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Forum Geografi
ISSN : 08520682     EISSN : 24603945     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Forum Geografi, Indonesian Journal of Spatial and Regional Analysis (For. Geo) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that will consider any original scientific article for expanding the field of geography. The journal publishes articles in both physical and human geography specialties of interest to spatial analysis and regional analysis in (but not limited) Indonesia by applying GIS and/or remote sensing techniques.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 22, No 2 (2008): December 2008" : 6 Documents clear
The Landslide Distribution in Loano Sub-District, Purworejo District, Central Java Province, Indonesia Sartohadi, Junun
Forum Geografi Vol 22, No 2 (2008): December 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1142.122 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v22i2.4987

Abstract

This research was proposed to figure out the importance of human influence on landslide disaster. The research objectives were: (1) to map the locations of landslide during the period of January 2004-March 2008 of the study area; (2) to map the degree of landslide hazard of the study area; (3) to analyze the distribution of landslide based on the landslide hazard map; and (4) to analyze the distribution of landslide based on the road network. The method of this research consists of field survey and laboratory works. The field survey was intended to map the location of landslide which happened during the period of January 2004 up to March 2008. The land characteristics and land qualities data have been collected based on geomorphological approach. The laboratory works were proposed to analyze the field data of land characteristics and land qualities for landslide hazards classification and mapping purposes. Scoring method was applied for landslide hazard evaluation. Some geographical information techniques were applied for mapping purposes and spatial data analysis of landslide distribution. Map overlay and buffering techniques were applied during landslide distribution analysis. The results of the research showed that: (1) there were 291 landslides collected during the research period; (2) the study area consists of very high, high, moderate, and low of landslide hazard classes. There was no safe area of landslide hazard within the study area; (3) most the landslide occasions were more influenced by human activities than derived by physical conditions. Some of human activities that induced landslide in the study area were slope cutting for: road construction, houses, agricultural purposes, and sand and stone mining in the river canal; (4) the spatial distribution of most landslide (>90%) were parallel with road networks.
Akurasi Metode IDW dan Kriging untuk Interpolasi Sebaran Sedimen Tersuspensi di Maros, Sulawesi Selatan Pramono, Gatot H.
Forum Geografi Vol 22, No 2 (2008): December 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (542.719 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v22i2.4988

Abstract

Physical conditions of seawater in coastal area can be studied by sampling at several locations. To perform spatial analysis, the data should be interpolated to get the values between sample points. Several approaches for interpolation may result in different outcomes. The purpose of this research is to compare Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) and Kriging methods. Their parameters are studied using the total suspended sediments in Maros area, South Sulawesi. The results show that the more accurate interpolation is obtained by using IDW method than using Kriging method.
Degradasi Hutan Bakau Akibat Pengambilan Kayu Bakar oleh Indutri Kecil Gula Kelapa di Cilacap Tumisem, T; Suwarno, S
Forum Geografi Vol 22, No 2 (2008): December 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (321.443 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v22i2.4989

Abstract

A study on degradations mangrove forest due to firewood exploitation by coconut palm sugar home industry in Cilacap. Information on social economic aspect and respons of coconut palm sugar home industry to using fuel substitutions were collected by using a questioner. The potential of mangrove as a firewood source was estimated by quadrat method. The study has been carried out on dry and rainy season. The wood production of available 8000 ha of mangrove from Cilacap primarily Rhizophora apiculata Linn and Rhizophora mucronata Lamk were 3.249.920 m³. The results showed that the declining of mangrove was about 19,250 m² in dry season and 26,551 m² in rainy season, this was correlated with the amount of nira to be processed that was 0,782 m³ in dry season and 1,079 m³ in rainy season. Deforestation of mangrove forest due to change of mangrove zonation. Rhizophora apiculata Linn and Rhizophora mucronata Lamk will be domination Nypa fruticans that is shown superficiality to continent form.
Kajian Model Estimasi Volume Limpasan Permukaan, Debit Puncak Aliran, dan Erosi Tanah dengan Model Soil Conservation Service (SCS), Rasional Dan Modified Universal Soil Loss Equation (MUSLE) (Studi Kasus di DAS Keduang, Wonogiri) Murtiono, Ugro Hari
Forum Geografi Vol 22, No 2 (2008): December 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1174.212 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v22i2.4992

