Jurnal Agroindustri
Published by Universitas Bengkulu
ISSN : 20885369     EISSN : 26139952
Jurnal Agroindustri is a journal (scientific publication) made available by the Department of Agricultural Technology, Faculty of Agricultural, University of Bengkulu. It is jointly published with the Publication Board of Agriculture Faculty (BPFP) and Indonesian Association of Agro-industrial Technologist (APTA). It is dedicated for students, lecturers, and researches to scientifically publish their ideas, results of research, review of literatures of agricultural industry (agroindustry). It is published twice a year; due on May and November; in the form of hardcopy (printed) and softcopy (file on the OJS web).
Articles 111 Documents
CHARACTERISTIC OF LEMPOK QUALITY IN BENGKULU CITY

Koto, Arsat, Silvia, Evanila, Dewi, Kurnia Herlina

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : BPFP Faperta UNIB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.019 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/j.agroind.5.2.128-133

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the quality characteristics of durian lempok in Bengkulu City and compare the quality characteristics lempok with SNI 01-4313-1996. The sample of lempok were taken from 2 home industries that the largest producer in Bengkulu City. The study was conducted three phases: 1) survey and interviews to determine the home industry with the largest production capacity in Bengkulu City, 2) random sampling in production at 3 times production; and 3) analysis of samples in terms of water content, the content of artificial sweeteners, TPC, texture, and pH. Data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the water content lempok durian on home industry A is 23% and B is 27%; artificial sweetener content between lempok is 0; TPC lempok is 63 x 105 colonies/g (A) and 116 x 105 colonies/g (B); lempok texture is 9.122 cm/10 g/10 s (A) and 8.955 cm/10 g/10 s (B) and pH of lempok 5.6 (A) and 5.4 (B). So the quality of durian in Bengkulu City lempok that achieve SNI No. 01-4313-1996 is an artificial sweetener content while the rest (moisture and TPC) does not achieve the standards.

STUDY ON ASCORBIC ACID FOR FORTIFICATIONOF RICE CASSAVA

Al-Rasyid, Harun, Subeki, Subeki, Satyajaya, Wisnu, Saptomi, Agus

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : BPFP Faperta UNIB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (675.008 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/j.agroind.7.2.72-83

Abstract

Siger rice is an analog rice made from agricultural materials containing carbohydrates such as cassava. The purpose of this research was to know the effect of addition of ascorbic acid and steam duration to the quality of siger rice from cassava. The factorial experiment arranged in a Complete Randomized Block Design (CBRD) with two factors and three replications.. The first factor was the addition of ascorbic acid is 0% (A1), 0.1% (A2), 0.15% (A3), 0.2% (A4), 0.25% (A5), and 0.3% A6). The second factor was steam duration of 25 minutes (L1), 30 minutes (L2), and 35 minutes (L3). The data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANNOVA) and continued with Least Significance Different (LSD) test. The results showed that the addition of ascorbic acid 0.2% with steaming for 35 minutes resulted in the best quality of siger rice with white color tending, somewhat similar to rice, rather soft, water content of 10.62%, 0.88% ash, protein 3,82%, fat 2.42%, crude fiber 1.13%, carbohydrates 81.12%, and vitamin C 0.61 mg/g.

STUDY OF THE POTENTIAL DEVELOPMENT OF BIOMASS BASED ELECTRICITY BAMBOO

Aisman, Aisman

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 6, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : BPFP Faperta UNIB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (821.183 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/j.agroind.6.2.65-72

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to calculate the level of public access to electricity, the number of districts that have not been electrified, searching for the cause of the electrical limitations, analyze the potential development of biomass-based electricity bamboo. This research was conducted by collecting and analyzing secondary data (exploratory). The results showed that an area where the level of public access in the Mentawai Islands to electricity is still low at 21.7%, while the average of West Sumatra has reached 73.5%. There are three districts that have not been electrified the District Siberut Southwestern, Central and Siberut Siberut West. Cause limitation is the limited electrical power supplied by PLN because they rely on diesel power and the difficulty of distributing electricity for people living in remote locations and lack of infrastructure. The development of biomass-based power relative bamboo suitable to be developed in this area, because of the development of the bamboo plant is feasible, and supported by land suitability and size of the area that can be planted. Electrification technology-based biomass (bamboo) can be applied to spots or per region around the bamboo plants are developed.

EFFECTS OF CARRAGEENAN COATING ON ORGANOLEPTIC QUALITY OF BOILED SHRIMP DURING REFRIGERATION STORAGE

Herliany, Nurlaila Ervina, Santoso, Joko, Salamah, Ella

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 3, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : BPFP Faperta UNIB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1010.34 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/j.agroind.3.2.61-70

Abstract

One of the most popular seafood in the world is shrimp, including cooked shrimp. Boiled shrimp is a value added product with high protein content, specific taste, ready to eat, and have an interested colour for consumers. Boiled shrimp must be protected from quality deterioration during storage. The research was carried out to study the effect of carrageenan coating to inhibit the quality deterioration of boiled shrimp based on organoleptic evaluation during refrigeration storage (4-6oC). Peeled undevined (PUD) vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei) with size 60-70 was used as object. The boiled shrimps treated with two treatmens, which were coated and uncoated boiled shrimps. Application of coating carrageenan on boiled shrimp indicate that coating application could extend its shelf life, proved by higher organoeptic value than uncoated product, based on organoleptic evaluation for frozen boiling shrimp (SNI 01-2346-2006).

