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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology
ISSN : 08538654     EISSN : 20892241     DOI : -
The Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBiotech) is an open access, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal dedicated to the publication of novel research in all aspects of biotechnology, with particular attention paid to the exploration and development of natural products derived from tropical—and especially Indonesian—biodiversity. IJBiotech is published biannually and accepts original research articles featuring well-designed studies with clearly analyzed and logically interpreted results. A strong preference is given to research that has the potential to make significant contributions to both the field of biotechnology and society in general.
Articles 365 Documents
Biochemival Characterization of an Antibactrial Glycoprotein from Achatina fulica ferussac Snail Mucus Local Isolate and Their Implication on Bacterial Dental Infection Berniyanti, Titiek; Waskito, Edy Bagus; s, Suwarno
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 12, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Snails crawl over a variety of potentially contaminated surfaces and their foot is the primary site of entry forpathogens, parasites and a range of opportunistic organisms, so it is a little wonder that they must have a defensivesystem to protect them. The mucus secreted on the body surfaces of mollusks is known to play crucial role inlocomotion, feeding, osmoregulation, reproduction and protection of epithelial surfaces. The snail mucus alsocontains Glycoaminoglycans (GAGs) which are complex polysaccharides that participate in the regulation ofphysiological processes through the interactions with a wide variety of proteins. GAGs, such as heparin, serve as keyto biological response modifiers, in example for acting asa a target for pathogen and parasitic factors for attachment,invasion, and immune system.For years, it has been known that the mucus secretions from snails Achatina fulica ferussac local isolate can be usedas a medication, and even empirically it is used to treat infected teeth tahat is suffered by people in rural area. Theantibacterial factor was surveyed in the aqueous extract and the mucin fraction of snail Achatina fulica ferussac, andthey exhibited positive antibacterial for Gram-positive, Escherichia coli and Gram negative, Streptococcus mutans. Inthe following study, it has been proved that an antibacterial content in the mucus was a Glycoprotein. It wascomposed of two subunits of Molecular Weight (MW) 71-73 kDa. The GelCode Glycoprotein Staining Kit detectedglycoprotein sugar moieties in polyacrylamide gel and on nitrocellulose membrane, while the glycoproteincarbohydrate estimation kit detected glycoprotein and estimated carbohydrate content. The glycoprotein contentwas 4.537 ± 0.876 for carbohydrate and 6.420 ± 1.242 for protein.Keywords : characterization, glycoprotein, Achatina fullica Ferussac snail mucus, galur Jawa, antibacterialfactor
Production of Poly-α-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) from Sago Starch by The Native Isolate Bacillus megaterium PSA10 Yanti, Nur Arfa; Sembiring, Langkah; Margino, Sebastian
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 11, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A new bacterial strain that produces amylase and poly-α-hidroxybutyrate (PHB) using sago starch as carbon source was characterized and identified to be member of the Bacillus megaterium group based on phenotypic characteristics and 16S rDNA gene sequences. Amylase activity was determined spectrophotometrically on the basis of substrate concentration reduction. PHB production was quantified with UV spectrophotometer. The polymer produced by B. megaterium PSA10 was identified by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The result of the study showed that the amylase specific activity B. megaterium PSA10 was 593,61 DUN/mg protein and PHB production from sago starch was 52,28 % of cell dry weight (CDW). FTIR analysis of the polymer indicated that the strain B.megaterium PSA10 was a potent PHB producer.
Early Detection and Serotyping of Dengue Viruses Clinical Isolates Using Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) 2 Primers Siregar, Abdul Rahman; Wibawa, Tri; Wijayanti, Nastiti
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 16, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Recently several methods for confirming Dengue Virus have been developed involve virus isolation, detection of virus antigen, and nucleic acid using PCR. It has been reported that rapid detection method for confirming DHF by Multiplex RT-PCR had been successfully developed. It was more effective than the other methods with a high sensitivity and specivicity were 100% at the early phase (day 1-3). This study was designed to develop rapid detection and serotyping methods for Dengue Virus using RT-PCR 2 primers (Dcon and preM) with annealing temperature was 57oC. The whole blood samples were collected from suspected dengue fever patients that had been confirmed with NS1 kit from R.S. Persahabatan DKI Jakarta and R.S. Prof. Dr. Sardjito DI Yogyakarta during Februari-August 2009. The PCR products showed that in 12 samples, 100 % were postitive with different pattern among the serotypes especially for DEN1 and DEN2, but not for DEN3 and Den4.  This method was also able to confirm the double infection DEN2-DEN3, but not for the other ones because of the unspecific pattern. From the results, it indicated that the 2 primers can be a promising early detection and serotyping method of Dengue Virus which infected the DHF patients. Key words: Dengue Virus, DHF, early detection, serotyping, RT-PCR 2 primers.
Allozyme variation of the endemic and vulnerable Dyera lowii Hook.f. in Central Kalimantan: Implications for genetic resources conservation Wahyudiningsih, Tri Suwarni; Naiem, Mohammad; Indrioko, Sapto; Sumardi, Issirep
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 19, No 1 (2014)
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Abstract

