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INDONESIA
Forum Geografi
ISSN : 08520682     EISSN : 24603945     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Forum Geografi, Indonesian Journal of Spatial and Regional Analysis (For. Geo) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that will consider any original scientific article for expanding the field of geography. The journal publishes articles in both physical and human geography specialties of interest to spatial analysis and regional analysis in (but not limited) Indonesia by applying GIS and/or remote sensing techniques.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 16 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013" : 16 Documents clear
Model of Conservation on Sagara Anakan Environment Sugandi, Dede
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (776.103 KB)

Abstract

Widespread decline in agricultural land and the impact on production decline caused extensive forest activities to meet the needs of the population. Activities that cause less environmental quality offset environmental balance changes. These changes due to deforestation, erosion, degraded land and natural resource degradation are exploited so that the function of ecological, economic and social life. Damaged ecosystems resulting in erosion, landslides in the watershed affect the sedimentation in Sagara Anakan sea. Silting, resulting in narrowing of fishing activities, tourism, sports, and services decreased crossings. Because of the problem and the purpose of this study proposed and analyzed a few questions: 1) How does the socio-economic impact of farmers in conserving the environment of Sagara Anakan ?, 2) How do people form of conservation and coastal of Sagara Anakan ?, 3) How model of integrated conservation in the watershed and coastal of Sagara Anakan ? and 4) What role do the people in the watershed and coastal on Sagara Anakan conservation ?. Study site covers an area of flow and Ci Ci Tanduy Beureum and Sagara Tillers waters. Activities of the population in the process of land affected when in Sagara tillers. The method used was a survey with a sample divided by the watershed upstream, downstream and coastal tengahm. Using statistical analysis techniques and geography, so that part of the watershed characteristics can be imaged. Shallowing Sagara Anakan, physically was affected by the physical condition of the easily eroded and accelerated by human activities. The activities of farmer on the watershed have done conservation unless doing reforestation, whereas the farmer on the swamp and coastal areas are not doing conservation. Different physical circumstances, the conservation of watersheds and coastal forms differ. Socio-economic condition of farmer affect the conservation. The farmer could not reforestation conservation form, as the socio-economic needs. While in the farmer swamp and coastal conservation is not done, because the physical state was not possible. To conserve of Sagara Anakan, then the shape of coastal conservation by planting trees, not catch fish, marine dredging, not taking out the trash, do not use drugs to win the fish and catch a certain size. While in conservation should be done with different shape and performed in an integrated manner that requires the participation of the population.
Typology, Dynamics, and Potential Disaster in The Coastal Area District Karst Gunungkidul Marfai, Muh Aris; Cahyadi, Ahmad; Anggraini, Dini Feti
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the typology, dynamics and potential disasters  in the coastal area of Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta Special Province. The results showed that the typology formed in the coastal region is structurally shaped karst Gunungkidul coast, Wave Erotion Coast, marine deposition coast, coast erosion land, coast and sub-aerial deposition of man-made coastal typology. Coastal dynamics that occur in karst  Gunungkidul coastal areas affected by dominant geodinamic processes, hydrodynamic and antropodinamic. There are several potential disaster in the karst Gunungkidul coastal region, namely tsunami, rip currents, abrasion, and waves reflection.
Urang Cave Karst Environmental Development, as Tourism Object Srijono, Srijono; Nadia, Nisa
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Karst environment become an alternative tourist destination as well as to boost local revenues. In karst environments in Grobogan District, Central Java Province, formed Urang Cave, with an interesting endokarst phenomenon. This study aims to do zoning district Urang Cave as tourist sites. The research method is using contour maps as a base map of Urang Cave karst environment geomorphological mapping. Geomorphological data processing is using ArcView GIS 3.3 program. Land use map refers to RBI, scale 1:25.000. Geomorphological analysis refers to the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources No. 1456.K/20/MEM/2000, and petrography. Each development zone is analyzed its geophysical environmental element, then set scoring and value summation. For comprehensive environmental element analysis, chemical analysis of rocks, and water-soil chemistry. In reference to Minister of Energy Mineral Resource decrees No. 1456/K/20/MEM/2000, Urang Cave zoning defined into 3 (three) zone, as follow: the Protected Zone, Cultivation Zone 1, and Cultivation Zone 2. Protected Zone, consists of Urang Cave tunnel/hallway with a unique spheleothem in it. This zone as a cave tracking site tourism, potential to produce karst water as a decent drinking water while maintaining hardness. Cultivation Zone 1 is spreading about 200 m in distance from outer appearance of spring around the cave hallway. In this zone mining of cave sediments may be done in the inactive form caves, without changing the state of the existing major exokarst morphology. Cultivation Zone 2, an outer zone, located farthest from the tunnel/hallway Urang Cave. Utilization of this zone as a limestone mining quarry, although only on a small scale.
Study on The Physical Characteristics and Hydrology of 15 Watershed in East Java Indarto, Indarto
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The study demonstrated the application of statistical method to describe physical and hydro-meteorological characteristics by means of time series analysis.  Fifteen(15) watersheds in East Java were selected for this study. Data input for the analysis include: physical data, rainfall and discharge. Physical data of the watershed (topography, river network, land use, and soil type) are extracted from existing database and treated using GIS Software. Daily rainfall data were collected from existing pluviometers around the region. Daily discharge data were obtained from measurement station located at the outlet of each watershed. Areal Rainfall for each watershed was determined using average value of existing pluviometers around the watershed and determined using simple arithmetic method. These time series data are then imported to RAP (River Analysis Package).  Analysis on the RAP, include: general statistical, flow duration curve (FDC), and baseflow analysis. The result then presented in graphic and tables. Research shows that among the watersheds have different physical and hydrological characteristics.
Characteristics of Urban Heat Island Condition in DKI Jakarta Rushayati, Siti Badriyah; Hermawan, Rachmad
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

