cover
Filter by Year
Articles
69
Articles
Analysis of the Potential Integration of Palm Oil-Cattle in Bireuen Regency, Aceh Province

Nur, TM ( Universitas Almuslim ) , Fadli, Chairul ( Universitas Almuslim ) , Satriawan, Halus ( Universitas Almuslim )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The efforts to increase livestock population can be reach by cattle-palm oil integration. Bireuen Regency contributes 13.32% to the population of cattle in Aceh province. The potency of palm oil plantations, and distribution of cattle population is an opportunity to implement the system of integration of cattle-oil palm- in Bireuen Regency.  The aims of this research were to analyze the potential of system of integration cattle- palm oil - in Bireuen Regency, and to determine the priority of development area of cattle-palm oil- integration. Several analysis that was conducted were: potential analysis of oil palm plantations using Location Quotient, Shift Share Analysis, financial analysis; analysis of level of preference of respondent to farmer group using likert scale; Multiple Criteria Decision Making  with TOPSIS and Analytical Hierarchy Process model. The results shows that Bireuen Regency has considerable potential in developing a system of integration of cattle-palm oil -. This is indicated by R / C ratio > 1, LQ> 1, positive value of SSA and livestock farming profits between 7-10 million / year, and farmers group preference has a high percentage of positive response on farmer group as a forum for human resource development, cooperation , and increased production. Priority for the development of palm oil-cattle integration system in Bireuen Regency are in Peusangan Siblah Krueng, Peusangan Selatan, Juli and Makmur Subdistrict.

Supply Response of Paddy in East Java: Policy Implications to Increase Rice Production

Prasada, Imade Yoga ( Program Studi Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada ) , Dhamira, Aura ( Program Studi Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada ) , Nugroho, Agus Dwi ( Program Studi Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

An increasing population in recent decades has led to the need for increasing the availability of food, so it is necessary to increase the production of paddy as quickly as possible. The aim of this research was to know the supply response of paddy in East Java to various price factors and non-price factors. In this research, the supply response was estimated by the paddy harvest areas in East Java using Cobb-Douglas model and Nerlove partial adjustment, and econometric analysis including stationarity test, cointegration test, and Error Correction Model (ECM). The data used in this research consisted of paddy harvest areas, grain price, corn price, irrigated land area and rainfall amount from 1991 to 2015. The speed of short-term adjustment to the long-term supply of rice was 2.79% and was corrected in the next period. In the short run, all variables did not have a high responsiveness to paddy supply, but in the long run, the irrigation area was very responsive to paddy supply in East Java with a value of elasticity of 1.79. Supply of paddy can be increased by increasing the real price of unhulled rice, the irrigated land, and harvested area of the previous period.

Farming Practices of Vegetables: A Comparative Study in Four Regions of East Java and Bali Provinces

Mariyono, Joko ( Program Studi Magister Manajement, Universitas Pancasakti - Tegal ) , Dewi, Hanik A. ( Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian - Jawa Timur ) , Daroini, Putu B. ( Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian - Jawa Timur ) , Latifah, Evy ( Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian - Jawa Timur ) , Zakariya, Abu Z. ( Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian - Jawa Timur ) , Hakim, Arief L. ( Universitas Islam Raden Rahmat, Malang ) , Afari-Sefa, Victor ( World Vegetable Center, West & Central Africa )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Agronomic and ecological aspects play important roles in vegetable production, because the aspects will be used for determining suitable interventions.  This study aims to provide current farmers?? practices of vegetable production, particularly for agronomic and ecological aspects of chilli and tomato in four regions of East Java and Bali.  This study uses of analytical tool of descriptive approach by comparing and contrasting each production practices across regions. Data were compiled from a field survey of 360 farmers during 2013-2014. Results of analysis were presented in graphical and tabular forms. Farmers mostly selected hybrid varieties of vegetables because of economic reasons, such as high yield, good appearance and high number of fruits. Anthracnose and late blight were perceived as the most important disease in chilli and tomato respectively. Farmers controlled pests and diseases using pesticides. In general, farmers perceived that irrigation was one of limiting factors of vegetable farming. Poor drainage was one of the crucial issues in Bali. Farmers mostly sold vegetable once harvested. Post-harvest handling was still traditional, where farmers still less pay attention on post-harvest, even though they observed the economic advantage of post-harvest. Based on the existing practices, a special extension on vegetable production needs to be formulated appropriately, based on the specific characteristics of each region.

