cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota palembang,
Sumatera selatan
INDONESIA
Biota
ISSN : 2528262X     EISSN : 24607746     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Biota is an Indonesian-language scientific journal published by the Faculty of Saints and Technology University of State Islamic University of Raden Fatah Palembang Two times a year on every January and August. Journal biota had its online published with E-ISSN 2460-7746 and the print version with P-ISSN 2528-262X. The submission process of the manuscript is open throughout the year. All submitted manuscripts will go through the double-blind peer review and editorial review before being granted with acceptance for publication. Jurnal Biota publishes numerous research articles with focus and scope of Biology (Biotechnology, Environment, Ecology, Microbiology, Genetics, Physiology Animals and Plants). Jurnal Biota has been using Open Journal System requiring all writers to register in advance before they are allowed to upload the manuscript they write online. Afterward, the editors, peer reviewers, and writers can monitor the manuscript processing. Journal Biota has indexed DOAJ,Crossref, MoraRef, Google Scholar, Garuda, and Sinta Verification Process.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 62 Documents
The Effectiveness of Azolla pinnata in Inhibiting the Growth of Salmonella typhi Ekawati, Evy Ratnasari; Pradana, M. Sungging
Biota Vol 5 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Biota 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.378 KB) | DOI: 10.19109/Biota.v5i1.2696

Abstract

Human digestive tract infections can be caused by viruses, bacteria, and protozoa. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics can frustrate therapy with antibiotics. Today many researchers develop herbal medicines from plants for microbial infections. The benefits of medicinal plants depend on several components of chemicals that can have an influence on the human body. One of the plants that can be used is Azolla. Azolla has many nutrients and phytochemical compounds such as flavonoid, tannin, and saponin which have antimicrobial activity. This study used dried Azolla extract which was divided into several doses, namely 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% b/v. Azolla extract activity test was carried out by observing the presence of inhibition zones formed after incubation. Azolla extract test results obtained all doses in the resistance category with a diameter of no more than 10 mm. One way Anova test obtained a significance value of 0.000<α = 0.05, which means that there is a difference between the administration of Azolla pinnata extract dose to its ability to inhibit the growth of Salmonella typhii. Duncan test showed that the treatment of Azolla pinnata 60%, 80% and 100% of Salmonella typhii showed results that were not significantly different. The results of the study concluded that Azolla extract can be used to inhibit the growth of Salmonella typhii bacteria so that it can be developed into traditional medicine.    
Diversity And Dominance Species Of Benthic Gastropod In Three Coastal Condition West Bali National Park Rohmatika, Aulia Umi; Nurhayati, Putri Afin; Marcelino, Jordan Oktavio; Prahasto, Puspanjali; Prastiwi, Emilia Anjar; Affandi, Moch.
Biota Vol 5 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Biota 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (428.31 KB) | DOI: 10.19109/Biota.v5i1.2866

Abstract

Penelitian ini diarahkan untuk mengetahui komposisi, dominansi, dan tingkat keanekaragaman gastropoda bentik di tiga kondisi pantai wilayah Taman Nasional Bali Barat, Provinsi Bali. Sampel gastropoda bentik diperoleh dengan metode transek. Data gastropoda bentik diambil pada tiga lokasi pantai dengan tipe substrat yang berbeda yaitu Pantai Prapat Agung, Pantai Karang Sewu, dan Pantai Cekik secara berturut – turut mewakili tipe substrat pasir kasar, batuan dan pasir halus. Pada setiap lokasi dibuat dua transek yang tegak lurus kontur dengan beberapa plot berukuran 1 m2. Jarak antar transek 100 meter dan antar plot 10 meter. Setiap plot dilakukan ekstraksi dengan Ponar Dredge untuk memperoleh gastropoda bentik. Identifikasi gastropoda bentik menggunakan buku kunci identifikasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya 25 spesies dari 14 famili gastropoda yang ditemukan di tiga kondisi pantai. Euplica scripta mendominasi di lokasi satu sebanyak 57,14%, Terebralia palustris mendominasi di lokasi dua sebanyak 93,46%, dan Hastula hectica mendominasi pada lokasi tiga sebanyak 100%. Komposisi dominansi dan tingkat keanekaragaman gastropoda bentik sangat berhubungan dengan substrat di tiga kondisi pantai.
Plant Diversity On Protected Forest Vegetation Of Dempo Mountains, Pagar Alam, South Sumatera Raharjeng, Anita Restu Puji; Noviyanti, Deby; Apriana, Eli; Fahriati, Laila; Hastati, Yunita Dwi
Biota Vol 5 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Biota 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.381 KB) | DOI: 10.19109/Biota.v5i1.2660

