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INDONESIA
Forum Geografi
ISSN : 08520682     EISSN : 24603945     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Forum Geografi, Indonesian Journal of Spatial and Regional Analysis (For. Geo) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that will consider any original scientific article for expanding the field of geography. The journal publishes articles in both physical and human geography specialties of interest to spatial analysis and regional analysis in (but not limited) Indonesia by applying GIS and/or remote sensing techniques.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 23, No 1 (2009): July 2009" : 7 Documents clear
Neraca Air di Pulau Bali Purnama, Setyawan
Forum Geografi Vol 23, No 1 (2009): July 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (282.184 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v23i1.4999

Abstract

As a main destination of tourism in Indonesia, Bali develops rapidly. The impact of this phenomena is the increasing of water need in some sectors, whereas the available of water is constant. There are two objectives of this research. First, to calculate water available and water need in the research area, and second to analysis the water balance. Water available cover groundwater, rivers water and springs water, whereas water need cover domestic usage, industrial and hotel usage, cattle, fishery and irrigation. Groundwater is estimated by water balance concept, river water and spring data is collected from BPSDA Bali Province, whereas the water need is counted base on secondary data that collected from some departments in Bali Province. As a result, show that the water available in Bali Island is 2.604.483.300 m³/year, which consist of groundwater 693.296.200 m³/year, rivers water 1.903.678.000 m³/year and springs 7.509.600 m³/year. The water needs reach 1.213.625.300 m³/year, which consist of domestic usage 121.276.260 m³/year, industrial and hotel usage 20.038.068 m³/year, cattle 31.272.435 m³/year, fishery 125.305.574 m³/year and irrigation 915.733.000 m³/year. Base on the water balance ratio, it is known that the number of ratio is 47% that it means almost in critical point.
Tinjauan Geografis "Litoralisasi" di Kawasan Pesisir Selatan Yogyakarta Triyono, T
Forum Geografi Vol 23, No 1 (2009): July 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (400.722 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v23i1.4994

Abstract

"Littoralization" can be geographically studied based on geomorphological approach and landuse system. The method of coastal geography provides useful data of geomorphology and landuse system. This research was conducted in the coastal area of south of Yogyakarta. To process spatial data was used Geographic Information System (GIS) methods (i.e. Aerial photography, satellite imagery, and field observation results). The results showed that the research area has a volcanic sandy coastal typology with flat to sloping topography. Further, this typology is divided into three units of typology, the active beach ridge and sand dunes, non-active beach ridge, and the foot hills. Development of the settlements tends toward the sea due to economic dependence on beach tourism.
Kemiskinan dan Perkembangan Wilayah di Kabupaten Boyolali Astuti, Wahyuni Apri; Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 23, No 1 (2009): July 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.843 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v23i1.5000

Abstract

This research is based on the facts: first that, Boyolali is one of the regions which implement intensively many kinds of program in solving the poverty which gets the finance from APBD, central government and international institutions, eventhough the proportion of the poor society increases significantly.The proportion of poor society increases 20,8% in 2002 becomes 38,26% in 2006. Second, seen from the regional development indicator, it is shown that between one region and the others has various levels of the varieties of development.The objectives of this research are: first, the understanding of the distribution and of the poverty level in this region. Second, the understanding of the relationship between distribution of poverty level and the regional development level. Third, the understanding of the factors which influence the regional development. The method used in this research is secondary data analysis. The analysis unit of this research is village. The data resources are taken from the report of the identification result of poor families and the primary data is taken from BAPPEDA Boyolali. The primary data is a number of poor families, the regional scope and the use of farmland, the long street to account the regional accessibilities and the number and the distribution of social and economical facility in each village. The result is presented on the map with the analysis unit of the village. The represented map are the distribution level of poverty per village. To determine the relationship between the level of poverty and regional development uses the technique of qualitative and quantitative analysis. The qualitative analysis technique used is the analysis of the map of poverty distribution, analysis map of regional development and harmonious relationship between the level of regional development and poverty. The quantitative analysis technique used is the analysis of correlation statistic product moment.The results of this research are: first, there is distribution variation of poverty level, there is relationship between distribution of poverty level and natural resources endowment.The region with lower resources endowment (up land region) have higher poverty level than the region with higher natural resources endowment (law land region) and conversel. Second, there is negative relationship between regional development level and poverty level.Third, the factors which influence the level of regional development are the economical and social facility of the region and accessibilities.
Kajian Ketersediaan Air Permukaan pada Beberapa Daerah Aliran Sungai (Studi Kasus di Sub DAS Temon, Wuryantoro, Alang, dan Keduang) Murtiono, Ugro Hari
Forum Geografi Vol 23, No 1 (2009): July 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.092 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v23i1.4996

