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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 20851103     EISSN : 23560991     DOI : -
This journal is a peer-reviewed journal established to promote the recognition of emerging and reemerging diseases specifically in Indonesia, South East Asia, other tropical countries and around the world, and to improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence, prevention, and elimination. The journal is intended for scientists, clinicians, and professionals in infectious diseases and related sciences. We welcome contributions from infectious disease specialists in academia, industry, clinical practice, public health, and pharmacy, as well as from specialists in economics, social sciences and other disciplines.
Articles 3 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 7, No 2 (2018)" : 3 Documents clear
FACTOR RELEATED OF ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS DRUG RESISTENCY ON PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS PASIENT IN LABUANG BAJI HOSPITAL MAKASSAR Saleh, Sapriadi; Syahridha, Syahridha
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v7i2.7327

Abstract

Tuberculosis become crucial diseases in the world. The disease can spread rapidly since it spreads through the air. The transmission through coughing and sneezing from droplet TB Patients. Containing Mycobacterium tuberculosis can be exposed to anyone who is around the patient. The aim of this research is to analyze the factors that affect the anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Labuang Baji Hospital Makassar. The research design is cross sectional approach. This study is conducted in June–July 2017 with a total sample of 60 respondents. Based on the data analysis, it is found that there were 34 respondents (56.7%) from 15–34 years old group and 26 respondents (43.3%) from 35–54 years old group. There were 35 female respondents (58.3%) and 25 male respondent(41.7%), is respondents with positive VCT test result and 45 respondensts (74.0%) with negatif VCT test, 54 respondents (90,0%) who have treatment history previously, 45 respondents (78.3%) have history with TB contact, 45 respondents (75.6%) who had good knowledge. 51 respondents (95%) with anti tuberculosis drug resistance. The result of statistical test using Chi-Square test is showed that there was a significant correlation between treatment history and anti tuberculosis drug resistance with p = 0.024 < α = 0.05. But, there was no relationship between sex and knowledge with anti tuberculosis drug resistance with p value 0.56 and 0.566 (p value > α = 0.05). It is recommended to health worker to give health education for patient and their family, so they can do their treatment until the patients are cured. It can prevent the patient to be anti tuberculosis drug resistance patient.
ONYCHOMYCOSIS FINGER AND TOE NAIL BY CRYPTOCOCCUS LAURENTII.T VERRUCOSSUM AND CANDIDA SP Widasmara, Dhelya; Sari, Diane Tantia
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v7i2.6723

Abstract

Onychomycosis is the most common nail disease and contributes to 50% of all cause of onychodystropy. Onychomycosis cases due to Cryptoccus laurentii and Trychophyton spp. are quite rare. The most common cause of onychomycosis reported in Indonesia is Candida sp. Risk factors for onychomycosis include moisture, occlusion, nail trauma, decreased immunity, slow nail growth, wide nail surface, and genetic factors. Old age, cancer, psoriasis, dermatophyte infection at other sites is also a risk factor. A 54 year-old woman, with brittle nails and cracked palms since 6 months before came to outpatient clinic. She is a farmer and work in the rice fields without gloves daily; she also rarely wash her hands after work. Dermatologic examination of all right and left finger nail is revealed yellow, white, and some blackish discoloration, subungual hyperkeratotic, onycholysis, and onychodystrophy. In the right and left palm, revealed multiple erythematous and yellow-white hyperkeratotic plaques, with fissures and rough scales. From nail clippings, a 20% KOH examination revealed long branching hyphae, periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS) staining revealed spores, and fungal culture revealed growth of Criptococcus laurentii and Trichophyton spp. colonies. We gave itraconazole pulse dose: 2 x 200 mg tablet orally per day for a week every month. Other treatment was using 20% urea cream. Follow up at 8 weeks after therapy is showed clinical and mycologic improvement. The incidence of onychomycosis due to Cryptoccus laurentii and Trychophyton spp. is still rare. Thepredisposing factor of infection in these case is suspected due to old age and her habitual contact with the paddy fields without gloves and rarely wash her hand after work.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HERBAL MOSQUITO COILS “MORIZENA” AGAINST Aedes Aegypti DEATH Susilowati, Rina Priastini; Darmanto, Win; Aminah, Nanik Siti
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v7i2.7324

Abstract

It has been successfully found new herbal mosquito coils called “Morizena” made from Passiflora foetida leaf extract (40%), Chrysantemum cinerariaefolium flowers seed extract (40%), essential oils of  leaves-stems of Cymbopogon nardus (20%). The herbal mosquito coils are more effective to kill Aedes aegypti compared to commercial synthetic mosquito coils made from Transfluthrin. Treatment of exposure to herbal mosquito coils “Morizena” on Aedes aegypti for 8 hours/day with concentration 500 ppm (P1), 1000 ppm (P2), 2000 ppm (P3), 3000 ppm (P4), 4000 ppm (P5) and treatment of exposure to synthetic mosquito coils Transfluthrin 2500 ppm (K1) as a positive control, and without treatment of exposure to mosquito coils (K0) as a negative control. Experimental animals used were adult Ae. aegypti mosquito with 25 mosquitoes in each treatment. Experimental design used is one-way Anova test with linear regression to calculate its LC50 and LC90. The results of test to herbal mosquito coils “Morizena” given for 8 hours/day obtained mortality of Ae. aegypti by 92% to a concentration of 3000 ppm (P4) and 100% to a concentration of 4000 ppm (P5) and 100% for test to synthetic mosquito coils transfluthrin 2500 ppm (K1). Ae. aegypti LC50 and LC90 value for treatment of exposure to herbal mosquito coils “Morizena” are 999 ppm and 2977 ppm. Treatment of herbal mosquito coils “Morizena” with graded doses up to 4000 ppm and synthetic mosquito coils Transfluthrin 2500 ppm causing an increase in the enzyme acetylcholinesterase activity of Ae. aegypti. The conclusion is based on the Ae. aegypti  LC90 value is 2977 ppm, which means the effective dose of herbal mosquito coils “Morizena” to kill Ae. aegypti is 2977 ppm.

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