Abstract

Vegetation is a collection of plants that usually consist of several species and live together in one place. Vegetation analysis is a way of studying the composition (component type) and the shape (structure) of vegetation or vegetation communities. Forests are the most important habitat component of life, hence the condition of plant communities within the forest, whether plant species composition, species dominance, density or closure of the canopy should be measured. The island of Sumatra is one of the most diverse ecoregion regions in the world. World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF) as one of the world's conservation organizations incorporates mountainous rainforest as a conservation area. The Sumatra mountain forests are one of the 200 critically endorsed ecoregions and a priority of global conservation. Mount Dempo is a protected forest area located on a cluster of hills line the island of Sumatra. This mountain has a height of 3159 asl (above sea level) and is the highest mountain in the area of South Sumatra. This study aims to determine the diversity of plants in the protected forest vegetation of Mount Dempo, Pagar Alam City, South Sumatera. Vegetation analysis was done by purposive sampling with bitterlich method, i.e measurement done on plot measuring 2x2, 5x5, 10x10, and 20x20 m. Analyzes were performed on two plots of different locations, and all plant species found in each plot were recorded of the type and amount. The parameters measured include the type name, the individual number of each type, the diameter, the height, and the height of the free branch. The results obtained at the Importance Value Index (INP) in Gunung Dempo, Pagar Alam of 294 stated that Mount Dempo has a high vegetation that is still preserving the existing plant, but it is also able to used as tourist visit as the stage of environmental and nature care.
Water Quality Analysis of Kelekar River in Burai Village Kecamatan Tanjung Batu/ Tanjung Batu Subdistrict Kabupaten Ogan Ilir/ Ogan Ilir District to Identify the Toxic Effects Caused Amalia, Ra Hoetary Tirta
Biota Vol 5 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Biota 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.522 KB) | DOI: 10.19109/Biota.v5i1.2655

Abstract

Water is one of the biggest components from environment and an important aspect of living organism. The source of water that can be used by community to fulfill their needs is river water, but in recent years, the river water is no longer clear. There are various kinds of water pollution/ contamination sources, including waste from community whether it is from household waste or agriculture waste in smaller to bigger scales, or also industrial waste that can cause environment-based diseases such as cholera, dysentery, skin-disease, typhus, and so on that originated from dirty water Furthermore, if the river water has been contaminated with chemicals, especially heavy metals, it can cause severe toxic effects that will lead to death. Therefore, the aim of this research are knowing the quality of river water on Burai Village, Tanjung Baru Subdistrict, Ogan Ilir District, and analyzing the toxic effects that will occur due to the pollution/ contamination. Water examination was conducted in Laboratory of BTKL Palembang and Laboratory of Science and Technology Faculty UIN Raden Fatah Palembang. From the results of examination, it was found that physically the water was colored, smelly, and turbid, also the existance of heavy metals and numbers of high coliform, around >1600/100 mL samples. This is very dangerous because it can contaminate the aquatic biota in the river and the community whose consuming it can lead to disease or even heavy metal poisoning.
The Effect of Hibiscus Leaf’s Adhesives on the Quality of Cow Dung Husk Charcoal Briquettes Yusup, Iwan Ridwan; Kusumorini, Astuti; Maulida, Siti Risalti
Biota Vol 5 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Biota 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (551.168 KB) | DOI: 10.19109/Biota.v5i1.2495

