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INDONESIA
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional
ISSN : 18295088     EISSN : 25033883     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional (JHI) is a biannual journal published by Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia collaborates with Asosiasi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional Indonesia(AIHII).
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 139 Documents
The Syrian Refugees in Lebanon: Moving Towards Securitization Estriani, Heavy Nala
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 7, No 2 (2018): October 2018-March 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (94.68 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.72133

Abstract

This paper analyzes Lebanese policy towards Syrian refugees within their country. The prolonged conflict in Syria has generated a large-scale influx of refugees that contributed to the addition of 1.5 million to 4.5 million Lebanon population. While other Middle Eastern countries such as Jordan and Turkey responded by accepting the arrival of these refugees, Lebanon took the opposite response. Through the analysis of securitization theory and the nexus between migration and demographic balance, it can be understood that the Lebanese Government uses a speech of act strategy in conducting securitization. Speech of act is carried out through political discourse and the role of the media in portraying refugees as an existential threat that require special measure to handle them. Lebanon also uses the issue of demographic change, sectarian balance, and the emergence of the new conflicts, as issues that threaten Lebanon domestic stability and security.
The Dilemma of Human Security on Palm Oil Plantation in Indonesia Ardiyanti, Dwi; Anwar, Ahmad
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 7, No 1 (2018): April-September 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.419 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.71125

Abstract

Palm oil plantation has proven to have contributions in increasing Indonesian wealth and economy. The fact that Indonesia becoming the biggest palm oil exporter in the world promises a higher expectation for Indonesia’s economic growth. Meanwhile, this national economic source generates controversies for the environment, health, and social issues besides its advantages. This article discusses the problem caused by palm oil plantation in Indonesia and how it is dilemmatic to human security concept. Palm oil plantation offered affordable and an easy access to material for mass exported products for daily need. The phenomena then become destructive when it comes to political interest related to ecological survival, economic boosting program, health for surrounding communities, and another field in human security issue. This study does not only show the fact that palm oil plantation is needed for the sake of economic growth and national development, but also analyse how economic demand may destruct another aspect of human security. The numerous impacts for long-term economic and development made it crucial to be analysed. While there are many studies about dilemma on human security, yet, only a few studies on palm oil plantation and its progress in Indonesia. This paper seeks to broaden the related literature.
Between Revisionist and Status Quo: The Case of China’s Leadership in the AIIB Yuliantoro, Nur Rachmat; Dinarto, Dedi
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 7, No 2 (2018): October 2018-March 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (77.756 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.72131

Abstract

This article seeks to understand China’s foreign policy today by assessing its leadership in the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), using the scholarly term of ‘contested multilateralism’ coined by Julia Morse and Robert Keohane. We argue that since the beginning of the 21st century, China has managed to improve its image as a new global power through the transformation of its foreign policy. In expanding its political sphere, China is using not only peripheral diplomacy but also cross-regional diplomacy strategies through the existing bilateral and multilateral mechanisms. Within this context, we look at a specific case of the creation of the AIIB as evidence of China’s greater participation in the global political economy realm. The AIIB can be seen as how China practices multilateralism in its foreign policy as it is trying to meet domestic, regional, as well as global development and economic challenges. This article argues that the creation of AIIB is not only the implication of China’s fiscal and trade policy, nor merely to solve the regional infrastructure gap in Asia, but also to challenge the U.S. (and Japan) influence through the Asian Development Bank (ADB), in which China possesses minor political power to accommodate its political economic interests.
Fronting the Return of Foreign Terrorist Fighters: the Rise and Fall of ASEAN Border Cooperation to Combat Non-Traditional Threats Suryadi, Muhammad; Timur, Fauzia Gustarina Cempaka
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 7, No 1 (2018): April-September 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.365 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.71126

Abstract

This paper argues that bilateral arrangements among ASEAN countries are no longer enough to address the convergence of non-traditional threats, primarily due to porous borders in Southeast Asia region. Hence, fighting terrorism by securing maritime border through ASEAN border cooperation is seen as a useful measure to respond the issue. This paper aims to observe non-traditional threat posed from the maritime boundary, specifically from Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines border which each of the government has agreed on Defense and Security Agreement Framework in the past few years. The FTF returnees and the existential threat of terrorism in each ASEAN countries have eventually carried a new agenda for ASEAN countries in securing the border. This paper then analyses the result of the Trilateral Meeting that depicts the commitment of these countries in tackling FTF as the growing security challenges in the region. This paper also considers the effectiveness of the Trilateral Agreement in combating non-traditional threats including terrorism.
Donald Trump’s Protectionist Trade Policy from the Perspective of Economic Nationalism Bimantara, Azza
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 7, No 2 (2018): October 2018-March 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (661.483 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.72132

