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Forum Geografi
ISSN : 08520682     EISSN : 24603945     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Forum Geografi, Indonesian Journal of Spatial and Regional Analysis (For. Geo) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that will consider any original scientific article for expanding the field of geography. The journal publishes articles in both physical and human geography specialties of interest to spatial analysis and regional analysis in (but not limited) Indonesia by applying GIS and/or remote sensing techniques.
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Articles 14 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 11, No 1 (1997)" : 14 Documents clear
Unconfined Groundwater Quality based on the Settlement Unit in Surakarta City Cholil, Munawar
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

The quality of groundwater of unonfined aquifer with growing population density is endangered by population. This may cause serious problem as greatest portion of the population utility groundwater of unconfined aquifer as their drinking water. This research is aim at studying the difference in quality of groundwater of unonfined aquifer in Surakarta Munipicality by settlement units, and studying the impact settlement factors and groundwater depth on the quality of groundwater of unonfined aquifer. The research was executed by a survey methhod, taking 44 units of groundwater of unonfined aquifer samples at stratified proportional random from 44 villages. The samples were analyzed at the laboratory of Local Drinking Water Company (PDAM) of Surakarta. Data were analyzed using by stiff diagram, variance analysis, and multiple regression. The research reveals that there is very little differences in the quality of free groundwater in Surakarta, as it is shown by same chemical properties. Several chemical properties were found very high in concentration, but the rest were simultaniously low. On the basis of minimum quality of drinking water coli content have exeeded the allowed limit for drinking water.Among the settlement units observed, there were no significant differences in the physical, chemical (except pH), bacteriological factors. This means that differences among various depth of water. Electrical onductivity (EC), Na, Mg, H2CO3, H2SO4, and NH3 were found different among various depth of water table. Major chemical conentration were significant with geology formation. Population density, built up areas, size of settlement, building density, and the condition of drainage simultaniously affect the quality of free ground water. No differences among settlement units was observed the most important fators determining the free groundwater quality was population density.
Karakteristik Geografi Regional Indonesia: Analisis Peluang dan Tantangan terhadap Penggalian Sumber-Sumber Dasar Kawasan Indonesia Timur Baiquni, M
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

Pada dasarnya pengembangan kawasan andalan yang diprioritaskan di Kawasan Timur Indonesia (KTI) bertumpu pada pendekatan yang berorientasi pada sumberdaya (resources based oriented) dan pendekatan yang berorientasi pada sumberdaya manusia (people centered approach). Karakteristik geografi regional kepulauan Indonesia ditandai dengan dominasi wilayah laut dan perairan pantai. Luas wilayah laut sekitar empat kali lipat dari luas daratan, yaitu 7,9 juta km2 dibanding 1,9 juta km2. Ini berarti wilayah laut mendominasi sekitar 81% dari luas wilayah Indonesia, dengan garis pantai sepanjang 81.000 km. Kepulauan Indonesia dapat dibagi menjadi tiga kelompok. Kelompok pertama adalah Jawa, Sumatra, dan Kalimantan serta pulau-pulau kecil di sekitar dangkalan Sunda di sekitar perairan Selat Malaka dan perairan Indo – Cina yang berasosiasi dengan Asia. Kelompok kedua adalah Irian Jaya (bagian dari Pulau New Guinea) dan kepulauan Aru di dangkalan Sahul yang berasosiasi dengan Australia. Kelompok ketiga adalah kelompok kepulauan Nusa Tenggara, Maluku, dan Sulawesi dengan dikelilingi perairan dalam atau palung laut. Sumber-sumber dasar pembangunan yang dimaksud dalam penelitian ini dapat dikelompokkan menjadi tiga, yaitu sumberdaya alam, manusia, dan budaya. Pengembangan KTI perlu mendapat perhatian karena masih adanya kesenjangan pembangunan yang terjadi. Kesenjangan ini dapat dilihat dari tiga indikator dasar yaitu luas geografis, distribusi kependudukan, dan konsentrasi industri Pulau Jawa dan Madura.
Mobility of Non Permanent Mobility and Remmitance, Case in Tanjung Municipality, Juwiring, Klaten District Umrotun, Umrotun
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

The study Non Permanent Mobility and Remmitance was conducted in Tanjung Village Juwiring Subdistrict Klaten entral Java. Non Permanent Mobility in the village was due to the outcome of the development, particularly the transportation facilities permitting the public transport to reach the depth of the village. The mobility of going back and from village to town was the consequence of the increasing job opportunities in town and the decreasing job opportunities in the village, as well as the striking difference of wages between what the people got in the village and that in town. The mobility of the commuting people also influenced the development in the village an addition to reducing the population density in town because the people did not stay permanently. The study was that mobile agents had better income than those who were not. The study showed that the working term, the working hours per week, and the level of education did not have  significant influence on the income. This was due the fact that most of the commuting people worked in the marginal sectors. The remmitance that the people brought from town constituted the main contribution to the life of the migrants. The remmitance was mainly spent for primary needs. Based on the research outcome, it is advisable that the transportation facilities be improved so that the commutation becomes easier since non permanent mobility of is proved to have increased the quality of their life and social environment.
Analysis of Rainfall Intensity in Madiun Watershed, East Java Muttaqin, Muttaqin
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

