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Biota
Jurnal Biota is an Indonesian-language scientific journal published by the Faculty of Saints and Technology University of State Islamic University of Raden Fatah Palembang Two times a year on every January and August. Journal biota had its online published with E-ISSN 2460-7746 and the print version with P-ISSN 2528-262X. The submission process of the manuscript is open throughout the year. All submitted manuscripts will go through the double-blind peer review and editorial review before being granted with acceptance for publication. Jurnal Biota publishes numerous research articles with focus and scope of Biology (Biotechnology, Environment, Ecology, Microbiology, Genetics, Physiology Animals and Plants). Jurnal Biota has been using Open Journal System requiring all writers to register in advance before they are allowed to upload the manuscript they write online. Afterward, the editors, peer reviewers, and writers can monitor the manuscript processing. Journal Biota has indexed DOAJ,Crossref, MoraRef, Google Scholar, Garuda, and Sinta Verification Process.
Articles
54
Articles
DOCKING MOLEKULER SENYAWA METABOLIT SEKUNDER Lantana camara SEBAGAI ANTIINFLAMASI TERHADAP ENZIM COX-1

Masula, Atim Febry, Puspitasari, Dian, Supriatin S.W, Eili, Ummah, Khoirul, Rokhmatin, Dinik, Mubarrok, M. Musthofa, Hariza, Ajheng Triyuni, Isnawati, Isnawati, Purnama, Erlix Rakhmad

Biota Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

Lantana camara mengandung beberapa jenis flavonoid seperti Umuhengerin, Lantadene A, Lantadene B, Ictero -genin. Salah satu mekanisme kerja flavonoid sebagai antiinflammatoryis dengan menghambat ceptor siklooksigenase (COX). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui afinitas senyawa flavonoid yang terkandung dalam L. camara dengan reseptor COX-1 sebagai antiinflamasi dan untuk mengetahui ikatan hidrogen yang dapat dibentuk dengan metode molecular docking. Pengujian in silico dilakukan berdasarkan metode desain obat yang dibantu komputer. Alat-alat yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini, perangkat lunak PyRx, perangkat lunak PyMol, Pubchem (senyawa database), PDB (Protein Data Bank), dan Po-seView. Berdasarkan hasil docking dan pembahasan di atas dapat disimpulkan bahwa Icterogenin com-pound dan senyawa Umuhengerin adalah senyawa yang paling efektif dalam proses antiinflamasi, Icterogenin com-pound memiliki nilai RMSD 41,1 Å dan nilai afinity mengikat -8,8 dan senyawa Umuhengerin memiliki val-ue RMSD 1, 61 Å dan nilai afinitas pengikatan -8.0. Ini menunjukkan bahwa senyawa tersebut memiliki nilai RMSD dari senyawa Icterogenin. Namun, senyawa Icterogenin memiliki ikatan hidrogen yang lebih kuat dan lebih efisien daripada senyawa Umuhengerin karena nilai afinitas pengikatan terendah.

Perilaku Merokok di Dalam Rumah dan Kejadian Penyakit Tuberculosis Paru Sebagai Sumber Pembelajaran

Wulandari, Siska, Aseptianova, Aseptianova, Hidayat, Saleh

Biota Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

This research is motivated by smoking behavior in the house with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis. The formulation of the problem in this research is How the smoking behavior in the house and the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis disease as a source of a learning. The purpose of this research was to determine of smoking behavior in the house with the incidence of the pulmonary tuberculosis disease as a source of a learning. Research method is used descriptive qualitative. Population and sample in this research is community in outbreak region 3-4 Ulu Palembang which is patient with tuberculosis lung disease based on data obtained from puskesmas 4 Ulu Palembang  on between 2016 and 2017 and from doctor practice in region of 3-4 Ulu Palembang. Data collection techniques in this study using a questionnaire, while data analysis techniques using statistics descriptive. Based on the results of research and discussion of research, description of smoking behavior in the house and the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis is true and done by respondents in Village 3-4 Ulu Palembang which is a patient of pulmonary tuberculosis disease obtained from the primary data in this study and it can be concluded that the behavior of smoking in the house can cause epidemic pulmonary tuberculosis disease although there are also respondents who are not active smokers but they are exposed to pulmonary tuberculosis disease which is probably caused by anything else obtained from the secondary data in this study.