Dyera lowii is an endemic and vulnerable tree species of commercial value as chewing gum found inpeat swamp forests, scatteredly distributed in Sumatra, Kalimantan, and Peninsular Malaysia. Their existenceis now under severe threat due to habitat conversion. This study is aimed to assess genetic diversity withinfour natural populations (Hampangen, Parahangan, Sebangau, Selat Nusa ) and one plantation in CentralKalimantan based on allozyme variation. Electrophoresis procedures were conducted with an isoelectricfocusing polyacrylamide slab gel system. The result showed high genetic diversity (HE=0.52) and gene fl ow(3.402) seemed to be effective. A total of 14 alleles were found among all the analysed population. Meannumber of alleles per locus (Aa) was 3.206, and the effective number of alleles per locus (Ae) was 2.21. Geneticdifferentiation between populations (FST) was signifi cant at the moderately level (0.0685). Most allozymevariation was found within population (93.2%). Special attention is essential to conserve a private allele ofGot-1-e (9%) at Selat Nusa population. Sebangau population missed the alleles of Est-2-b and Got-1-a, as foundin other populations. Selat Nusa population is expected to enhance the effective management for geneticresources conservation of this vulnerable species in the future.
Expression Analysis and Nuclear Import Study of Full-length Isoforms Importin α as 6x Histidin-tagged Fusion Protein on the Intracellular Localization of Recombinant HBV Core Protein Haryanto, Aris
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 10, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7412

Abstract

Isoform importin α molecules play a central role in the classical nuclear import pathway, that occurs throughthe nuclear pore complex (NPC) and typically requires a specific nuclear localization signal (NLS). In this study,it was investigated the role of isoforms importin α in the nuclear import of wild type recombinant hepatitis B viruscore protein (WT rHBc), phosphorylated recombinant HBV core (rHBc) and recombinant HBV core without NLSby co-immunoprecipitation. Four recombinant full-length isoforms importin α as 6x histidin-tagged fusion proteinwere expressed and analysed from expression plasmid vectors Rch1, pHM 1969, pHM 1967 and pHM 1965. Theresults indicated that importin α-1, importin α-3, importin α-4 and importin α-5 can be expressed and isolatedfrom E. coli transformed recombinant DNA plasmid as protein in size around 58-60 kDa. By the nuclear transportstudy shown that isoforms importin α are involved in the nuclear import of WT rHBc, phosphorylated rHBc andrHBc without NLS. It also indicated that they have an important role for nuclear transport of from cytoplasm intothe nucleus.Keywords: NPC, NLS, importin α, importin β, isoforms importin α as 6x histidin-tagged fusion protein, WTrHBc, SV40 Tag, co-immunoprecipitation, westernblotting.
Genetic Relatedness among Duku, Kokosan, and Pisitan in Indonesia Based on Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers Hanum, Laila; Kasiamdari, Rina Sri; Santosa, S.; Rugayah, R.
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7855

