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ODONTO Dental Journal
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Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017" : 10 Documents clear
PENGALAMAN KARIES, KADAR HAEMOGLOBIN, BERAT BADAN DAN TINGGI BADAN PADA ANAK DENGAN LESI MUKOSA ORAL Wahyuni, Indah Suasani; Fatriadi, Fajar; Prisinda, Diani; Putri, Fidya Meditia; Nuraeny, Nanan; Hidayat, Wahyu
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.232 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.79-84

Abstract

Background: Oral mucosal lesions in children caused by nutritional problems, dental infection, poor oral hygiene and trauma. Oral health in children as the next generation of the nation should always be maintained. However there is still lack of data on the emergence of oral mucosal lesions in Indonesian children. Purpose. To describe an overview of the caries experience, Haemoglobin/Hematokrit (Hb Ht), weight (BB) and height (TB) in children aged 6-7 years in several elementary schools at Tanjungsari, Sumedang.Result: 44 of 137 students who had oral mucosal lesions, had completesupporting data. Total of 43 students had an average caries experience of 8.4 teeth/child (1-17 teeth/child), while 1 student was caries-free. The average of weight = 19.3 kg, height = 115.5 cm, and Hb/Ht = 12.5/36.5%. Oral lesions found were plaques on the tongue, ulcers, macules, nodules, pustules and desquamatives.Discussion: The condition of untreated dental caries can cause pain anddiscomfort, so the child will have difculty eating and interfere with the growth process. This can be seen through the child’s caries experience with data on weight and height. Tooth decay affects the nutrient intake and was estimated to lead to a decrease in Hb/Ht. Oral mucosal lesions due to trauma and poor oral hygiene were not expected to affect systemic conditions.Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the caries experience was very high, the average value of weight and height were normal below the ideal, Hb/Ht levels within normal limits, while Coated tongue was the common diagnosis found from subjects
STIMULASI EKSTRAK PROPOLIS PADA ODONTOBLAST LIKE CELLS YANG DIINDUKSI LACTOBACILLUS ACIDOPHILUS INAKTIF TERHADAP EKSPRESI TLR2 DAN TNFα Widjiastuti, Ira; Irnatari, Nadia; Rukmo, Mandojo
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (446.899 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.85-93

Abstract

Background: Lactobacillus acidophilus, Gram-positive bacterias that enterthe dentinal tissue during the carious process are suspected to influence the immune response in human dental pulp. Odontoblasts situated at the pulp dentin interface are the frst cells encountered by these bacteria and have an important role in this response. Lipoteichoic acid (LTA), a wall component of Gram-positive bacteria, triggered the activation of the odontoblasts. LTA upregulated the expression of its own receptor TLR2, as well as the production of proinflammatory cytokineTNFα. Propolis is a resinous material that holds a great potential as an antiinflammatory agent. Present studies have shown that propolis has a reduction effect towards the proinflammatory cytokines expression and favor pulp healing.Purpose: To reveal the moleculer mechanism of propolis stimulation onodontoblast like cells, induced by inactive Lactobacillus acidophilus.Methods: This review was presented in odontoblasts like cells culture induced by inactive Lactobacillus acidophilus and exposed to propolis extract. Pulp cell culture isolated from human impacted thirds molar that has been extracted. Observation and measurement the expression of TLR2 and TNFα was processed by using immunocytochemistry (ICC) technic.Result: Data analysis with ANOVA test, a signifcant difference in every group(p<0,05) was present. The expression of TLR2 and TNFα were shown at lowlevel percentation on odontoblast like cells, induced by Lactobacillus acidophilus and propolis extract stimulation.Conclusion: Propolis extract stimulations lower the TLR2 and TNFα expression on odontoblast like cells, induced by inactive Lactobacillus acidophilus
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK BAWANG PUTIH (Allium sativum) Prasonto, Djuned; Riyanti, Eriska; Gartika, Meirina
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (577.822 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.122-128

Abstract

Background: Organosulfur compound, allicin and phenolic are the main compound in garlic responsible for antioxidant activity. Correlation between free radicals and some dental diseases, such as free radicals and Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) responsible for periodontal inflammation, caries, lesions and oral cancers. The research objective is to get scientifc data about the antioxidant activity from garlic extract (Allium sativum).Method: The research was conducted using three different varieties of garlic:local garlic varieties Ciwidey, single local garlic’s clove, and import garlic which is found at the market in Bandung. Garlic extract is made by maceration using ethanol 96% and antioxidant activity test using DPPH method (1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl). Statistical analysis using One Way ANOVA followed by post hoc analysisResult: three varieties of garlic have a strong antioxidant activity. Value of IC50 = 13.61 mg / ml for local garlic varieties Ciwidey, IC50 = 10.61 mg/ml for single local garlic’s clove and IC50 = 11.32 mg/ml for imports garlic.Conclusion: Three varieties of garlic have different antioxidant strength and the best antioxidant strength is single local garlic’s clove.
OBTURATOR PROSTHESIS TO REHABILIT PALATE AND KENNEDY CLAS III PATIENT Hidayat, Rahmat
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (944.817 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.136-142