ANALISIS FENOTIPE DAN PLOIDI TANAMAN MELON (Cucumis melo L.) HASIL PERLAKUAN EKSTRAK ETANOLIK DAUN TAPAK DARA (Catharanthus roseus [L] G. Don.)

Nofriarno, Nugroho, Daryono, Budi Setiadi, Saputri, Avia Purnama, Indraningsih, Estiyani

Biota Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

Anti-mitotic agents such as colchicine have been used to induce polyploidy in various plants. On the other hand, vincristine and vinblastine are also antimitotic agent extracted from Periwincle (Catharanthus roseus [L] G. Don) were previously studied to produce autotetraploid on shallot tuber (Allium cepa L.). Therefore, in this study phenotype character and ploidy of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) produced by etanolic extract of periwikle leaves were determined. The effects of different concentration of etanolic extract of periwinkle leaves on polyploidy induction in muskmelon were examined. Melon seedling of two days old were immersed in 0.5%, 0.1%, and 0.05% for 8 hours. Then seedling was grown on the polybag and a drop of each concentration of periwinkle leaves’s etanolic extract was added into apical shoot.  Melon seedling of ten days old were moved and cultivated and harvested on 60 days after cultivation. Phenotypic character such as: plant high, stem diameter, leaf area, fruit weight, fruit area around, flesh fruit thickness, skin fruit thickness, fruit horizontal diameter, fruit, vertical diameter, number of seeds, weight of 100 gram of seed, seed leght, seed width, and seed thickness were examined. The ploidy degree was determined by count of chromosome number root tips of second generation muskmelon sprout. Result of this study revealed that 0.05% etanolic extract of periwinkle leaves for 8 hours immersed is optimum concentration to induce autotetraploid muskmelon (4n=48). Autotetraploid phenotypic character of muskmelon produced by 0.05% etanolic extract of periwinkle leaves were generally bigger than control plants statistically significant in stem diameter, leaf area, and fruit horizontal diameter. The result also showed that the chromosome number of second generation autotetraploid muskmelon sprout was tetraploid (4n=48).

KERENTANAN DAN KERUSAKAN BERAS LOKAL PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN TERHADAP Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

hendrival, hendrival, Romadani, Fahdra Putri

Biota Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan mengevaluasi tingkat kerentanan dan kerusakan jenis beras dari padi lokal Kabupaten Musi Rawas Provinsi Sumatera Selatan terhadap S. oryzae. Beras asal padi lokal Kabupaten Musi Rawas Provinsi Sumatera Selatan memiliki katagori kerentanan dari moderat sampai rentan terhadap infestasi hama S. oryzae.  Beras Siam dan Ketan Putih tergolong katagori moderat, sedangkan beras Ratus, Dayang Rindu, Ambai, Pandak, dan Seluang tergolong katagori moderat sampai rentan.  Beras Ketan Hitam dan Wao tergolong katagori rentan terhadap serangan hama S. oryzae.  Kerentanan beras lokal Musi Rawas dipengaruhi oleh Jumlah F1 S. oryzae (r = 0,966**; P < 0,01) dan median waktu perkembangan (r = -0,883**; P < 0,01).  Kerusakan beras mempengaruhi kerentanan beras terhadap S. oryzae. Hasil analisis korelasi menunjukkan bahwa terdapat korelasi positif yang sangat nyata antara indeks kerentanan dengan persentase kehilangan bobot beras (r = 0,854**; P < 0,01), persentase beras berlubang (r = 0,955**; P < 0,01), dan persentase bubuk beras (r = 0,953**; P < 0,01). Beras yang tergolong rentan seperti Ketan Hitam dan WAO tidak dapat disimpan jangka waktu yang lama karena memiliki kerusakan yang tinggi akibat serangan hama S. oryzae selama penyimpanan beras

PENGARUH EKSTRAK AIR DAUN SEMBUKAN (Paederia foetida LINN.) TERHADAP MORFOMETRI DAN KELULUSHIDUPAN FETUS MENCIT (Mus musculus L.)

