In fact, the enforcement of the sharia banking legal system was constrained by the lopsided nature of the Islamic Banking Act with the potential of socio-economic support in the community. This study found that the principle of concordance between Islam and Pancasila in the development of sharia banking was seen to be possible from the philosophical aspect, but it was doubtful from the political aspect because of the impact of various economic systems in Indonesia. So, this study recommends the need for the formulation of Islamic banking system relevant to the socio-culture condition of Indonesian society.

DEPRIVASI RELATIF KOMPETENSI KEPEMIMPINAN GURU PAI: Kajian Komparatif Guru Akidah Akhlak Berkualifikasi S1 dan Guru Tugas Pesantren Lulusan MA

Mukaffa, Zumrotul ( UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya )

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

This paper attempts to examine the leadership competence of Islamic Religious Education (Pendidikan Agama Islam/PAI) teachers in the areas of Islamic theology and Morality with the qualification of Bachelor Degree (S1) and pesantren-assigned teachers (guru tugas pesantren) graduated from IslamicSenior High School and factors that influence it. PAI teachers with the qualification of S1 or those who have pedagogical competence are believed to have higher leadership competencies, and vice versa,pesantren-assigned teachers with secondary level education qualification, have lower leadership competence. The results show a contrasting real picture of the phenomenon. This reality is interesting to examine further in order to find the pattern to increase the competence of teachers in accordance with the needs of madrasahs/schools. This study uses a combination of methods, quantitative supported by the analysis of qualitative data (mix-methods) by taking the population of Islamic Theology and Morality teachers who teach in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (MI). The results of the analysis illustrate the average value of the competence of PAI teachers with S1 qualification which is 55.8333 and pesantren-assigned teachers which is 51.4000 with the mean of difference 4.43333. Although there is an average difference, it is not so significant. The level of significance is only 0.040 which means <0.05. Based on the statistical calculation, there is no difference in leadership competence among S1 graduated teachers and pesantren-assigned teachers. Qualitative data analysis shows that there are structural factors that negatively affect the achievement of the competence of PAI teachers with S1 qualification. On the other hand, the positive achievement of leadership competence of pesantren-assigned teachers is influenced by the success of technical guidance, strict recruitment, and habituation as peer teacher while they were in pesantren. There is a relative deprivation phenomenon that emerged among PAI teachers who have had academic competence. The various structural policy packages issued by the government that is ideally projected to improve competence, including the leadership competence of the teachers, have a negative impact in the implementation realm. In particular, policies highlight more on improving learning administrative governance aspects which result in a decrease of teachers creative ability in learning.

FINDING OUT THE AUTHENTICITY OF THE FITRAH OF ISLAM TOWARD THE M. QURAISH SHIHAB’S THOUGHT

Abidin, Ahmad Zainal ( nstitut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Tulungagung )

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

There are several primary questions which can lead to asking about the religious urgency related to the mankind’s life. “Is it available for a man to escape from the existence of religion?” “Why does a man need a religion? Why should Islam be born as a religion?” These questions are answered by M. Quraish Shihab based on his commentary. He stated that to have a belief for a man is a nature. While the reason that brings Islam as a fitrah religion is, it is a belief which was brought by the last prophet: Muhammad (PBUH). The focus of this research is ‘how is the authenticity of the Islamic concept as the fitrah religion according to M. Quraish Shihab?’ This study aimed to analyze the perspective of M. Quraish Shihab as a fitrah religion based on the Qur’an, which points out to take any information about the authenticity of the concept of Islam as a fitrah religion. This research implements library research which applied hermeneutics method. The theory of Fazlur Rahman is used here, which strengthens to the double movement theory on tracking either the authenticity of the message or moral ideal as what outlined in Tafsir Al-Mishbah. Based on the research, it is concluded that the authentic meaning of the concept of Islam as a fitrah religion according to the Quraish Shihab is an exclusive belief and a positive behavior. All prophets are Muslims, but all humans alive after Prophet Muhammad should embrace Islam as part of their submission form to Allah by voluntary and peaceful ways. Non-Muslims should be persuasively introduced to Islam. Because do not embrace Islam not only ignoring fitrah but also denying Muhammad as the last prophet. Nevertheless, M. Quraish Shihab considers it’s important for Muslims to respect other religions in order to maintain social justice by living in peace, mutual understanding and cooperation without sacrificing their faith.

