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Jurnal Hubungan Internasional
ISSN : 18295088     EISSN : 25033883     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional (JHI) is a biannual journal published by Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia collaborates with Asosiasi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional Indonesia(AIHII).
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016" : 9 Documents clear
Perjanjian Hudaibiyah Sebagai Model Kepatuhan Terhadap Perjanjian Internasional dalam Perspektif Islam Ahmadi, Sidiq
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0076.162-170

Abstract

This research aims to explain why the Prophet Muhammad comply withThe Hudaybiya Treaty although in its articles are considered harmful. By answering the question above, it is expected to build a model of compliance to international agreement in the Islamic perspective. Christian Reus-Smit’sintertistial conception of politics considered appropriate in this study because it provides space for the role of ideas such as identity and norm in explaining a political action. This study found Prophet Muhammad complieswith Treaty of Hudaibiyah because of political deliberation which integrate four type or reason: idiographic, purposive, ethical, and instrumental. Ideographic deliberation determines the formulation of interest (purposive deliberation). The formulation of these interests will determine the action (instrumental deliberation) in accordance with the available resources and external constrain faced, as well as appropriate with or not contrary to Islamic norms and universally applicable norms (ethical deliberation). Ideographically, based on identities: as believers who should obey Allah and His Messenger, as a noble people who hold the promise. Purposively, the mission of Muslims is to preach the religion of monotheism to all mankind, therefore the condition of peace and religious freedom must be realized. Ethically, the question of how should we act is answered by everything done must in concordance with Islamic rules and customary law norms which emphasize the obligation to comply with the concluded agreements. Instrumentally, the chosen action which in line with the formulated interest and in accordance with the norms of Islam is complieswith the peace treaty.
The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Efforts to Approve Myanmar Transitional Government Proposal on ASEAN 2014 Chairmanship Manurung, Hendra
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0075.148-161

Abstract

In 2011, Myanmar proposed to take the 2014 Chairmanship by swapping their turn with Laos. This is a deviation to ASEAN Charter Article 31 which says that the Chairmanship of ASEAN shall rotate annually based on the alphabetical order of the English names of Member States. Fortunately, by default, Myanmar’s Chairmanship would have to be in 2016 after Malaysia in 2015. Despite this and also considering year 2014 is crucial as it is only a year before the plan of the realization of ASEAN Economic Community on 31st January 2015, ASEAN approved Myanmar’s 2014 Chairmanship proposal. Thus, this research aims to examine the reasons what was ASEAN motives to support Myanmar Democratic Reform, and how ASEAN implements its efforts to initiate Myanmar for ASEAN 2014 Chairmanship. In conducting the research, the writer elaborated constructivism theory and institutional approach from international organization theory, which are used as theoretical framework. Through theory of constructivism, the ramification of past events is analyzed. The analysis is conducted particularly by identifying series of events and change of circumstance that affects ASEAN, Myanmar, and other state actors involved. This is done to identify possible factors affecting ASEAN’s decision to approve Myanmar’s 2014Chairmanship proposal. Meanwhile, through institutional approach from international organization theory, the ASEAN Charter is used as a guide to analyze the basis of ASEAN’s assessment of the eligibility of Myanmar’s Chairmanship. ASEAN Charter Article 32 as stated the role of the chairman is the particular article which is used in this research as ASEAN’s standard of procedures (SOP) in assessing Myanmar’s eligibility.
Perkembangan dan Permasalahan Teorisasi Hubungan Internasional Pasca Perdebatan Mantra, Dodi
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0071.105-117

Abstract

There are two contradictory narratives those enframe the contemporary development of International Relations (IR) theory. As the absence and discontinuity of the so-called “inter-paradigm debates”, the first narrative enframes the contemporary development of IR theory is moving toward its end. On the contrary, the other narrative celebrates the plurality of theoretical development in contemporary IR, and letting “a thousand theoretical flowers bloom”. This article seeks to reveal that both of these narratives are problematic. The main problem of the first narrative lies in the “debatism” approach as the basis of its historiography. This article shows how the “debatism” approach misrepresents the history of IR theorization. Meanwhile, the second narrative is problematic as well, since the celebration of theoretical plurality tends to neglect the philosophical foundations and concentrate on the technical side of theorization. Drawing on Fred Chernoff’s steps of IR theorization, this article proposes a new frame of IR theorization in order to leave behind the problematic “debatism” approach, while proliferate “a thousand of theoretical flowers bloom” without neglecting the importance of philosophical foundations in IR theorization.
Reformasi Struktur Perdagangan Internasional dalam WTO: Perspektif Joseph E. Stiglitz Sasmita, Sulastri
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0079.192-203

