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Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage
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Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage (ISSN: 2303-243X, E-ISSN: 2442-9031) is an academic international journal published by Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage, Agency for Research and Development and Training Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia since 2012. This journal specialized academic journal dealing with the theme of religious heritage and literature in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. The subject covers textual and fieldwork studies with perspectives of philosophy, philology, sociology, antropology, archeology, art, history, and many more. This journal invites scholars from Indonesia and non Indonesia to contribute and enrich the studies published in this journal. This journal published twice a year with the articles written in Arabic and English and with the fair procedure of blind peer-review.
Articles
90
Articles
Jadal as-Simāh dūna Ḥaml ar-Rimāḥ: Dirāsah fī Makhṭūṭah al-Manhil al-‘ażb li żikr al-Qalb li asy-Syaikh Ismā’īl al-Minangkabawi

hadi, syofyan ( FAH UIN Imam Bonjol Padang )

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

Since the beginning of his arrival in the archipelago, the scholars involved in the initial process of spreading Islam have emerged with an offer of a variety of religious understandings. Such diversity and differences are sometimes not uncommon to bring followers into horizontal friction to conflict and even bloodshed. Animosity and tension caused by differences in religious understanding and practice even continued for several generations with various levels and levels of conflict as a result among Islamic community in the archipelago. The feud and tension of religious understanding that took place between Shaykh Ismail al-Minangkabawi and Shaykh Salim bin Samir al-Hadhrami, Shaykh Abd al-Ghani Bima, Shaykh Abd al-Azhim Madura which occurred in the 19th century were among the evidence of continued conflict in religious understanding between the scholars who spread Islam in the archipelago. However, this religious conflict is only within the limits of dialogue and debate without dragging followers to something that has the negative impact of confrontation or bloodshed. At the very least, these debate and dialogue were the ones described by Shaykh Ismail al-Minangkabawi and the opponents of his teachings in the archipelago.

Ṭuruq Ta’līm Kutub at-Turāṡ fi al-Ma’had al-Islāmī at-Taqlīdī al-Madīnah ad-Dīniyyah Aceh Dār al-Hudā Paloh Gadeng Syimāliyyah

Syahrizal, Syahrizal ( STAIN Malikussaleh Lhokseumawe )

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

This paper describes the method used by the teacher in teaching the book of monotheism, the obstacles faced by the teacher and the solution, finding the weaknesses and strengths of the teaching method, and knowing the possibility of developing the teaching method of the book in Darul Huda Paloh Gadeng North Aceh traditional Islamic School. Based on the results of field research using interview, observation and documentation techniques, the research findings are the methods used by the teacher in the teaching of the books al-aqīdah al-islāmiyah, tījan ad-durari, and hud hudi in general, namely the method of reading, translation, lecture, question and answer, repetition, and conclusion. The teachers constraints in the use of teaching methods in each book of monotheism are different. This is due to differences in the ability of students to learn the teaching of the book al-Aqīdah al-Islāmiyah, Tījan ad-Durari, and Hud Hudi. Those differences have their own advantages and disadvantages. The methods of teaching the tauhid book in the traditional Islamic School in Aceh still need development and renewal in accordance with the times and technological advances. Keywords: Teaching Method, Book of Tawheed, Traditional Islamic School Darul Huda Paloh Gadeng

The Concept of Environmental Ethics in The Manuscript of La Galigo

Aaisyah, Sitti ( Ankara University, Turkey )

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

The main object of this research is the episode of Ritumpanna Walenrengnge (the cut down of Walenreng tree) from the manuscript of La Galigo. The mentioned manuscript then analyzed by using environmental ethics approach. This study aims to explain the concept of relations between humans and nature in the manuscript, and also to find environmental ethics view within the manuscript. This study was conducted through library research using descriptive, verstehen, hermeneutic, and heuristic methods. The study process started from preparing the research materials, followed by data gathering, research data systematization, results analysis and concluded with critical reflection. The manuscript of La Galigo contains cosmological explanation of Buginese people. Similar to other Eastern cultural features, the mythology of La Galigo also shows strong attachment between humans and nature. This feature is pictured by Sawerigading’s ritual and persuasive effort to cut down Welenreng tree for noble and important cause. It is generally explained that, Ritumpanna Welenrengnge has an anthropocentrism pattern. In environmental ethics discourse, anthropocentrism is considered as the cause of every environment exploitation. This study draws different line from negative understanding of anthropocentrism, and focusing on important spiritually enlightened human aspect so that they are able to do positive fundamental changes for the sake of environment. Keywords: La Galigo, environmental ethics, anthroposentrism.

