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Contact Name
Jumadi
Contact Email
jumadi@ums.ac.id
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Journal Mail Official
forgeo@ums.ac.id
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Location
Kota surakarta,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Forum Geografi
ISSN : 08520682     EISSN : 24603945     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Forum Geografi, Indonesian Journal of Spatial and Regional Analysis (For. Geo) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that will consider any original scientific article for expanding the field of geography. The journal publishes articles in both physical and human geography specialties of interest to spatial analysis and regional analysis in (but not limited) Indonesia by applying GIS and/or remote sensing techniques.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 29, No 2 (2015): Forum Geografi" : 8 Documents clear
Benefits of Rural Biogas Implementation to Economy and Environment: Boyolali Case Study Tazi Hnyine, Zakaria; Sagala, Saut; Lubis, Wahyu; Yamin, Dodon
Forum Geografi Vol 29, No 2 (2015): Forum Geografi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Selo, a small agricultural-based village in Boyolali, Central-Java, Indonesia has initiated small-scale rural biogas adoption as it presumably reduces the consumption of LPG, firewood, chemical fertilizer and (women’s) overall workload, which especially suitable due to the relatively high use of cattle in that area As environmental problems such as global warming from fossil fuel consumption and land degradation from deforestation and overuse of chemical fertilizers, and socio-economic problems as gender empowerment and self-sufficiency are becoming more pressing, it is useful to analyse the benefits of biogas as an alternative renewable energy technology (RET) provision in rural areas. This paper aims to assess the benefits of rural biogas adoption from an economic perspective, through calculating the direct and indirect benefits obtained from biogas adoption in Selo. For this, a field survey was carried out in Selo to ask questions to biogas users (N=21) and non-users (N=5) on their energy and fertilizer consumption, as well as emissions reductions resulting from biogas adoption. Based on the analysis, oon average, a household with biogas saves 490 kWh month–1, 20,000 IDR month–1,185 kg CO2e month–1.Chemical fertilizer consumption remains remarkably high, which may due to a lack of awareness on the potential of digester slurry by the farmers, for indeed, reduction of chemical fertilizer use would help address some environmental problems. Biogas quality of one household has also been determined by comparing its heating value to that of methane; the methane percentage (MP) was approximately 31%. The quality is considerably lower than expected from the literature (i.e. around 60%), which may be due to the farmers neither mixing nor supplying water to the dung. Trainings providing methods for improving digester overall effectiveness to particularly the women-folk may enhance digester management and thus biogas production, as they form the main primary operatives. Despite the room for improvement, the existing results clearly show that biogas adoption significantly reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, household energy costs, workload, improves environmental conditions and generates income through carbon credit exchange. Therefore, under the notions of sustainable development, environmental preservation and self-sufficiency, policy makers and NGOs should expedite their support in biogas development, e.g. by providing subsidies and awareness raising.
Estimate of Changes in Carbon Stocks Based on Land Cover Changes in the Leuser Ecosystem Area (LEA) Indonesia Hermon, Dedi
Forum Geografi Vol 29, No 2 (2015): Forum Geografi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This research aimed at designing the model of land cover changes in 1990 and 2014, and estimating carbon stock changes in each land cover in Leuser Ecosystem Area (LEA). The spatial model of land cover changes was analyzed by interpreting Landsat 5 TM imagery in 1990 and Landsat 7 ETM+ imagery in 2014 with ERDAS 9.1 and Land Change Modeller (LCM) in Idrisi TerrSet v.18. The analysis of land area changes (ha) in each land cover from 1990 to 2014 used ERDAS 9.1 with tools Interpreter (GIS Analysis-Matrix). Systematic survey method was employed in order to analyze carbon stocks. The sampling technique was stratified purposive composite sampling which used plot technique. The estimate of tree biomass used allometric equation. The estimate of carbon stocks in each land cover in 1990 was measured based on the total of carbon stocks in 2014 which was conversed with the areas of each land cover in 1990. Spatial model of land cover changes in LEA in 1990-2014 showed the changes of area in each land cover which caused the changes of carbon stocks in each land cover as well.