Abstract

Hydrologic modelling has been developing and it is usefull for basic data in managing water resources. The aim of the reseach is to estimate volume runoff, maximum discharge, and soil erosion with SCS, Rational, and MUSLE models on Keduang Watershed. Explain the data analysis, and flow to get the data. SCS parameters model use are: runoff, rainfall, deferent between rainfall runoff. The deferent rainfall between runoff relationship kurva Runoff Coefisient (Curve Nunmber/CN). This Coefisient connected with Soil Hydrology Group (antecedent moisture content/AMC), landuse, and cultivation method. Rational parameters model use are: runoff coefisient, soil type, slope, land cover, rainfall intensity, and watershed areas. MUSLE parameters model use are: rainfall erosifity (RM), soil erodibility (K), slope length (L), slope (S), land cover (C), and soil conservation practice (P). The result shows that the conservation service models be applied Keduang Watershed, Wonogiri is over estimed abaut 29.54 %, Rational model is over estimed abaut 49.96 %, and MUSLE model is over estimed abaut 48.47 %.
Pengaruh Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan terhadap Sifat Biofisik Tanah dan Kapasitas Infiltrasi di Kota Malang Utaya, Sugeng
Forum Geografi Vol 22, No 2 (2008): December 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (936.305 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v22i2.4986

Abstract

Land use management causes the changes of the function of the land in the city. The change of the function of uncultivated land to be cultivated land has a potential to change soil biophysical characteristic, and at the same time, it decreases the absorption of soil water. This research aims: (1) to study the influence of the landuse change towards soil biophysical characteristics, (2) to study the correlation between soil biophysical characteristics and infiltration capacity, and (3) to study the influence of the landuse change towards the infiltration capacity. The landuse change is studied by comparing the ongoing mapping documents. Soil biophysical characteristics consist of root biomass, number of worms, soil organic matter (SOM), and porosity. The root biomass is obtained by root density, the number of worms is identified with monolith and hand sorting method, the SOM is identified with fraction analysis, and the porosity is identified with cylinder and pignometer method. The water absorption is measured with the plot experiment. The influence of the landuse towards soil biophysical traits is analyzed T-test and the influence of landuse change towards infiltration capacity is analyzed correlatively. This research gains the results that: (1) the landuse change causes the change of soil biophysical traits, too, and the soil biophysical traits change causes, furthermore, the declining of the land capability in absorbing water, and (2) the amount of the infiltration capacity is caused by soil biophysical traits, mostly by root biomass, number of worms, and the SOM, and (3) the landuse change causes the declining of infiltration capacity.
Potensi Air Tanah pasca Gempa Tektonik di Lereng Merapi Daerah Klaten Jawa Tengah Suharjo, S; Anna, Alif Noor; Kaeksi, Retno Woro; Priyana, Yuli
Forum Geografi Vol 22, No 2 (2008): December 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1042.802 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v22i2.4993

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyze the potency of land water in the post tectonic earchquake at Merapi slope in Klaten regency, Central Java. This research applies a survey method. The result of analysis is made based on the trilinier diagram, Stiff pattern, and the quality standard of drinking water. The collected data are in the form of land form, shallow land water data, suppressed land water, and well or spring. The results of the sesearch show that 1) the land form in Klaten is divided into four sets of landform, they are peak and slope of volcano, feet of volcano, fluvial palin under volcano, and a set of structural morphology. 2) The potency of land water can be tested based on the amount of land water and the quality of land water. The amount of land water in Klaten regency 260,502,274 m3/year or 727,618,722 liter/day. The amount of land water above is taken from free land water 73,301,436 m3/year, suppressed land water 34,138,520 m3/year, and land water taken from well or spring 153,062,784 m3/year. The quality of shallow land water in Klaten regency is proper to consume. 3) The distribution of upland water potency happens in the feet volcano land form, the potency of medium land water happens in the superficial of fluvial under volcano land form, and the potency of lowland water happens in the slope volcano land form and in the structural range of hills at Bayat subdistrict, 4) The tectonic earthquake gives serious effect toward morphological changes, land split, land subsident and the potency of land water in the fluvial plain of land form under volcano and structural range of hills in the area of Bayat subdistrict, and 5) In 2008, the needs of drinking water in Klaten regency is predicted around 1,164,000 people x 150 liter/day = 174,600,000 liter/day.

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