Abstract

Background: Cleft palate leads to oroantral communication and also malformations of the palate and agenese of teeth adjacent to the defect. Abnormal defect closure was done by replacing the hard, soft tissues and missing teeth using an intraoral maxillofacial prosthesis called obturator. Purpose: Assess the use of prosthetic rehabilitation using frame obturator combination with acrylic resin on patient’s palatum defect to restore esthetic, speech, swallowing, mastication functions.Case: 23 years old male patient with chief complaint palatum defect that cause nasal voice. Intraoral examination revealed a large palate defect in the right of palatum durum segment, also defect on left labial gingiva, and missing teeth in 13, 15, 16, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 35, 36, 45, 46.Case Management: Obturator was made to cover defect of palate and replace missing teeth. Impression was taken with hydrocoloid irreversible and gauze that cover the defect to avoid alginate entering nasal cavity. Insertion of obturator showed cleft palate was covered well by frame combination with acrylic resin base. The retention, stabilization and occlusion were good, nasal voice was reduced, defect on left labial gingiva were covered by labial wing.Discussion: Patient was satisfed because nasal voice was reduced, estethic,mastication and swallowing function were restored, also. Patient can clean and use obturator easily.Conclusion: Frame obturator in patient’s palate defect can reduce nasal voice, restore esthetic, swallowing and mastication functions.
HUBUNGAN POLIMORFISME GEN RESEPTOR ESTROGEN ALFA DENGAN JUMLAH SEL T CD4+ PADA ANAK TERINFEKSI HIV Sufiawati, Irna; Saptarini, Risti; Riyanti, Eriska
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (576.934 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.94-100

Abstract

Background: Estrogen plays a key role in human physiological processes. Polymorphisms of estrogen receptors have been implicated in the development of numerous diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of ERα gene Pvull and Xbal polymorphisms and assessing their association with CD4+ T-cell counts in HIV-infected children on highly active antiretroviral therapy.Methods: CD4+ T cell counts were determined using the FACS count system. ERα PvuII and XbaI polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR-RFLP.Results: This study enrolled 34 HIV-infected children on HAART. The frequencies of the PvuII and XbaI gene polymorphisms were PP 41,2%, Pp 26,5%, pp 32,4% and XX 35,3%, Xx 17,6%, xx 47,1% respectively. CD4+ T-cell counts were significantly associated with XbaI polymorphisms (p<0.05), but not PvuII polymorphisms (p>0.01).Discussion: Host genetic factor polymorphism is an important determinant of HIV  disease progression and treatment response. The ERα Pvull and Xbal polymorphisms can increase risk for the development of HIV-related complication,including oral diseases.Conclusion: The ERα gene XbaI polymorphism was significantly associated with CD4+ T-cell counts. It may explain the role of estrogen in the regulation of HIV replication. Studying human genetic variation in HIV-infected individuals is important to guide a new therapeutic approach.
PENGGUNAAN PIR T-LOOP UNTUK PERBAIKAN I GIGI MOLAR KEDUA PERMANEN RAHANG BAWAH Novianty, Shella Indri
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1916.842 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.143-148

Abstract

Background: Mesial tipping of permanent molar could be corrected by many ways. One of the simplest way was by using T-loop spring. Objective: To report the result of using straight wire appliance system Roth with ¬T-loop spring in order correction of mesial tipping of second lower permanent molar on both side.Case Management: A 35 years old woman came with chief complain wanted to fx the lower left and right molar which was tilted and felt uncomfortable during mastication. OPG examination showed a mesial tipping of 37 and 47 tooth with 300 and 550 angulations. The measurement of angulations was using modifcation of the midline reference plane as used by Elsey and Rock. The straight wire appliance system Roth with .022” slot was used for the treatment. T-loop spring with .018x.022” rectangular stainless steel wire was used to upright of both second permanent molars. Observation of 4 months treatment using T-loop spring showed an improvement in angulations of both second molars; 550 on 37 and 630 on 47.Conclusion: Mesial tipping correction of second permanent molar can beaccomplished using T-loop spring with stainless steel rectangular .018x.022” wire and consistently yields satisfactory result.
APAKAH SHISHA BERBAHAYA BAGI KESEHATAN RONGGA MULUT ? Putri, Andi Anggun Mauliana; Subita, Gus Permana
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (509.253 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.129-135