The aim of the reasearch in the area of Madiun River Basin is to make and to analyze the Intensity Duration Curve (IDC) i.e. the curve describing graphically the relation between rainfall intensity and rainfall duration in a certain frequent period. Formulation used in the research was Talbot Formula and Ishiguro’s. In the drafting of Intensity Duration Curve it was used specific coefficient i.e by using the rainfall data of fifteen and sixty duration for both applied formulations. The IDC recorded has not mean difference because in both formulation was used coefficient of the same value. The pattern of the rainfall intensity occured directed toward Nort East. It was happened because of the moving clouds directed toward that course. Depression occured at the backward of Mount Lawu, exactly toward East.
Study on Geomorphology of Cepogo Sub-District, Boyolali, Central Java Purwanto, Ajun
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

There are two point of this geomorphological research. Firstly, to study the characteristic or physical condition of the observed area. Secondly, data providing or geomorphology information extracted from geomorphological map of scale 1 : 25.000. this research included literature study collecting of primary and secondary data. The method applied in this researh was the map interpretation of the observed area. The maps interpretation  included topographical, geological, slope, and soil. Fieldwork was carried out to compare the result of maps interpretation  with the facts of field, all at once for recording and surveying of the field physical data observed in the research. There were four types of recorded physical data i.e morphology, morphogenesis, morphocronology,, and morphoarrangement. In the research there was known that the observed area consists of an origin landform i.e. formation of volcanic origin and distinguished into nine units of landform. In broad outline, in the observed area of the research, there were many geomorphological processes i.e. weathering, erosion, and massdenudation of rocks, and there were also found steeply slopes deep valleys and formation of alluvial fan.
Prognosis: The Plan of Integrated Tourism Area of Kapuk Naga Beach, Tangerang, West Java Priyono, Kuswaji Dwi
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

This paper  tries to analyze of prognosis of the Integrated Tourism Area Planning of Kapuknnaga Beach (KWTPK) Tangerang Regency West Java. The two method applied to compose the prognosis are extrapolation and indication. The extrapolation is based on the local area infomation data of contemporary knowledge in the past and presence, while the indication method utilizes the whole interrelation activities programmed with the possible consequences. Land function transformation effects of KWTPK will cause environmental destroy as annual flsh flood, salt water intrusion and polution of urban’s industry sewage. As further effect there is a raising of turbidity and nitrition degree of sedimentation which make coral-ridge degradation toward annihilation. The coral-ridge annihilation will cause the sea waves power collide with the seashore area directly which threatens KWTPK.
The Utilization of Rawa Pening Swamp Area for Fisheries Ritohardoyo, Su; Sontosudarmo, Alip
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

This article concern with the impact of the fishery ‘karamba’ system on socio-economics of fishermen in the Rawa Pening Environs. The aim of the study is to appraise the activities of fishery ‘karamba’ system. In the relationship with loccal fishermen income, and labor force employment. To some extent, the research is directed to study on income differentation based on job status as fishermen and ‘karamba’ farmers. Differentation of tools kinds for fishing, and seasonal variation. Survey method is employed in this research, whether it is for karamba farmer or local fishermen. Respondent number about 187 consists of 139 fishermen, 28 ‘karamba’ labors, and 20 ‘karamba’ farmers. Technical of tabulation and ‘t’ test statistical use for data analysis.The research shows that fishery ‘karamba’ system so much decreases on the activities, number of facilities, and it fish production. Decreasing of those are mainly caused by uncontrolled growth of ‘eceng gondok’ (Eichornia crassipes), capital constrain, and security constraint especially stealing of fish production. The existing of fishery ‘karamba’ system employs 68,00% labors are local fishermen, and 32,00% are not fishermen come from other areas. Viewed by the job opportunities most of part contribute ‘karamba’ farmers (55%) who ome from out of the area, and 45% ‘karamba’ farmer are local people. Really affect of the fishery ‘karamba’ system to the local fishermen is decreasing of fish production. Fish production of local fishermen has been lower since fishery ‘karamba’ system be carried out in this lake. Though the fish production of fishery ‘karamba’ system decreases, however income average of the ‘karamba’ farmer is higher (Rp 1,849,000/annum) than the income average of local fishermen. The average of fishermen income who using fish grasper is higher (Rp 1,401,000/annum) than the average of fishermen income who using fish trap (Rp 1,21,000/unnum) and who using fish grasper and fish trap (Rp 1,349,000/annum). Nevertheless the average of fishermen’s income is higher than ‘karamba’s’ labor (Rp 897,000). This research is also finding wether it is average production or income of the ‘karamba’ farmer are not seasonal, and those are quite difference with local fishermen. The average of fish production on dry season (825 kg) are higher than on wet season (625 kg). Therefore, the average of income on dry season are higher than that on wet season.
The Utilization of Rawa Pening Swamp Area for Fisheries Ritohardoyo, Su; Sontosudarmo, Alip
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v11i1.499

