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The English and Education Department, Education Faculty, State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga REGISTER is a forum of discussion that focuses on language (linguistics and literature) as well as language teaching studies. IT aims at enhancing critical studies on the various actual phenomena from different prespectives.
Articles
197
Articles
Photovoice: A Tool of Reflective Learning to Enhance Students Speaking Ability

Husnun, Amirah, Wulandari, Aprilia, Munawwaroh, Atika, Drajati, Nur Arifah

Register Journal Vol 11, No 1 (2018): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

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Abstract

Students tend to do the same mistakes when performing an oral speaking test. Due to the lack of students skill in performing speaking, it triggers the researchers to raise this issue so the problem of students in performing speaking could be solved by using reflective learning based on reflective learning strengths. Narrative inquiry is used in this research to elaborate the method, in order to find and analyze the data, photovoice in which more practical is needed by collaborating with SHOWeD analysis. The participants of this study are 15 students who join speaking class of English Education Department. This article provides the findings of the use of reflective learning in the classroom to gain students speaking ability for college students. In conclusion, the use of reflective learning from lectures to enhance students speaking ability could be achieved through a certain treatment during the learning and teaching process.Keywords:  Reflective Learning;  Speaking Ability;  Narrative Inquiry;  Photovoice.

A Descriptive Analysis of Young Learners’ Behaviours toward TEFL

Anwar, Choiril, Kusumawarni, Wa Ode runi

Register Journal Vol 11, No 1 (2018): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

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Abstract

This research was surely aimed at investigating young learners’ behaviors toward the teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL). This qualitative research used descriptive method. It was conducted in SD Islam Sultan Agung 4 Semarang. The population of this research was the students of grade 5 and students of grade 6 in the academic year of 2017/2018 with the total sample was 70 students, consisting of 32 students of Grade VA and 38 students of Grade VI. In this research, the researchers used convenience sampling to determine the sample of the research. The variables of this study were teaching English as a foreign language which is as independent variable and young learners’ behavior functions as dependent variable. The data collection techniques of this research were through 1) observation and 2) close-ended questionnaire. The results of the research then indicated that young learners showed positive behaviors toward the teaching English as a foreign language such as paid attention to the teacher’s explanation, wrote down and read the material, actively and bravely in asking questions to the teacher, and made the vocabularies list to be memorized.Keywords:  Teaching English as a Foreign Language; Behavior; Young Learners

A Translation Study on Responding of Requesting Speech Act in The Novel The Heroes of Olympus Series

anis, dewinta khoirul

Register Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2017): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

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Abstract

This research discusses about the types of responding of requesting speech act used in the novel the Heroes of Olympus Series, describes the translation techniques usage and assess the translation quality in terms of acceptability. This research can be classified as a descriptive qualitative research which focuses on a single case. The source data of this research are the documents and persons, i.e. the novel The Heroes of Olympus series and those called raters who have competencies in assessing translation quality. The methods to collect and analyze the data of responding of requesting speech act were applied content analysis and Forum Group Discussion. The result of this research shows the discovery of 11 types of responding of requesting speech act such as agreeing, commenting, informing, explaining, committing, etc. Based on the techniques that are proposed by Molina Albir (2002), there are 17 translation techniques found in this research, which is, from the analysis of 89 data of responding of requesting speech act in source text and target text, found 564 times the use of its translation techniques. And, in general, the resulting of translation quality in the form of acceptability assessment in this study tends to be good because the average is 2.86, with the majority of applying Establish equivalent technique that gives a positive impact on the translation quality.