Abstract

The research to find out the good briquette adhesive has been done, however the results have not been satisfactory yet. This study aims to determine the effect of hibiscus leaf adhesive (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L) on charcoal briquette organic charcoal. The materials used in the manufacture of cow dung husk charcoal briquettes are rice husk and cow dung. The research was conducted in biology garden of Science and Technology Faculty, Islamic State University of Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung from May to June 2015. The research was conducted by using Random Design Complete (RAL) Factorial 3 X 4 with twice repetition (duplo). There are 3 compositions of treatment rice husk: cow dung, that are: 1: 1, 3: 1 and 1: 3, and addition of 4 levels adhesive from hibiscus leaf (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.), that are; control (without adhesive), 10 grams, 15 grams and 20 grams. The results showed that the adhesive combination of hibiscus leaves and the composition of organic charcoal briquettes was highest at density of 0.89 g / cm3, calorific value of 2432.62 cal / g, carbon content of 25.49% and lowest at water content of 8.75 %, vapor content 32.89%, ash content 45%. The best treatment combinations were found in the ratio of rice husk: cow dung ie 1: 3 and adhesive concentration 15 grams with the best heat value of 2431,62 kal /g.
ANALISIS KLORIN PADA BERAS DI PASAR INDUK JAKABARING DAN SUMBANGSIHNYA TERHADAP MATA PELAJARAN BIOLOGI PADA MATERI MAKANAN BERGIZI DAN MENU SEIMBANG DI KELAS XI SMA/MA Samiha, Yulia Tri; Syarifah, Syarifah; Elmiana, Dwi Astria
Biota Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Biota 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology State Islamic University Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (259.797 KB)

Abstract

Rice is a staple food that easily processed easy to prepare, delicious and contains carbohydrate and protein as energy sources. Chlorine is not permitted to be used for rice because it can harm the respiratory system and the liquid can damage humans skin. The Health Ministry of Indonesian Republic already ruled about Ingredient Added Food (IAF) in rule No.722/Menkes/Per/IX/88, it said that Chlorine forbidden to used for rice because Chlorine is not the list of IAF as whitening and cooking wheat group. The purpose of this research is identify and count how much Chlorine in branded rice and inbranded rice that sold in Center Market of Jakabaring Palembang. There are 14 samples of rice in consist of 7 branded rice samples and 7 inbranded rice samples that took from 4 shops and 3 rice sell distributor in Center Market of Jakabaring Palembang. This research was done on 18- August 2015 at Chemical Laboratory of UIN Raden Fatah Palembang. Chlorine was tested by using Colour Reaction Method, Iodometry Titration Method and Organoleptic Test to identify rice physic that contain Chlorine. The result of this research showed that all samples are negative Chlorine. Based on Organoleptic Test, the sampel without Chlorine has characteristic in pure white colour, no medicine smell, not slippery and unfragile, meanwhile from the positive control that analized contain Chlorine 3,99 mg, showed that rice with Chlorine has characteristic more shine untransparant white colour, has medicine smell, slippery and fragile. In this regard it can be concluded that all sample are not contained Chlorine and save to consumed. This research after to be appropriate to the syllabus concept of K13 it can be as gift as education sector of Biology Education Subject in form Studying Execution Planning (RPP), Student Work Sheet (LKS) were have done validated by 2 validators and the result is valid, and in form Student Studying Video, too.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN LIMBAH KULIT KOPI (Coffea robusta L.) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN CABAI KERITING (Capsicum annum L.) Berlian, Zainal; Syarifah, Syarifah; Sari, Devi Selvia
Biota Vol 1 No 1 (2015): Jurnal Biota 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology State Islamic University Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (379.357 KB)

Abstract

Curly chili (Capsicum annum L.) is a kind of vegetable commodities which very demand among the Indonesian because of its spicy taste that can be used as a flavoring dishes and has a high economic value. The goal of this study is to determine the effect of bark compost coffee (Coffea robusta) in growing media on the growth and development of plants curly chili (Capsicum annum L.) and severe skin compost coffee (Coffea robusta) which gives the maximum growth of the plant curly chili (Capsicum annum L.). This research is conducted in the Laboratory Science UIN Raden Fatah Palembang by using experimental methods and completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 6 replications treatment namely: P0 = Without the addition of compost the coffee (Coffea robusta ) (control), P1= Adding compost the coffee (Coffea robusta) 30 grams, P2= Adding compost the coffee (Coffea robusta) 60 grams , P3 = Addition of compost skin (Coffea robusta) coffee 90 grams. Data are analyzed by F test followed by a test BJND (Difference Distance Real Duncan). The parameters of this study are plant height, number of leaves (pieces), the amount of fruit, and fruit weight. The results show that the addition of compost the coffee (Coffea robusta) 90 grams (treatment P3) gives a very real effect on the growth of plant height, number of leaves, number of fruits, and also fruit weight. The conclusion is compost the coffee (Coffea robusta) gives effect to the addition of compost and bark coffee (Coffea robusta) 90 grams provides maximum growth and development of the plant curly chili (Capsicum annum L.).
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR DAUN GAMAL (Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Walp.) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN SAWI (Brassica juncea L.) Oviyanti, Fitri; Syarifah, Syarifah; Hidayah, Nurul
Biota Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Biota 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology State Islamic University Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.66 KB)