Abstract

This article concern with the impact of the fishery ‘karamba’ system on socio-economics of fishermen in the Rawa Pening Environs. The aim of the study is to appraise the activities of fishery ‘karamba’ system. In the relationship with loccal fishermen income, and labor force employment. To some extent, the research is directed to study on income differentation based on job status as fishermen and ‘karamba’ farmers. Differentation of tools kinds for fishing, and seasonal variation. Survey method is employed in this research, whether it is for karamba farmer or local fishermen. Respondent number about 187 consists of 139 fishermen, 28 ‘karamba’ labors, and 20 ‘karamba’ farmers. Technical of tabulation and ‘t’ test statistical use for data analysis.The research shows that fishery ‘karamba’ system so much decreases on the activities, number of facilities, and it fish production. Decreasing of those are mainly caused by uncontrolled growth of ‘eceng gondok’ (Eichornia crassipes), capital constrain, and security constraint especially stealing of fish production. The existing of fishery ‘karamba’ system employs 68,00% labors are local fishermen, and 32,00% are not fishermen come from other areas. Viewed by the job opportunities most of part contribute ‘karamba’ farmers (55%) who ome from out of the area, and 45% ‘karamba’ farmer are local people. Really affect of the fishery ‘karamba’ system to the local fishermen is decreasing of fish production. Fish production of local fishermen has been lower since fishery ‘karamba’ system be carried out in this lake. Though the fish production of fishery ‘karamba’ system decreases, however income average of the ‘karamba’ farmer is higher (Rp 1,849,000/annum) than the income average of local fishermen. The average of fishermen income who using fish grasper is higher (Rp 1,401,000/annum) than the average of fishermen income who using fish trap (Rp 1,21,000/unnum) and who using fish grasper and fish trap (Rp 1,349,000/annum). Nevertheless the average of fishermen’s income is higher than ‘karamba’s’ labor (Rp 897,000). This research is also finding wether it is average production or income of the ‘karamba’ farmer are not seasonal, and those are quite difference with local fishermen. The average of fish production on dry season (825 kg) are higher than on wet season (625 kg). Therefore, the average of income on dry season are higher than that on wet season.
Prognosis: The Plan of Integrated Tourism Area of Kapuk Naga Beach, Tangerang, West Java Priyono, Kuswaji Dwi
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v11i1.498

Abstract

This paper  tries to analyze of prognosis of the Integrated Tourism Area Planning of Kapuknnaga Beach (KWTPK) Tangerang Regency West Java. The two method applied to compose the prognosis are extrapolation and indication. The extrapolation is based on the local area infomation data of contemporary knowledge in the past and presence, while the indication method utilizes the whole interrelation activities programmed with the possible consequences. Land function transformation effects of KWTPK will cause environmental destroy as annual flsh flood, salt water intrusion and polution of urban’s industry sewage. As further effect there is a raising of turbidity and nitrition degree of sedimentation which make coral-ridge degradation toward annihilation. The coral-ridge annihilation will cause the sea waves power collide with the seashore area directly which threatens KWTPK.
Unconfined Groundwater Quality based on the Settlement Unit in Surakarta City Cholil, Munawar
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 1 (1997)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v11i1.495

Abstract

The quality of groundwater of unonfined aquifer with growing population density is endangered by population. This may cause serious problem as greatest portion of the population utility groundwater of unconfined aquifer as their drinking water. This research is aim at studying the difference in quality of groundwater of unonfined aquifer in Surakarta Munipicality by settlement units, and studying the impact settlement factors and groundwater depth on the quality of groundwater of unonfined aquifer. The research was executed by a survey methhod, taking 44 units of groundwater of unonfined aquifer samples at stratified proportional random from 44 villages. The samples were analyzed at the laboratory of Local Drinking Water Company (PDAM) of Surakarta. Data were analyzed using by stiff diagram, variance analysis, and multiple regression. The research reveals that there is very little differences in the quality of free groundwater in Surakarta, as it is shown by same chemical properties. Several chemical properties were found very high in concentration, but the rest were simultaniously low. On the basis of minimum quality of drinking water coli content have exeeded the allowed limit for drinking water.Among the settlement units observed, there were no significant differences in the physical, chemical (except pH), bacteriological factors. This means that differences among various depth of water. Electrical onductivity (EC), Na, Mg, H2CO3, H2SO4, and NH3 were found different among various depth of water table. Major chemical conentration were significant with geology formation. Population density, built up areas, size of settlement, building density, and the condition of drainage simultaniously affect the quality of free ground water. No differences among settlement units was observed the most important fators determining the free groundwater quality was population density.

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