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Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis
Published by Universitas Halu Oleo
ISSN : 24067489     EISSN : 24069337     DOI : -
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis (JITRO) adalah jurnal ilmiah mempublikasikan hasil penelitian dan review bidang peternakan.
Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September" : 12 Documents clear
KUALITAS SPERMATOZOA ASAL CAPUT, CORPUS, DAN CAUDA EPIDIDIMIS PADA KERBAU RAWA (Bubalus bubalis carabenensis) Riyadhi, Muhammad; Budiansa, Akbar; Rizal, Muhammad
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

The purpose of this research was evaluate the quality of spermatozoa concentration in the caput, corpus and cauda of the swamp buffalo epididymis (Bubalus bubalis carabanensis).  Method of this research was to exploration to 13 epididymides of eight swamp buffaloes were obtained from Banjar and Banjarmasin slaughterhouses,evaluated the quality of spermatozoa in caput, corpus and cauda of epididymis.  Quality of collected-spermatozoa including spermatozoa motility, percentage of live spermatozoa, spermatozoa concentration and percentage of abnormality.  Result of this study showed that mean of each of caput spermatozoa motility, percentage of live spermatozoa, spermatozoa concentration and percentage of abnormality; 0%, 45.43% (31.87–72%), 189,62 x106 (40–480 x106) and 56.16 %(44.34–66.53%), corpus ;2.77% (1–9%), 58.73% (45.14 –76%), 152.31 x106 (45 – 345x106), and 47.61 %(23.92 – 60.15%), cauda;53.46% (20 – 70%), 74.32 % (56.68 – 83%), 1,459.62 x106 (825 – 2,340x106), and 34.60%(15.89 –50.04%). In conclusion, spermatozoaofcaudaepididymis could be used in artificial insemination program.Keywords: Spermatozoa, epididymis, swamp buffalo.
KAJIAN KARAKTERISTIK DAN EVALUASI PRODUKSI TERNAK KAMBING BERDASARKAN INDIKATOR KETERSEDIAAN PAKAN DI KABUPATEN MUNA BARAT Irwansyah, Irwansyah; Saili, Takdir; Nafiu, La Ode
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

West Muna regency is quite potential for development of livestock goats. However, the productivity level of goat in every region of West Muna regency and support of animal feed resources have been unknown for sure, therefore detailed information about the potential of animal feed resources is needed to be able fulfill production needs before developing goat farms. This study aimed to calculate the carrying capacity of goat farm based on the availability of animal feed in 18 villages within 6 sub-regencies including Kusambi, Napano Kusambi, Lawa, Central Tiworo, South Tiworo, and Tiworo Islands based on a criteria of population ownership. Primary data were collected from 101 respondents with a total of 408 animal units. The availability of animal feed was calculated by multiplying production of animal feed with harvested area and was expressed in dried materials (BK) and organic materials (BO). Samples of the production of green animal feed was obtained by taking grass from protected square meter and agricultural by products. Production of green legumes was calculated based on the production of each tree multiplies with harvested green area. Result of the study showed that with the current production of animal feed it is still possible to develop goat farm up to 359.52 UT/ha (2.247 animal units) or 227.5 UT cow per hectare. Keywords: production of goats, animal feed, carrying capacity
ANALISIS PENDAPATAN PEDAGANG BAKSO SAPI DI KABUPATEN KOLAKA Yusuf, Astri; Hafid, Harapin; Tasse, Andi Murlina
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

