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INDONESIA
ODONTO Dental Journal
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Search results for , issue " Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016" : 10 Documents clear
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN GEL AIR KELAPA GADING (COCOS CAPITATA) TERHADAP TINGKAT KECEMASAN PADA HIPERSENSITIVITAS DENTIN Studi in vivo terhadap tikus wistar jantan Iskandar, Chariza Hanum Mayvita; Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Nurhapsari, Arlina
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (253.875 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.133-137

Abstract

Background: Ivory palm water (Cocos capitata) has a high potassium content. Potassium ion can depolarized excited dental nerve on dentin hypersensitivity. This study was to determine the effect of water gel ivory palm against dentine hypersensitivity by the anxiety level of mice using RGS (Rat Grimace Scale).Method: This research has been through ethical clearance which researchmethod was quasy experimental in vivo. The sample was 16 Wistar rats (Rattus novergicus) male 4-5 months with 4 mice in each group. Group I as a positive control. Group II as the ivory palm water gel 10% treatment group. Group III as the ivory palm water gel 70% treatment group. Group IV as a negative control. Research data analysis used Kruskal Wallis test with p <0.05 then continued by Mann Whitney test.Result: Kruskal Wallis test obtained significant difference between the four study groups (p <0.05). Mann Whitney test results in comparison either between positive control group and ivory palm water gel 10% and 70%, and comparison group of ivory palm water gel 10% and 70% weren’t significantly different.Conclusion: This study conclusion there was no significant difference between ivory palm water gel 10 % and 70 % in reducing anxiety level in male Wistar rats with dentinal hypersensitivity
PENGARUH LAMA APLIKASI DAN WAKTU PERENDAMAN GIGI DENGAN JUS BUAH PIR TERHADAP PERUBAHAN WARNA DAN KEKERASAN MIKRO Utami, Dewi Ratma; Kusuma, Andina Rizkia Putri; Anggarani, Welly
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.561 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.111-117

Abstract

Background: Teeth discoloration is considered disturbing performance,therefore bleaching become an option for teeth whitening. Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) is commonly used, it is beneficial for teeth whitening but in other hand it has adverse effectin lowering micro hardness of the tooth. Hydrogen Peroxide can be found in pears. The objectives of this research were to determine the influences of application duration and immersion time of tooth when immersed in pear juice toward its discoloration and micro hardness.Method: An experimental study with pre-post test controlled group design were conducted using 28 premolars teeth which divided into four groups. Group A and Bwere immersed in pear juice with concentration of 100% for 30 and 60 minutes/day. Group C and D were immersed in H2O2 3% for 30 and 60 minutes/day each for 14 days. Tooth color and micro hardness of each tooth sample were recorded before and on 7thand 14thdays after immersion. The data was analyzed by friedman test, repeated anova, one-way anova and post hoc.Result: The average of tooth color index based on the duration of application in all four groups showed significant changes, while the average change in micro hardness index based on the duration of applications were shown significant difference only in group C and D. The difference of time immersion in pear juice 100% for 30 and 60 minutes had no effect on tooth discoloration and micro hardness.Conclusion: It can be concluded that pear juice can be used as an alternative material for bleaching process without deteriorating it’s micro hardness.
EFEK ANTIBAKTERI SUPERNATAN JUS ANGGUR MERAH YANG DIISOLASI DENGAN KECEPATAN SENTRIFUGASI 12.000 rpm TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN S. MUTANS Rachmawati, Dini; ., Sumarno; Nur Cahyani, Anggi Wahyu
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.743 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.81-87

Abstract

Background: Streptococcus mutans (S.mutans) is a gram-positive bacteria in oral cavity which produced acid as the common cause of dental caries. In order to prevent the growth or kill Streptococcus mutans, antibacterial is required. Red grape (Vitis vinifera) is suspected to contain antibacterial.Method: An experimental study using the post test only control group design is carried out to Streptococcus mutans with tube dilution method and streaking on the Brain Heart Infusion. A range of concentration from 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, 98%. The control group are group of bacteria and red grape juice control.Result: The analysis of Minimum Inhibitor Bactericidal (MIC) is show a difference absorbent value as the given concentration (Anova, p<0,05). The correlation test show is strong reciprocal association between concentration of res grape juice and absorbent value (r=-0,978; p< 0,05). The analysis of Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) is shows difference of the number of colonies as given concentration (Anova, p<0,05). The correlation reveals a very strong reciprocal association between concentration of red grape juice and the number of Streptococcus mutans colonies growth (r=-0,925; p< 0,05).Conclusion: The conclusion is supernatant of red grape juice has effect the growth as antibacterial agent on Streptococcus mutans in vitro, with MIC at concentration 60% and MBC at concentration 80%
KOMPARASI ANTARA POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (PCR) DAN LOOPMEDIATED ISOTHERMAL AMPLIFICATION (LAMP) DALAM DIAGNOSIS MOLEKULER Feranisa, Anggun
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (252.229 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.145-151