Penggunaan Coating Karaginan Terhadap Mutu Organoleptik Udang Kupas rebus Selama Penyimpanan Dingin

Herliany, Nurlaila Ervina, Santoso, Joko, Salamah, Ella

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 3 No 2 November 2013
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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Abstract

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Variasi Penggunaan Bahan Pengenyal Terhadap Karakteristik Pemen Tradisional Pulp Kakao (Theobroma cacao)

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 3 No 2 November 2013
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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Abstract

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KAJIAN PEGGUNAAN BERBAGAI JENIS BIOBRIKET SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENGGANTI MINYAK TANAH UNTUK RUMAH TANGGA

Budiyanto, Budiyanto, Adib, Pandu Imam Sudibyo, Ningsih, Sari Puspita

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 1, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : BPFP Faperta UNIB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (571.418 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/j.agroind.1.2.81-90

Abstract

Biobriquet defined as fuel and solid which came from organic rested material. The formation of biomass into biobriquet intended to facilitate its utilizing. The use of biobriquet as alternative energy can replace the use of kerosene for burning needs in the household. This research is aimed to determine the best type of biobriquet based on the quality of burning performance produced by kerosene control and determine life time of biobriquet that have been packaged on plastic and paper bags that saved in temperature room. This research was conducted in the Laboratory of Agricultural Technology, Faculty of Agriculture,UniversityofBengkuluand PT Sucofindo Bengkulu. It examined four types of biobriquet which are palm shell charcoal biobriquet (A), Empty fruit bunch (EFB) charcoal + coal biobriquet (B), EFB charcoal biobriquet (C) and non-choarcoling oil palm shells biobriquet (D). Observed variables are the calorific value, moisture content, ash content, levels of substance to fly, lighting time, burning time, Water Boiling Test (WBT), Control Cooking Test (CCT), intensity of smoke, and water content changes in packaging of biobriquet. The results showed  that non-choarcoling palm oil shells biobriquet (D) is the best biobriquet based on performance quality. If it compared with kerosene, non-choarcoling palm oil shells biobriquet (D) is better than kerosene, while in other biobriquets, kerosene is still the best one. Based on other biobriquet tests (water content, calorific value, ash content, levels of substance to fly, lighting time, burning time and fuel consumption biobriquet), the best biobriquet that replaced kerosene is TKKS charcoal biobriquet (C), however, for the variables which compared with kerosene (burning time and fuel consumption), kerosene is still the best one. Biobriquet that packaged by using paper bags for 6 weeks the rising of water levels are relatively low compared with the plastic bags.

CATFISH DRYING (Clarias Batraclus) USING ‘TEKO BERSAYAP’ SOLAR DRYER

Yuwana, Yuwana

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : BPFP Faperta UNIB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (696.508 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/j.agroind.2.1.14-20

Abstract

Experiment on catfish drying employing ‘Teko Bersayap’ solar dryer was conducted. The result of the experiment indicated that the dryer was able to increase ambient temperature up to 44% and decrease ambient relative humidity up to 103%. Fish drying process followed equations : KAu = 74,94 e-0,03t for unsplitted fish and KAb = 79,25 e-0,09t for splitted fish, where KAu = moisture content of unsplitted fish (%), KAb = moisture content of splitted fish (%), t = drying time. Drying of unsplitted fish finished in 43.995 hours while drying of split fish completed in 15.29 hours. Splitting the fish increased 2,877 times drying rate.

IDENTIFICATION PROCESS OF MATERIAL RUBBER (BOKAR) PUBLIC INTO PTPN VII (PERSERO) UNIT PADANG PELAWI SELUMA REGENCY

Nefftalia, Yesika Mei, Daulay, Hasan Basri, Surawan, Fitri Electrica D.

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : BPFP Faperta UNIB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (864.278 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/j.agroind.5.2.95-108

Abstract

This research aimed to study of the material quality characteristics of rubber (bokar) in accordance with the SIR 20 and determine of the rubber material (bokar) public who go to the factory in accordance with the original supplier territory. The experiment was conducted in PTPN VII (Persero) Unit Padang Pelawi by collecting primary data and secondary data using survey and observation method, then analysis descriptive. The results showed that all though the rubber material (bokar) from public who go to PTPN VII (Persero) Unit Padang Pelawi doesn’t quality requirements of the Company and National Standardization Agency or BSN, while based on the dry rubber content or Kadar Karet Kering (KKK) of the rubber material (bokar) best is from Kaur.

EFFECT OF ALKALI TYPE AND DURATION OF NIBS SUBMERSION ON QUALITY OF COCHOLATE POWDER PRODUCED BY “DUTCH PROCESS” METHOD

Juliani, Meri, Mujiharjo, Sigit, Dewi, Kurnia Herlina

Jurnal Agroindustri Vol 4, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : BPFP Faperta UNIB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (656.335 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/j.agroind.4.2.86-92

Abstract

Purpose of this research was to explain the effect of alkali type and duration of nibs submersion on the quality of chocolate powder.Type of alkalis being tested were Na2CO3(type1)andCa(OH)2 (type2) and the durations were 30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Reasearch was done following RCB design with the type of alkali as the block. The nibs was fermented during 6 days, and dried with temperature 115 °C for 6 hours, and applying the Dutch Processmethod topowder the chololate.  Result of the research showed that the treatments were not significantly influence the water content; significantly influence the microba, verysignificantly influence thepH and softness of the powder. Based on the research result; to produce chocolate powder with the best on the fat content was by apllying treatment the type2 alkali with 120 minutes submersion; the best on the fat content was by apllying treatment the type2 alkali with 120 minutes submersion; the best on the fat content was by apllying treatment the type2 alkali with 120 minutes submersion; the best on the fat content was by apllying treatment the type2 alkali with 120 minutes submersion

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