Geothermal Energy Utilization in the Kamojang Nature Reserve, West Java, Indonesia Dahlan, Endes N; Putiksari, Vella; Prasetyo, Lilik Budi
Forum Geografi Vol 29, No 2 (2015): Forum Geografi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Geothermal energy activities are allegedly disturbing Kamojang Nature Reserve by clearing the forest. Actually, the national park according to the Law No. 41 of 1999, must not jeopardize the preservation of germplasm in it. Meanwhile, the utilization of geothermal power plant in the area is also required to meet the electricity demand in Indonesia. Land clearing as one of the activity of exploration and exploitation of geothermal coupled with the increasing of human’s activity inside the forest caused widespread deforestation. Since there is a geothermal energy project inside the Kamojang Nature Reserve, then the aim of this study is to analysis the land cover change at Kamojang Nature Reserve from year 2000 until 2011. The research showed that the type of land cover was dominated by forest for about 4231.3 ha with forest cover percentage around 51.17%. Aside of that, the land cover change caused by exploration and exploitation of Pertamina Geothermal Energy was 60.2 ha (8.90 %), while the changes caused by human activities was 614.46 ha (91.10 %). Based on these results, replanting had been done to overcome the worse effect from each activities. The extent of reforestation and enrichment conducted by PGE was 680.58 ha by involving the society who live in surrounding area.
Spatial Pattern of Bathymetry in Wangi-Wangi Island and Its Surrounding Based on GEBCO Data and Nautical Map Yulius, Yulius; Salim, H L; Ramdhan, M
Forum Geografi Vol 29, No 2 (2015): Forum Geografi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The study aims is to define bathymetry based on General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO) and Nautical Map using GIS technique. The methods used in this study are the kriging method which combines the spatial correlation among the data using GIS and Remote Sensing software. The result shows that bathymetry at research area can be divided into five classes, these are: (1) 0-2 meter with area of 1.797,61 hectare, (2) 2-5 meter with area of 2.059,06 hectare, (3) 5-10 meter with area of 1.184,02 hectare, (4) 10-25 meter with area of 3.025.00 hectare, (5) 25-200 meter with area of 5.648.62 hectare.The spatial pattern of bathymetry dispersed from the shallow water at the edge of beach and more deep at the offshore, except at the eastern side of Wangi-Wangi island which has barrier reef and created basin between them.
Geospatial Assessment of Coseismic Landslides in Baturagung Area Saputra, Aditya; Sartohadi, Junun; Hadmoko, Danang Sri; Gomez, Christopher
Forum Geografi Vol 29, No 2 (2015): Forum Geografi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Java, the most densely populated island in Indonesia, is located on top of the most seismically active areas in Southeast Asia: the Sunda Megathrust. This area is frequently hit by strong earthquake. More than 3,300 M>5earthquakesoccurred between 1973-2014. The wide range of mountainous areas and high intensity of rainfall, make several part of the island one of the most exposed regions for coseismic landslides such as Baturagung area, the Southeast mountainous area of Yogyakarta Province. An integrated method between RS and GIS was used to conduct the vulnerability assessment due to the lack of the site specific slope instability analysis and coseismic landslides data. The seismic zonation of Baturagung area was obtained based on the analysis of Kanai attenuation. The geologic information was extracted using remote sensing interpretation based on the 1:100,000 geologic map of Yogyakarta and geomorphologic map of Baturagung area as well. The coseismic landslide hazard assessment has been estimated using scoring analysis in the GIS platform proposed by Mora and Vahrson (1993) with several modification. The accomplished coseismic landslide hazard map shows medium hazard coverage in the eastern areas, in the upper slope of Baturagung area, which consists of Semilir Formation. The result provides a distinct description of coseismic landslides hazard distribution in Batuaragung area. However, it should only be the preliminary assessment of the site specific investigation especially on valuable area or asset. 
