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ODONTO Dental Journal
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015" : 7 Documents clear
PENATALAKSANAAN EKSTRUSI GIGI INCISIVUS LATERAL PADA KASUS PATHOLOGIC TOOTH MIGRATION PERIODONTITIS KRONIS DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN SPLINT FIXED APPLIANCE Ismail A. K., Ade
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.462 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.2.2.25-27

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Pathologic tooth migration (PTM), atau migrasi gigi patologis, merupakan kelainan yang sering dijumpai pada penyakit periodontitis kronis. Tanda klinis dari PTM ini antara lain adalah pergeseran gigi ke arah labial, diastema, rotasi dan ekstrusi yang mengakibatkan gangguan estetik sehingga pasien datang berkunjung ke klinik gigi untuk dilakukan perawatan.Tujuan: Laporan kasus ini bertujuan untuk mengembalikan posisi gigi incisivus lateral yang mengalami ekstrusi, mengurangi kegoyahan gigi dan mengembalikan fungsi estetis pasien dengan menggunakan fixed-splint appliance.Penatalaksanaan: Pasien wanita umur 49 tahun datang dengan keluhan gigi depan goyah dan bertambah panjang sehingga mengganggu penampilannya dan pengunyahan. Setelah dilakukan pemeriksaan fisik, dan pemeriksaan radiografi, dilakukan initial phase therapy dengan tindakan SRP dan pemolesan gigi, kemudian dilakukan pemasangan fixed-splint appliance pada kunjungan berikutnya, untuk  mengembalikan posisi gigi incisivus lateral yang ekstrusi. Setelah dicapai posisi yang sesuai, dilakukan bone graft pada gigi tersebut.Kesimpulan: Hasil perawatan, posisi gigi incisivus lateral kembali normal dan tidak goyah sehingga pasien merasa puas.Keywords: Pathologic Tooth Migration, Fixed-Splint appliance,  Bone graft
EFEKTIVITAS DAUN GAMBIR ( UNCARIA GAMBIR ROXB ) UNTUK MENURUNKAN HALITOSIS YANG DISEBABKAN OLEH PLAK Studi di Panti Asuhan dan Pondok Pesantren Zuhriyah, Sleman, Yogyakarta Irfan, Irfan; Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Yusuf, Moh; Aditya, Grahita
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.026 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.2.2.52-56

Abstract

Introduction: Halitosis is the smell of bad breath that comes out of the mouth. Gambir contained catechins which is a material that helps in inhibited bacteria and VSC (Volatic Sulfur Compound) as the cause of halitosis.Purpose: The aim of research to assess the effectiveness of gambir leaves against halitosis is caused by plaque.Methods: The method in this research is pre experimental  research with 18 research subjects students. Halitosis parameter measurements made before and after the use of gambir for 3 days. VSC gas is measured using the tool “Oralchroma”. Statistical data processing is done with the  Wilcoxon test (p <0.05 as significant level).Results: There were decreased levels in each of the gas before and after gargling on treatment. H2S levels down to 100%, CH3SH fell by 43%, (CH3)2S down 24%. The three gas is visible gas reduction percentage is the highest H2S and the lowest is (CH3)2S. Wilcoxon test results obtained H2S sig 0.109 (p <0.05), CH3SH sig 0.005 (p <0.05) and (CH3)2S sig 0.009 (p <0.05).Conclusion: Gambir leaf decoction is effective against halitosis is caused by plaque.Keywords: Gambir, Halitosis, Volatile Sulfur Compound (VSC), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), methyl mercaptan (CH3SH) dan dimethylsulfide(CH3)2S
PERBEDAAN EFEKTIVITAS MENYIKAT GIGI METODE HORIZONTAL DAN METODE FONES TERHADAP PENURUNAN INDEKS PLAK GIGI PADA ANAK TUNANETRA USIA 6-13 TAHUN DI SEMARANG Choirunnisa, Muthia; Agusmawanti, Prima; Yusuf, Moh
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.674 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.2.2.36-40

