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ODONTO Dental Journal
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Search results for , issue " Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019" : 10 Documents clear
OSTEORADIONEKROSIS PASCA EKSTRAKSI GIGI PASIEN DENGAN RIWAYAT KANKER NASOFARING Rochmah, Yayun Siti
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.19-22

Abstract

Background: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) post dental extraction is post dentalextraction complication with post radiation cancer theraphy. Objective : to present rare case, ORN post dental extraction with post radiation Ca nasopharing therapy 3 years ago.Case Management: A 54 years old patient reported to the dental out-patient department with a chief complaint of pus discharge from right buccal since post dental extraction 6 months ago. He gave a history of a nasopharing Carcinoma with histopatology as squamous cell carcinoms 3 years ago and radio therapy but no surgery. Intraoral examination, exposed necrotic bone found from right lower retromolar area 46 with pus discharge. Radiographic view was likely squester. Local surgical debridement and the sequestrectomy was undertaken with general anaesthesia. Antibiotic injection treatment was ceftriaxon 2x 1gram, infus metronidazol 3x500 mg and ketorolac 3x1 ampul, the patient was treated for 3 days and educated to maintain his oral hygiene with povidone iodine gargle.Discussion: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is late effect of radiation therapy thatresults in irreversible tissue death, which is clinically observed as bony exposure for more than 3 months duration. The mandible is affected more often than the maxilla or any other bones of head and neck region. The incidence of ORN in the mandible is reported to be between 2% and 22% and most often affects the body of the mandible. Ideal time is one year minimal post radiotherapy to get maximal vascularization for optimal healing. But immunity factor and radiation doses can trigger emergense ORN.Conclusion: Need time consideration, clinic analysis and pathologys before doing dental extraction for post radiotherapy cancer cases to prevent ORN.
MANAGEMENT OF BURNING MOUTH SYNDROME: A LITERATURE REVIEW Putra, I Nyoman Gede Juwita; Setiadhi, Riani
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.43-50

Abstract

Background: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic idiopathic oral dysaesthesia that presents as a burning sensation in the oral cavity usually without any specific oral lesions or laboratory findings. Burning sensations may appear on the buccal mucosa, hard and soft palate, tongue and lips. BMS appears to be more prevalent in postmenopausal women. The term menopause is often used for a condition in which the permanent cessation of the primary function of the ovaries in humans that occurs especially in middle-aged women. Available evidence suggested that BMS is a multifactorial disorder with physiological basis. Pathophysiology of BMS remains unclear. The etiopathogenesis in most patients who complain of burning sensations have interactions with several factors such as local, systemic, and/ or psychogenic factors. The aim of this literature review was to assess and evaluate the management of BMS comprehensively.Discussion: The therapy of BMS including hormone replacement therapy,systemically therapy, such as antidepressants, clonazepam and topical medication (clonidine and capsaicin) and reassurance as the stress management.Conclusion: Proper management of the BMS involves the combination of pharmacologic treatment and psychotherapy, as well as reassurance is an important thing
EFEK DENTOSKELETAL PADA MALOKLUSI KELAS II DIVISI 1 DENGAN BIONATOR DAN ALAT ORTODONTI LEPASAN : LAPORAN KASUS Kurniawati, Sari; Senanda, Angela Putri Bunga
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.12-18

Abstract

Background: Class II division 1 malocclusion characterized by mandibularretrognation, deep bite and increasement of overjet. Myofunctional appliance could modify the growth and developmental of mandibular at appropriate phase. The purpose of this case report was to present successful management of Class II division 1 by using bionator and removable appliance.Case Management: A 9 years old girl with upper teeth protrusion, crowding and affected the esthetical perception. The diagnosis was Class II division 1 with mandibular retrognation and upper incisor protrusion, upper and lower anterior crowding and palatal bite. Patient also had lip biting and thumb sucking habit. Bionator leads the mandibular moved forward and arch widening. Treatment planning were to reduce overjet by prognating mandibular and bad habit elimination. Followed by retracting the upper teeth and deep bite correction by using removable appliance.Conclusion: Patient profile became corrected in 10 weeks. Overjet reduced in by prognating the mandible, decreasing of palatal bite, molar relation become Class I and bad habit elimination. In 10 months, overjet and overbite were corrected.
A CONVENIENT HIV SCREENING: ORAL RAPID TEST REVIEW OF LITERATURE Nasution, Devi; Dewi, Tenny Setiani
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.51-58