DKI Jakarta area with high CO2 emission and 84,95 % of  built-up areas (year of 2009) cause urban heat island (UHI).  To overcome UHI problems, its characteristics must be known.  Trend analysis of surface temperature areas was conducted by comparison of surface temperature  spatial distribution of 2006 with 2010.  UHI analysis based on geograpical coordinates were also conducted.  High surface temperature of > 34 ºC was on inner city and decreasing to sub urban area.  High surface temperature were especially on high density bulit-up areas. Priority of  solving UHI problems are conducted on high surface temperature areas.
Changes in Land Cover Analysis in The Gulf Coast Kendari Using High Resolution Satellite Image (Period: 2003-2009) Jaya, Laode Muh. Golok
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This research was aimed to indentify land cover change in coastal area of Kendari Bay in period 2003 to 2009. The satellite imagery data (Ikonos and Quick Bird) collected in 2003 and 2009 were used in this research to obtain the land cover change. The method used in this research was comparing the classification of satellite imagery. Field survey was conducted using handheld GPS for ground truth.  The result of this research showed us the land use change in period 2003-2009. Mangrove vegetation decreased 56.57 Ha and the fishpond also decreased 205.5 Ha. The primary forest decreased into 3.28 Ha in year 2009. The secondary forest also decreases 124.84 Ha. In the same time the urban area increased from 382.37 Ha in year 2003 to 674.37 Ha in 2009. The land use change also occured for the public space which increased from 6.49 Ha in 2003 to 18.46 Ha in 2009 or increased 11,97 Ha.
Spatial Analysis of Existing Public Open Space for Evacuation Area During Secondary Earthquake; A Case Study: Sukahaji Village, Bandung Sagala, Saut; Saraswati, Sari
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Population living in highly densed settlements in urban area is considered vulnerable to earthquake risk due to limited space exists in the area. To reduce population risks to aftershock earthquake in highly dense settlements, this paper applied simple simulation based on supply-demand concepts in order to understand carrying capacity of current open space for people to evacuate. The case study takes place in one of the most densed populated areas in Bandung City under aftershock earthquake.. The research integrates multi-sources of data: sattelite image, building footprint and GPS field survey to produce detailed landuse. The results show that open spaces that exist in the study area is not able to contain all residents when an aftershock occurs. Finally, this paper recommends some strategies that are necessary to reduce the risks in highly densed urban areas.
Landslide Suceptibility Zonation in South Sulawesi Nasiah, Nasiah; Invanni, Ichsan
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Landslide Hazard Zonationin South Sulawesi. Landslides are natural disasters that can cause substantial loss in the form of life and properties. Therefore, it is necessary to inventory landslide-vulnerable areas. A weighted summation model (Dibyosaputro, 1998) was applied to determine the landslide-vulnerable areas in the Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Factors that trigger the landslides are geology (rock properties, stratigraphy, structural geology, weathering level and earthquake), climate (rainfall), soil (solum thickness), topography (slope), vegetation (vegetation density) and human (land use); Siagian & Sugalan (in Sutikno, 1991) in combination with Dibyosaputro (1998). There are five classes of landslide vulnerability i.e. invulnerable, fairly vulnerable, quite vulnerable, vulnerable, and very vulnerable. In general, South Sulawesi is quite vulnerable to landslides, but there are three regencies very vulnerable for landslides; Luwu, Northern Luwu and Northern Toraja.Keyword : landslide, South Sulawesi.
Landslide Suceptibility Zonation in South Sulawesi Nasiah, Nasiah; Invanni, Ichsan
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.18 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v27i2.2376