Development and Evaluation of Web GIS Application for Groundwater Management of Karanganyar Regency Jumadi, Jumadi; Priyana, Yuli
Forum Geografi Vol 29, No 2 (2015): Forum Geografi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This research aims to develop and evaluate a geospatial application for groundwater resource management at Karanganyar Regency. The system development methodology from Whitten and Bentley (2007) was used in this research. To initiate the project, we discussed with the stakeholders from Karanganyar Regency which came from various related agencies followed by a focus group discussion (FGD) to analyse the system. Computational design and experiment were conducted to design the system prototype. Finally, we implement the system in the Regency. The result shows that the system is complex not only due to the managerial procedures but also the number of involved users (stakeholder) in the system. To address the emerged requirements from the FGD, we propose and develop a web-based GIS application with current open source technology and Google Map API which can be used for collaboration among stakeholders as well as for supporting the decision support purpose in the groundwater management. Currently, Air-tanah, the prototype of the application is available at http://geografi.ums.ac.id/air-tanah/. Both quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the system resulted good responses from the users.
Geospatial Analysis and Turbidity Measurement for Monitoring Suspended Solid of Hitotsuse Dam in Miyazaki Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan Santosa, Purnama Budi; Mitani, Yasuhiro
Forum Geografi Vol 29, No 2 (2015): Forum Geografi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The existence of suspended solids at Hitotsuse dam, Miyazaki Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan, has been the main concern of Kyushu Electric Power Company. These have been carried by rivers flowing into the dam. In a long term, it is worried that this phenomenon will potentially cause the environmental degradation, especially around the dam, where the Kyushu Electric Power Plant is located. Therefore, necessary measures are required to protect the dam from environmental degradation, which in return is to assure its long term power plant operational. Preliminary studies found that the suspended solid, which was generated upstreams and was carried out into the dam by rivers, causes the turbid water resident. Therefore, evaluation on the potential sources of the existence of the suspended solids needs to be carried out. In this research, analysis was conducted to understand the spatial distribution and the quantity of the suspended solid. For this purpose, by focusing attention on the upper river basin of reservoir, several factors which are possible to cause turbid water are extracted and analyzed quantitatively by using GIS. To understand the characteristic of the river turbidity, river flows and river turbidity are measured at several selected stations. Then mechanical factors causing turbid water are identified after analyzing relationship between efflux characteristics and possible factors of suspended solids. The results show that spatial information extraction could be done efficiently by applying spatial analysis method. Furthermore, by applying multiple regression analysis, it was found that landslide scars, artificial forests, drainage area, and terrain undulation are indicated as the dominant factors causing the turbidity.
Morphometry Characteristics of Riverbed Sediment Grains as Basic Indicator Management of River Valley Environment (Case Study of Bogowonto River, Central Java) Dibyosaputro, Suprapto
Forum Geografi Vol 29, No 2 (2015): Forum Geografi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This research aims to propose the usage of riverbed sediment grains roundness/flatness as basic indicator of river valley management. It is based on the evaluation of anomalous morphometry condition of sediment grains and valley condition along the river as one indicator of the stability of the riverbank of the river valley. This stability express the physical condition of the river valleys. In this paper, we provide methodological explanation as well as a case study in Bogowonto River. Analysis of the morphometry of sediment grain on riverbed from upstream to downstream as well as the relationship between the distance of the upstream and morphometry of sediment grains along Bogowonto River were conducted. Finally, we evaluated the anomalous condition as indicator of different environmental condition of the riverbank. We conducted three stages survey processes: preparation, fieldwork, and post-fieldwork. The preparation phase includes site selection, depiction of the main river channel of Bogowonto River, and the determination of the sample location. The distance between each sampling site was 5 km along Bogowonto River. The results show that there is anomalous morphometry of sediment grains found in the study area. The reason is that the channel of the segment of the river flowing over rocky riverbed of breccia along the 7.5 km, with hard and sharps edge grained of rock particles. This is accompanied by landslide the occurrence in the upper segment of the river. This is why the value of roundness and flatness indexes are changed significantly become lower value than the previous segment. This condition can be implemented to be used as indicator to basic management of landslide along a certain segment which indicated by the changing in roundness and flatness index values of the sediment grains. 

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