Agriplus
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PENGARUH PERBEDAAN FREKUENSI APLIKASI PESTISIDA NABATI PHYMAR C 711 TERHADAP KESEMBUHAN PENYAKIT BUSUK BATANG DIPLODI (Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat.) PADA TANAMAN JERUK (Citrus reticulata L.) ., Gusnawati, Mariadi, Muliana .
Agriplus Vol 24, No 1 (2014)
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Abstract

The study aimed to evaluate the effect of biopesticide application frequency of Phymar C 711 to diplodia stem rot disease recovery on citrus plant (Citrus reticulata L.). The experiment was conducted in Cialam Jaya, Konda, South Konawe, province of Southeast Sulawesi from September to November 2012. The experiment was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design with single factor i.e. application frequency of Phymar C 711, consisted of 4 treatments  and 4 replications (16 plots). Each plot consisted of 3 citrus plants, so that 48 citrus plants were needed in the experiment. The treatments were (1). T0: diseased plant control (without Phymar C 711 application), (2). T01: healthy plant control (without Phymar C 711 aplication), (3). T1: Phymar C 711 application with single application, and (4). T2: Phymar C 711 application with double application with interval of 16 days. Variable observed was percentage of diplodia stem rot disease recovery on citrus plant. The study showed that the differences of biopesticide application frequency in citrus plant resulted in different percentage of diplodia stem rot disease recovery. The best treatment was the double application of Phymar C 711 which resulted in highest plant recovery percentage i.e. 72,98% (16 days after application) and 97,92% (32 days after application). Keywords : Anacardium occidentale L., Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat., Citrus reticulata L., biopesticide, Phymar C 711
PENINGKATAN KESEJAHTERAAN PETANI MELALUI OPTIMALISASI PENGGUNAAN LAHAN KERING DAN PEMANFAATAN WAKTU LUANG DI KECAMATAN LANDONO KABUPATEN KONAWE SELATAN ., Putu Arimbawa .; ., Muh. Aswar Limi .; ., Rosmawaty .
Agriplus Vol 24, No 1 (2014)
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Abstract

The research objective was to determine and analyze: (1) The combination of land use that can provide optimal revenue for dryland farmers, (2) The amount of free time that has not been utilized by farmers in dryland farming activities in order to improve the income and welfare of dryland farmers. Data analysis used was the analysis of linear programming (Soekartawi, 2002), and revenue analysis. Research results showed that: (1) income from corn farming in the amount of Rp 3,920,109, and income from peanut farming of Rp 5,449,271; (2) the use of land resources for corn and peanut farming was still not optimal. To achieve optimum farming, it was better to grow peanuts rather that corn, with a minimum area of ​​0.249 hectares; and (3) labor used by farmers for the production of corn had an average of 25.58 working days or 162.58 working days per-hectare, and for peanut farming, required 11.22 working days or 218.47 working days per-hectare. The employment rate for corn and peanut farmings was 58%. Farmers still had 42% spare time for peanut farming, and for other farm expansion.   Keywords: welfare, dry land, leisure, business productive, income
KARAKTERISTIK MORFOLOGI DAN KLASIFIKASI TANAH LUAPAN BANJIR BERULANG DI KABUPATEN KONAWE SELATAN ., M. Tufaila; Syaf, Hasbullah; Karim, Jufri; Indriyani, Lies
Agriplus Vol 24, No 3 (2014)
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Abstract

