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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 20851103     EISSN : 23560991     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
This journal is a peer-reviewed journal established to promote the recognition of emerging and reemerging diseases specifically in Indonesia, South East Asia, other tropical countries and around the world, and to improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence, prevention, and elimination. The journal is intended for scientists, clinicians, and professionals in infectious diseases and related sciences. We welcome contributions from infectious disease specialists in academia, industry, clinical practice, public health, and pharmacy, as well as from specialists in economics, social sciences and other disciplines.
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Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 6, No 1 (2016)" : 5 Documents clear
CYTOTOXICITY OF JUSTICIA GENDARUSSA BURM F. LEAF EXTRACTS ON MOLT-4 CELL Widiyanti, Prihartini; Prajogo, Bambang; Hikmawati, Ni Putu Ermi
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (229.435 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v6i1.1207

Abstract

Justicia gendarussa Burm f. (Acanthaceae) is known for its activity as a male contraceptive and anti-HIV properties. The present study was designed to evaluate extracts of J. gendarussa for cytotoxicity activity against MOLT-4 cells. The cytotoxic activity of the fractionated-extract and 70% ethanol extracts of J. gendarussa leaves on MOLT-4 cells were evaluated using a WST-1 assay. The treatment cells, control cells without treatment and control media were also tested in duplicate. The absorbance was measured at a wavelength of 450 nm using a microplate absorbance reader (Bio-Rad). The average absorbance measures formazan produced by viable cells that metabolize the WST-1 reagent. Then the data was analyzed with regression analysis Microsoft Excel 2007 program to determine the concentration with 50% cell viability (50% Cytotoxicity Concentration, CC50). The CC50 values of the fractionated-extract and 70% ethanol extract of J. gendarussa leaves were 94 μg/ml and 78 μg/ml, respectively. The cytotoxicity of fractionated-extract and 70% ethanol extract of J. gendarussa leaves were not significantly different (p > 0.05). It can be concluded that the fractionated-extract and 70% ethanol extract of J. gendarussa leaves are not toxic to MOLT-4 cells.
EFFECT OF FREE ALKALOID AND NON-FREE ALKALOID ETHANOL 70% EXTRACT OF JUSTICIA GENDARUSSA BURM F. LEAVES AGAINST REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE HIV ENZYME IN VITRO AND CHEMICAL COMPOUND ANALYSIS Prajogo, Bambang; Widiyanti, Prihartini; Riza, Hafrizal
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.42 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v6i1.1203

Abstract

HIV-AIDS is a global problem and the deadliest disease in the world. One of HIV and AIDS prevention strategy can be done with traditional medicine research program from natural resource that has anti-HIV AIDS activity. It has been found that 70% ethanol extract of Justicia gendarussa Burm.f leaves, alkaloid free and alkaloid non-free, has a strong inhibitory activity against HIV reverse transcriptase enzyme, as an effort to find a solution in the face of HIV AIDS prevalence that is still high with problem of HIV-AIDS treatment such as side effects and resistances. Justicia gendarussa had already known for having an effect anti-HIV and therefore we were looking at the mechanism of inhibition of HIV Reverse Transcriptase enzyme. Both types of extracts were tested in vitro using ELISA technique and analysed chemical content of Gendarusin A as anti-HIV using high performance liquid chromatography. ELISA test results obtained percent inhibition, respectively for 254.2, 254.2, 235.6, and 279.7 for the concentration of 5 ppm, 10 ppm, 15 ppm and 20 ppm of free alkaloid extract and 169.0, 164.0, 130.5 and 369.5 for the concentration of 5 ppm, 10 ppm, 15 ppm and 20 ppm of non-free-alkaloid extract. The results of high performance liquid chromatography obtained Gendarusin A in the free alkaloid extract at retention time 8.402 minutes and non-free alkaloid extract at retention time 8.381. Therefore, these results concluded that the Justicia gendarussa Burm.f can be a useful resource for the isolation and development of new anti-HIV.
SYNTHESIS OF METAL-ORGANIC (COMPLEXES) COMPOUNDS COPPER(II)-IMIDAZOLE FOR ANTIVIRAL HIV CANDIDATE Sucipto, Teguh Hari; Martak, Fahimah
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1015.057 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v6i1.1204