Abstract

Background: Molecular diagnostic is an emerging diagnostic method inpersonalized medicine/dentistry era. Usually, it uses nucleic acid amplificationmethod to detect various diseases. PCR is conventional nucleic acid amplification method. However, due to an urgency in infectious diseases’ diagnotic method, scientists developed LAMP as new nucleic acid amplification method.Discussion: There are various experiments used to develop LAMP as infectious diseases diagnostic method compared to PCR. The results are LAMP more sensitive, specific, rapid, and inexpensive than PCR.Conclusion: Both PCR and LAMP can be used as molecular diagnostic tools.LAMP prefer to used as infectious disease diagnostic method in poor anddeveloping countries.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENGETAHUAN DAN TINDAKAN DOKTER GIGI DALAM UPAYA PENCEGAHAN PENYAKIT MENULAR Hidayat, Annisa Meirani; Arbianti, Kusuma; Wardhana, Erdianto Setya
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.151 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.118-122

Abstract

Background: Infectious disease is a disease caused by a particular toxin.Infectious diseases that acquired from the hospital environment called nosocomial infections. Hepatitis B, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS is a commonly infectious disease that often found in dental practice. The risk for dentist to infected the infectious diseases are very high, due to direct contact with saliva. The awareness of infection control at the dentist is very important to prevent disease transmission.This aim of this research is to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge of the dentist with the precautions against infection diseases.Method: Cross-sectional analytic study with one group post-test only design was done in 25 dentists in the Dental Hospital Sultan Agung Semarang. The instrument for this research was used a questionnaire and a check list. Questionnaire was used to determine the level of knowledge, while the check list to determine the actions of the respondents. Data were analyzed with Pearson Correlation Test.Result: The questionnaire and the check list that was used is valid and reliable. The results showed 95.8% of respondents have a good knowledge, 4.2% are good enough knowledgeand 0% is lackingknowledge. All respondents have a good action in the prevention of infectious diseases. Pearson correlation test results showed p = 0.041, which means that there is a relationship between the level of knowledge of the dentists with the precautions against infectious diseases.Conclusion: It can be concluded that there is a relationship between the level of knowledge of the dentists with the precautions of infectious diseases, where the strength of the correlation is moderate.
KECEMASAN MAHASISWA MENGHADAPI OBJECTIVE STRUCTURAL CLINICAL EXAMINATION (OSCE) Praptiningsih, Rahmawati Sri
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (280.625 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.88-93

Abstract

Background: OSCE is a clinical examination to test students’ skill. Students have to demonstrate skill possessed by the different conditions and examined by a particular examiners. The condition potentially the students suffering of anxiety in which symptoniced by phsichologies as students’ scared, felt nervous insecure. Impacts of anxiety caused reduction of students’ skill in pursuing their tasks thereby get the bad result .Purpose: To find out the correlation between anxiety and OSCE gradeMethod: This research is a quantitative descriptive research with cross sectional method,. Samples were taken from all second and third year students as many of 135 students who participated in OSCE. To investigate, the researcher used two kinds of research instruments, OSCE checklist and anxiety rating scale which were filled by students, then it was conducted statistics test using Pearson Product Moment correlation test.Results: Anxiety score in this research was about 73-141, with an average 100,66 and deviation standard 12,55, whereas OSCE grade showed that the lowest score was 40 and the highest was 92 with the average 71,5; deviation standard 10,52 and the probability > 0,001 (0,396>0,01). Conclusion: Most of students suffered nervous when facing OSCE. After analyzing through Pearson correlation test was obtained that there was not any positive correlation between students’ anxiety and OSCE grade. And there was significancy different between the first year and the third year
PERBEDAAN KEKUATAN TEKAN BAHAN FISSURE SEALANT BERBASIS RESIN FILLER dan UNFILLER Maulana, Kiki Andika; Christiono, Sandy; Susilowati, Aning
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (252.229 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.123-127