Sullam al - Mustafidin: The Theological Discourse in Aceh in 17th Century

Rahmah, Nur ( Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage, Agency for Research and Development and Training Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia )

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

The 17th century was the era of glorious for the development of intellectual history in Aceh, which is characterized by the presence of four well-known scholars, one of them is Abdurrauf Singkel. His work entitled Sullam al - Mustafidin contains views on theology that comes from the teachings of the ahl Sunnah wa al - Jamaah which also confirmed its existence as a Sunni schoolar. Abdurrauf’s theological views has also become important notion in the middle of debate between Hamzah Fansuri and Nuruddin Arraniri about wujudiyah in Aceh in the 17th century. Although al - Mustafidin Sullam text does not explicitly answer the question of wujudiyah in Aceh, but most likely this text was written to neutralize the chaos of religious (read: wujudiyah) and calls on Muslims to return to I’tiqad ahl sunnah wa al -Jamaah. Keywords: Aceh, Abdurrauf, texts, theology, wujudiyah, ahl sunnah wa al jamaah

The Role of the Arab Descendants in Islamic Preaching and the Development of Religious Education in West Sulawesi: Tracing the Significance of the Role and The Their Impacts on the Development in Polewali, Mandar

bodi, idham khalid ( Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Makassar )

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

The coming and development of Islam in a region could not be separated from the role of ulama (Islamic scholars or preachers), i.e. the local ulama and the Arab-descendant ulama. In Mandar (West Sulawesi) some names of ulama worth mentioning included Syekh Abdurrahim Kamaluddin, Syekh Abdul Mannan, Raden Mas Suryo Adilogo, Syekh Zakaria al Maghribi, etc. Of those ulama, some came from several regions in the Indonesian archipelago, some were Arab descendants, and some even came directly from the Middle east. However, those earliest preachers only left traces of history. Today their genealogical descendants are no longer found. There was their genealogical vacuum until the end of 19th century. This research analyzes the role of the Arab descendants in in Polewali Mandar, West Sulawesi, by putting forward two questions, namely: 1) How was the picture of the spread of the Arab descendants in Polewali Mandar, West Sulawesi? And how was the institutional system built by the Arab descendants in Polewali Mandar, West Sulawesi? To investigate, this research used a qualitative descriptive approach. The results of research showed that the first entry and development of the Arab descendants in Mandar were marked by the coming of the Arab-descendant preacher named Syekh Alwi bin Abdullah bin Sahl (circa 1880s). Until today, the Arab descendants spreading in Mandar have come from his clan, followed by other Arab descendants coming from other clans. Keywords: the Arabs, educational institution, the Arab descendants

Salut As A Gate For The Coming Of Islam In Lombok: Archaeological Analysis Of The Ancient Mosque In North Lombok

Jamaludin, Jamaludin ( UIN Mataram )

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

Salut is an old village that became the entrance of Islam in Lombok island. This is known from the historical evidence found in the village. Some of the ancient historical dwellings in Salut are ancient mosques with 17th century architectural styles and tombs of Islamic spreaders, which assert that Salut is the first region to accept Islam in Lombok Island. Based on the information from Babad Lombok, Salut is the first visited village by Islamic spreaders from Java through the Carik harbour. The existence of the ancient mosque and the old tomb as a historical relic is a proof of the success of Islam in North Lombok in the past. This article will discuss about the heritage of Islam as the initial evidence of the entry of Islam in Lombok. The entry evidences of Islam in Salut is in the form of archaeological heritage, so the approach used in this study is historical archaeological approach. Historical archeology tries to give the explanation of these remnants, using other social sciences as auxiliary science. There are three things to be studied in this article, first, reveal the archaeological remains of Islam in Salut Lombok Utara; second, reveal the growth and development of Islam in North Lombok and it’s relation with other areas in Lombok. Keywords: History, Islamization, Archeology, Ancient Mosque, Tombs.

Malay Graffiti In A Nineteenth-Century Lithographed Bombay Qur’an

Wieringa, Edwin

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

A lithographed copy of the Qur’an, printed in Bombay (Mumbai, India) in 1881, was bought in Sumatra a few years later by a certain K. Bijls, a Malay-speaking Dutchman who made several markings in it which may be regarded as a form of “graffiti”, in the sense of markings asserting his ownership. This same person most probably also added a marginal calligraphic composition to the text, in a manner that is typical of Malay epistolography, perhaps prompted by an element on the printed page that was unfamiliar to him, hence catching his eye and imagination. Keywords: Qur’an, Bombay Islam, Marginalia, Arabic Script. Sebagai tanda untuk menegaskan kepemilikannya terhadap naskah tersebut. Orang yang sama ini mungkin saja juga menambahkan komposisi kaligrafi marjinal pada teks tersebut yang menunjukkan bahwa hal tersebut adalah tipikal epistolografi Melayu yang mungkin diminta oleh halaman yang tidak dikenalnya sehingga menarik pandangan dan imajinasinya. Dengan demikian tanda tanda khusus dan ruang kosong lainnya yang digunakan dalam naskah quran tersebut mungkin merupakan ciri khas dari pembacaan orang orang barat yang tidak pernah dikenal atau didengar oleh orang orang Indonesia. Kata Kunci: Al-Qur’an, Islam Bombay, Marginalia, Kitab Arab.

