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Daya Penyebaran dan Derajat Kepekaan Sektor Pertanian dalam Pembangunan Ekonomi di Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Rafiqah, Imas Wildan ( Universitas Sebelas Maret ) , Darsono, Darsono ( Universitas Sebelas Maret ) , Sutrisno, Joko ( Universitas Sebelas Maret )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This research aimed to analyze the power of dispersion and sensitivity of dispersion of the agricultural sector on the economic development of Central Java Province. This research used the data of Input and Output Table of Central Java in 2013. Data analysis method applied in this research is Input-Output analysis. The results showed that the agricultural sector represented by the livestock sector had ‘above average’ power of dispersion index of the overall index. Livestock sector was able to encourage the production growth in all sectors of the economy. On the other hand, the sensitivity of dispersion index of all agricultural sectors was lower than the average value of the overall index. This reflects the agricultural sector’s low sensitivity to the changes of the external aspects which results in the low forward linkage among the downstream sectors. In term of key sector identification, the agricultural sector as a whole was not classified in the priority sector I. However, the livestock subsector, representing the agricultural sector, was classified in the priority sector II on the economic development of Central Java Province.

Pengaruh Variabel Makroekonomi terhadap Penyaluran Transaksi Ekspor dan Impor dengan Metode Pembayaran Letter of Credit

Mahayana, Ni Putu Ayuning Wulan Pradnyani ( Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Syaukat, Yusman ( Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Rachmina, Dwi ( Institut Pertanian Bogor )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Letter of credit (LC) is one of term of payments on export import transaction. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact ofmacroeconomic variables changes i.e exchange rate, inflation and the Bank Indonesia (BI) rateto value of LC, with study case in one of Bank in Indonesia.This study also analyze the differences in impact of the commodity on export import by using LC between agricultural and non-agricultural products. The data is analyzed by using Error Correction Model (ECM) to investigate the long run and short run relationship between macroeconomic variables and value of LC over the period of 2013–2016. The result show that the long run relationship between macroeconomic variables changes and value of LC is significant. Over all, the result show that allof the macroeconomic in this study was significantly influence the value of LC export, whereas the value of LC import was not influence by inflation variable. Differences of the commodity on export import by using LC also showing the different impact to the value of LC especially for inflation variable. The value of LC export and import of agricultural products was not influence by inflation variable. The recommendation for the bank to optimize the LC transaction is when domestic currency have depreciation, then the bank can increasethe LC transaction on export side either on agricultural or non-agricultural products. And then for BI rate factor, the bank should be wary of increase of the BI Rate because it can be impact to decrease the LC transaction.

Strategic Policy of Coastal Sustainability based on Local Conditions and Needs in Sambas Regency, West Kalimantan

Nurliza, Nurliza ( University of Tanjungpura ) , Dolorosa, Eva ( Agribusiness Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tanjungpura ) , Erawati, Agusmini ( BAPPEDA Sambas District )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Recently, there has been a growing controversy on strategic policy issues in coastal areas. Coastal regions have the most diverse, complex, and productive ecosystems due to demographic and economic pressure. This ecosystems are important for food security. On the other hand, coastal problems are national issues, not just state or local issues. This research aims to propose the priority dimension of a stakeholder role in a strategic policy to promote the coordination and sustainability of socioeconomic activities in coastal areas involving stakeholders as primary data, i.e. fishermen, merchants, private, and government using SUSTAIN indicators with AHP and Rap-Coastal methods. The result reveals that governance dimension was still the most priority and the most sustainable index to achieve policies; monitoring tools; human resources capacity building, implementation of good management practices; and public participation. Meanwhile, social well-being dimension was the most priority to achieve the economy through transportation; and attaining the goal of equity was the priority for government policy. There are three sensitive aspects of coastal sustainability management, including integrated program, identified parties actively informed and involved, and partnership between local governments and communities.