Abstract

Background: Caries is one of the most common occur dental diseases with symptoms characterized by email and dentin demineralization caused by the activity of microorganisms in a carbohydrate that can be fermented. Fissure sealant is preventive measures of caries which is applied to the pit and fissure of the back teeth. One way to evaluate the quality of a restorative material is the compressive strength test. The compressive strength is an important characteristic of a material, as most mastication in the form of compressive strength. The purpose of this study is to know the difference between the compressive strength of the material fissure sealant resin-based filled and resin-based unfilled.Method: Thirty-two specimens were divided into two groups (n = 16). The first group uses a fissure sealant resin-based material filled, while the second group uses fissure sealant material resin-based unfilled, then polymerization with twice light curing for 20 seconds. Compressive strength test was did by use a Universal Testing Machine, the unit results in Mpa.Result: Data was analyzed using Man Whitney test. Results of statistical test was 0.000 (p <0.05), from this results can conclude that there are differences between the compressive strength of fissure sealant material resin-based filled with resin-based unfilled.Conclusion: The results showed a mean compressive strength of fissuresealant resin-based filled is greater than resin-based unfilled, which fissure sealant resin-based filled 0.315 MPa whereas the fissure sealant resin-based unfilled 0.246 MPa.
EFEK NIGELLA SATIVA OIL TERHADAP UKURAN DIAMETER ULKUS TRAUMATIKUS PADA MALE WISTAR RATS SECARA IN VIVO Septiana, Linda; Hendari, Ratnawati; Rahman, Erwid Fatchur; Fatmasari, Diyah
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.695 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.94-97

Abstract

Background: Ulcer is a pathological condition characterized by loss of epithelial tissue. Ulcer will experience healing within 2 weeks after trauma source is removed. Nigella sativa Oil has been known to heal wounds. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of NSO on healing of ulcers in male wistar rats from the use of chemicals.Method: This study design was quasi-experimental methods. Ten male wistar rats were exposing the H2O2 on the mandibular anterior gingiva. divided into negatif control group and NSO group. NSO group treated twice daily for 10 days. Observaton wound size was measured on 0, 3,7, 10 days. The results were analayzed with Repeated Anova test and LSD test.Result: The observations difference diameter of traumatic ulcer negative control group and NSO on 0-10 days was 1.458 mm and 2.182 mm. The results of data analysis showed that there are significant differences (p<0,05) between negatif control group and NSO.Conclusion: NSO has an influence of the size reduction of the diameter of traumatic ulcers.
PENGARUH POSISI SERAT KACA (FIBERGLASS) YANG BERBEDA TERHADAP KEKUATAN FLEKSURAL FIBER REINFORCED ACRYLIC RESIN Fatimina, Aprilia Dian; Benyamin, Benni; Fathurrahman, Helmi
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.769 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.128-132

Abstract

Background: One of factor that increases the flexural strenght of fiberreinforced acrylic resin is a fiberglass position . Fiberglass is one of type that can be used in dentistry. The aim of this was to determine the influence of position of fiberglass to the flexural strenght of fiber reinforced acrylic resin.Method: This study was in vitro laboratory experimental. Samples was 16plate spesimens (65x10x2.5mm). The study group was divided into 4 group : 3 groups of fiber reinforced acrylic resin were given fiberglass at the upper, middle, and bottom side and 1 control group of resin acrylic without fiberglass. All of groups would be in the flexural strenght test with a three-point bending test using a universal testing machine.Result: Based on One Way ANOVA test showed that there were significantvalue 0.000 (p<0.05), it concluded that there were significant influencebetween all the groups. Based on the LSD Post Hoc test showed that therewere significant value between all of groups with fiberglass reinforced andcontrol group without fiberglass reinforced. Comparisson between the group that given fiberglass in a upper and middle side with the group that given in bottom side showed value of significant difference (p < 0.05).Conclusion: The result of study was concluded that there was an influenceon the position of fiberglass to flexural strenght of fiber reinforced acrylic resin
EFEKTIVITAS PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK JAHE MERAH (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE) TERHADAP JUMLAH SEL FIBROBLAS DALAM PROSES PENYEMBUHAN ULKUS PADA MUKOSA MULUT TIKUS PUTIH JANTAN (RATTUS NORVEGICUS) Agusmawanti, Prima
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.152 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.98-104

Abstract

Background: In the wound healing process there are a variety of processes, including the most important are fibroplasia process that has a very important role in the wound healing process. Red ginger (Zingiber officinale) contains active ingredients include a mixture of components of essential oils and resins that oleoresin which has anti-inflammatory effects. The aim is determine the effect of red ginger extract against the number of fibroblasts in healing ulcers on the oral mucosa white male rats (Rattus norvegicus)Method: Samples using 24 male rats 2-3 months of age and body weight of 120-200 grams. Mandibular labial mucosa injured mice using H2O2 solution for 2x1 days. The samples were divided into 4 groups, where each group each of 4individuals: group 1 without any treatment, group 2 was treated application ginger gel extract 4%, group 3 was given treatment application ginger gel extract 8% and group 4 treated with applications aloclair gel. On the fourth day after the injury,the rats were decapitated, then do making preparations for histology to count the number of fibroblast cells.Result: The results Oneway ANOVA p value <0.05 and post Hoc Test LSD p value <0.05 which means that the extract of red ginger significantly affects the number of fibroblast cells and between groups have significant differencesConclusion: Extract red ginger gel is effective against the number of fibroblasts in healing ulcers on the oral mucosa white male rats.

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