Abstract

This article tries to explain about the institution of international political economy, especially the WTO as a multilateral trade organization that has created unequal relationship between the developed and the developing countries. WTO as the only international trade organization should be able to create a fair global trade flows and balance among its member countries. But in fact, the WTO actually deepen the gap between developed and developing countries. Many of agreement that born from WTO are not implement as expectation. The implementation of WTO’s agreement just make developing countries more suffer. This resulted in the emergence of criticism from developing countries and one of the globalization’s figure, especially transformasionalist-globalist i.e Joseph E. Stiglitz. Seeing the reality of injustice in WTO, Stiglitz then argued for reforms the structure and system inside of WTO, so it can be an institution of fair trade and friendly to the developing countries.
The Arab Spring: Membaca Kronologi dan Faktor Penyebabnya Sahide, Ahmad; Hadi, Syamsul; Setiawati, Siti Muti’ah; Cipto, Bambang
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0072.118-129

Abstract

The Arab States has faced political turbulence since January 0f 2011. This political event began by suicide action from a youth named Mohammed Bouazizi (Tunisia)until it spread to the other states such as Egypt, Syria, and the like. The political event became the beginning of the people power to fight against dictator regime in most of the Arab States. The rise of the people power succeeded to end the power of some tyrannical regimes, beginning from Tunisia, Zein Al-Abidin Ben Ali, followed by the end of Mubarak’s regime in Egypt, Syria still having political turbulence until now in order to overthrow Bashar al-Assad’s regime, and some other Arab States which can’t be irrespective from the political turbulence. This political event is called “The Arab Spring”, that is the coming of the hope for the better life with a democratic system. This writing tries to discuss chronology of that event and also tries to find out factors becoming cause of the political turbulence.
Eropanisasi ‘Eksternal’ dalam Kebijakan Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu (SVLK) di Indonesia Basith, Andi Akhmad
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0078.179-191

Abstract

The establishment of Indonesian timber verification system, which was started by VPA negotiations in 2007, is followed by the signing and ratification of the agreement leading to the inception of a national timber regime thereafter. It can be seen as a positive effort in tackling illegal trade in timber and illegal logging in Indonesia. Nevertheless, the study about the creation of Indonesian timber regime should not be separated from the role of the European Union (EU) as the actor contributes greatly in introducing and developing the regime in Indonesia. From a unique standpoint, the establishment of the regime in Indonesia can be seen as EU’s success in bringing and implementing EU’s timber standards to the outward area, which is in essence, not within its sovereign territory and legal jurisdiction. This study aims to assess the extent to which the EU is involved in influencing and affecting the creation of Indonesian timber regulation of SVLK in Indonesia.
Faktor Geografis dan Konsepsi Peran Nasional sebagai Sumber Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia Haryanto, Agus
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0074.136-147

Abstract

This paper discusses the geographical factor as the source of the national role conception and foreign policy of a country. Indonesia has realized his strategic geographic location that laid between two oceans and two continents since the early days of independence. Indonesia is also aware of the geographical features as an archipelagic state. Its raises awareness of Indonesia to keep his territory for the declaration of Djuanda. This paper explore the Indonesian foreign policy that still using geographical factor as a source of foreign policy. This can be seen from the efforts of Indonesia continues to participate in various regional issues that could potentially interfere the sovereignty of Indonesia such as the disputed South China Sea and East China Sea. Indonesia also seeks active in border diplomacy to ensure the sovereignty of its territory.
Konsep “Keikutsertaan Langsung dalam Permusuhan” dan “Prinsip Pembedaan” dalam Konflik Bersenjata Indrawan, Jerry
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0077.171-178

Abstract

In the contemporary war is very difficult to determine who those parties who participated in a war, which is commonly known as combatants. Combatants task is to fight and advance to the battlefield (including if it should hurt, destroy, carry out other military action, even if it should kill the enemy though); because if not, then they will be the target of an enemy attack. The term, “to kill, or to be killed”. All those who belong to the class of combatants is the target or object of attack, so that when combatants killed combatants of the enemy in a war situation, then it is not an unlawful act. Instead, the group called the civilian population (civilian) are the ones who should not participate in the battle so there should not be subjected to violence or object. It is very important to point out because the name of war, are merely apply to members of the armed forces of the countries in dispute. While the civilian population, which is not participating in the hostilities must be protected from the actions of the war. This paper will discuss how the concept of direct participation in hostilities and the principle of distinction set in armed conflict, particularly non-international armed conflict, within the framework of international humanitarian law (the laws of war).
Reconstructing the Iraqi Political System The Post-Saddam Era: The Role of the United States and the Coalition Forces Jalal Nori, Abdul Wahed
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 2 (2015): October 2015 - March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0073.130-135

Abstract

The literature review about post-Saddam political system deals largely with the role of the United States and the coalition forces in establishingand stabilizing the country’s political system and its proper functioning. However, works referring to the institutions, processes and procedures of the political system are very few. There are occasional references toIraqi politics, but there are no many in-depth studies providing an analysis of the nature of the political system and its expected outcomes. The few works in the area do not differentiate between the three dominant ethnic groups and their concerns vis-à-vis the country’s internal organization and its future. Placing them in the same box as is often done is tantamountto equalizing centrifugal and centripetal forces, ignoring current history and obstructions created by colonial power.

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