Abstract

Introduction: Children with special needs have physical limitations and the ability to maintain their oral hygiene, so it needs to be chosen the proper tooth brushing methods for maintaining oral hygiene and prevent periodontal disease.Purpose: This study aimed to know differences of the  effectiveness of horizontal tooth brushing methods and foneson the dental plaque index in children with visual impairment.Methods: This research was a quasy experimental laboratory with pre-test and post-test design. The study was conducted on 26 blind children aged 6-13 years in MILB YKTM Budi Asih, SLB-A DriaAdi, and SLB Negeri Semarang that were divided into two groups of horizontal and fonestooth brushing method. Dental plaque was measured using PHP plaque index, examined the dental crown facial or lingual parts by dividing each tooth crown into 5 subdivisions, plaque index inspected before and after 1 week of brushing method application, then analyzed by paired t-test and independent t test at a significance level ofp <0.05. Results: The mean of plaque index before and after brushing the teeth with horizontal method was 2.56 and 0.956 down to 1.61, whereas in the fonesmethod was 3.03 and 1.68down to 1.35. Plaque index before and after brushing teeth both on horizontal and fones method was statistically significant(p <0.05). But the effectiveness of both methods were not  different or similar (p = 0.179).Conclusion: There was no difference of effectiveness between horizontal and fones tooth brushing methods on the dental plaque index in children with visual impairment.Keywords: Tooth Brushing, Horizontal Methods, Fones, Plaque Index
HUBUNGAN KADAR UREA SALIVA TERHADAP DERAJAT KEASAMAN (pH) SALIVA PADA ANAK USIA 12-15 TAHUN Vesthi, Nifarea Anlila; Aditya, Grahita; Amalina, Rizki
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.749 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.2.2.57-61

Abstract

Introduction: One of the dental disease in the oral cavity that often experience by society are caries. Caries is one of the hard tooth tissue disease that can touch enamel, dentin, and  sementum. One of the factor that affect caries process is saliva. Urea is one of the organic composition that compose saliva. Urea in salive plays as buffer capacity and the pH saliva  adjustment.Methods: This study is an analytic observational with cross sectional approach, this study are conducted in Daarul ‘Ilmi Islamic boarding school with 19 subject of 12-15 years old child. The data are obtained from the examination of urea saliva level and pH saliva in child. The level of urea saliva are measured  using spectrophotometer tools and the pH saliva are measured using pH meter. The Shapiro-wilkare used to deterime the data normality, continue with Leuvenetest to determinde the data  homogeneity data. Data are analyzed using Pearson test to determine the relation of urea level in saliva against the pH  saliva.Results: According the data analysis, the data are in normal distribution and homogeneous. The research result are obtain average of urea level in urea sample is 13,45 mg/dl, and the average of pH saliva sampelis 7,15. The result of  Pearsonstatistic testare obtain p value of = 0,000, with the  positive correlation level of 0,902.Conclusion: The conclusion of this study are note that there are relation between the urea level in saliva against pH salive.  This are proven from the Pearson test result with significance value of 0.000 (p< 0.05).Keywords: Caries, pH Saliva, Urea Saliva.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN GEL KOMBINASI EKSTRAK GETAH PEPAYA (Carica papaya L) DAN EKSTRAK DAGING LIDAH BUAYA (Aloe vera) TERHADAP PROSES PENYEMBUHAN ULKUS TRAUMATIKUS PADA MALE WISTAR RATS YANG MENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS Kulsum, Umi; Hendari, Ratnawati; Chumaeroh, Siti
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.556 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.2.2.41-46