Factors Affecting to Consumers’ Attitude towards Halal Label on Nugget and Sausage Packaging: A Case Study on Housewives at One Residential in Yogyakarta City

Widodo, Widodo ( Program Studi Agribisnis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta ) , Rusimah, Siti Yusi ( Program Studi Agribisnis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta ) , Choirunnisa, Novita

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Halal status of meat products is a credence attribute which is not visible and cannot be verified by consumers. Therefore, halal label is an important cue for consumers about the halal meat product. This study aimed to measure the consumers’ attitude and to clarify the demographic and psychological factors that affected the consumers’ attitude towards halal label on nugget and sausage packaging. The data of this study was collected in 2016 at one residential in Yogyakarta City. Meanwhile, respondents of 50 Muslim housewives were selected through simple random to fill out the self-administered questionnaire. To measure consumers’ information was used a 5 Likertscale of statement. While a binary logistic regression model was employed to analyse the effects of the demographic and psychological factors on consumers’ attitude. The results show that respondents of housewife perceived the label of council of certification, Arabic script of halal, and food ingredient could very well indicate the halal nature of nugget and sausage. Furthermore, respondents of housewife tend to use them to investigate the halal nature. The demographic factor which affected the variation of consumers’ attitude towards halal label was households’ expenditure of food, meanwhile the psychological factor which affected the variation of consumers’ attitude towards halal label was family habit of purchasing halal foods. Based on this results can be concluded that the respondents of housewife strongly believe on halal label on nugget and sausage packaging but they do not examine thoroughly. Respondent of housewife’s attitude toward halal label improved due to an increasing on households’ expenditure on food and a well family habituation.

Analisis Efisiensi Teknis dan Faktor Penentunya pada Usahatani Kentang (Solanumtuberosum L.) di Kota Pagar Alam, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan

Maryanto, M. Agus ( Jurusan Magister Manajemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu ) , Sukiyono, Ketut ( Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University ) , Priyono, Basuki Sigit ( Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to determine and analyse the level of technical efficiency and the factors influencing technical efficiency of a potato farming in North Dempo, sub-district Pagar Alam City, South Sumatera Province using 51 farmers who are censused. Frontier production function, estimated using the MLE method, is used to determine the level of technical efficiency. Meanwhile, multiple regression estimated using OLS approach is used to determine factors influencing technical efficiency level. The research showed that, land area, seed, organic fertilizer, ZA fertilizer, Ponska fertilizer, and fungiside were significantly affect potato production. The research finds that the level of technical efficiency of potato farming was, on the average, 81.336 percent. The research also shows that the intensity of extension and farmers’ experience affect significantly and negatively technical inefficiency while formal education, age, and land ownership status do not.

Tingkat Adopsi Teknologi True Shallot Seed di Kecamatan Klambu, Kabupaten Grobogan

Pratiwi, Pusdima Rahma ( Diponegoro University ) , Santoso, Siswanto Imam ( Diponegoro University ) , Roessali, Wiludjeng ( Diponegoro University )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The productivity of shallot in Grobogan Regency is still low because the use of superior varieties is limited. The deployment of superior shallot seed technology that profitable is widely unknown to farmers. This research aims to analyze the adoption rate of true shallot seed (TSS) technology and the influence of internal and external factors of onion farmers on the adoption of TSS technology. The study was conducted in Klambu District, Grobogan Regency from July to August 2017 by interviewing 100 farmers who selected using multistage sampling. Data were analyzed using the descriptive method and logistic regression. The results showed that the adoption rate of TSS technology in Klambu District, Grobogan Regency was in a high category. Farmer’s age, land tenure status, cosmopolitan rate, requency of interaction with extension agent, and institutional support significantly influenced TSS technology adoption.

Komparasi Usahatani Cabai Lahan Sawah Lereng Gunung Merapi dengan Lahan Pasir Pantai

Nugroho, Agus Dwi ( Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada ) , Prasada, I Made Yoga ( Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada ) , Putri, Saraswati Kirana ( Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada ) , Anggrasari, Herdiana ( Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada ) , Sari, Pinjung Nawang ( Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The main production areas of chilli in Yogyakarta Province are in the wetland onthe slopes of Mount Merapi and in the sandy coastal area. This research was intended to compare the use of production inputs, technical efficiency and performance of chilli farming in both areas. The research was conducted in Pakem sub-district and Panjatan sub-district. The number of respondents in this research were 30 farmers in every sub-district. Descriptive analysis, frontier analysis and revenue-cost ratio were used in this research. The results indicated that the use of production inputs, production, technical efficiency, and performance of chilli farming in the sandy coastal area was higher than that in the wetland. The technical efficiency in the wetland on the slopes of Mount Merapi was determined by the quantity of counselling while in the sandy coastal area was determined by the quantity of counselling and farmers’ experience. The auction market in both areas proved able to increase the price of chilli. It is highly recommended that the extension officers need to be active in assisting farmers in both areas, especially related with chilli cultivation and processing technology.