This study aimed to find out the cost variable, fixed price, earned profits, and B/C ratio, as well as to determine consumers’ preference for beef meatballs in Kolaka regency. Population of the study included all sellers of beet meatballs in Kolaka. Samples were drawn using Slovin formula with 1% tolerance degree to come up with 64 mobile sellers of meatballs, whereas consumers’ preference was determined by using accidental sampling method to obtain 100 panelist of consumers. Data were analyzed by calculating cost, incomes, profits, as well as B/C ratio, whereas consumer’s, preference was analyzed by using 1-5 hedonic scale on a variety of characteristics including color, texture, chewiness, crack poer, and acceptance. On average, 81.25% of the beef meatballs sellers were within a category of productive age, 54,68% of 64 respondents had formal education (senior high school), 43.75% had 4-6 members of family, and 57.18% had more than 20 years of experiences in business. The majority of the sellers chose this business because it was considered more profitable than others. The average fixed income of the sellers was Rp 1.840.000 labor 81% of fixed cost. In terms of cost variable , as much as Rp. 13.341.000 was spent for materials, which was the largest portion or 67% of the total of cost variable. The total cost was Rp. 15.181.000 or 87% of the total of cost. The everage of income generated per month was Rp 23.000.000. The average of profits earned the sellers was Rp. 7.819.000. The B/C ratio per month was 0.51, indicating that the ratio was higher than 0, therefore the business of beef meatballs was profitable and feasible enough to run. Key Word : Beef meatballs sellers, Profit, Cost
Pengaruh Pemberian Pasta Jahe (Zingiber Officinale Rosceae) Terhadap Kualitas Daging Ayam Kampung Arni, .; Hafid, Harapin; Aka, Rahim
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh tingkat pemberian pasta jahe terhadap kualitas fisik daging ayam kampung, mengetahui pengaruh tingkat pemberian pasta jahe terhadap kualitas kimia daging ayam kampung dan kualitas organoleptik daging ayam kampung dan rimpang jahe gajah. Penelitian ini menggunakan 4 ekor ayam kampung yang berumur 3 tahun dengan berat 2 kg. Penelitian ini terdiri atas 3 perlakuan (P0 :  tingkat pemberian 0%,  P1  :  tingkat pemberian 25% dan  P2 : tingkat pemberian 50%. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan 3 perlakuan dan tiga ulangan dengan konsentrasi 0%, 25% dan 50%. Variable yang diamati adalah susut masak, kadar air, kadar protein, kadar lemak dan organoleptik. Data yang diperoleh dianalisa dengan menggunakan analisis sidik ragam dan jika ada perbedaan pengaruh diantara perlakuan maka dilanjutkan dengan uji Beda Nyata Jujur (BNJ). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan pasta jahe 25% dan 50% pada daging ayam kampung berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penurunan presentase susut masak, berpengaruh nyata terhadap peningkatan kadar protein dan pH pada daging ayam kampung dan menurunkan kadar lemak daging ayam kampung. Perlakuan terbaik adalah pemberian pasta jahe sebanyak 50%. Disimpulkan bahwa pembaluran pasta jahe pada daging ayam kampung pada konsentrasi 50% memberikan pengaruh yang baik pada kualitas fisik yaitu susut masak (3,02±0,02)% dan pH (6,50±0,05)% dan kualitas kimia ditinjau dari kadar protein (23,63±0,16)%, kadar lemak (12,65±0,39)%. Kata kunci : pasta jahe, kualitas fisik dan kimia, kualitas organoleptik, daging ayam kampung
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS AYAM RAS PETELUR PADA CV. BINTANI POULTRY SHOP KENDARI Abadi, Musram; Taridala, Sitti Aida; Nafiu, La Ode
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