Land as an open system gives the space a dynamic process in the process of formation. Initial conditions of soil derived from a particular parent material, because the natural process leads to changes in the morphological characteristics of the soil. These conditions will further affect its use for the benefit of mankind. For that reason has conducted research on morphological characteristics and classification of land in outburst floods repeatedly in South Konawe. Research conducted by the survey grid of 50 m in an area of 70.73 ha and analyzed the physical and chemical properties, to acquire land map unit (LMU). At every LMU obtained conducted intensive observation. Three LMU generated described and each horizon soil samples were taken for analysis of physical and chemical properties. The results showed that all three Pedon were observed have a very deep to depth of solum category (> 100 cm); ground color varies; texture of clay, loam, clay loam dusty; firm consistency; angular blocky soil structure. This indicates that there has been mixing topsoil by outburst floods, however horizon B down comes from the same parent material. Soil characteristics indicate that the land is very acid reaction to acid, available nutrients (N, P and K) and exchangeable base cations, cation exchange capacity (CEC) is very low to low, base saturation (BS) is very low to moderate. This soil is classified in the great group as Dystrudepts, Hapluduts and Hapluduts.   Keywords:  vharacteristic, morphology, classification,  and land outburst floods
PENGARUH MULSA ORGANIK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN, PRODUKSI DAN EFISIENSI PENGGUNAAN AIR TANAMAN KEDELAI DENGAN PENGAIRAN SEPARUH DAERAH AKAR ., Andi Bahrun; -, La Ode Safuan; Erawan, Dedi; Saharia, Fitri
Agriplus Vol 24, No 3 (2014)
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Abstract

The objective of this research was to study the effect of organic mulch on growth, yield dan water use efficiency. The experiment was conducted in Kendari from August until September 2013. The experimental design was randomized complete block design with 3 replications and designed with a 4m x 1.2m plot size . The treatments were; (1) Fully root zone irrigation (FRI); (2) Partial root zone irrigation (PRI) without mulch; (3) PRI with mulch of dry thick leaf; (4) PRI with mulch of dry Chromolena shoot and (5) PRI with mulch of dry Imperata shoot. Irrigation was done every day at sowing time up to 26 days after sowing (DAS) but at 27 DAS up to 42 DAS, irrigation was done every two days. The results showed that the PRI with different organic mulch increased soil moisture and water use efficinecy (WUE), decreased soil temperature and maintained growth, shoot dry weight and seed yield of soybean. PRI with. dry thick leaf mulch and Imperata cilindrica mulch increased WUE , dry Chromolaena odorata shoot mulch and Imperata cilindrica shoot mulch increased WUE of soybean 40.94 % and 39.77 with seed yield increased 6,47% and 5,76%, respectively, compared with FRI without organic mulch. While, Chromolena odorata shoot mulch and PRI without organic mulch increased WUE 29.24% and 20.47% with seed yield decreased 2.19% and 8.86%, respectively compared with FRI without organic mulch. However, PRI with dry thick mulch, Chromolaena odorata shoot mulch and Imperata cilindrica shoot mulch increased WUE 16.99%, 7.28% and 16.02% with increased seed yield 16.54%, 7.09% and 15.75%, respectively, compared with PRI without mulch. Keywords: Chromolaena odorata, dry season, Imperata cilindrica, dry thick leaf, The objective of this research was to study the effect of organic mulch on growth, yield dan water use efficiency. The experiment was conducted in Kendari from August until September 2013. The experimental design was randomized complete block design with 3 replications and designed with a 4m x 1.2m plot size . The treatments were; (1) Fully root zone irrigation (FRI); (2) Partial root zone irrigation (PRI) without mulch; (3) PRI with mulch of dry thick leaf; (4) PRI with mulch of dry Chromolena shoot and (5) PRI with mulch of dry Imperata shoot. Irrigation was done every day at sowing time up to 26 days after sowing (DAS) but at 27 DAS up to 42 DAS, irrigation was done every two days. The results showed that the PRI with different organic mulch increased soil moisture and water use efficinecy (WUE), decreased soil temperature and maintained growth, shoot dry weight and seed yield of soybean. PRI with. dry thick leaf mulch and Imperata cilindrica mulch increased WUE , dry Chromolaena odorata shoot mulch and Imperata cilindrica shoot mulch increased WUE of soybean 40.94 % and 39.77 with seed yield increased 6,47% and 5,76%, respectively, compared with FRI without organic mulch. While, Chromolena odorata shoot mulch and PRI without organic mulch increased WUE 29.24% and 20.47% with seed yield decreased 2.19% and 8.86%, respectively compared with FRI without organic mulch. However, PRI with dry thick mulch, Chromolaena odorata shoot mulch and Imperata cilindrica shoot mulch increased WUE 16.99%, 7.28% and 16.02% with increased seed yield 16.54%, 7.09% and 15.75%, respectively, compared with PRI without mulch. Keywords: Chromolaena odorata, dry season, Imperata cilindrica, dry thick leaf,
KAJIAN POTENSI SUMBERDAYA LAHAN SAWAH, PERMASALAHAN DAN PENGELOLAANNYA DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI PADI DI SULAWESI TENGGARA ., Asmin; -, La Karimuna; -, Suharno
Agriplus Vol 24, No 3 (2014)
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Abstract