Nugroho, Rudy Agung, Noprianti, Dyah, Sudiastuti, Sudiastuti

Biota Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

Paederia foetida Linn, known locally in East Kalimantan as Sembukan, is one of the plants that is used as raw materials of traditional medicine in Indonesia. The sembukan contains a variety of chemical compounds that can affect on the development of the mice fetus. Current research aimed to evaluate the effects of boiled-water extract of Sembukan leaves on the weight and length of fetus, the total number of fetus, and fetus survival. In total of 12 pregnant mouse were randomly divided into three groups, namely control (K) without treatment, P1 treated by 175 mg/kgbb extract, and P2 treated by 350 mg/kgbb extract. After 18 days of pregnancy, mouse were sacrificed to evaluate the morphometry and survival of the fetus. The results showed that Sembukan leaves extract caused a significant (P<0.05) different on the fetus weight, amount of fetus and the number of life fetus between control (K) and treatment groups (P1 and P2). However, the treatment of any doses (P1 and P2) of Sembukan leaves extract did not show significantly differences (P>0.05) on the fetus length and the number of dead fetuses. This finding concluded that Sembukan leaves is beneficial to increase the weight and the number of live fetus of mice.

DISTRIBUSI, KARAKTERISTIK DAN PERILAKU CAPUNG ENDEMIK JAWA Rhinocypha heterostigma (Rambur, 1882) (FAMILI:CLOROCYPHIDAE) DI JAWA TIMUR

Abdillah, Muhibbuddin

Biota Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

East Java is a province that has various geographic characteristics. some of the geographical features that exist have a forest that is the habitat of dragonflies and dragonflies. one of the dragonfly needles that live in the forest is Rhinocypha heterostigma. the species is spread in western Java and central java. research on the characteristic and distribution behavior of such species in eastern Java has not been previously disclosed. This study aims to determine the distribution, characteristics and behavior of rhinocypha heterostigma in eastern Java. the methods undertaken in this study are direct observation and collection of specimens. observations show several locations there are species such as Kakek Bodo Waterfall, Sumber Mangli, Mountain Pundak, Tretes Waterfall, Coban Glotak and Ireng-ireng streams. Rhinocypha heterostigma found in eastern Java has a dark color pattern to almost the entire wing. leaving a transparent color only at the base of the wing with a slight blue pattern in the center of the wing. this species is often found along with Euphaea variegata and territorial contests. This spesies always perch on leaf, twigs and rocks among the water streams. This Research show that Rhinocypha heterostigma found at Six location in East Java and the highest Population is at Sumber Mangli.