Understanding Culture: A Literature Review Comparing Three Cultural Pedagogies

Kidwell, Tabitha

Register Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2017): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

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Abstract

Culture is an integral part of language study, but the field has yet to put forward a coherent theoretical argument for how culture can or should be incorporated in language education.  In an effort to remedy this situation, this paper reviews literature on the teaching of culture, drawing on Larzén’s (2005) identification of three pedagogies used to teach about culture within the language classroom:  through a pedagogy of information, a pedagogy of preparation, and a pedagogy of encounter.  The pedagogy of information takes a cognitive orientation, framing culture as factual knowledge, with a focus on the teacher as the transmitter of knowledge.  The pedagogy of preparation portrays culture as skills, and aims to help students develop the sociocultural, pragmatic, and strategic competence necessary for interactions with native speakers.  The pedagogy of encounter takes an intercultural approach, with an affective orientation, and aims to help students develop tolerance, empathy, and an awareness of their own and others’ perspectives, and the emergent nature of culture. Using these three pedagogies as a conceptual framework, this paper reviews scholarship in support and critique of each type of cultural teaching.  Because each of these three pedagogies continues to be used in various contexts worldwide, a clear understanding of the beliefs systems underpinning the belief systems of teachers and learners is essential. Keywords:  Culture; Language Teaching; Methodologies.INDONESIAN ABSTRACTBudaya merupakan bagian integral dari studi bahasa, namun khalayak belum mengemukakan argumen teoritis yang koheren untuk bagaimana budaya dapat atau harus digabungkan dalam pendidikan bahasa. Dalam upaya memperbaiki situasi ini, makalah ini mengulas literatur tentang ajaran budaya, dengan mengacu pada identifikasi tiga pedagogi Larzén (2005) yang digunakan untuk mengajarkan tentang budaya di dalam kelas bahasa: melalui pedagogi informasi, pedagogi persiapan, dan pedagogi perjumpaan Pedagogi informasi mengambil orientasi kognitif, membingkai budaya sebagai pengetahuan faktual, dengan fokus pada guru sebagai pemancar pengetahuan. Pedagogi persiapan menggambarkan budaya sebagai keterampilan, dan bertujuan untuk membantu siswa mengembangkan kompetensi sosiokultural, pragmatis, dan strategis yang diperlukan untuk interaksi dengan penutur asli. Pedagogi pertemuan mengambil pendekatan antar budaya, dengan orientasi afektif, dan bertujuan untuk membantu siswa mengembangkan toleransi, empati, dan kesadaran akan perspektif mereka sendiri dan orang lain, dan sifat budaya yang muncul. Dengan menggunakan ketiga pedagogi ini sebagai kerangka konseptual, makalah ini mengulas pustaka untuk mendukung dan mengkritik setiap jenis pengajaran budaya. Karena masing-masing dari ketiga pedagogi ini terus digunakan dalam berbagai konteks di seluruh dunia, pemahaman yang jelas tentang sistem kepercayaan yang mendasari sistem kepercayaan guru dan pelajar sangat penting.Kata kunci: Budaya; Pengajaran Bahasa; Metodologi.

Hoax News: Promoting the Students’ Critical Thinking in Critical Reading Class

Haryati, Sri, Hidayati, Diyah Nur

Register Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2017): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