Abstract

Introduction: Research on the use of papaya and aloevera sap on wound healing each been done, but effects the combination of the two extracts on wound healing in diabetes mellitus condition has not been done.Purpose: This study aims to determine the effect of a gel  combination of papaya latex and aloevera flesh extracts on the traumatics ulcer healing process in diabetic rats.Methods: True experimental laboratory research with the post-test-only control group design that performed on 28 male wistar rats which were divided intofour groups: DM and non-DM rat that treatment with povidone iodine and gel combination of papaya latex and aloevera flesh extract. The treatment was done for 7 days with smearing that was given 2x/day. Traumatics ulcer healing seen from the number of fibroblasts that then were analyzed by One WayAnova and post hoc LSD test.Results: The results showed the number of fibroblasts in DM and non-DM rat with povidone iodine were 44.6 and 42.73; in the DM and non-DM rat with a gel combination of papaya latex and aloe vera flesh extracts were 61.10 and 77.03. One Way Anova test resulted p-value = 0.000, it was mean that there were at least a significant difference on the number of  fibroblasts in the two groups. Differences of the number fibroblasts was shown in all groups, except in the group DM and non-DM rats with povidone iodine (p = 0.764).Conclusion: Conclusion of the study was the provision of a gel combination of papaya latex and aloevera flesh extracts effect on the traumatics ulcer healing process in diabetic rats.Keywords: Aloevera, Papaya Latex Extract, Traumatics Ulcers
PERBEDAAN KELARUTAN KALSIUM PADA GIGI DESIDUI DAN GIGI PERMANEN DALAM PERENDAMAN MINUMAN BERKARBONASI RASA BUAH Erviana, Octa Nana; Fatmasari, Diyah; Benyamin, Benni
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.884 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.2.2.68-72

Abstract

Introduction: SThe carbonated beverage is the main factor  causing tooth erosion due to acidic and mass consumed, especially by children and adolescents.Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the  differences between solubility of calcium in deciduous teeth and  permanent teeth in the soaking fruit-flavored carbonated  beverage.Methods: The research was a quasi experimental research with the formulated research post test only design. The sample used was 24 teeth, which consists of 12 deciduous incisors central teeth of the maxillary and 12 incisor central permanent teeth of the maxillary. The samples were divided into 6 groups and treated by soaking in the carbonated soft drinks for 30, 45, and 60 minutes. The data analysis used in this reasearch was a Two Way ANOVA test with probability p<0.05. Furthermore, the data were analyzed by the Tukey HSD test to determine the  differences in each group.Results: Based on Two Way ANOVA test that was conduct, it was obtained significance value of 0.000 (p <0.05), so it can be concluded that there are significant differences between groups. From Tukey HSD test it was obtained a significance value of  p<0.05 in all groups. It means that there are significant differences between each group, except in the immersion group of deciduous teeth 30 minutes with the permanent teeth 45 minutes that obtained 0,929 significance (p>0.05). It means that there was no significant differences between the two treatment groups. The result of the data analysis reveals that there was a difference in the solubility of calcium in deciduous teeth and permanent teeth. The solubility of calcium in deciduous teeth was larger than the permanent teeth at all time duration,  because of the deciduous teeth had thinner and permeable enamel than permanent teeth.Keywords: carbonated beverage, solubility of tooth calcium,Tooth erosion
EKSTRAK CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS DAN EUGENIA AROMATICUM EFEKTIF UNTUK PENYEMBUHAN GINGIVITIS Puspaningrum, Eka Febriani; Hendari, Ratnawati; Mujayanto, Rochman
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.542 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.2.2.47-51

Abstract

Introduction: Gingivitis is an inflammatory gingiva which has early sign is a little bleeding and mild swelling of the gingiva and if this gingivitis is untreated it could be the periodontitis. The process of gingivitis can be prevented with an antibacterial compound.Purpose: The aim of this research is to determine the effectiveness of topical extracts of lemongrass and clove to cure gingivitis.Methods: This experimental research used post test control group design. The samples were 28 male Wistar rats 2-3  months that were divided into 4 groups. Group I as a positive control was given amoxicillin and metronidazole, group II was given lemongrass extract, group III was given clove extracts,  and the fourth group was given a combination of lemongrass and clove extracts. The addition of an extract is done in twice a day for 2 days.Results: Healing of gingivitis seen from the number of  polymorphonuclear leukocytes/PMN leukocytes. The mean number of PMN in group I = 5.00, group II = 9.43, group III = 8:57, and group IV = 5.86. Based on the Kruskal Wallis test there was not a significant difference of the PMN number withinfourth experiment group.Conclusion: The conclusion of this study was combination of lemongrass and clove extract had an effectiveness level that almost similar to metronidazole dan amoxicillin in decreasing the number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in the gingivitis healing process.Keywords: Lemongrass Extract, Clove Extract, Gingivitis Healing

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