Wet land is a sort of land which has a specific character of water availability as a long planting period.  Potency of wet land natural resources in Southeast Sulawesi province is high, where   wet land cropping system has been practiced for a long time by the farmers.  Rice productivity earned for the last ten years from 2004 to 2013 was still relativity low amounted to 2,667 - 4,225 t ha-1.  The objective of this paper was to study the potency of wet land used for rice cultivication, problems faced and management strategies to increase soil productivity for rice cultivication of Southeast Sulawesi province, through reference studies and description methods.  Based on the results of studies indicated that the main problems for increasing rice productivity in the study region were the shortage of using superior variety of rice, low level of soil fertility and discret of application technology based recommendation. In order to increase rice productivity of farming system, various strategies should be applied through the use of high potency of rice variety from the stock seed rice which released by source seed management unit (UPBS) classified as Foundation Seed (FS) and Stock Seed (SS) class; the application of appropriate wet land management through soil and water management, efficiency of fertilizer management (wise use of organic and inorganic fertilizers) and integrated nutrient management and crops in improving sustainable crop production.
NILAI TAMBAH DAN PENGUATAN EKONOMI KELOMPOK USAHA BAJO INDAH LAPULU KENDARI MELALUI SEGMENTASI PASAR PADA DESAIN KEMASAN TERASI INSTANT ., Surni; Kamaluddin, Murdjani
Agriplus Vol 24, No 3 (2014)
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Abstract

This article the program is the following up of extension service facilitated by provincial planning board in year 2008 and 2009. The idea for producing “terasi” instant was based on experience that the wet “terasi” sold in markets is susceptible to contamination  from various descases vectors e,g fly, rat, and other insects, and also emits unwanted and rejected smell. However, this commodity is potentially dominates local, regional, as well as national markets when presented  in a more, hygienic, free from unwanted smell, more hygienic and attracted packaging, so it can be easity transported  every where. In this research, various “terasi” powder marketing levels from producer till retailers will be studied, including value added at producer level and value added at the retailer level. The first  targets are value added at producer level.  Results of value added analysis (input, output, and price) shouw that income obtained is Rp 68.630 kg-1 of terasi flour, which is the value added kg-1 of raw material, return to labour Rp 30.000 kg-1 of raw material; and the profit for members of farmer-processor group Rp 38.630 kg-1 of raw material. The value of production   (Rp 202.184,- kg-1) has big difference with the price of  raw material  (Rp 50.000,- kg-1 of raw material), so that the abtained value added is allocated more to labour the terasi processing operations. While the profit is allocated for the working capital of the farmed-processor group. Keywords: value added; terasi instant
KINERJA PENYULUH PERTANIAN SEBAGAI PENYEBAR INFORMASI FASILITATOR DAN PENDAMPING DALAM PENGEMBANGAN SAPI BALI (Bos sondaicus) DI KABUPATEN MUNA PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA ., Eko Harianto; -, Surahmanto; Arimbawa, Putu
Agriplus Vol 24, No 3 (2014)
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Abstract