Analisis Pemasaran Tandan Buah Segar Kelapa Sawit Kecamatan Putri Hijau, Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara

Sumartono, Eko ( Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu ) , Suryanty, Melly ( Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu ) , Badruddin, Redy ( Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu ) , Rohman, Agus ( Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 4, No 1: January-June 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The sale of fresh fruit bunches in Putri Hijau sub-district has variety of marketing channels from farmers to consumers. The diversity of marketing channels should result in differences in the price levels received by farmers and the costs incurred by each marketing agency, such as freight costs, transportation costs to factories, fruit shrinkage costs, and other costs. This study aims to identify marketing channels and compare the marketing channel efficiency of fresh fruit bunches (TBS) of palm oil formed in Kecamatan Putri Hijau, North Bengkulu. Determination of farmer respondents is done by purposive sampling counted 41 people, and marketing agency respondents use snowball sampling method. The results showed that there are three channels of marketing of oil palm FFS formed, namely Channel I (farmers - collector traders - factories), Channel II (farmers - farmer groups - factories), Channel III (farmers - factories). The most widely used channels by farmers are channel I (farmers - collectors – mills) that have the highest margin and low farmer’s share. The merchandise margin and the profit-to-cost ratio indicate that only marketing channel I in Bani Village is efficient. Marketing channel I in Desa Bani Village has a marketing margin value of Rp206/kg with the value of profit to marketing cost ratio of 1.17.

Strategi Pengembangan Unit Usaha Bioetanol PT Perkebunan Nusantara XI dengan Pendekatan A’WOT

Wulandari, Kartika ( Politeknik Pertanian dan Peternakan MAPENA ) , Nurmalina, Rita ( Departemen Agribisnis, FEM, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Tinaprilla, Netti ( Departemen Agribisnis, FEM, Institut Pertanian Bogor )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 3, No 2: July-December 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were (i) to analyze external and internal factors of bioethanol business unit in PT Perkebunan Nusantara XI and (ii) to evolve its development strategy. The study used AWOT analysis, a combination of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and SWOT analysis. The results of A’WOT analysis are internal factors of company: strength  is availability of raw materials (0.383) and weakness is high production costs (0.536). External factors of company: opportunity is market opportunity (0.340) and threat  is the low market index prices (0.305). Strategy prioritized in the development of bioethanol business unit is reducing the cost of production to cut costs that are not important and increasing the efficiency of production facilities in order to gain more profit (0.271).

Kontribusi Sektor Pertanian Terhadap Perekonomian Kabupaten Banjarnegara

Fortunika, Sevi Oktafiana ( Program Studi Magister Sains Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Istiyanti, Eni ( Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta ) , Sriyadi, Sriyadi ( Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta )

AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 3, No 2: July-December 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The economics development in Banjarnegara regency have not maximum undertaken, therefore, the sector analysis is needed to formulate appropriate strategies. This study aims to know contribution, linkage and diffusion of agriculture sector to the other sectors, multiplier effect, and the priority sector in the economy of Banjarnegara regency. This research used input-output table of domestic transaction based on producer prices of Banjarnegara regency in 2013. The results showed that the agriculture sector which was dominated by subsector of food crop has high contribution to the economy of Banjarnegara regency. The agriculture sector has the highest forward linkage value after the industrial sector, but the backward linkage value is very low. The agricultural sector has the high enough for diffusion sensitivity value but the diffusion coefficient is very low. The highest sensitivity and coefficient in agricultural sector are the food crop. Multiplier income and employment in agricultural sector have the highest value while multiplier output is the second rank after industrial sector. The priority sector is industrial sector, then followed by agricultural sector which has subsector priority in food crop.