The Cultural Treasures Of Kampung Bugis In The Customary Village Of Serangan, Denpasar

Segara, I Nyoman Yoga ( State Institute of Hindu Dharma Denpasar )

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

Kampung Bugis is a small community of Bugis people who occupy a special land in the customary village of Serangan. The oral narrative stated that the village was a gift from the King of Pamecutan Badung in regard for their merits in assisting the kingdom during the war. They were eventually known as hard workers, courageous, and immigrants like the Bugis people in general. They also bring those sets of attitude to overseas, one of them in the customary village of Serangan, Denpasar. In addition to being able to adapt very well, they were also capable of maintaining a religious life in harmony with the society of Serangan where the major religion was Hindu. In 2007, the village of Kampung Bugis experienced a tragedy of eviction that eliminated half of the village. During the evictions they also survived by continuing the tradition and caring for the heritage of their noble cultural treasures through the old As Syuhada mosque, the old Qur’an book, the historical old tomb, and Bugis typical stage house. This writing is to highlight the cultural treasures and tradition that the people of Bugis strive for despite of many unfortunate events they experience including the recent evictions. Keywords: Bugis Village, the Customary Village of Serangan, As-Syuhada Old Mosque, Qur’anic Book, Old Tomb, Bugis Typical Stage House.

The Chains Of Transmission Of Syeikh Muhammad Mahfudz At-Tirmasi In Kifayat Al-Mustafid

Ghozali, Abdul Malik ( Universitas Islam Negri Raden Intan Lampung )

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

Past-historical concepts could influence and even led the growth of culture, nation, or individual life. It could be also used as a role-model. The same case occured with the process of Islamic recruitment that occurred at the local level, which was written on the manuscript (lontaraq) in details. Manuscript became the entry point in this study. The focus of the study, in addition, was religious and countries which could be paired together in the structure of kingdom or government agencies. The main source of this study was generated from the Lontaraq Akkarungeng manuscript, and further compared with other Lontaraq or manuscripts. The proposed problem in this study was how the acceptance and the role of the state towards religion in institutional management? The results of the study suggested that the Islamization process by institution effected the management of government agencies. One of them was pararara saraq [syarak/shari’a] that had its own formal structure. It should be noted that the functions of the royal institution was to regulate the socio-culture, statehood, law and etc, consisting of elements of culture (adeq), jurisprudence, speech, social coating (wariq) as the original elements, followed by the elements of Islam in the Islamization phase in Bugis tribe, particularly in regency of Wajo. The Islamic element was then integrated into one value, which could be further integrated with the national legal system. Keywords: Religion, Islamization, Lontaraq, Institution, Wajo.

Religion And State Cohesion: The Importance Of Getting Reference From Lontaraq Akkarungeng Wajo Concerning The Islamization In Bugis

Ilyas, Husnul Fahimah ( The Department of Religious Research and Development of Makassar ) , Al-Rasyid, Hamzah Harun ( Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar )

Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

Past-historical concepts could influence and even led the growth of culture, nation, or individual life. It could be also used as a role-model. The same case occured with the process of Islamic recruitment that occurred at the local level, which was written on the manuscript (lontaraq) in details. Manuscript became the entry point in this study. The focus of the study, in addition, was religious and countries which could be paired together in the structure of kingdom or government agencies. The main source of this study was generated from the Lontaraq Akkarungeng manuscript, and further compared with other Lontaraq or manuscripts. The proposed problem in this study was how the acceptance and the role of the state towards religion in institutional management? The results of the study suggested that the Islamization process by institution effected the management of government agencies. One of them was pararara saraq [syarak/shari’a] that had its own formal structure. It should be noted that the functions of the royal institution was to regulate the socio-culture, statehood, law and etc, consisting of elements of culture (adeq), jurisprudence, speech, social coating (wariq) as the original elements, followed by the elements of Islam in the Islamization phase in Bugis tribe, particularly in regency of Wajo. The Islamic element was then integrated into one value, which could be further integrated with the national legal system. Keywords: Religion, Islamization, Lontaraq, Institution, Wajo.