Abstract

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is viruses known as rotaviruses. Potential target for therapeutic is reverse transcriptase (RT), possesses an RNA dependent DNA polymerase, DNA-dependent DNA polymerase and ribonuclease H fuctions. Imidazoles have high anti-HIV inhibitory activity, some derivates of imidazole reported drugs. 8-chloro-2,3-dihydroimidazole[1,2-b] [1,4,2]benzodithiazine-5,5-dioxides and 9-chloro-2,3,4-trihydropyri-mido[1,2-b][1,4,2]benzodithi-azine-6,6-dioxides. This compounds succesfully identified anti-HIV activity. Copper is a bio-essential element and copper complexes have been extensively utilized in metal mediated DNA cleavage for the generation of activated oxygen species. It has been reported that teraaza macrocyclic copper coordination compounds have anti-HIV activities. Studies have shown that these macrocyclic complexes can react with DNA in different binding fashions and exhibit effective nuclease activities. Complex compounds are compounds in which there is an atom that acts as the central atom and trotter group of molecules that can be either neutral or charged ions. Application a metal-organic (complex) compounds, especially copper metal and derivates of imidazole. So, in this study can explore new anti-HIV candidate.
CELLULAR IMMUNITY ACTIVATION METHOD BY STIMULATING RD1 COMPLEX PROTEINS AS VIRULENCE MARKER ON Mycobacterium tuberculum TO ESTABLISH DIAGNOSIS ON TUBERCULOSIS AND LATENT TUBERCULOSIS INFECTION Setiabudi, Rebekah; Mertaniasih, Ni Made; Didik Handijatmo, Didik; Setyoningrum, Retno Asih
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2023.581 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v6i1.1205

Abstract

This study was intended to invent a simpler and more affordable method to establish diagnosis on Tuberculosis (TB) and Latent Tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Similar to “Quantiferon TB Gold In Tube” (QFT-GIT) and T.SPOT.TB methods, the researchers also utilized “early secreted antigenic target 6kDa” (ESAT-6) and “cultur filtrate protein 10kDa” (CFP-10) proteins to be induced on the specimen. ESAT-6 and CFP-10 are commercial products used to induce interferon gamma (INF-γ) which were to be read using sophisticated and expensive equipment. This study was intended to conduct an analysis on effective cocktail protein modification, i.e. ESAT-6, CFP-10 and Ag85A/B/C, with high validity to detect cellular immunity activity through in vitro examination on peripheral blood monocyte cells of Tuberculosis-suspected patients or patients with latent tuberculosis infection. Peripheral Blood Monocyte Cells (PBMCs) activity on children tuberculosis patient or Latent Tuberculosis Infection (LTBI), adult tuberculosis patient or LTBI, which induced by cocktail protein modification and not induced, were analyzed microscopically. The activity of PBMCs on children and adult tuberculosis patient or LTBI induced by RD1 secretory proteins: ESAT-6, CFP-10, Ag85A/B/C was higher compared to PBMCs which had not been induced by the secretory proteins. Cellular debris and monocyte cells with abnormal shapes were found on PBMCs which had been induced by RD1 secretory proteins at 8 th day after culture.
Mycobacterium leprae BACILLEMIA IN BOTH TWINS, BUT ONLY MANIFEST AS LEPROSY IN ONE SIBLING Sukmawati, Netty; Agusni, Indropo; Listiawan, M. Yulianto; Prakoeswa, Cita Rosita S.; Adriaty, Dinar; Wahyuni, Ratna; Iswahyudi, Iswahyudi
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (785.454 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v6i1.1206

Abstract

Leprosy in twins is rarely reported. A 19 years-old male student, from Lamongan district, was diagnosed as Multibacillary (MB) leprosy in the Skin and STD Clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya. Multiple anesthetic skin lesions were found, but the bacteriologic examination was negative for Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB). Histopathology examination support the diagnosis of BL type of leprosy. His twin brother that has been lived together since born until present seems healthy without any complaints of skin lesions and have no signs of leprosy. When a serologic examination for leprosy was performed, a high anti PGL-1 antibody level was found in patient (IgM anti PGL-1 2937 and IgG anti PGL-1 3080 unit/ml) while his healthy twin brother showed only low level (IgM 745 and IgG 0 unit/ml). Interestingly when a PCR study was performed to detect M.leprae in the blood, both of them showed positive results. Using the TTC method, a genomic study of for M.leprae, it is revealed that both samples were identic ( 27x TTC repeats). According to patient’s history, he had a traffic accident and got a wound in the knee seven years ago, while the skin lesions seems started from this area around three years ago before it spread to other parts of the body. The patient was treated with Multi-drug therapy (MDT) while his sibling got a prophylactic treatment for leprosy. After 6 months of treatment, the leprosy skin lesions were diminished and the serologic anti PGL 1 has been decreased. His healthy brother also showed a decrease in anti PGL 1 level and no skin signs of leprosy.

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