Abstract

Gamal (Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Walp.) is a plant leguminoceae class. So far, only gliricidia plants used as feed for ruminants, even though this plant has the potential as a source of nutrients for plants when used as an organic fertilizer. This study aims to determine the effect of Gliricidia leaves liquid organic fertilizer on plant growth mustard and determine the concentration of gliricidia leaves liquid organic fertilizer optimally to enhance the growth of mustard. This research was conducted at the Biology Laboratory of Biology education studies program teacher training and Tarbiyah Faculty UIN Raden Fatah Palembang from May to June 2015, while for the analysis of gliricidia leaves liquid organic fertilizer held in the Research and Standardization Industry Palembang. This study uses a completely randomized design (RAL) with 4 treatments and 3 replications. Such treatment is 0 (K0), 40 (K1), 80 (K2), and 120 (K3) ml/l of water. The analysis showed that in the gliricidia leaves liquid organic fertilizer contained 0.24% N, 0.039% P, 8.38% K, 12.4% C-organic. Parameters measured were plant height, number of leaves, and leaf width. The research showed that the gliricidia leaves liquid organic fertilizer a significant influence on the growth of mustard. The concentration of 120 ml/l of water provide optimum influence on the growth of mustard
AKTIVITAS ANTIFUNGI EKSTRAK DAUN KEMANGI (Ocimum americanum L.) TERHADAP FUNGI Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht Berlian, Zainal; Aini, Fitratul; Lestari, Weni
Biota Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Biota 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology State Islamic University Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.101 KB)

Abstract

Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. a parasitic fungus that cause leaf wilt disease in plants. Meanwhile, basil (Ocimum americanum L.) is a plant that contains of the active compound in the form of phenols which have antifungal activity. This study aimed to test whether the extract of leaves of basil have antifungal activity againts Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. and determine the optimum concentration to inhibit the growth of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. Antifungal test is done by using paper disc diffusion method. The study design used was a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 6 replications. The treatment is K0 (0% w/v), K1 (5% w/v), K2 (10% w/v), and K3 (15% w/v). The results showed that the leaf extract of basil have antifungal activity against Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. Inhibition zone on K0, K1, K2, and K3 are each 0,0 mm, 1,49 mm, 2,46 mm, and 2,01 mm. The optimum concentration of antifungal activity of extract of basil, namely the K2 concentration (10% w/v). Based on analysis of variance (ANOVA), the concentration of basil leaf extract provides significant differences (p > 0,05) on fungus Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht., where Fcount > Ftable is 4,5 > 3,1.
PENGARUH FAKTOR ABIOTIK TERHADAP HUBUNGAN KEKERABATAN TANAMAN Sansevieria trifasciata L Raharjeng, Anita Restu Puji
Biota Vol 1 No 1 (2015): Jurnal Biota 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology State Islamic University Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (304.964 KB)

Abstract

Sansevieria trifasciata L. (Agavaceae) is a plant that can be grown in all places, both in lowland and highland. Malang with its heights ranging from the coast to 1,200 m asl is interesting to be studied because it has great potential for the diversity of Sansevieria. Altitude affects the soil and climatic conditions, so that the altitude affects the phenotype of the plant. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of abiotic factors on the relationship of Sansevieria trifasciata L. that grow at different altitude. Sansevieria samples were taken from 23 locations in Malang in lowland and highland. The observation was on the morphology, and it abiotic factors, ie altitude, temperature, humidity, soil pH, precipitation, and light intensity. The results showed that the abiotic factors have little effect on the morphology of Sansevieria trifasciata L. that grows in the highlands and lowlands.