The research was conducted to analyze and identify supporting and inhibiting factors, arranging layer farm agribusiness development strategy on CV Bintani Poultry Shop Kendari. This research was held on 2012. The research variables were (a) layer farm business characteristic and (b) strength, weakness, threat, and opportunity.  The agribusiness development strategy aspect analysis was using SWOT and QSPM analysis. Research result showed that production capacity increasing strategy and quality increasing and worker quantity were scored 6,146, and 5,375 respectively.  Meanwhile technology application on layer farming practice and others livestock business development were scored 5,303 and 4,220 respectively. Key words: Agribusiness, Layer Farm, Development Strategy  
Kajian Produksi Karkas Dan Non Karkas Ayam Kampung Dengan Pemberian Ransum Komersial Tersubstitusi Tepung Kulit Biji Kedelai Sari, .; Hafid, Harapin; Tasse, Andi Murlina
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to find out the effect of fed commercial ration substituted soybean shell meal (SSM) on native chickens carcass and non carcass weight and percentage. Sixteen native chicken aged 7 weeks and was treatmented T0 (0% SSM), T1 (10% SSM), T2 (20% SSM) and T3 (30% SSM) each. 4 chickens. The study used a completely randomized design (CRD). Data obtained were analyzed using a analysis of variance (ANOVA) and then was continued with Duncans multiple range test (DMRT). Results of the study showed that slaughter weights (SW, g/chicken) are highest 529.0 (T2) followed with 484.0 (T3), 452 (T1) and lowest 402.0 (T0). Carcass Weights (CW, g/chicken) are highers 421.50 (T2), followed with 370.75 (T3), 331.50 (T1) and lowest 285.50 (T0). Carcass percentages (CP, %) are highest 76.69 (T2), 76.64 (T3) followed with 73.39 (T1), 71.42 (T0). Non carcass weights (NCW, g/chicken) 116.50-113.25 (T0-T3) and non carcass  percentage (NCP, %) are highest 26.68 (T1), 25.58 (T0), 23.36 (T3) and lowest 20.31 (T2). Gizzard weights (GW, g/chicken) are 14.00 (T0), 18.00 (T1), 17.50 (T2) and 14.50 (T3). Gizzard percentages (GP, %) are 3.71 (T0), 3.99 (T1), 3.31 (T2) and 3.00 (T3). Liver weights (LW, g/chicken) are 12.00 (T0), 13.50 (T1), 15.00 (T2) and 12.00 (T3). Liver percentages (LP, %) are 2,98 (T0), 2,97 (T1), 2.85 (T2) and 2.48 (T3). Heart weights (HW, g/chicken) was 2.00 (T0), 2.00 (T1), 2.50 (T2) and 2.00 (T3). Heart percentages (HP,%) are 0.50 (T0), 0.45 (T1), 0,47 (T2) and 0.42 (T3). The conclusion of the study that fed commercial ration substituted soybean shell meal improved carcass performa but non significantly influence non carcass (viscera) performance native chicken.  Key words: soybean, shell meal, carcass, non-carcass, viscera, native chicken
BOBOT TETAS DAN FERTILITAS PADA AYAM KAMPUNG DAN HASIL PERSILANGANNYA Herlina, .; Nafiu, La Ode; Pagala, Muhammad Amrullah
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

This study aims to determine the performance of chicken and cross breeding results with laying hens and broilers. A total of 3 male chickens and 15 chickens Kampung females, 3 males laying chickens and 10 chickens laying females, and 3 chickens stud broiler. The variables observed were egg weight, fertility, hatchability, hatching weight. Data were analyzed with General Linear Model (GLM). Data on hatch weight, egg weight, fertility and hatchability were analyzed based on different breed. If there is a difference between treatments then a further test with Duncan Multiple Test is performed. The results showed that the performance of chicken and crossbreeding with laying and broiler chickens had significant effect (P <0,05) on egg weight, fertility, hatchability based on different nation and weight of hatch, body weight, heterosis and growth based on breed and different sex. Key Word : Performance, Crossbreeding, Kampung Chicken, Broiler, Layer.
DAYA HIDUP SPERMATOZOA KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWA YANG DIPRESERVASI DENGAN BERBAGAI JENIS PENGENCER Rizal, Muhammad; Thahir, Muhammad
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to examine the effectivity of Tris, sodium citrate, and lactose extenders in maintaining viability of etawa crossbreed (EC) goat spermatozoa preserved at 3–5oC.  Semen was collected using artificial vagina once a week for six times as replicate.  Fresh semen was divided into three tubes then diluted with Tris, sodium citrate, and lactose extenders, respectively.  Diluted-semen were stored in refrigerator at 3–5oC.  Quality of diluted-semen including percentages of motile spermatozoa (MS) and live spermatozoa (LS) were evaluated every day during storage at 3–5oC for four days.  Data were analyzed using completely randomized design with three treatments and six replicates.  Results of this study showed that mean volume, colour, consistency, pH, mass activity, spermatozoa concentration, MS, LS, and spermatozoa abnormal of PE goat fresh semen were 1.05 ml, cream, thick, 6.9, ++ – +++, 3,756.67 million cell/ml, 76.67%, 85.83%, and 4.5%, respectively.  Tris, sodium citrate, and lactose extenders have same ability in maintaining viability of EC goat spermatozoa during preserved at 3–5oC.  At day-4 storage, percentages of MS and LS for Tris (44.17 and 57.83%) was no difference significant with sodium citrate (43.33 and 56.67%), and lactose (43.33 and 54.17%).   In conclusion, Tris, sodium citrate, and lactose extenders have same ability in maintaining viability of EC goat spermatozoa during preserved at 3–5oC.  Tris, sodium citrate, and lactose extenders could be maintaining 40% in percentage of motile spermatozoa for three days after preserved at 3–5oC, and suitable for use in artificial insemination (AI) programKeywords: Tris, sodium citrate, lactose, spermatozoa viability, PE goat.
RESPON PERTUMBUHAN RUMPUT GAJAH (Pennisetum purpureum var. Hawaii) YANG DIBERI PUPUK BOKASHI KOTORAN AYAM BROILER DENGAN DOSIS YANG BERBEDA Surajat, Asis; Sandiah, Natsir; Malesi, La
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