Abstract

Genetic relatedness among duku, kokosan, and pisitan from Indonesia were investigated using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Eleven primers (OPA-01, OPA-02, OPA-10, OPB-07, OPB-11, OPB-12, OPB-15, OPT-16, OPU-14, OPU-19, and OPU-20) were used for amplification and yielded a total of 174 DNA bands, of which 167 were polymorphic. Primer OPA-10, OPB-11, OPB-12, OPB-15, and OPU-19 produced all of the polymorphic DNA bands. The size of the amplified DNA fragments ranged from 41-1546 bp. The dendrogram separated into two clusters at a genetic similarity coefficient of 0.76. The cluster 1 consisted of subclusters duku and several pisitan (pisitan OKI, pisitan Sleman, pisitan Hatu, pisitan Punggur, and pisitan Tanjung), and cluster 2 consisted of subclusters kokosan and pisitan. In the kokosan subclusters, including duku Drendan. Dendrogram supported the determination of taxonomic status of duku, kokosan, and pisitan as one species, namely Lansium domesticum Corr. and its divided into two groups, namely L. domesticum ’duku group’ and L. domesticum ’pisitan-kokosan group’. Thus, RAPD analysis was useful tool for determining the genetic variation and the genetics relatedness among duku, kokosan, and pisitan in Indonesia.Key words: duku, kokosan, pisitan/langsat, genetic relatedness, RAPD
Phenotype of Transgenic Tobacco Plants (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Petit Havana SR-1) Expressing 1724orf13 Gene of Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain MAFF301724 Handayani, Niken Satuti Nur; Tanaka, Nobukazu; Yoshida, Kazuo
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 12, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7771

Abstract

Nicotiana tabacum cv. Petit Havana SR-1 transgenic plants expressing ORF13 of Agrobacterium rhizogenes strainMAFF301724 under different promoters displayed plant morphology abnormalities. They were small, with shortand variable internodes lengths; leaves were small, asymmetric, rounded, wrinkled and dark green; flowers wereshort, and irregularly shaped. This phenotype was also exhibited, similar, but not completely the same, to those ofhairy root syndrome, indicating that expression of ORF13 influences plant development.Keywords: ORF13, Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain MAFF301724, transgenic plants, morphology abnormalities
16s rRNA Sequence Analysis and Ammonium Excretion Ability of Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria Isolated from Mineral Acid Soil Hartono, H.; Widada, Jaka; Kabirun, Siti
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 14, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7812