Abstract

Landslide Hazard Zonationin South Sulawesi. Landslides are natural disasters that can cause substantial loss in the form of life and properties. Therefore, it is necessary to inventory landslide-vulnerable areas. A weighted summation model (Dibyosaputro, 1998) was applied to determine the landslide-vulnerable areas in the Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Factors that trigger the landslides are geology (rock properties, stratigraphy, structural geology, weathering level and earthquake), climate (rainfall), soil (solum thickness), topography (slope), vegetation (vegetation density) and human (land use); Siagian & Sugalan (in Sutikno, 1991) in combination with Dibyosaputro (1998). There are five classes of landslide vulnerability i.e. invulnerable, fairly vulnerable, quite vulnerable, vulnerable, and very vulnerable. In general, South Sulawesi is quite vulnerable to landslides, but there are three regencies very vulnerable for landslides; Luwu, Northern Luwu and Northern Toraja.Keyword : landslide, South Sulawesi.
Model of Conservation on Sagara Anakan Environment Sugandi, Dede
Forum Geografi Vol 27, No 2 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (776.103 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v27i2.2372

Abstract

Widespread decline in agricultural land and the impact on production decline caused extensive forest activities to meet the needs of the population. Activities that cause less environmental quality offset environmental balance changes. These changes due to deforestation, erosion, degraded land and natural resource degradation are exploited so that the function of ecological, economic and social life. Damaged ecosystems resulting in erosion, landslides in the watershed affect the sedimentation in Sagara Anakan sea. Silting, resulting in narrowing of fishing activities, tourism, sports, and services decreased crossings. Because of the problem and the purpose of this study proposed and analyzed a few questions: 1) How does the socio-economic impact of farmers in conserving the environment of Sagara Anakan ?, 2) How do people form of conservation and coastal of Sagara Anakan ?, 3) How model of integrated conservation in the watershed and coastal of Sagara Anakan ? and 4) What role do the people in the watershed and coastal on Sagara Anakan conservation ?. Study site covers an area of flow and Ci Ci Tanduy Beureum and Sagara Tillers waters. Activities of the population in the process of land affected when in Sagara tillers. The method used was a survey with a sample divided by the watershed upstream, downstream and coastal tengahm. Using statistical analysis techniques and geography, so that part of the watershed characteristics can be imaged. Shallowing Sagara Anakan, physically was affected by the physical condition of the easily eroded and accelerated by human activities. The activities of farmer on the watershed have done conservation unless doing reforestation, whereas the farmer on the swamp and coastal areas are not doing conservation. Different physical circumstances, the conservation of watersheds and coastal forms differ. Socio-economic condition of farmer affect the conservation. The farmer could not reforestation conservation form, as the socio-economic needs. While in the farmer swamp and coastal conservation is not done, because the physical state was not possible. To conserve of Sagara Anakan, then the shape of coastal conservation by planting trees, not catch fish, marine dredging, not taking out the trash, do not use drugs to win the fish and catch a certain size. While in conservation should be done with different shape and performed in an integrated manner that requires the participation of the population.

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