PENGGUNAAN MEDIA SOSIAL DAN KEMARAHAN RELIGIUS DALAM KASUS PEMBAKARAN VIHARA DI KOTA TANJUNG BALAI, INDONESIA

Syahputra, Iswandi ( Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta )

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

Public activities carried out on social media may trigger religious identity based social riot. Such social unrest is observed to have surfaced initially as religious rage channeled via social media. It is, indeed, a fact that various issues on religion, which is regarded as sacred, hallowed, and revered, are discussed freely on social media, and it may very easily incite social turbulence. In the case of vihara burning and rioting in the city of Tanjung Balai, North Sumatera, Indonesia, a social riot was instigated by users of social media who mutually provoked resentment against one another, there was also the Budha statue which posed as a latent triggering factor threatening inter-religious relations within societal culture fond of congregating. This article discusses the case of vihara burning which had occurred in Tanjung Balai, North Sumatera, Indonesia, where in research data were acquired through in-depth interviews with several informants active on social media, community figures, and police personnel.

OTORITAS KEAGAMAAN DAN FATWA PERSONAL DI INDONESIA

Muzakka, Ahmad Khotim ( Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Pekalongan )

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

Fatwa is not only produced by a religious institution such as the IndonesianUlema Council (MUI), Nahdlatul Ulama and Muhammadiyah, but also by a religious leader nowadays. The use of social media and websites makes more easily for a religious leader to spread out their own opinion. People, now, are more interconnected with each other. Religious experts spread their religious views through personal websites an even through social media. Through their personal websites, Indonesian Muslim intellectuals, Nadirsyah Hosen andFiranda—for example—use their personal websites to spread their religious ideas. It is interesting to read both views of this character because they both have different educational background. Nadirsyah Hosen was graduated from Western University, while Firanda was educated in Saudi Arabia. This article dissects on some of these questions: Using content analysis methods, this study answers some questions; what are their concerns? How do contemporary issues influence their religious views? The study finds that both use a variety of scientific arguments based on various literature. At some level, Nadirsyahtries to combine classical and modern literature, while Firanda focuses on the use of classical literature. Each of these approaches has implications for their personal ideas.

WORKPLACE SPIRITUALITY TO INCREASE INSTITUTIONS’ COMMITMENT AND MEANING OF LIFE

F. Mujib, Muntahibun Nafis ( Agus ZF )

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

The low commitment and meaning of life can be caused by many, but they potentially occur because people in an institution do not know what they get from their work other than just money; people become unhappy with their work, then get bored and uncomfortable at work, apathetic, and ultimately unproductive. An institution that implements workplace spirituality (WS) will make people feel connected and meaningful at work. The purpose of this study is to explain how the values of WS can increase staff’s commitment and meaning of life at the institutions. The results of this study indicate that the WS can increase the commitment and meaning of the life of employees in the institutions through several things. First, the value which can increase work commitment is value of togetherness, responsibility, justice, trust, sincerity, integrity, innovative, and professional. Second, the meaning of work for them is a moral call, a form of gratitude, fulfillment, worship, self-actualization, the command of Allahswt, and doing the main duty. Third, the efforts made by the staff are: to build a working atmosphere with workplace culture and climate, improve the quality of institutions by making research and recruiting qualified lecturers,conducting useful activities, adding infrastructure to support activities, friendly communication, social media as means of socialization, religious or coaching and motivation training, oblige Zuhur prayers in congregation, and cooperate with others. Fourth, the impact of workplace spirituality for employees is to feel proud of their institution, to feel comfortable and to have intimacy, to have well self-actualization, to be more productive in their work, to maintain altitude, leadership that refers to the pattern of politics alone will decrease the quality of the institution, mutual visit and sharing information or giving advise, positive activities coloring each institution, and adding enthusiasm to work.