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Abstract

Critical thinking is vital for graduates in facing the dynamic life in order to strengthen their analysis ability and providing alternative solution towards the current problem. It is essential that units, courses, and material teach the critical thinking process have to provide an opportunity for students to excoriate certain problem and present the harmonious flow of thinking. Hoax news, the trending issue in a society as the reading materials, has abundance aspect to be criticized by students. Moreover, it has its own authenticity to be brought into a critical reading class as authentic materials which was not broadly discussed yet. This study aimed at paving the ways to improve the students’ critical thinking skills through reading hoax news. It is conducted to investigate the usage of hoax news in teaching critical reading for undergraduate students as well as particularize how far hoax news can enhance studenst’ critical thinking. This study employed classroom action research design. The subject of the study was the 31 students joining the critical reading class. The data were gotten from observation, document analysis and test. The essay test was the instrument used to assess the students’ critical thinking which later adopted the model of the Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric (HCTSR). The result of the study showed that using of hoax news significantly improve the students’ critical thinking followed by the development of interpretation, analysis and identification ability. The number students posed strong thinking increased from 6.45% to 72,2%. Using critical thinking can promote students’ high order thinking since it drives students to consider the fact and fake which demanding the high analysis and deep interpretation toward the presented text.   Keywords: Critical thinking, hoax news, teaching materials. INDONESIAN ABSTRACT Berpikir kritis merupakan hal yang penting dalam mengahadapi hidup yang dinamis untuk memperkuat kemampuan analisis serta memberikan alternatif solusi dalam memecahkan masalah yang dihadapi saat ini. Sangatlah penting dalam setiap unit pembelajaran, perkuliahan dan materi mengajarkan proses  berpikir kritis untuk menyiapkan siswa dalam menghadapi berbagai masalah dan merepresentasikan pemikiran secara runtut. Hoax News (Berita Hoax), permasalahan aktual di masyarakat, sebagai bahan bacaan menyuguhkan berbagai aspek untuk siswa kritisi. Terlebih, berita hoak mempunyai nilai autentik untuk dapat digunakan di kelas critical reading sebagai materi otentik yang belum banyak dibahas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan cara meningkatkan berpikir kritis siswa dengan menggunakan hoax news sebagai bahan bacaan. Selain itu, penelitian ini berupaya mengungkap penggunaan berita hoak dalam mengajarkan kritikal reading bagi siswa serta mengetahui seberapa jauh berita hoal dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian tindakan kelas. Data diperoleh dari observasi, analisis dokumen dan tes. Tes berbentuk uraian (essay) merupakan instrumen penelitian yang digunakan untuk mengukur tingkat berpikir kritis siswa yang mana rubric penilaian model Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric (HCTSR) diadopsi untuk keperluan ini. Pengamatan juga dilakukan untuk mendukung perolehan data dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan hoax news secara signifikan dapat meningkatkan tingkat berpikir kritis siswa yang diikuti dengan meningkatnya kemampuan interpretasi, analisis dan identifikasi. Jumlah siswa yang memiliki kemampuan berpikir kritis yang kuat meningkat dari 6.45% menjadi 72,2%. Menggunakan berita hoak dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis karena materi ini memacu siswa untuk berpikir kritis dan melakukan analisa mendalam pada teks yang disajikan. Kata kunci: berfikir kritis, berita Hoax, materi mengajar

Student’s learning: Instrumentally, Integratively or Personally Motivated?

Fitriani, Somariah

Register Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2017): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