Abstract

Nitrogen fixing bacteria defined as bacteria which is capable to transform free nitrogen molecules into ammonium v (PCR). Nitrogenase activity of these selected isolates was measured using Acetylene Reduction Assay (ARA). The ability of these selected isolates in ammonium excretion was qualitatively and quantitavely measured using Nessler reagent and spectrophotometry method respectively. Taxonomic position of the selected bacteria were determined based on their 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Genetic diversity analysis of these 15 isolates of nitrogen fixing bacteria yield eight selected bacteria for subsequent analysis. Sequence of nifH gene from all of these selected bacteria were successfully amplified. Nitrogenase assay of these selected bacteria revealed 6 isolates with high nitrogen fixation capasity namely GMA3, GMA5, GMA6, GMA9, GMA12 AND GMA 13.</div><div>Ammonium excretion analysis revealed 4 isolates which have remarkable ability of producing high level of ammonium namely GMA1, GMA3, GMA6, and GMA9. The 16S rRNA sequence analysis shown that isolates GMA3, GMA5, GMA11 and GMA12 had a close relationship with Brevibacillus formosus strain DSM 9885T, Flexibacter canadensis strain ISSDS-428, Rhizobium tropici strain rif 200849, and Azotobacter tropicalis strain RBS. Respectively, isolate GMA1 and GMA13 had a close relationship with Sthenotropphomonas sp. Strain MFC-C, while isolate GMA6 and GMA9 had a close relationship to Azotobacter vinelandii strain ISSDS-428.</div>, string),(105, en_US, subject, nitrogen fixing bacteria, ammonium excretion, identification, string),(105, en_US, sponsor, , string),(107, en_US, title, Effect of Probiotic Lactobacillus sp. Dad13 on Humoral Immune Response of Balb/C Mice Infected with Salmonella typhimurium, string),(107, en_US, abstract, An indigenous strain of lactic acid bacterium (LAB) identified as Lactobacillus spp. Dad13 (Dad13), isolated from traditional fermented buffalo milk, was found to be potential as probiotic. The aim of this research was to study the effect of probiotic Dad13 on humoral immune response of Balb/C mice infected with Salmonella typhimurium. Thespecific objective was to find out the effect of different Dad13 consumption time (before and along with infection of S. typhimurium) on the humoral immune response of Balb/C mice. The experiment was conducted by in vivo trial on 20<br />males of Balb/C mice, age of 6-8 weeks, fed with AIN-93 standard diet. The mice were assigned into 4 groups. Each group received the following treatments, ie. Dad13 only, Dad13 before infection, Dad13 along with infection and Salmonella infection only. A volume of 100 &mu;l Dad13 cell suspensions (1010 CFU/ml) were given by oral forced feeding daily for a week, at week 3 for group before infection and at week 4 for group of Dad13 only and Dad13 along with infection. Salmonella infection (109 CFU/ml) was given once orally at week 4 to all groups except group treated with Dad13 only. The humoral immune response of Balb/C mice was detected 2 weeks after infection by measuring the titers of IgG and IgA specific from serum and mucosal intestinal liquid samples using Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) method. The result indicated that humoral immune response of Balb/C mice consuming Dad13 before and along with Salmonella infection were significantly different (p&lt;0.05). Dad13 consumption along with Salmonella infection increased circulated IgG and IgA as well as secretory IgA. It can be concluded that Dad13 probiotic feeding along with infection increased humoral immune response more significantly compared to that before infection.
Antigen Presentation Ability of Salmonella Carrying DNA Vaccine Model and MCP-3 gene Bachtiar, Endang Winiati; Smooker, Peter; Coloe, Peter J
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 16, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7835

Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine the antigen presentation ability of a DNA vaccine model that is co-delivered with that of recombinant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (STM1) expressing chemokine macrophage chemotactic protein-3 (MCP-3). The DNA vaccine, pVROVA, was constructed by amplification of the ovalbumin coding region from sOVA-C1. Dendritic cells (DCs) were obtained from IL-4 and GMCSF stimulated mouse bone marrow stem cell. Cultured DCs were incubated with STM1 carrying a model ovalbumin gene (pVROVA). Furthermore, MHC class I antigen presentation of a dominant OVA peptide was assayed in vitro. The experiments were designed to determine the effect of co-delivering MCP-3 with that of ovalbumin in STM1. Our results show that a plasmid pROVA-carrying ovalbumin gene was succesfully constructed and sequence analysis of the ovalbumin-coding revealed an identity match of 100% with that of the chicken ovalbumin DNA sequences from the GenBank database. We also found that the presence of the MCP-3 encoding plasmid in STM1 or E. coli DH1 could increase the recovery of both STM1 and E. coli DH1 over those that carry the empty plasmids. Antigen presentation assay also indicates that MCP-3 can positively influence the presentation of ovalbumin. Conclusion: the infection of DCs by STM1-carrying DNA vaccine and MCP-3 results in an increase of processing and presentation of ovalbumin in vitro.Keywords : DNA vaccine, MCP-3, APC, Salmonella, Dendritic cells
Micro - minisatellite marker for Acacia Widyatmoko, AYPC; Shiraishi, Susumu
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 19, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology.

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