The Effects of Land Ownership on Production, Labor Allocation, and Rice Farming Efficiency

Rondhi, Mohammad ( University of Jember ) , Adi, Ad Hariyanto ( University of Jember )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Land is the main input in agricultural production and also a wealth-generating asset for farmers. There are three common forms of agricultural land ownership:owned land, rented land, and sharecropped (kedokan) land, where each of them are directly affects the farming performance. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of land ownerships on farm production, labor use, and farm economic efficiency. The sample used in this study were 150 farmers equally distributed in each ownership group from a population of 1039 farmers. Cobb-Douglas production function, F-test, and RC ratio were used to estimate production function, the difference in labor use, and farm economic efficiency. The results showed that rented land has the highest productivity followed by owned and sharecropped(kedokan) land. Meanwhile, the sharecroppedkedokan)land has the lowest labor use, followed by rented and owned land. However, in term of profitability, owned land is the highest followed by rented and sharecropped land. The results also showed that sharecropping(ngedok) as an informal contract farming between farmer and landlord was the best economic choice for the landlord. Furthermore, to improve farmers welfare, the landless farmers should be facilitated to own their own land.

The Effect of Tractor Utilization on Revenue and Use of Labor on Rice Farming in Sambas Regency

Suyatno, Adi ( Tanjungpura University ) , Imelda, Imelda ( Tanjungpura University ) , Komariyati, Komariyati ( Tanjungpura University )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Development of agriculture mechanization in Sambas Regency is needed in order to support the increased of rice production. Technically, agricultural mechanization is expected to increase the productivity of the land and, economically, it is expected to increase farmers income. The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of tractor usage on income and availability of labor in rice farming. This research was conducted in Sambas Regency, using survey method. The results showed that the use of tractors for soil processing significantly increased the productivity and income of rice farming. The use of tractors on soil treatment has increased productivity by 667 kg/ha. The use of tractors on land treatment also increased revenues by Rp.2.843.400,-/ha, although raising the cost. In-house labor and farming families are available for soil cultivation, but farmers generally prefer to use the tractors for soil treatment. The use of tractors has reduced the use of labor, thus accelerating land preparation and planting activities. Farmers who do not use tractors because of environmental factors farming, namely the unavailability of irrigation.

Analysis of Export Demand for Indonesian Agricultural Commodities by the Chinese Market

Riyani, Riyani ( Sebelas Maret University ) , Darsono, Darsono ( Sebelas Maret University ) , Ferichani, Minar ( Sebelas Maret University )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

China is one of the main export destination of Indonesian agricultural commodities. Nevertheless, the export trend of Indonesian agricultural commodities to China during  2012-2016 tend to declined, therefore it is necessary to analyze it. This research aimed to analyze the determinant of Indonesian agricultural commodities export demand by China. Indonesian agricultural commodities export demand was estimated using a regression model on panel data. Panel data in this research consisted of ten data of Indonesian agricultural commodities export to China during 1999-2016 period. The results showed that Indonesian agricultural commodities export demand by China was significantly influenced by real GDP per capita of China, real exchange rate, export price of agricultural commodities and import tariff of agricultural commodities in China.An increasing in real GDP per capita lead an increase in Indonesian agricultural commodities export demand. The depreciation of Rupiah which was expected to increase export demand, but in this research it decreased Indonesian agricultural commodities export demand from China.In addition, Indonesian agricultural commodities export demand tend to increased despite the export prices of agricultural commodities and import tariffs of agricultural commodities in China increased.

Comparative Analysis of Transaction Costs, Revenues, and Welfare of Plasma and Self-supporting Oil Palm Farmers in Tulang Bawang Regency