Abstract

The study was conducted at some watersheds (Temon, Wuryantoro, Alang, and Keduang sub Watersheds), in Wonogiri District. These four sub Watersheds are Main River whose outlets go into Wonogiri Dam. The study will calculate of water availability and the need of water for various uses at four sub Watersheds. The Thornwaite and Mather method was used to calculate the of water availability. The results indicate that : (1) The water availability at Temon Sub Watershed) 35.435.875 m³ and the need of water per year sebesar 51.053.247 m³, the water minus 30,59% per year; (2) The water availability per year Wuryantoro sub Watershed 17.788.417 m³ and the need of water per year 22.413.430 m³, the water minus 20,64% per year; (3) The water availability per year at Alang sub Watershed 31.372.317 m³ per year and the need of water per year 69.566.500 m³, the water minus 54,90% per year; (4) The water availability per year geological at Keduang sub Watershed 438.527.889 m³ and the need of water per year 452.611.219 m³, the water minus 3,11% per year; (5). Watershed having condition needs improvement especially an effective water resourcesplan, allocating, and distributing of water according to priority establishment, e.g., water pond, revegetation with low evapotranspiration potential, developing infiltration well, protecting water spring from disconcerting, and construction of water reservoir.
Terrain Characterization and Soil Erosion Risk Assessment for Watershed Prioritization Using Remote Sensing and GIS (A case study of Nawagaon Maskara Rao Watershed, Saharanpur, India) Harjadi, Beny
Forum Geografi Vol 23, No 1 (2009): July 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.967 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v23i1.5001

Abstract

Soil erosion is crucial problem in India where more than 70% of land in degraded. This study is to establish conservation priorities of the sub watersheds across the entire terrain, and suggest suitable conservation measures. Soil conservation practices are not only from erosion data both qualitative SES (Soil Erosion Status) model and quantitative MMF (Morgan, Morgan and Finney) model erosion, but we have to consider LCC (Land Capability Classification) and LULC (Land Use Land Cover). Study demonstrated the use of RS (Remote Sensing) and GIS (Geographic Information System) in soil erosion risk assessment by deriving soil and vegetation parameters in the erosion models. Sub-watersheds were prioritized based on average soil loss and the area falls under various erosion risk classes for conservation planning. The annual rate of soil loss based on MMF model was classified into five soil erosion risk classes for soil conservation measures. From 11 sub watersheds, for the first priority of the watershed is catchment with the small area and the steep slope. Recommendation for steep areas (classes VI, VII, and VIII) land use allocation should be made to maintain forest functions.
Belajar dari Pasang Surut Peradaban Borobudur dan Konsep Pengembangan Pariwisata Borobudur Baiquni, M.
Forum Geografi Vol 23, No 1 (2009): July 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.452 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v23i1.4997

Abstract

Borobudur is a famous tourism destination which is listed as a World Heritage Site listed in 1991. Recently the condition of the temple is threatened with many problems related to tourist behaviors, overcrowded vendors and traders, as well as managerial issues. This research was carried out with literature study, field observation, peer discussion and seminar. Reflecting the history, this research tried to explain the rise and fall of civilization. This research tried to explain Borobudur as magnet for tourism destination and tourism as locomotive for community and regional development. There are five reasons why glory of civilization can fall even dramatically: (1) horizontal conflicts among social groups; (2) intrigue and struggle for power among elite leaders; (3) expansion and occupation from foreign power; (4) environmental degradation; and (5) disasters like volcanic eruption, earthquake and tsunami. Borobudur has many enigmas, when and why the fall of its civilization. It is not easy to explain these enigmas. The results of this research are: (1) it is possible combination of causes the fall of Borobudur civilization, but the most possible was volcanic eruptions of Merapi. (2) Borobudur has problems related to the tourist number who disturb the stone relief and statues when they climb up the temple (3) Tourists disappointed to lack of hospitality and low quality of services provided by the management as well as the vendors and traders. (4) The problems of conservation related to environmental changes. Among others, prime recommendation is “Rethinking Borobudur” to get new alternative and strategy to manage this world heritage.
Tipikal Kuantitas Infiltrasi Menurut Karakteristik Lahan (Kajian Empirik di DAS Cimanuk Bagian Hulu) Rohmat, Dede
Forum Geografi Vol 23, No 1 (2009): July 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (357.228 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v23i1.4998

Abstract

Rate of infiltrate can be conduct as function of permeability, suction head and moisture of soil parameter. The parameters have close relationship with soil physical characteristics. That relation can be formulated by empirical research. This study have aim to get typical infiltrate quantity based on land characteristics. Method of Green-Ampt infiltrate developed and used to study typically of infiltrate capacity on Upstream of Watershed (Case on Upstream Cimanuk Watershed). Research conducted use empirical and analytical approach.Study conducted at Oxisol Soil occupied by five kinds of land use. There are 96 soil samples was gathered, taken away from 16 observation points. About 12 parameters of soil physical properties were analyzed to each soil sample. The study covering, development of typical capacities infiltrate pursuant on empiric data at multifarious land characteristics (forest; agro forestry; second crops (palawija); settlement; and non-arable land). The precipitation intensity has been formulated as function of rainy duration and its probabilities. K formulated as function of volumetric water content; rapid drainage pores, and slow drainage pores (K = f (θ, ηc, ηl). Parameter of y, formulated as function of soil moisture (ψ = f (θ)). Parameter of F (T) dummy, formulated as function of p and t; (F (T) Dummy=F (t,p)). So that pursuant to empirical data, rate of infiltrate f (t)) of Green Ampt developed as f (t = f (θ, ηc, ηl, τ, π); and infiltrate cumulative can be calculated by F (F = f (t), t). Infiltrate of every kinds of land characteristics have pattern which much the same to, but differ in its quantity.

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