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Articles 133 Documents
GEJALA KLINIS SEBAGAI PREDIKTOR PADA KARSINOMA SEL BASAL Pramuningtyas, Ratih; Mawardi, Prasetyadi
Biomedika Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Biomedika Februari 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) incidence is 75% of all skin cancers. BCC rarely causing mortality, but morbidity is high. Clinical diagnostic is the early detection of BCC suspicion, therefore, we required specific criteria that help to establish the clinical diagnosis. The objective of this study was to know the clinical sign as a predictor of basal cell carcinoma. Ten patients with skin tumors who came to dermatovenereological department of Dr. Moewardi hospital were included in this study. Clinical diagnosis using clinical criteria from keratinocyte carcinoma in A Cancer Journal For Clinicians in 2011 (Teleangiectasion, raise border, erythematous with bleeding, pigmentation, translucent appearance, and scarlike appearance) was used as reference of clinical diagnostic criteria. Histopathological examination was performed as a gold standard. All 10 subjects had histopathological finding consistent to BCC. The clinical examination like pigmentation were found in all subjects while teleangiectasia, raise border, erythema with bleeding were found on 9 subject. Translucent appearance was found on 6 subjects. While scarlike appearance was absent in all subjects. The criteria from keratinocyte carcinoma in A Cancer Journal For Clinicians in 2011 can be used to diagnosed BCC clinicallyKeywords : Basal cell carcinoma, Clinical Diagnostic Criteria
Korelasi Jumlah Netrofil, Limfosit, dan Monosit dengan Kadar Albumin Urin pada Pasien DM Tipe 2 dengan Mikroalbuminuria Purwanto, Edy
Biomedika Vol 1, No 1 (2009): Biomedika Februari 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The most common complication of diabetes is diabetic nephropathy which is a progressive disease and in the terminal stages, needs a very large cost of care. Nephropathy diabetic can be prevented if it is detected earlier. Microalbuminuria is a test to detect nepropathy diabetic early nowadays, but it is still considered expensive by the majority of the community and has not been widely done in laboratories. What ever it needs other alternatives, such as neutrophils, lymphocyte, and monocyte counts. The purpose of this study is to analyse the correlations between neutrophils, lymphocyte, monocyte counts and urine albumin levels in type2 diabetes with microalbuminuria. The research design is analytic observational with cross sectional approach. Twenty two patients met the inclusion criteria. Their urine albumin levels tested by Nycocard® U-ALBUMIN reagent. Neutrophils, lymphocyte, monocyte count was examined by hematology analyzer CELL-Dyn 3700. The correlations between neutrophils, lymphocyte, monocyte counts and urine albumin levels analyzed using coefficient correlation Spearmans. No correlation between neutrophil countsand urine albumin levels (r= -0,250;p=0,263). No correlation between monocyte counts and urine albumin levels (r= -0,191;p=0,395). No correlation between lymphocyte counts and urine albumin levels (r=0,130;p=0,565) in type 2 diabetes with microalbuminuria. No correlation between neutrophils, lymphocyte, monocyte counts and urine albumin level in type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuriaKeywords: type 2 diabetes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, microalbuminuria.
AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK ETANOL DAN FRAKSI KULIT BATANG BELIMBING WULUH (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.) TERHADAP BAKTERI Klebsiella pneumoniae DAN Staphylococcus epidermidis BESERTA BIOAUTOGRAFINYA , MSi., Dr. Muhtadi; Ambarwati, Ria; Yuliani, Ratna
Biomedika Vol 4, No 2 (2012): Biomedika Agustus 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Belimbing wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.) is a tropical plant that has antibacterial properties. The purpose of this study was to test the antibacterial activity of bark Belimbing wuluh against Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus epidermidis and their bioautography. Extraction methods used to research is method maceration with a solvent ethanol 96 %. Fractinations done by method partition liquid-liquid with a separating funnel. Test performed in this research covering identi� cation bacteria, the sensitivity bacteria, antibacterial activity, thin layer chromatography, bioautography. The result of antibacterial activity ethanol extract of disk diffusion method with concentrations 400 μg/disk, 800 μg/disk, 1600 μg/disk is 8±0,5; 10,34±0,58; 12,17±0,76 on Klebsiella pneumoniae, 10,17±0,29; 11±0; 11.5±0 on Staphylococcus epidermidis, n-hexane fraction with concentration 400 μg/disk, 800 μg/disk, 1600 μg/disk is 8,34±0,29; 9,34±0,29; 10,84±0,76 on Klebsialla pneumoniae, 8,5±0,5; 9,34±0,29; 10,67±0,29 on Staphylococcus epidermidis, ethyl acetate fraction with concentration 400 μg/disk, 800 μg/disk, 1600 μg/disk is 9,17±0,29; 10,34±0,29; 11,17±0,29 on Klebsiella pneumoniae and 9,5±0,5; 10,67±0,29; 12,67±1,26 on Staphylococcus epidermidis, ethanol-water fractions with concentration 400 μg/disk, 800 μg/ disk, 1600 μg/disk is 8,17±0,29; 9,17±0,29; 10±0 on Klebsiella pneumoniae, 9±0; 9,67±0,29; 10,34±0,29 on Staphylococcus epidermidis. The TLC show chemical compounds contained in the ethanol extract, n-heksan fraction, ethyl acetate fraction, and ethanol-water fraction is a compound of the saponins, alkaloids, � avonoids and phenolic. Bioautography showed that ethanol extracts, n-heksan faction, ethyl acetate fraction, and etanol-airfaction Belimbing wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.) bark have not antibacterial activity because there is no clear area around on plate TLC.Keywords: Belimbing wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.), ethanol extract, fractination, antibacterial, bioautogra� .
PENGEMBANGAN POTENSI EKSTRAK KULIT BUAH RAMBUTAN SEBAGAI BAHAN OBAT HERBAL ANTIHIPERKOLESTEROL Muhtadi, .; Haryoto, .; Sujono, Tanti Azizah; Indaryudha, Peni; Suhendi, Andi
Biomedika Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Biomedika Agustus 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The rind of rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.) has been reported to have a very strong antioxidant activity with IC50 value of 7.74 μg / mL. The fruit contains  avonoids and phenolic . This compounds are potentially as hypolipidemic effect. This study aims to determine the hypolipidemic effect of 96% of ethanolic extract of rind of rambutan fruit in wistar strain male rats. This research method is the pre- and post-control group design. 25 rats were divided into 5 groups. Group I (negative control) were treated by a solution of 0.5% CMC-Na, group II (positive control) were treatedby cholestyramine 0.8 kg / kg, whereas group III, IV and V treated by 96% of ethanolic extract of rind of rambutan with a dose of 125 , 250, and 500 mg / kg respectively. hiperkolesterlemia induction is done by giving a high cholesterol diet and feed for 4 weeks. High-cholesterol diet consists of cooking oil, quail egg yolk, water, PTU and feed high cholesterol consisting of margarine and standard feed. Treatment of mice was conducted for 2 weeks. The results showed that the 96% of ethanolic extract of rind of rambutan fruit with a dose of 125, 250, and 500 mg / kgbw have antihyperkolesterol activity 21.39 ± 6.61%, 31.15 ± 18.15%, and 60.75 ± 8, 26%.Keywords: Antihypercholestrol, Nephelium Lappaceum L., High-cholesterol diet
UJI PENURUNAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH OLEH EKSTRAK ETANOL 70% DAUN BUNCIS (Phaseolus vulgaris L) PADA KELINCI JANTAN YANG DIBEBANI GLUKOSA Kurniawati, Desy; Sutrisna, EM; Wahyuni, Arifah Sri