Lestari, Dyah Aring Hepiana ( Universitas Lampung ) , Prasmatiwi, Fembriarti Erry ( Universitas Lampung ) , Ismono, R Hanung ( Universitas Lampung )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Transaction costs arise as a result of uncertainty in the transaction environment. Vertical integration of farmers in an institution will reduce uncertainty and will reduce transaction costs. Transaction costs will affect income and will ultimately affect the level of welfare.  The objective of this research is to compare the transaction costs, income, and welfare between plasma palm oil farmers and independent palm oil farmers. This research used a quantitative research approach with survey method. The research was conducted in Penawartama and Aji Baru sub district, Tulang Bawang Regency. The research location was chosen purposively with the consideration of sub district are the center of palm oil smallholdings. Data collection techniques were used household survey with simple random sampling. Sample size is 152 farmers consisting of 76 plasma farmers and 76 independent farmers. The transaction costs paid by plasma farmers is smaller thanthose paid by independent farmers. Income per hectare of plasma smallholder is higher than the income of the independent smallholder. Even though, palm oil farmers in Tulang Bawang Regency, both plasma and independent farmers are in the prosperous category.

Relation of Variable of Communication and Adaption Capacity of Rice Farmer on Clmate Change (Case of Pasuruan Regency, East Java)

Salampessy, Yudi L.A ( Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa ) , Lubis, Djuara P. ( Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Amien, Le Istiqlal ( Balitklimat, Kampus Penelitian Cimanggu )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

As a seasonal crop, rice production is highly depend on the carrying capacity of the climate, that the changing climate requires the adaptive capacity of the farmers. On the other hand, climate change is still a new and complex issue for most people which is followed by differences in response to its impact. This research tries to describe the relationship between communication variables and adaptive capacity to climate change of rice farmers. The survey method is applied in lowland, midland, and upland agroecosystem zones affected by climate change which are represented by 32 rice farmers each. The result shows that there is a very strong relation between climate change communication variables of the farmers and their capacity in adapting to the climate change. Therefore, the diversity of sources of climate change information of the farmers and the frequency of its use, and the exposure to climate change information and convergence of climate change communication of the farmers need to be improved.

Daya Penyebaran dan Derajat Kepekaan Sektor Pertanian dalam Pembangunan Ekonomi di Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Rafiqah, Imas Wildan ( Universitas Sebelas Maret ) , Darsono, Darsono ( Universitas Sebelas Maret ) , Sutrisno, Joko ( Universitas Sebelas Maret )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (185.486 KB)

Abstract

This research aimed to analyze the power of dispersion and sensitivity of dispersion of the agricultural sector on the economic development of Central Java Province. This research used the data of Input and Output Table of Central Java in 2013. Data analysis method applied in this research is Input-Output analysis. The results showed that the agricultural sector represented by the livestock sector had ??above average?? power of dispersion index of the overall index. Livestock sector was able to encourage the production growth in all sectors of the economy. On the other hand, the sensitivity of dispersion index of all agricultural sectors was lower than the average value of the overall index. This reflects the agricultural sector??s low sensitivity to the changes of the external aspects which results in the low forward linkage among the downstream sectors. In term of key sector identification, the agricultural sector as a whole was not classified in the priority sector I. However, the livestock subsector, representing the agricultural sector, was classified in the priority sector II on the economic development of Central Java Province.

Pengaruh Variabel Makroekonomi terhadap Penyaluran Transaksi Ekspor dan Impor dengan Metode Pembayaran Letter of Credit

Mahayana, Ni Putu Ayuning Wulan Pradnyani ( Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Syaukat, Yusman ( Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Rachmina, Dwi ( Institut Pertanian Bogor )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.868 KB)

Abstract

Letter of credit (LC) is one of term of payments on export import transaction. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact ofmacroeconomic variables changes i.e exchange rate, inflation and the Bank Indonesia (BI) rateto value of LC, with study case in one of Bank in Indonesia.This study also analyze the differences in impact of the commodity on export import by using LC between agricultural and non-agricultural products. The data is analyzed by using Error Correction Model (ECM) to investigate the long run and short run relationship between macroeconomic variables and value of LC over the period of 2013??2016. The result show that the long run relationship between macroeconomic variables changes and value of LC is significant. Over all, the result show that allof the macroeconomic in this study was significantly influence the value of LC export, whereas the value of LC import was not influence by inflation variable. Differences of the commodity on export import by using LC also showing the different impact to the value of LC especially for inflation variable. The value of LC export and import of agricultural products was not influence by inflation variable. The recommendation for the bank to optimize the LC transaction is when domestic currency have depreciation, then the bank can increasethe LC transaction on export side either on agricultural or non-agricultural products. And then for BI rate factor, the bank should be wary of increase of the BI Rate because it can be impact to decrease the LC transaction.