KONSENTRASI HAMBAT MINIMUM FRAKSI BIOAKTIF RIMPANG TEMULAWAK TERHADAP JAMUR Candida albicans

Novianti, Dewi, Kartika, Trimin

Biota Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

Jamur Candida albicans merupakan mikrobiota pada tubuh manusia yang bersifat oportunistik. Infeksi yang disebabkan oleh C.albicans disebut kandidiasis. Masyarakat di beberapa daerah di Indonesia memanfaatkan rimpang temulawak untuk pengobatan tradisional berbagai penyakit diantaranya untuk keputihan. Tujuan penelitian untuk menentukan Konsentrasi Hambat Minimum dari fraksi aktif ekstrak metanol rimpang temulawak  terhadap Candida albicans. Rimpang temulawak diekstraksi secara bertingkat menggunakan soxlet, selanjutnya dilakukan fraksinasi menggunakan metode Kromatografi Cair Vakum (KCV), setelah didafatkan fraksi aktif maka dilakukan penentuan konsentrasi hambat minimum dari fraksi aktif tersebut terhadap terhadap C.albicans. hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa konsentrasi hambat minimum dari fraksi aktif rimpang temulawak adalah 125 µg/ml terhadap C.albicans. Nilai KHM 125 μg/ml termasuk ke dalam aktivitas anti jamur  yang  kuat artinya rimpang temulawak memiliki potensi yang baik untuk dijadikan bahan fitofarmaka.

ANALYSIS OF FLOOD DISTRIBUTION IN SUB-WATERSHED BENDUNG BY USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)

Marinto, Rully, Ngudiantoro, Ngudiantoro, Siswanto, Ari

Biota Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

The research was conducted to map the level of flood vulnerability in the area around Sub DAS Bendung and Analyzing the influence of natural factors causing flood and land cover factors on flood vulnerability in the area around Sub DAS Bendung. In the rainy there are floods in some locations. The Flood of Sub DAS Bendung are influenced by several factors including natural factors such as river characteristics, which have small river channel capacity, some areas that are swamp, sea tides that resist the flow of river, and relatively flat topography conditions, so some Sub DAS Bendung area is a flood plain. Studies of the main causes of flooding in Palembang City or in other areas are very important. The use of GIS as an analytical tool will make it easier to examine the factors causing flooding to classify areas with high flood vulnerability. Thus expected to profide solutions and reduce the impacts caused by floods

KEANEKARAGAMAN IKAN DI SUNGAI KELINGI KOTA LUBUKLINGGAU

Samitra, Dian, Rozi, Zico Fakhrur

Biota Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology State Islamic University Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the diversity of freshwater fish in Kelingi River Lubuklinggau City. The research was conducted on 6 stations, the determination of the location of the research was done by purposive sampling method. Samples of fish obtained from the catch by using scatter and scoop-net and then identified in the Education Laboratory of Biology STKIP PGRI Lubukinggau. Data analysis includes species composition (KJ), diversity index (H ) and uniformity index (E). The results of identification there are 13 species belonged to 5 Order, 6 Family, and 13 genra. Barbonymus gonionotus has the largest type of composition (69.53%). Diversity index (H ) ranged from 0.33 to 1.22 and the uniformity index (E) ranged from 0.24 to 0.84. Conclusions the diversity index of Kelingi river in this study was low and fish communities at stations 1,3 and 6 under stable conditions and at station 2,4,5 under distress conditions

KEANEKARAGAMAN ZOOPLANKTON DI RAWA BANJIRAN DESA SEDANG KECAMATAN SUAK TAPEH KABUPATEN BANYUASIN

Yusanti, Indah Anggraini, Widayasti, Tri, Ramadhan, Ramadhan

Biota Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Biota 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Science and Technology State Islamic University Raden Fatah Palembang

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to determine the diversity of zooplankton in the swamp flood waters in Sedang Village, Subdistrict Suak Tapeh, District Banyuasin. This research was conducted in Juli in the swamp flood waters in Sedang Village, Subdistrict Suak Tapeh, District Banyuasin. Determination of sampling stationsbased on purposive random sampling. Sampling of fitoplankton was done in 3 stations, they are: Swamp Nebong Kuning (station 1), Swamp Poron (station 2) and Swamp Banan (station 3). Based on the results of the research was found that the type of zooplankton in swamp flood waters in Sedang Village, Subdistrict Suak Tapeh, District Banyuasin consist of 3 classes, they are Monogonota, MastigophoradanCiliata.  Diversity index of zooplankton species in the swamp flood waters in Sedang Village, Subdistrict Suak Tapeh, District Banyuasin in Swamp Nebong Kuning was medium, whereas in the Swamp of Poron and the Swamp of Banan was low.