Biomedika Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Biomedika Februari 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This research aim to know the descent of blood glucose rate by extract etanol 70% of bean leaf at male rabbit which induced glucose. Research using the method test glucose tolerance of oral was including category research of sham eksperimental with complete random attempt device of unidirectional pattern. This research use 20 male rabbits which divided in 5 treatment group. Group I given by CMC Na 1% as negative control, group II given by acarbose suspensi 2,33 mg/kgBB as positive control, group III, IV and V given by extract etanol 70% bean leaf with each dose 200, 300 and 450 mg/kgBB. Treatment given at once after test animal induced glucose 50% ( 5 ml/1,5 kgBB). Glucose blood rate to define every 30 minute, 0 minute until 300 minutes by using method of enzimatik GOD PAP (Glucose Oxidase Phenol Aminoantipyrina Peroxidase), what was later then analysed with one track Anava and continued by test of LSD (Least Significant Diffeerence) with trust level 95%. Extract etanol 70% bean leaf with dose 200, 300 and 450 mg/kgBB have effect descent of blood glucose rate to negative control of CMC Na 1% (p = 0,000) with each percentage descent of blood glucose rate (% PKGD) 80,88 ± 0,93 ; 82,73 ± 0,67 and 85,32 ± 0,21.Keyword : Extract etanol 70%, bean leaf (Phaseolus vulgaris L), degradation of glucose rate
DAYA ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN SENGGANI (Melastoma affine D. Don) Kusumowati, Ika Trisharyanti Dian; Melannisa, Rosita; Prasetyawan, Angga
Biomedika Vol 6, No 2 (2014): Biomedika Agustus 2014
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Melastoma affine D. Don had some activities such as anthelmintic, antibacteria, antiinfiammation, antifungal, and antitumor. The aims of this research was determine antibacteria activity of ethanolic extract of Melastoma affine D. Don. The antimicrobial activity was tested by solid dilution method to get Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC). The compounds in Melastoma affine D. Don was analyzed by tube test method and Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) with chloroform : methanol : formic acid (8,5:1,5:0,5) as mobile phase and silica gel GF254 as stationary phase. The result showed ethanolic extract of Melastoma affine D. Don contains alkaloid, polyphenol, fiavonoid, saponin, and essential oil. The MIC of Senggani against Staphylococcus aureus was 2% and 3% against Escherichia coli and the extract could not inhibit Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli multiresistant until concentration 7% extract ethanol.Keywords: Melastoma affine D. Don, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli
UJI PRAKLINIK ANTIHIPERURISEMIA SECARA IN VIVO PADA MENCIT PUTIH JANTAN GALUR BALB-C DARI EKSTRAK DAUN SALAM (Syzigium polyanthum Walp) DAN DAUN BELIMBING WULUH (Averrhoa bilimbi L.) Muhtadi, .; Suhendi, Andi; Wahyuningtyas, Nurcahyanti; Sutrisna, EM.
Biomedika Vol 6, No 1 (2014): Biomedika Februari 2014
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Antihyperuricemia activity in vivo testing has been done of single and combined extracts of Salam (Syzigium polyanthum Walp) and Belimbing Wuluh leaves (Averrhoa bilimbi L.), and also standardized extracts. Salam leaves extraction and Belimbing Wuluh leaves carried by the water solvent. Dried extract of each ingredient had been done antihyperuricemia preclinical in vivo testing against male white mice strain Balb-C induced by potassium oxonate dose of 250 mg / kg b.w. Antihyperuricemia preclinical in vivo testing results showed that the single extracts of Salam and Belimbing Wuluh at a dose of 200 mg / kg b.w. had lower activity levels of uric acid in the blood serum of male white mice, respectively 0.640 and 0.680. While the activity of the combination of extracts of Salam-Belimbing Wuluh is 1.380.Keywords: Antihyperurisemia preclinical in vivo testing; Salam leaves extract, Belimbing Wuluh leaves extract, male white mice Balb-C
HUBUNGAN DERAJAT KEPRIBADIAN INTROVERT DENGAN SINDROMA PRAMENSTRUASI Bestari, Rochmadina Suci
Biomedika Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Biomedika Agustus 2011
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Introvert people tend to have distress. Psicosomatic manifestation from distress on women can be appeared as premenstrual syndrome. The aim of this study is to know the correlation between social introversion stage and premenstrual syndrome. This study is an analitic observasional study with cross sectional approach, which was held on November 2006 on Medical Faculty UNS Solo. Samples were taken by purposive sampling with restriction on new university studentsclass 2006 Medical Faculty of UNS. The requirements are : (1) on premenstrual or menstrual phase, and (2) does not have reproduction organ disease. Subject  fi  lled (1) Kuesioner Riwayat Menstruasi dan Ginekologi (Gynecology and Menstrual History Questionair) to know subject’s menstrual cycle, (2) Kuesioner Skala L-MMPI (L-MMPI Scale Questionair) to state honesty in answering questions given, (3) Kuesioner Sindroma Pramenstruasi (Premenstrual Syndrome Questionair) consisted