This study aims to determine the best dose of fertilizer Bokashi broiler chicken manure on the growth of elephant grass. This study uses 64 trees planted elephant grass in a polybag, divided into 16 plots and the design of treatment used is Complete Random Design (RAL). This study consisted of 4 treatment that P0 (0 ton / ha Fertilizer Bokashi manure Broiler), P1 (10 ton / ha Fertilizer Bokashi manure Broiler), P2 (15 ton / ha Fertilizer Bokashi manure Broiler) and P3 (20 ton / ha Broiler Chicken manure Fertilizer Bokashi), and four replications. The research variables include plant height, number of tillers, stem diameter, number of leaves, number of segments, and root length. Analysis of data using analysis of variance followed by Duncans multiple test. The results are: The average of plant height (cm / week / treatment) is (P0) 99.11, (P1) 132.45, (P2) 133.61, (P3) 129.95. The average number of saplings (tree / week / treatment) is (P0) 0.99, (P1) 1.46, (P2) 1.93, (P3) 2.3. Mean stem diameter (cm / Week / treatment) is (P0) 0.97, (P1) 1.44, (P2) 1.47 (P3) 1.37. The average number of leaves (Overlay / treatment) is (P0) 10.85, (P1) 19.89, (P2) 21.77, (P3) 22.56. The average number of segment (Segment / treatment) is (P0) 2.88, (P1) of 4.93, (P2) 4.38, (P3) 3.88. The average root length (cm / treatment) is (P0) 72.22 (P1) 98, (P2) 104.75 (P3) 98.75. Bokashi fertilizer application broiler chicken manure can increase the growth of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum var. Hawaii)with the best dose of 15 ton / ha. Keywords: Fertilizer Bokashi broiler chicken manure, gras
PERSENTASE BOBOT KARKAS AYAM PEDAGING SETELAH PEMBERIAN BERBAGAI DOSIS MINYAK BUAH MERAH (Pandanus Conodeus. lam) Untung, .
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 3 (2016): JITRO, September
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Abstract

This study was designed using a complete randomized design (RAL) with four treatments and each treatment was repeated as many as 5m (five) times to obtain 20 experimental units, each experimental unit consisting of 5 (five) chickens. The tested treatment was giving various doses of red fruit oil with the application of mouth drops. The given dose is 0 cc / tail (0 drops), 0.05 cc / tail (1 drop), 0.1 cc / head (2 drops), and 0.15 cc / tail (3 drops). Red (Pandanus Conodeus Lam) dose of 0.15 cc (3 drops) increased live weight gain and best carcass weight at week V and significantly different from control treatment and 0.05 cc / head. Provision of 0.15 cc red fruit oil (3 drops) resulted in live weight of 2.046 kg / head, carcass weight of 1,462 kg and percentage of carcasses 71%. Key Words : Red Fruits (Pandanus Conodeus. lam), Broiler, Weight of carcasses 

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