The aims of this study were to analyze the influence of extension workers demographic character and character of the farmers who were responsible guidance of the extension workers on extension workers performance as disseminator of information, facilitator, and guidance, and to analyze relationship between the extension workers performance as disseminator of information, facilitator, and guidanceand the achievement of Bali cattle development program.  Data were collected by survey method with direct interview with respondents, both  extension workers and the farmers who were responsible guidance of the extension workers by using questionnaire.  Data were analyzed by using descriptive analysis, multiple regression with enter and stepwise method, and spearman ranks correlation analysis.  The results showed that factor that significantly influenced (P < 0,05) performance of agricultural field extension workers as disseminator of information, facilitator, and guidance in Bali cattle development program was the non formal education of extension workers. The extension worker’s age, formal education, andexperience were not influence the extension worker’s performance. In addition age, formal education, land ownership, and farming experience of the farmers who were responsible guidance of the extension workers also didn’t influence extension worker’s performance.  The extension workers performance had positive corelation (P < 0.01) with the achievement of Bali cattle development program.   Keywords:  agricultural field Extension workers, Performance, Bali Cattle
ETOS KERJA PEREMPUAN PADA SEKTOR KEBUN TANAMAN CENGKEH DI DESA PUULEMO KECAMATAN LEMBO KABUPATEN KONAWE UTARA Abdullah, Sukmawati; Batoa, Hartina; Mekuo, Pratiwi Andriyani
Agriplus Vol 24, No 3 (2014)
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Abstract

This study aims to assess the women work level clove plant in working the garden in the Puulemo Village, Lembo District, North Konawe. The way to get  the research purpose was done by taking three variables: the identity of the respondents (age, education and experience of trying to farm), a work ethics (discipline, morale and mutual cooperation), and the value of culture (norms, social interaction and the principle of kinship). The population in this research women farmers who work in clove plantations 108 people , with a total sample is 27 respondents , or about 25 % by using Simple Random Sampling technique . The women farmers work ethics level can be assessed by using the formula interval . The results showed that women work level in working at garden clove plant are in the high category .   Keywords : women farmers, work ethics, clove plantations
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL USAHA VANILI DI KECAMATAN MORAMO KABUPATEN KONAWE SELATAN ., Sabrin
Agriplus Vol 24, No 3 (2014)
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the investment worthiness in terms of financial on vanilla farms in District Moramo South Konawe Regency. Research result shows vanilla farms financially viable on the basis of investment appraisal criteria were obtained: (a) NBCR, NPVdan 1RR obtained greater value than one that is NBCR amounted to 19.266, the NPV of 49.243, and the IUR by 220.06%. This means that the ability of farmers to return capital is high enough, (b) obtained payback period is 4 years (the first year of production), this means that the time required to return the investment fund is shorter than the economic life of the plant. Based on these findings the researcher suggests (a) to shareholders with an interest on vanilla farming in Pudari Jaya village can invest in the business, (b) opportunities and prospects of vanilla farming in Moramo district great enough so the government expected to support the development of vanilla farming especially vanilla treatment.   Keywords: financial worthiness, vanilla business, shareholder
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN PRODUKSI BUBUK KAKAO SISTEM VACUUM ROASTING DAN LEMAK KAKAO SKALA INDUSTRI KECIL Sadimantara, Muh Syukri; -, Tamrin; Asyik, Nur
Agriplus Vol 24, No 3 (2014)
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Abstract

Cocoa is an important ingredient in a variety of food and beverage industry and the mainstay of agricultural commodities with an important role in the Indonesian economy. Improving the quality of products processed cocoa powder and cocoa butter especially important in order to create superior products and win market. This can be achieved either by roasting vaccum system that is able to increase the levels of antioxidants in cocoa powder. In research conducted technical analysis of financial feasibility medium industrial vacuum systems roasting cocoa powder and cocoa butter in North Kolaka . Result of  the analysis of the technical aspects, the product obtained planned capacity of 5 tons of cocoa powder and cocoa butter 4.6 tons a year. For the necessary raw materials fermented cocoa beans were 12.4 tons/year. Machines used, among others, roaster machine, desheller, pemasta machine, the type of hydrolic press  cocoa, cocoa (panmill) and screening machines. The total capital investment of Rp.690.859.730, total production cost     Rp. 476.676.567 while proceeds from powder and cocoa butter are Rp.949.949.544. The calculation of eligibility criteria Net B/C of 2.05 was obtained. Rp.1.418.869.949 NPV, IRR 43.1%, BEP achieved at the production level of 1.3 tonnes and 1.1 tonnes of cocoa powder cocoa butter, and the payback period is 2 years and 7 months. The eligibility criteria of the calculation shows that the establishment of agro-industry units powder and cocoa butter in North Kolaka decent realized. Keywords: powder and cocoa butter, vacuum roasting, technical and financial analysis  

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