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Forum Geografi
ISSN : 08520682     EISSN : 24603945     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Forum Geografi, Indonesian Journal of Spatial and Regional Analysis (For. Geo) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that will consider any original scientific article for expanding the field of geography. The journal publishes articles in both physical and human geography specialties of interest to spatial analysis and regional analysis in (but not limited) Indonesia by applying GIS and/or remote sensing techniques.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016" : 11 Documents clear
Livelihood Strategies as Responses to Water Availability in Pusur Subwatershed, Bengawan Solo Wijayanti, Rathna; Baiquni, Muhammad; Harini, Rika
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (931.912 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2618

Abstract

Water availability has a significant role on human life, particularly for the rural, agrarian communities. This study aimed to investigate the diverse conditions of water availability in Pusur sub-watershed, Bengawan Solo watershed, and the livelihood strategies of the local community in responding to the water availability. The study used both quantitative and qualitative methods of data analysis, and the data was collected through questionnaire, in-depth interview, and observation. On the water availability, the study used the following variables: (1) quality, (2) quantity, (3) spatial and temporal distribution, (4) access, (5) social-economy, and (5) institutional aspect. On the livelihood strategies, it uses: (1) reaction and (2) anticipation for water deficit. In term of sampling methods, the study used area and purposive sampling, by splitting the study site into the upper, middle, and lower area. The analysis of this study indicates that the level of water availability in the upper area is considered low. The community living in the upper area depends upon rainwater for its agricultural sector, and upon the water supply distributed by pipelines and tanker trucks for its household. The study also indicates that the middle area has abundant water supply, but the quality has been declined due to pollution, poor sanitation system, and potential conflict among the community members. Meanwhile, in the lower area, particularly in the dry season, irrigation water has been inadequate. Responding to the diverse water availability, the community has applied the following livelihood strategies: (1) leaving the agricultural land uncultivated in the upper area, and (2) pumping wells and rivers in the middle and lower areas. In addition, as part of its precautions actions, the community has applied: (1) agroforestry system at the upper area, (2) improved the irrigation system of the middle area, and (3) creating wells and using water pumps in the lower area. 
Performance Evaluation of Tuntang Watershed based on Quantity and Quality of Water Murtiono, Ugro Hari; Paimin, Paimin
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.1708

Abstract

The objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of Tuntang Catchment based on water quantity and quality area ranging from its upstream to downstream. The method used to determine the water quantity was by carrying out ground study on water discharge in the dry season (June 2011) in the research site, while the water quality was determined by conducting a laboratory analysis on the samples obtained from the sites in both the rainy and dry season (January and June 2011). The results indicated that the quantity of water discharge in Tuntang River was categorized “good”, although it was utilized for many uses such as irrigation, hydropower, and drinking water. Most of water discharges were mainly supplied from the upstream of Rawa Pening Lake. The water quality determined from the parameters of total dissolved solids, conductivity, pH, phosphate, and nitrate could be classified as “good”, meanwhile, the turbidity and dissolved oxygen were classified as “poor”.
An Estimation of Earthquake Impact to Population in Makassar by Probabilistic Approach Sunardi, Bambang; Sulastri, Sulastri
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (985.327 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2591

Abstract

Makassar is one of Indonesian big cities with rapid growth rate, but not totally safe from earthquake hazard. This condition led study on affected population by earthquakes in this city are important to do. This paper estimated the population of Makassar City threatened by the probabilistic earthquake hazard. In this current study, earthquake hazard in the forms of peak ground acceleration (PGA) and spectral acceleration,  estimated by using Probabilistic Seismic Hazards Analysis (PSHA). The PSHA result then overlaid with administration map and population data to obtain distribution and percentage of population threatened by the probabilistic earthquake hazard. The results showed the smallest value of ground acceleration located in the south-west (Tamalate sub district), further north increased and reached the highest value in the northeast (Biring Kanaya sub district). Both Tamalate and Biringkanaya can be classified as rural area with low population density.  The urban area of Makassar, which is the concentration of population, located in the centre of Makassar, got the middle earthquake hazard.
System Dynamic Approach to Support Decision in Maintaining Water Availability (Case Study in Aek Silang Sub-Watershed, the Lake of Toba) Sihotang, Irwan Valentinus; Sudarmadji, S; Purnama, Ig.L. Setyawan; Baiquni, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (583.179 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2719