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Abstract

The study focuses on learners’ motivation to learn English as L2/foreign language. For data collection, questionnaire was distributed to 82 respondents of STIBA IEC Jakarta via whatsApp and face book messenger. In addition, interviews were also conducted to find out the detail information about the role of teacher and inspirational/motivational teacher. For data analysis, the step of sorting, classifying, coding, and presenting the data and drawing conclusion was adopted.  This is a research based article, which has aimed to elaborate the learners’ English learning motivation whether it is instrumentally, integratively or personally motivated and the most dominance type of motivation as well as the important role of teacher in motivating students. It is somewhat surprising that there are six categories found in the research, namely personal motivation (PS), integrative motivation (IT), instrumental motivation (IS), the combination of PS & IT, PS & IS, and IT & IS. The findings have revealed that 1) instrumental motivation is the most dominant type as the first rank, which includes to get a better living, better jobs and position; PS & IS as second rank, IT & IS as the third rank, PS & IT as the fourth rank, personal motivation as the fifth rank and integrative motivation as the last rank; 2) teacher who is resourceful, skillful, competent and has good personality plays a imperative role in motivating and inspiring students. To sum up, regardless of personal, integrative or instrumental motivation, teacher as a role model also determines learner’s success in learning L2.         Keywords: motivation, L2/foreign language learning, instrumental, integrative, personal motivation    INDONESIAN ABSTRACT Fokus kajian ini adalah motivasi peserta didik untuk mempelajari bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa kedua atau bahasa asing. Untuk mengumpulkan data, daftar pertanyaan dibagikan kepada 82 responden STIBA IEC Jakarta pada semester terakhir melalui WhatsApp dan face book messenger. Selain itu, wawancara juga dilakukan untuk mengetahui informasi secara detail, terutama tentang peran guru dan guru yang inspirasional / motivasional. Untuk analisis data, tahap pemilahan, klasifikasi, pengkodean, dan penyajian data serta kesimpulan diadopsi. Ini adalah artikel berbasis penelitian, yang bertujuan untuk menguraikan motivasi belajar bahasa Inggris peserta didik baik secara instrumental, integratif atau motivasi pribadi dan jenis motivasi yang paling dominan serta peran penting guru dalam memotivasi siswa. Agak mengejutkan bahwa ada enam kategori yang ditemukan dalam penelitian ini yang berbeda dengan penemuan lainnya, yaitu motivasi personal (PS), motivasi integratif (IT), motivasi instrumental (IS), kombinasi PS & IT, PS & IS, dan IT & IS. Temuan tersebut telah mengungkapkan bahwa 1) motivasi instrumental adalah jenis yang paling mendominasi sebagai peringkat pertama, yang mencakup alasan mendapatkan kehidupan, pekerjaan dan jabatan yang lebih baik; PS & IS sebagai peringkat kedua, IT & IS sebagai peringkat ketiga, PS & IT sebagai peringkat keempat, motivasi pribadi sebagai peringkat kelima dan motivasi integratif sebagai rangking terakhir; 2) Guru yang cakap, terampil, kompeten dan memiliki kepribadian yang baik memainkan peran penting dalam memotivasi siswa. Singkatnya, terlepas dari motivasi pribadi, integratif atau instrumental, guru sebagai panutan juga menentukan keberhasilan peserta didik dalam belajar L2. Kata kunci: motivasi, pembelajaran bahasa kedua/bahasa asing, motivasi instrumental, integratif dan personal.

Rhetorical Perspectives of Undergraduate Students’ Thesis Abstracts

Siyaswati, Siyaswati, Rochmawati, Dyah

Register Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2017): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

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Abstract

The present article aims at describing the students’ theses abstracts viewed from the rhetorical perspectives. It examines whether the abstracts provided in the university website include the essential rhetorical moves and whether the moves are presented in the sequence according to Hyland’s five-move classification (Introduction, Purpose, Method, Product, and Conclusion) of rhetorical moves. Eighty abstracts of the research articles written by the students were collected using purposive sampling. The frequency of occurrence of each move was statistically calculated and tallied. Two ESL (English as a second language) researchers validated the data classification. The findings revealed that 53.75% of the abstracts were found out to be written in accordance with the structure. Most abstracts give information on the purpose, methodology, and findings of the associated article. About half of the articles omit introduction of the topic and discussion of the findings. Moves “product” and “conclusion” were missing in a few abstracts. The students’ lengthy “introduction” move and over brief “product” move were found in most abstracts. Some rhetorical moves appeared to have higher incidence of occurrences than the others. The findings lend further insights into the needs of professional development among academics, particularly in academic research report writing.  Keywords: rhetorical moves, student’s article abstracts  INDONESIAN ABSTRACT Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan abstrak skripsi mahasiswa dilihat dari sudut pandang retorik- meneliti apakah abstrak-abstrak tersebut memiliki ‘rhetorical moves’ yang esensial dan apakah ‘rhetorical moves’dipresentasikan dalam urutan sesuai dengan klasifikasi lima langkah Hyland (Pendahuluan, Tujuan, Metode, Produk, dan Kesimpulan) gerakan retoris. Delapan puluh abstrak artikel penelitian yang ditulis oleh siswa dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan purposive sampling. Frekuensi terjadinya setiap ‘move’ dihitung. Dua peneliti ESL (bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa kedua) memvalidasi klasifikasi data. Temuan menunjukkan bahwa 53,75% abstrak ditemukan ditulis sesuai dengan strukturnya. Sebagian besar abstrak memberikan informasi tentang tujuan, metodologi, dan temuan dari artikel yang terkait. Sekitar setengah dari artikel menghilangkan pengenalan topik dan diskusi tentang temuan. Tidak terdapat Move "produk" dan "kesimpulan" dalam beberapa abstrak. Ditemukan pula move "pengantar" yang panjang dan "produk" yang singkat pada kebanyakan abstrak. Beberapa move tampaknya ditemukan lebih banyak daripada yang lain. Temuan ini memberikan wawasan lebih lanjut mengenai kebutuhan pengembangan profesional di kalangan akademisi, terutama dalam penulisan laporan penelitian akademis.Kata kunci: Rhetorical Moves, Abstrak  Skripsi  Mahasiswa 