Abstract

Background: HIV testing is crucial in identifying and initiating the treatment of HIV/AIDS. In recent years, the Oral Rapid Tests (ORT) has become one of the most popular tests based on saliva. This paper aims to present the response from research subjects who took the ORT using OraQuick®.Discussion: A total of 2657 studies was obtained. Finally, 21 articles matched to our review. The 21 included studies showed the advantages of ORT such as comfortable 91%, easy to use 76%, quick results 54%, preferred choice 67%, maintains confidentiality 54% and other reasons. Our reviewed studies demonstrated the consistent high acceptability of the oral rapid test in HIV.Conclusion: The comforts stem from ORT with OraQuick® are being contributed by its easy to use characteristic and non-blood-withdrawn comfortable method
THE ROLE OF VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HEAD AND NECK CANCER : A LITERATURE REVIEW Permatasari, Dewi Kania Intan; Sufiawati, Irna
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.59-65

Abstract

Background: Vitamin D has several roles, namely physiological function of calcium and bone metabolism, cell growth and differentiation, immune and cardiovascular function. Vitamin D deficiency can cause the risk of cancer. Head and neck cancer is one of the cancers that occur due to vitamin D deficiency in the body. This literature review was to asses and evaluate the impact and benefits of vitamin D supplementation for head and neck cancer.Discussion: A study found an association between vitamin D supplementation and a low risk of recurrence in conditions of high total vitamin D levels. Another study found a significant increase in quality of life (QOL). The primary mechanism of vitamin D action is mediated through binding of either 1,25(OH)2D3 (active form) or 25(OH)D (less active form) to the VDR, which is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily of steroid and thyroid hormones with gene-regulatory and consequent anti-proliferative properties.Conclusions: Vitamin D supplementation provides a role in improving the condition of patients with head and neck cancer. Both in terms of suppressing recurrence and in terms of increasing quality of life
TERAPI IMUNOSUPRESAN PADA PASIEN ANEMIA APLASTIK DENGAN PERDARAHAN GUSI: MENYEMBUHKAN ATAU MEMPERPARAH? Nelonda, Revi; Munthe, Eliza Kristina; Setiadhi, Riani
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.23-29

Abstract

Background: Aplastic anemia (AA) is a hematologic disorder characterized by hypoplastic bone marrow and peripheral pancytopenia. The main symptoms are fatigue and bleeding. In the oral cavity, gingival bleeding is the common complaint.Case Management: A 18-year-old female patient referred from internal medicine department due to swelling of palate since 2 days before that interrupted eating activity. She routinely consumes Sandimun®100 mg tablets. A 2 x 1 cm black blood clot in anterior hard palate and ulcerative lesion at dorsal tongue regio 45 surrounded by necrotic area were found on intra oral examination. Patient was diagnosed with necrotizing ulcer-related neutropenia accompanied by AA-associated hemorrhagic bullae in the hard palate. Patient treated with mouthwash containing 0.1% hyaluronicacid and 1% feracrylum.Discussion: Immunosuppressant is the AA gold standard therapy. Cyclosporine (CsA) as imunosupressant is common drug to prevent T cells from attacking stem cells in bone marrow. The side effects of CsA is gingival hiperplasia.Conclusions: Gingival bleeding and gingival hiperplasia due to thrombocytopenia and the use of cyclosporine are vicious circles that need to be aware. With comprehensive management, good oral conditions will be obtained, therefore the quality of life can increase.
TANTANGAN FARMAKOLOGI PENGGUNAAN STEROID TOPIKAL PADA PASIEN ORAL LICHEN PLANUS Nelonda, Revi; Nur’aeny, Nanan; Sufiawati, Irna
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.30-36