of pramenstrual syndrome’s aspects, (4) Kuesioner Skala-0 MMPI (MMPI 0-Scale Questionair) to state social introversion stage. It’s obtained 42 subjects data. Social introversion stage (SI) and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) data were then analyzed with (1) Normality test by Shapiro Wilk, and (2) Hypothetic test by Pearson correlation used SPSS 11.0 for Windows computer program.Results of this study are (1) Premenstrual subjects are bigger amount than non-premenstrual subjects (88,1% vs 11,9%), (2) there is signifi  cant positive correlation between social introversion stage and premenstrual syndrome with strong correlation (r=0,551; P<0,05). The conclusion of this study is there is signifi  cant positive correlation between social introversion stage and premenstrual syndrome.Keywords: Social introversion, premenstrual syndrome
EFEK INFUSA AKAR TEMPUYUNG (SONCHUS ARVENSIS) TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR ASAM URAT PADA TIKUS PUTIH (RATTUS NORVEGICUS) Retnowati, Kurnia; Sutrisna, EM; Nurmahmudah, Iin Novita
Biomedika Vol 6, No 2 (2014): Biomedika Agustus 2014
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Tempuyung (Sonchus arvensis) consisted of fiavonoid were effect as obstruct xantine oksidase enzyme, antioxidant captur superoxsidase radical. The fiavonoid total in leave of tempuyung is 0,1044%, in its root have 0,5% fiavonoid and the more is apigenin-7-O-glikosida (3,4,5). This research aim to know effect of infusa root of tempuyung (Sonchus arvensis) to lower the uric acid level at blood serum and infusa root of Tempuyung (Sonchus arvensis) to lower the uric acid level at mouse blood serum compared to allopurinol.This research is laboratory experimental method. The object were 25 Wistar male mice 2-3 months old, 150-200 gr divided into 5 groups. Negative Control group given potassium oxonate by intraperitoneal, Positive Control group given potassium oxonate by intraperitoneal, added by allopurinol 18mg/kgBB, Infusa Concentrated Group 1 given potassium oxonate by intraperitoneal added by infusa root of tempuyung 1,25g/kgBB, Infusa Concentrated Group 2 given potassium oxonate by intraperitoneal added by infusa root of tempuyung 2,5g/kgBB, Infusa Concentrated Group 3 given potassium oxonate by intraperitoneal added by infuse root of tempuyung 5g/kgBB. Executed until one day, where measurement of uric acid of mouse blood serum done before and after treatment. Measurement of uric acid level is done by using spectrophotometer. Obtained to be data to be analysed with Kolgomorov-Smirnov test, One-Way ANOVA and continued with LSD (Least Significant Difference) test with 95% confidence interval (CI). Result of statistical test of research shoe that infusa root of Tempuyung (Sonchus arvensis) dose 1,25g/kgBB, 2,5g/ kgBB, 5g/kgBB have effect to lower the uric acid level at mouse blood serum. Infusa root of Tempuyung (Sonchus arvensis) concentrated 5g/kgBB proportional wih dose allopurinol 18mg/kgBB to lower the uric acid level at mouse blood serum.Keyword: Infusa, root of Tempuyung (Sonchus arvensis), uric acid
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN TENTANG KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI TERHADAP SIKAP MENGHADAPI SINDROM PRE-MENSTRUASI PADA REMAJA PUTRI SISWI X DAN XI MAN 2 MADIUN Anggariksa, Ekki Dita; Ichsan, Burhannudin; Nirlawati, Dewi
Biomedika Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Biomedika Agustus 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Approximately 1 billion people or 1 out of every 6 people in the world are teenagers, where 85% of them live in developing countries. The knowledge of adolescents about reproduction health in Indonesias still very low. Adolescent reproduction problems not only give impact physically but also can affect mental health, emotion, economical condition and social welfare in long term. Pre menstrual syndrome often leads to physical and emotional disorders. The objective of this research is to know the correlation of reproduction health knowledge toward the attitude to face pre-menstrual syndrome of female students on X and XI grade in MAN 2 Madiun. The study was cross sectional using cluster sampling. As much as 32 respondents (62%) had higher reproduction knowledge compared to the mean. 27 respondents (54%) had higher values above the average of attitude values . Data analysis of the Pearson test (p = 0.000), which is statistically signi cant and r =0,740 indicates strong correlation. There was a signi cant correlation between reproductive health knowledge toward attitude to face pre-menstrual syndrome of female students in X and XI grade in MAN 2 Madiun.Keywords: knowledge, reproductive health, attitude, pre-menstrual syndrome.

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