Developing Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) : Need Analysis of Teaching Materials for Madrasah English Teachers

Mustikasari, Dewi Wahyu

Register Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2017): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

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Abstract

The purposes of this study are (1) to recognize the textbooks or other teaching materials used by the Madrasah English teachers, (2) to identify their obstacles in preparing the teaching materials, (3) to analyze the teaching materials which can be developed in MOOC, (4) to analyze the teaching materials for MOOC which are related to the Indonesian curriculum, (5) to analyze their willingness of proffesional teaching development by joining MOOC. This study used a descriptive qualitative approach. Moreover, the subjects of the study were 3 English teachers of MTs Negeri Salatiga and 5 English teachers of MAN Salatiga. Observation, interview and documentation were used as the techniques of data collection. The results showed that (1) they used the textbooks from Ministry of Education (MOE), selected main handbooks, supplemenatary teaching materials from certain websites, (2) communicative competence as the main issue of content of textbook from MOE gave different challanges for them to prepare the teaching materials, (3) authentic materials were highly needed to be developed in MOOC, (4) characters building based-teaching materials needed to be developed too as those are the uniqueness of the Indonesian curriculum, (5) they had less interest to join MOOC as their way to develop their proffesional teaching development.Keywords: MOOC, English teaching materials, authentic materials, characters building

Game Localisation: Loss and Gain in Visual Novel Subtitles

Syafa’ati, Etty, Pujiyanti, Umi

Register Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2017): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

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Abstract

This research discussed about loss and gain in the context of game localization with the limitation on subtitles. The objectives are to present the loss and gain in the visual novel game adaptation subtitles entitled A Child in the Forest and to identify reasons of the loss and gain happen. A Child in the Forest is a kind of game which consists of static and background images also music soundtrack with storylines and dialogues. It was made and translated from English into Indonesian version by English Letters students of IAIN Surakarta. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The method of collecting data, researcher gets English and Indonesian subtitles script from the game packages. After that, the researcher analyses the data which consist of loss and gain and also make interview with translator. The researcher uses informant to make data validation which is expert in translation and in the world of visual novel game. The result of this research, researcher found 63 data about loss and 55 data about gain. The reasons of loss and gain in visual novel game subtitle is mostly because of the translator wants to reach the goal of game localization in order the visual novel can be easy to be played and to be understood.Keywords: Game Localization, Loss and Gain, Subtitle of Visual Novel Game. INDONESIAN ABSTRACT Penelitian ini membahas tentang loss dan gain dalam konteks game lokalisasi dengan fokus hanya pada subtitle. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menunjukan loss dan gain yang ditemukan serta mengidentifikasi alasan kenapa loss dan gain bisa terjadi di subtitle visual novel game adaptasi berjudul A Child in the Forest. A Child in the Forest adalah sebuah permainan yang terdiri dari gambar statis dan latar belakang juga suara music dengan alur cerita dan dialog. Visual novel ini dibuat dan diterjemahkan dari bahasa Inggris ke bahasa Indonesia oleh siswa jurusan sastra inggris semester 2 IAIN Surakarta. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Metode pengumpulan data, peneliti mendapatkan naskah terjemahan bahasa Inggris dan bahasa Indonesia dari data paket permainan. Setelah itu, peneliti menganalisis data yang mengandung loss dan gain dan juga melakukan wawancara dengan penerjemah. Peneliti menggunakan informan untuk melakukan validasi data yang ahli dalam dunia penerjemahan dan ahli dalam game visual novel. Hasil penelitian ini, peneliti menemukan 63 data tentang loss dan 55 data tentang gain. Alasan loss dan gain dalam subtitle game visual novel ini sebagian besar karena penerjemah ingin mencapai tujuan lokalisasi permainan agar visual novelnya mudah dimainkan dan dipahami.Kata kunci: Lokalisasi Game, Loss dan Gain, Subtitle di Visual Novel Game.

