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Jurnal Hubungan Internasional
ISSN : 18295088     EISSN : 25033883     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional (JHI) is a biannual journal published by Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia collaborates with Asosiasi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional Indonesia(AIHII).
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober" : 10 Documents clear
The Asean Way: The Way To Regional Peace? Tekunan, Susy
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.806 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0056.142-147

Abstract

ASEAN is considered as the most successful multilateral organization in the Asia region, especially in maintaining regional security and peace. The majority of the international observers, though, ASEAN has not produced any significance breakthrough and notable impact and thus deemed to be an ineffective regional organization. The key that separates ASEAN with others and allows it to maintain regional peace and co-operation is its unique diplomatic engagement with its member states, known as the ASEAN Way. The most important element of the ASEAN Way is the practice of the principle of non-interference among its member states. ASEAN members practiced this principle since the founding of the organization to ensure state sovereignty that serves as an expression of respect and equal standing for all member countries. This article explores the possibility of ASEAN Way and its practice of internal diplomacy to be applied in other regional or multilateral organizations. The purpose is first to measure and analyse whether the ASEAN Way is an effective practice that benefits the ASEAN members and the Asia region. If the practice is effective, according to the measure and the scope of the paper, the author is interested to observe whether the practice can be applied to other multilateral organizations. This is a qualitative article, the effectiveness of the ASEAN Way will be observed and analysed through the process and the result from conflict resolutions in ASEAN. The source of research comes from a bevy of academic literature on ASEAN and ASEAN Way as well as journalistic paper and articles.
Motif di Balik Bantuan Jepang untuk Palestina dalam Kerangka CEAPAD Ryantori, Ryantori
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.988 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0052.99-106

Abstract

This paper discusses the main motives behind Japan’s foreign aid to Palestine. It is likely that Japan starts to play its role as foreign aid broker. Recently, this country has been inviting other countries, especially in East Asia, to be involved in its foreign aid programs. CEAPAD (Conference on Cooperation among East Asian Countries for Palestinian Development )is the example to be mentioned. This is the first time East Asia countries talk together to support Palestine in order to be able to manage foreign aid efficiently. Surprisingly, although this conference used East Asia as its tagline, six of ten ASEAN members (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapura, Vietnam) attended this conference but China as major state in East Asia region did not. At one side, it seems that Japan is trying to get good image from Asian countries in order to challenge the increasing image China has got so far. At the other side, potential market in Arab and Palestine region as well as in Asia—especially East and Southeast Asia— are still in grasp. Whether political or economic motives which drives Japan to put CEAPAD into surfaces, Palestinian Authority and people has had huge expectations from this.
Will the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission of Human Rights (AICHR) Grow Its Teeth? Olivia, Yessi
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (168.526 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0057.149-158

Abstract

ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) was established in 2009. Its main functions are to promote and to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of the people of ASEAN. Since the beginning of its formation, AICHR has been criticized for being a toothless institution. This is because of the weak nature and power given to this body. This paper analyzes what the future lies for AICHR. Will it continue to become a partial human rights mechanism or will it transform into an independent human rights body. It is argues that several factors will determine the future of AICHR. Firstly, is the ability of AICHR in internalizing human rights norms. Secondly, is the commitment of ASEAN countries to human rights promotion and protection. Thirdly, is the endless endeavor coming from civil society not only criticizing but also supporting AICHR. The structure of this paper is as follows. The first section elaborates theories on why states join or signing human rights regime or treaties. This will be followed by providing a brief profile of ASEAN and emphasizing on the organization norms. Next, the paper explains the anatomy of AICHR and provides brief comparison between AICHR and several regional human rights systems. The origin and the development of AICHR are discussed in the next section, followed by analyzing the future of AICHR.
Satu Dekade Pasca Invasi AS di Irak Winarno, Budi
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.936 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0053.107-124

Abstract

The main reasoning behind the United States’ attack on Iraq, March, 20th 2003 among others was a geopolitics factor in the context of keeping oil supply safely. Therefore, it has influenced how the United States implementing the process of democaratization in Iraq. Although a new government of Iraq has been established through a general election supervised by the US, security and peace are still far away. In the contrary, Iraq has been plunged into a civil war. The traditional Israeli-American relation has been a key factor to keep American vital interest in Middle East. However, the instability of Iraq, has been crucial in influencing the democratization and peace in Iraq, as well as peace and security in Middle East.
ASEAN and Ongoing Cultural Conflicts Adriani, Isyana
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.494 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0058.159-166