Abstract

Background: In recent years, the use of tobacco in Indonesia increasingly varied in the forms and methods of consumption, one of which is shisha. Smoking shisha is increasingly popular due to a misperception that smoking shisha is harmless and lack of knowledge about the effects of shisha smoking in oral health.Literature analysis: “PubMed” used as a search tool to identify all empirical studies related to the effects of shisha smoking on health, especially in oral cavity.Discussion: Shisha smoke contained various toxic substances such as Nicotine, Tobacco Specifc Nitrosamines, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Volatile Organic Compounds, Carbon Monoxide, Tar, and high-temperature metal heating causing shisha smoke contained toxic heavy metals such as arsenic, nickel, cobalt, chromium, lead, and cadmium. The content of these toxic substances showed that smoked shisha is associated with dependence, acute and long-term negative health effects similar to cigarette smoking. Toxic substances may cause various infections of microorganism such as Candida sp, Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-1), Epstein Barr Virus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Human Immunodefciency Virus; Oral mucosal changes such as Hairy Tongue, Smoker’s Melanosis, Nicotine Stomatitis, Frictional Keratosis, Fissured Tongues, gingival or periodontal inflammation, and leukodema; and lead to malignant lesions such as Keratosis, Leukoplakia, Erythroplakia, Oral Submucous Fibrosis and Lichenoid Lesions.Conclusion: Smoking shisha gives bad impact for human health especiallyoral health. Shisha smoking can lead to the development of various infectious diseases and potentially lead to malignancy in the oral mucosa. These foundings breaks the belief that shisha smoking is safe for health.
SURVEY EPIDEMIOLOGI: HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERILAKU KESEHATAN GIGI MULUT DENGAN INDEKS DMF-T LANSIA USIA 45-65 TAHUN DI KECAMATAN KRONJO, KABUPATEN TANGGERANG Prihastari, Lisa; Siregar, Puteri Mentari; Nur, Rizka Indirasari; Mentari, Sherly; Taftyanti, Zullia
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (550.137 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.101-107

Abstract

Background: The number of elderly population growing fastly in Indonesia along with the increase of life expectancy. Oral health of elderly people greatly affect the quality of life. Oral health in the elderly is reflected in the number of missing teeth (tooth loss), dental caries and periodontal disease. Objective: To know the relationship of Elderly oral health behavior with DMFT indexMethods: Cross-sectional survey with WHO’s method was done by multistage random sampling at 124 age 45-64 years old in Kronjo sub-district, Tangerang.The data was collected by DMFT examination and the standard questionnaire of WHO survey. Calibration test for four examiners with Kappa value was 0.75Results: The mean score of DMFT was 15.5 is included in the very high category. There was statistically significant association between elderly selfassessmentand toothpaste use with DMFT index (p=0,016; p= 0,009). There was no significant association between sweet consuming and dental pain with mean DMFT index (p = 0.216; p = 0.324)Conclusion: Oral Health Behavior of the Elderly in Kronjo sub-district is stillpoor with a very high score of DMFT that will require immediate attention fromthe government.
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK CATHECHIN TEH PUTIH TERHADAP STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUINIS Zakki, Muhamad
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (457.701 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.108-113

Abstract

Background: Streptococcus sanguinis is known as an early agent of formation of bacterial plaque. White tea is one of plant with various biological activities that are beneficial to human health.Objective: to examine the antibacterial activity of white tea cathechin extract against bacteria S. sanguinis.Methods: test material was white tea cathechin extract. In vitro tests were conducted to obtain minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC).Result: The MIC of White tea cathechin extract was 500ppm (0,5 mg/ml) and MBC was 2000ppm (2mg/ml).Conclusion: White tea cathechin extract has antibacterial properties. White tea cathechin extract can be used as herbal moutwash to control dental plaque.
PEMAKAIAN MEDICAL RAPID PROTOTYPING UNTUK PREKONTUR PLAT REKONSTRUKSI PADA RESEKSI MANDIBULA Agraha, Arya Kusuma; Rahmat, Masykur; ., Rahardjo
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (456.975 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.149-158

Abstract

Background: In the case of mandibular resection that leaves a large mandibular bone defect, a mandibular reconstruction is required to restore functional and postoperative aesthetic factors. Mandibular reconstruction plate installation on mandibular resection is very important but difcult to achieve maximum results. The formation of reconstruction plates can be preoperative and intraoperative. Preoperative stereolithography (medical rapid prototyping/MRP) can be used to form rapid and accurate plates (precontours). Objective: Report the use of MRP as an alternative tool to precontour mandibular reconstruction plate.Case management: Reported reconstruction of mandibular defects in one case of hemimandibulectomy and two cases of segmental resection with avascular iliac bone grafts using MRP through a computer-aided design and computer aided manufacture procedure (CAD/CAM) to establish preoperative reconstruction plates (precontour) so the surgery doesn’t take long time to reconstruct, by forming a mandibular models under normal circumstances.Result: The formation of a reconstruction plates (precontour) using MRP (medical rapid prototyping) with CAD / CAM procedure gives results in accordance with the original form.Conclusions: The making of MRP through CAD / CAM procedure gives maximal result resembling the form of mandibular model. The MRP models get an accurate picture of the patient’s jaw as a pre contour tools for reconstruction plate. The formation of the reconstruction plates (precontour) with these MRP model is obtained from CAD / CAM and provides a normal jaw image, so that preoperative precontouring will give good and maximum result on the reconstruction plates made under the MRP models.

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