Abstract

Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic autoimmune disease sprinkled by T cells on the oral mucosal surface. The goal of OLP treatment is to eliminate erythema, ulceration and relieve symptoms. Corticosteroids are the first line in the treatment of OLP, either systemically or topically. The problem arises when using topical steroids, namely the time of topical steroid attachment to the oral mucosa, especially in cases of OLP with clinical desquamative gingivitis. Some studies suggest that the use of individual gingival tray can overcome this problem. Objective: To provide information on topical steroid use in OLP cases with desquamative gingivitis clinical signs.Case Management: Women, age 31, complain that pain with burning on the lips and mouth is aggravated by spicy food. Intraoral examination shows irregular white plaques on the buccal, labial and dorsal mucosa of the tongue accompanied by diffuse erythema in the anterior gingiva of the upper and lower jaws. Patients diagnosed with OLP. Lesions improve 3 months after topical steroid administration, except lesions on the gingiva. Gingival individual tray is then used to obtain adequate attachment of topical steroids on the gingiva surface. The gingiva showed significant improvement after a month later.Conclusion: The use of topical steroid concoctions applied to the gingival individual tray is effective in treating OLP lesions especially with clinical signs of desquamative gingivitis.
PENGARUH GELATIN IKAN PATIN (PANGASIUS DJAMBAL) TERHADAP JUMLAH FIBROBLAS PADA LUKA PASCA PENCABUTAN GIGI TIKUS PUTIH (RATTUS NORVEGICUS) Mardiyantoro, Fredy; Fidya, Fidya; Andriani, Dena Savira
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.1-5

Abstract

Background: Gelatin has been used as a hemostatic agent to stop bleeding and it can be absorbed by human body within 6 hours. The patin fish (Pangasius djambal) gelatin has a high amount of amino acid, especially glutamine which has an important role in increasing the proliferation of fibroblast in wounds. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of patin fish gelatin to the number of fibroblast in wound after tooth extraction.Method: Rat’s tooth extraction is done on the lower left incisive tooth. Thirty white rats were divided into two groups randomly with 3 time series. Control group was the rats without given of patin fish gelatin and treatment group was the rats given 1cc of patin fish gelatin with pipette. Socket taken for histologically processed by Hematoxylin Eosin staining.Result: It showed there were significant differences in the number of fibroblasts between groups. The Post Hoc Tukey test result showed there was a significant difference between the control group and the treatment group.Conclusion: Patin fish gelatin has effect increasing the number of fibroblast inwound after white rat’s (Rattus norvegicus) tooth extraction
VIRUS AS A CAUSE OF SALIVARY GLAND DISEASES Rahayuningtyas, Etis Duhita; Setiadhi, Riani
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.37-42

Abstract

Background: Enlargement in the extraoral region with the absence of abnormal dental and periodontal structures are sometimes seen in dental practice, sometimes followed by xerostomia. Enlargement of the acute nonsuppurative salivary glands has been associated with several types of viruses. The purpose of this paper is to review salivary gland diseases associated with non-HIV and HIV viral infections.Discussion: Non-HIV viruses which were detected in the salivary glands including Paramyxovirus, cytomegalovirus (CMV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), human papilloma viruses (HPV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpes simplex virus (HHSV-8), and coxsackie virus. HIV-associated salivary gland disease typically presents with xerostomia and/or intraglandular lymph nodes, and diffuse infiltrative lymphocytosis syndrome (DILS). The most common viral infection conditions in salivary gland disorders are mumps and HIV. Enlargement and inflammation of the glandular structures will affects the control of salivary secretion by nerves. Parasympathetic nerves block conducted signals to the salivary glands, so the salivary flow isdecreased.Conclusion: There is association between viral infection and diseases of thesalivary gland. By knowing sequelae viruses on the salivary gland, dentists are expected to understand the clinical condition and therapeutic that should be given to the patients.
HUBUNGAN SELF-RATED ORAL HEALTH TERHADAP INDEKS KUNJUNGAN RUTIN PEMERIKSAAN KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT KE DOKTER GIGI Pratamawari, Dyah Nawang Palupi; Hadid, Ahmad Marwan
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.6-11

Abstract

Background: Self-Rated Oral Health (SROH) is a simple measurement of the general condition of oral health based on self-assessment. SROH is an important key that has an impact on welfare and quality of life. This study aims to determine the relationship between SROH and the routine dental visit every six months.Method: Using a cross-sectional data collected from the population of the FKG UB students, there are 97 students that have been surveyed as respondents. This research was taken with questionnaire of SROH and information about doing dental checkup was obtained.Results: Self-Rated Oral Health (SROH) of the student on average is sufficient (51.6%). FKG UB students who routinely do a dental visit are 30.9%. Respondents with good Self-Rated Oral Health have a higher percentage for a routine dental checkup (RDCU). Based on the Pearson Correlation Test, the study found that the SROH and RDCU relationship has a significant relationship (p> 0.05).Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between Self-Rated Oral Healthstudents with a dental visit every six months

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