Abstract

This paper analyses ASEAN’s diplomatic style using Hofstede’s theory of Cultural Dilemma Indicators and uses it to explain why the organization has failed to stop on-going cultural conflicts such as the PreahVihear temple dispute. There are 13 cultural dilemma indicators discussed in the paper, each is backed with an example which in the end leads to the conclusion that the government of each ASEAN member state must invest in longterm yet effective solutions. These solutions are necessary since ASEAN is embarking on ASEAN Community (AC), which is slated to take place in 2015, and since this paper is about the organization’s diplomatic style in light of continuing cultural conflicts, the focus is on AC’s Socio-Cultural Community pillar. The recommendations offered in this paper are necessary not only to prepare ASEAN people for major changes AC will bring in the context of culture, but also to rectify ASEAN’s image in the eyes of observers outside Southeast Asia who view the organization as nothing more than a “talk shop.” As a whole, they contribute to a successful ASEAN Community.
Great Power Rivalry in a New Asia Pacific Order: Examining the Great Power Concert Model for Asia Pacific Anam, Syaiful
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (140.659 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0054.125-130

Abstract

China’s rising power in the Asia Pacific region is leading the regional order to face a potential of rivalry between existing great powers in the region. This paper hence seeks to investigate the great power rivalry in a new Asia Pacific order. It argues that while ‘the European great power concert model’, as proposed by Hugh White (2008), could potentially be a mechanism for maintaining peace and stability in the Asia Pacific region, it has considerable problems and obstacles to be applied in the region.
Normative Tensions: European Sanction vs. ASEAN’s Non-Interference in the Case of Myanmar Robertua, Verdinand
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, UMY

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (488.749 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0059.167-180

Abstract

This article attempted to explain the relevancy of European sanction policy and ASEAN’s constructive engagement on Myanmar. In many case, normative power Europe theory which is pioneered by Ian Manners, has been an effective tool to explain the EU’s sanction policy. In this article, it will emphasize Thomas Diez’s postulation of the reflexivity of the EU’s identity as the main aspect of NPE. Consequently, it will elaborate on how EU’s identity is constructed against ASEAN who adopted constructive engagement. However, recent change in Myanmar has provoked the EU to postpone their sanction. It is puzzling because many reports from International Non-Government Organizations show that the reform in Myanmar is weak and unsustainable. ASEAN emerged as important partner for Myanmar in driving democratization and human rights regime construction in Myanmar.
Sekuritisasi dalam Kerangka “R2P” dan Intervensi Kemanusiaan: Dilema Antara Legalitas dan Legitimasi Hendra, Eric
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.589 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0055.131-141

Abstract

The paper sets off by discussing security concept in IR and securitization process as well as new emerging norms in the frame of “R2P”. Furthermore, this paper also tries to examine closer at legal, ethic also other dilemmas by entering the discourse of legality and legitimacy of humanitarian intervention by take a look at positivism and naturalism approaches. It is also tries to convey the discussion by elaborating the humanitarian intervention with traditional principles of just war and utilizing criteria of jus ad bellum and jus in bello. Eventually, it is inquiring the execution of the concept of R2P which is, supposedly, built upon the equivalent of state’s basic right and responsibility and proviso it is so then why discrimination and double standard still crop up in implementing humanitarian intervention.
Diplomasi Bencana Alam sebagai Saran Meningkatkan Kerjasama Internasional Herningtyas, Ratih; Surwandono, Surwandono
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.11 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0060.181-188

Abstract

This paper aims to examine how the issue of disasters in Indonesia can be modified into a positive social capital to solve social, economic, political and social culture’s problems in disaster prone areas. Indonesia is very vulnerable to natural disasters. Some of the latest and most destructive natural disasters are the earthquake followed by tsunami that hit Aceh Indonesia on 2004, earthquake hit Yogyakarta and Central Java earthquake on 2006 and volcanic eruption of Mount Merapi Yogyakarta and Central Java 2011. Using qualitative approach, this paper found that Indonesia’s disaster managements get worldwide recognition and increases Indonesia’s competitiveness toward other countries. These recognitions become the sources of Indonesia’s soft power, and can be used as a strategic instrument to build international cooperation and collaboration.
The End of the Cold War: Its Dynamics and Critical Factors Fanani, Ahmad Fuad
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (136.338 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0051.93-98

Abstract

This essay will discuss the end of the Cold War and the critical factors which influenced its ending. It has been suggested that the Cold War actually was the ideological conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States. However, the conflict between the superpowers has triggered the military confrontation and security approach in the world after the end of the Second World War. As a result, many countries, especially the Third World countries became victims of the ideological rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union.

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