Understanding Culture: A Literature Review Comparing Three Cultural Pedagogies

Kidwell, Tabitha

Register Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2017): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.977 KB)

Abstract

ENGLISH ABSTRACT Culture is an integral part of language study, but the field has yet to put forward a coherent theoretical argument for how culture can or should be incorporated in language education.  In an effort to remedy this situation, this paper reviews literature on the teaching of culture, drawing on Larzén’s (2005) identification of three pedagogies used to teach about culture within the language classroom:  through a pedagogy of information, a pedagogy of preparation, and a pedagogy of encounter.  The pedagogy of information takes a cognitive orientation, framing culture as factual knowledge, with a focus on the teacher as the transmitter of knowledge.  The pedagogy of preparation portrays culture as skills, and aims to help students develop the sociocultural, pragmatic, and strategic competence necessary for interactions with native speakers.  The pedagogy of encounter takes an intercultural approach, with an affective orientation, and aims to help students develop tolerance, empathy, and an awareness of their own and others’ perspectives, and the emergent nature of culture. Using these three pedagogies as a conceptual framework, this paper reviews scholarship in support and critique of each type of cultural teaching.  Because each of these three pedagogies continues to be used in various contexts worldwide, a clear understanding of the beliefs systems underpinning the belief systems of teachers and learners is essential. Keywords:  Culture; Language Teaching; Methodologies. INDONESIAN ABSTRACTBudaya merupakan bagian integral dari studi bahasa, namun khalayak belum mengemukakan argumen teoritis yang koheren untuk bagaimana budaya dapat atau harus digabungkan dalam pendidikan bahasa. Dalam upaya memperbaiki situasi ini, makalah ini mengulas literatur tentang ajaran budaya, dengan mengacu pada identifikasi tiga pedagogi Larzén (2005) yang digunakan untuk mengajarkan tentang budaya di dalam kelas bahasa: melalui pedagogi informasi, pedagogi persiapan, dan pedagogi perjumpaan Pedagogi informasi mengambil orientasi kognitif, membingkai budaya sebagai pengetahuan faktual, dengan fokus pada guru sebagai pemancar pengetahuan. Pedagogi persiapan menggambarkan budaya sebagai keterampilan, dan bertujuan untuk membantu siswa mengembangkan kompetensi sosiokultural, pragmatis, dan strategis yang diperlukan untuk interaksi dengan penutur asli. Pedagogi pertemuan mengambil pendekatan antar budaya, dengan orientasi afektif, dan bertujuan untuk membantu siswa mengembangkan toleransi, empati, dan kesadaran akan perspektif mereka sendiri dan orang lain, dan sifat budaya yang muncul. Dengan menggunakan ketiga pedagogi ini sebagai kerangka konseptual, makalah ini mengulas pustaka untuk mendukung dan mengkritik setiap jenis pengajaran budaya. Karena masing-masing dari ketiga pedagogi ini terus digunakan dalam berbagai konteks di seluruh dunia, pemahaman yang jelas tentang sistem kepercayaan yang mendasari sistem kepercayaan guru dan pelajar sangat penting.Kata kunci: Budaya; Pengajaran Bahasa; Metodologi.