Abstract

This article aims to analyze American trade policy under Donald Trump’s administration. President Trump has imposed a set of tariffs and quotas for such imported agriculture and manufactured products. Such trade policies triggered many American trading partners, most notably China and NAFTA members, to take any retaliatory measures, starting trade war. Preliminary observation on this issue starts with two problematization. First, Trump’s trade policies failed to push his trade partners for their trade compliances despite of their higher relative export dependency on American market rather than on the contrary. Second, most of Trump’s “trade belligerents” are democratic countries; it is another anomaly for established assumption about democratic peace theory which has stated that structures and norms held by democratic countries prevent them to engage conflictual relations in both political-security and economy. Further research has found that competitive trade structure US Government faced at some traded commodities put American trade interests at stake against other conflicting countries. In order to protect such interest, President Trump must deliver restrictive measures—tariffs and quotas—in favor of domestic industries and market. Such behavior is justified by both President Trump’s view and tenet aboutthe construction of American nation and his political mobilization of popular far-right mass which also contribute to the discourse of contemporary American nationalism. The result is American economic nationalism which drives domestic political configuration to support President Trump’s political economic initiatives.
Kebijakan Isolasionisme Presiden Trump dan Masa Depan Pangkalan Militer AS di Jepang Umoro, Anisa Ledy
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 7, No 1 (2018): April-September 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.081 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.71128

Abstract

The election of Donald Trump with his America First slogan has sent a signal that the new President is less interested in maintaining the position held by the United States as the leader on the international stage. This phenomenon raises questions about the United States’ commitment to its military presence outside its territory. By presenting the case of US military bases in Japan, this paper attempts to project the fate of these bases under the Trump presidency. At first glance, the President's inward-looking policy may seemingly trigger the future withdrawal of US troops from Japan. However, this article shall present an argument to the contrary: US military bases in Japan will survive the Trump presidency. To prove this argument; first, this article analyzes the reasoning behind the decision of a sending country to withdraw its military forces. Secondly, this article discusses what factors may underlie the decision of a host country to end military cooperation with the sending country. Finally, this paper analyzes the existence of mutual strategic factors. Although seven of these eight factors are supporting the continued presence of US military bases, one factor, namely President Trump's isolationist policy, shows that it may lead to the contrary. Nevertheless, this isolationist policy factor alone is not enough to end the existence of US military bases in Japan.
The Asean Way: The Way To Regional Peace? Tekunan, Susy
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.806 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0056.142-147

Abstract

ASEAN is considered as the most successful multilateral organization in the Asia region, especially in maintaining regional security and peace. The majority of the international observers, though, ASEAN has not produced any significance breakthrough and notable impact and thus deemed to be an ineffective regional organization. The key that separates ASEAN with others and allows it to maintain regional peace and co-operation is its unique diplomatic engagement with its member states, known as the ASEAN Way. The most important element of the ASEAN Way is the practice of the principle of non-interference among its member states. ASEAN members practiced this principle since the founding of the organization to ensure state sovereignty that serves as an expression of respect and equal standing for all member countries. This article explores the possibility of ASEAN Way and its practice of internal diplomacy to be applied in other regional or multilateral organizations. The purpose is first to measure and analyse whether the ASEAN Way is an effective practice that benefits the ASEAN members and the Asia region. If the practice is effective, according to the measure and the scope of the paper, the author is interested to observe whether the practice can be applied to other multilateral organizations. This is a qualitative article, the effectiveness of the ASEAN Way will be observed and analysed through the process and the result from conflict resolutions in ASEAN. The source of research comes from a bevy of academic literature on ASEAN and ASEAN Way as well as journalistic paper and articles.
Menakar Resolusi Konflik di Dunia Islam Surwandono, Surwandono
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 1, No 1 (2012): April
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.88 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2012.0003.27-31

Abstract

Islamic history has shown that Islam was born in a state of conflict which acute, both local and international levels. Thus, it’s really important to explore the structure of Islamic values which very appreciative with the spirit of “peace, security, fully-accepted, obey” as defined in the word Islam itself. This paper argues that the history of Muhammad prophet leadership gave a clear lesson about how Islamic perspectives in resolving conflict of various levels:community, country, and in the arena of International relations.
Bisnis Sosial: Sintesis Muhammad Yunus untuk Menggerakkan Kapitalisme di Bangladesh Rizky, Lucitania
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 4, No 1 (2015): April
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (678.918 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2015.0063.23-34

Abstract

The emerge of Social Business offers a new kind of capitalism in some developing countries. This manifestation of capitalism concept has introduced by Muhammad Yunus as a respond to vicious cycle poverty in Bangladesh. Grameen Bank has been creating a solid relation between capitalism and poverty. By using the people center development perspective and sustainable development concept, this article tries to elaborate the friendly of capitalism pattern to the poor and its development agenda. This article assured that the relation development.
Rezim Kerjasama Sosek Malindo Kaltim-Sabah: Mengukur Derajat Compliance Partisipan Perjanjian Sudiar, Sonny
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 3, No 1 (2014): April
Publisher : Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (425.292 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.2014.0044.33-43

Abstract

Sosek Malindo cooperation is mutual agreement between Indonesia and Malaysia that concentrated in the field of socio-economic development in border areas. The main objective of Sosek Malindo cooperation is to improve the welfare of the people who live in border areas of each country. Sosek Malindo Cooperation produce some agreements, but not all of them can be implemented, because of compliance problems. The failure was caused by several factors, among others: the limited authority of the actor, the factor of interest, in managing the agreement Sosek Malindo regime does not use persuasive methods. Moreover it has serious implications to the implementation of agreement and actor behavior.

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