Abstract

Water availability is immensely affected by the correlation among land use change, rainfall change, and population growth. One of analysis tools to discover how the correlation goes on in a hydrological process is by dynamic modelling approaching. The dynamic modelling result can be used for a substructure in decisions making as supports to maintain water availability for fulfilling domestic needs, agriculture, and Micro-Hydro Power (MHP). The aims of this study are to evaluate water availability as a long-term impact on land use change, rainfall change, and population growth with dynamic modelling and as a scenario which is required as basic information to make decisions in maintaining water availability. Analysis method which is applied in this study is dynamic modelling to long term evaluate water availability and validate using Mean Average Percentage Error method (MAPE). The analysis showed that the combination of rainfall of 2312.09 mm/yr, rainfall intensity of 0.340 mm/h, population growth rate of 7.23%, declined forest area of 1.513 ha/yr, declined shrub/unproductive land of 318.113 ha/yr, increased agricultural land of 7.627 ha/yr, and increased settlement area of 0.473 ha/yr, yielded the estimation of the fail in sustaining water sources in 2090 or the next 79 years from 2011 since the water deficit has reached approximately 3,249,881.02 m3. The value of validation modelling with MAPE method is 8.90, it is a dynamic modelling which is managed nearly the same with actual condition.
Impacts of Climate Change (El Nino, La Nina, and Sea Level) on the Coastal Area of Cilacap Regency Supriatin, Lilik S.; Martono, Martono
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1480.501 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2449

Abstract

This research was conducted to determine the impact of El Nino and La Nina on rainfall as well as the impact of El Nino, La Nina, and sea level on coastal flooding in Cilacap Regency. The methods used in this study were statistical analysis and simulation. The results of this study were El Nino caused diminished rainfall in Cilacap regency between 295 to 1665 mm. Meanwhile, La Nina caused surplus rainfall between 189 - 691 mm/year in compared with annual climatological rainfall. When ENSO phenomenon (El Nino) occurred, it caused sea level anomaly to fall, including in 1994, 1997, and 2002 of -11.63 cm, -11.5 cm, and -4.95 cm, respectively. Meanwhile, in La Nina years in 1999 and 2000, the  sea level anomaly enhanced by  2.55 cm and 5.03 cm, respectively. The result of sea level projection by employing simulation model in this study was compared with the simulation results of the IPCC that obtained a correlation coefficient r of 0.99. Based on the simulation results, the 8 (eight) sub-districts in Cilacap Regency located in the coastal area potentially endure flood due to the impacts of global warming and La Nina with a diverse predicted year of occurrence depending on the altitude of each sub-district.
Influence of Geographical Conditions on the Spatial Structure of Jayapura City Baharuddin, Alfini; Wibisono, B Hari; Prayitno, Budi; Roychansyah, M Sani
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.1766

Abstract

Jayapura City is situated in the eastern tip of Indonesia and borders the neighboring country Papua New Guinea (PNG).  Its geographical conditions are very diverse dominated by hills leading to the formation of separated urban areas. Currently, there are two major urban areas, Jayapura and Abepura. Historically, Jayapura and Abepura were two old towns established in the Dutch rule, namely Hollandia Haven and Hollandia Binnen. They are detached by Skyline hills that hinder their complete physical merger.  The presence of two separated urban areas in Jayapura City is also reinforced by the image perceived by the residents regarding with the powerful visual image of those cities. It however forms unique and distinctive properties in the spatial structure of Jayapura City. This study examines how the influence of geographical conditions on the spatial structre of Jayapura City. Data collection was done through direct observation and interviews with respondents of Jayapura and Abepura. Direct observation was conducted to obtain data on the use of land that form patterns in Jayapura City area. While collecting data through questionnaires conducted to determine the image of residents of Jayapura City on the spatial structure of the city. The results showed that the geographical conditions in Jayapura City affect the formation of two separate parts of the city.  The geographical condition is also an element forming a strong spatial structure as a characteristic reinforces the visual impression of the existence of two cities in a “single city”.
Acknowledgement for Reviewers in 2016 Forum Geografi, Editors
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2888

Abstract

The editors of Forum Geografi would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in Volume 30 2016. Prof. Dr. Junun Sartohadi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, IndonesiaProf. Dr. Ir. Hidayat Pawitan, Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, Bogor Agricultural University, IndonesiaDr Muhammad Kamal, UGM, IndonesiaSupari, BMKG Indonesia, Indonesia; Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Bangi, MalaysiaMuhammad Haikal Karana Sitepu, University of Leeds, United KingdomDr. Yanto, Civil, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia R Muhammad Amin Sunarhadi, Universitas Muhammadiyah SurakartaDr. Sukamdi, IndonesiaDr. Peter Oberle, Institute for Water and River Basin Management (IWG)Karlsruhe Institute for Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany, GermanyProf. Dr. Muhammad Aris Marfai, Universitas Gadjah MadaDr. Pramaditya Wicaksono, Cartography and Remote Sensing Dept. of Geographic Information Science Faculty of Geography Universitas Gadjah Mada, IndonesiaDr. Sushil K. Joshi, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (India), IndiaDr. Djati Mardiatno, UGM, IndonesiaDr. Purnama Budi Santosa, Gadjah Mada University, IndonesiaDr. Donaldi S. Permana, Center for Research and Development Indonesian Agency for Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG); Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center and School of Earth Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA, IndonesiaA Cipta, Geological Agency of Indonesia, Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia Australian National University, Research School of Earth Sciences, Building 142, Mills Road, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia, AustraliaDr Takanori Horii, Research and Development Center for Global Change (RCGC), Strategic Research and Development Area, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan, JapanHari Agung Adrianto, Institute Pertanian Bogor, IndonesiaDr. Adriana García-Rama, Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, University of Padova, Italy, ItalyDr. Kuswaji Dwi Priyono, Fak Geografi UMS, IndonesiaDr. Rini Rachmawati, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gajah Mada, IndonesiaDr. Dyah R Hisbaron ,Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gajah MadaDr. Saut Sagala, Intitut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia We greatly appreciate the contribution of expert reviewer, which is crucial to the journal’s editorial decision-making process and to the quality of the work that we publish.  
Using 3D-Var Data Assimilation for Improving the Accuracy of Initial Condition of Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model in Java Region (Case Study : 23 January 2015) Sagita, Novvria; Hidayati, Rini; Hidayat, Rahmat; Gustari, Indra; Fatkhuroyan, Fatkhuroyan
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.366 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2512

Abstract

Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) is a numerical weather prediction model developed by various parties due to its open source, but the WRF has the disadvantage of low accuracy in weather prediction. One reason of low accuracy  of model is inaccuracy initial condition model to the actual atmospheric conditions. Techniques to improve the initial condition model is the observation data assimilation. In this study, we used three-dimensional variational (3D-Var) to perform data assimilation of some observation data. Observational data used in data assimilation are observation data from basic stations, non-basic stations, radiosonde data, and The Binary Universal Form for the Representation of meteorological data (BUFR) data from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) , and aggregate observation data from all stations. The aim of this study compares the effect of data assimilation with different data observation on January 23, 2015 at 00.00 UTC for Java island region. The results showed that changes root mean square error (RMSE) of surface temperature from 2° C to 1.7° C - 2.4° C, dew point from 2.1o C to 1.9o  C - 1.4o C, relative humidity from 16.1% to 3.5% - 14.5% after the data assimilation.
Climate Change Vulnerability Analysis of Baluran National Park Harjadi, Beny
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1185.525 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.1000

Abstract

Every ecosystem has a different level of susceptibility to environmental disturbances it receives, both from natural factors or anthropogenic disturbance. National Park (NP) Baluran is one national park that has a representation of a complete ecosystem that includes upland forest ecosystems, lowland forests, coastal forests, mangroves, savanna and evergreen forest. The objective of this study is to get a formula calculation of vulnerability analysis of constant and dynamic factors. Baluran NP vulnerability assessment to climate change done by looking at the dynamic and fixed factors. Vulnerability remains a vulnerability factor to the condition of the original (control), whereas vulnerability is the vulnerability of the dynamic change factors which affected the condition from the outside. Constant Vulnerability (CV) in  Baluran NP dominated resistant conditions (61%), meaning that the geomorphology and other fixed factors (slope and slope direction/aspect, then the condition in Baluran NP sufficiently resilient to climate change. Dynamic Vulnerability (DV) is the vulnerability of an area or areas that change because of pressure from external factors. DV is influenced by climatic factors (WI = Wetness Index), soil (SBI = Soil Brightness Index), and vegetation (GI = Greenness Index). DV in  Baluran NP from 1999 to 2010 shifted from the original category of being (84.76%) and shifted to the susceptible (59.88%).  The role of remote sensing for the analysis of raster digital system, while the geographic information system to display the results of cartographic maps.
Using Water Balance to Analyze Water Availability for Communities ( A Case Study in Some Areas of Bengawan Solo Watershed) Anna, Alif Noor; Priyono, Kuswaji Dwi; Suharjo, Suharjo; Priyana, Yuli
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (752.584 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2550

Abstract

This study aimed: (a) to determine the general water balance at the Upstream and Midstream of Bengawan Solo Watershed by using Thornthwaite-Mather model, and (b) to determine the fulfillment of domestic water demand in the Upstream and Midstream of Bengawan Solo Watershed. Prevailing climate change has affected the condition of water source in Upstream and Midstream of Bengawan Solo Watershed. One of the impacts was extreme fluctuation of meteorological water availability that might cause flood and drought. Survey was selected as the research method while descriptive quantitative method was used for data analysis. The findings indicated the difference between precipitation and corrected evapotranspiration (P-EP) at the Upstream and Midstream of Bengawan Solo Watershed was between (-11.19 mm) to (78.56 mm). The highest value was obtained by Bambang Sub-watershed and the lowest was Wiroko Temon Sub-watershed. Positive value indicated the water surplus while negative value indicated water deficit. Domestic water demand for local communities was in the range of 50,782,500 liters to 131,690,700 liters, and the level of water availability varied, namely fulfilled and unfulfilled. 

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