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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 20851103     EISSN : 23560991     DOI : -
This journal is a peer-reviewed journal established to promote the recognition of emerging and reemerging diseases specifically in Indonesia, South East Asia, other tropical countries and around the world, and to improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence, prevention, and elimination. The journal is intended for scientists, clinicians, and professionals in infectious diseases and related sciences. We welcome contributions from infectious disease specialists in academia, industry, clinical practice, public health, and pharmacy, as well as from specialists in economics, social sciences and other disciplines.
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 6 (2015)" : 10 Documents clear
Evaluation of Salmonella sp Contamination and its Antibiotics Resistance Patterns Isolated from Broiler Meat Sold at Wet Market in Center of Surabaya Aprillian, Risky; Rahardjo, Dadik; Koesdarto, Setiawan
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance now days become a main issue to the medical researches as found many positive result of antibiotic resistance test. One of the causes of antibiotic resistance is using antibiotic as a feed additive to animal. Bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics can be a danger to humans, in this case the resistant bacteria as a result of treatment errors animals, especially chickens that uses low-dose antibiotics as growth promoters. This study aimed to determine the contamination of Salmonella sp and its antibiotics resistance patterns of Salmonella sp isolated from broiler meat sold at wet market in the Center of Surabaya: (a) Pasar Kembang, (b) Pasar Kupang, (c) Pasar Dukuh Kupang, (d) Pasar Kedungsari, (e) Pasar Kedungdoro and (f) Pasar Keputran. The method that used in this study was bacteriological isolation and identification method. The method started with pre-enrichment using Buffered Pepton Water, selective enrichment using Tetrathionate Broth and Selenite Cysteine broth, selective media using Salmonella-Shigella Agar, Biochemical test using Triple Sugar Iron Agar, Simon Citrate, Methyl Red – Voges Proskauer, and Sulfide Indol Motility, and followed with susceptibility test according to Kirby-Bauer method using Mueller-Hinton Agar. The antibiotics that used in susceptibility test were: (a) Meropenem, (b) Ampicillin Sulbactam, (c) Amikacin, (d) Ofloxacin and (e) Nalidixic Acid. The results of this study were found 90% or 27 of 30 samples positive contaminated with Salmonella sp. The results of antibiotics resistance from 27 isolates 0% were resistant to Meropenem, 0% were resistant to Amikacin; 3.7% were resistant to Ampicillin-Sulbactam; 11.1% were resistant to Ofloxacin and 44.4% were resistant to Nalidixic Acid.
Profile of Hematocrit Level Captured by Digital Hematocrit Test Widiyanti, Prihartini; Sardjono, Tri Arif
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The dengue fever is a disease caused by Dengue virus which is transmitted via Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus vector. This Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) case in Indonesia tend to rise from year to year caused by delayed detection and inadequate handling. The laboratory parameter of hematocrite had regularly been performed using invasive method by taking the blood from the patient. This method is still not been able to monitor patients with DHF by repetitive and accurate measurament. This research project aims is to perform a digital hematocrit test (DHT) with non-invasive accurate sensors. Digital Hematocrit Test (DHT) is needed to presenting fast, exact, economical and accurate detection methods of hematocrit level. Measureable magnitude by the instrumentation is non-absorb intensity electromagnetic waves 560 nm emitted by transmitter captured by receiver. Signal captured by the receiver then converted into electrical signal. The electrical signal from receiver was the levels of hemoglobin. Levels of hemoglobin then converted to hematocrit. Hematokrit is three times the level of hemoglobin. Technology of hematocrit monitoring is aimed to control DHF patient clinical symptoms continuously and acquisitively.
Differences of Universal and Multiplex Primer for Detection of Dengue Virus from Patients Suspected Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Surabaya Ansori, Arif; Sucipto, Teguh; Deka, Pemta; Ahwanah, Nur; Churrotin, Siti; Kotaki, Tomohiro; Soegijanto, Soegeng
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a global health problem in tropical and subtropical regions, as well as endemic in110 countries around the world. Indonesia is one of the largest countries in the region of endemic dengue. In Indonesia, dengue virus infection has become a contagious disease that was very important and was reported in 1968. Many molecular epidemiological approaches have been developed to look for factor that has been assumed as the cause of the increase of prevalence dengue virus infection in the world. The aim of this study is for the detection and determination of serotype of dengue virus in Surabaya. The method used was the technique of Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with specific primers for dengue virus. Samples suspected DHF patients were obtained from various health center and hospital in Surabaya. Results of this research detected negative result for dengue virus in all samples of patients suspected DHF. Negative results caused by dengue virus titers in serum samples of patients who had been dropped due to long storage time and taken after the third day of fever in early period.
An Appropriate Diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection in Some Cases who had and were being Treated in Soerya Hospital Sepanjang – Indonesia Soegijanto, Soegeng; Wikanesthi, Desiana; Chilvia, Eva; Soedirham, Oedojo
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Since January 2014, Soerya Hospital has found many cases with positive result of NS or IgM and IgG Dengue. The clinical manifestations mostly were high fever with headache, vomiting and also malaise convulsion and unconsciousness. Aim of the study is to find out an appropriate diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection. Observasional study had been done since January–April 2014 with 50 cases of dengue Virus Infection. The diagnostic procedure was made based on the WHO 2011 criteria. Result Many cases had come with fever within couple days, some of them showed convulsions. Therefore, it should be made a differential diagnosis with other disease, such as acute tonsilopharingitis, etc. The patient also had to be tested with NS1 if the patient come in the first, second and third day of fever and followed by IgM/IgG dengue on the fourth, fifth or sixth days of fever. The diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection was made based on the WHO criteria 2011. This study showed that not all cases showed positive result of NS1 or IgM/IgG dengue on the first or second test. For the negative result, we should not think that the case is not a case of Dengue Virus Infection, especially if it happens at Aedes aegypti breeding season, the patient should be observed and performed the test again to get a proper diagnosis for Dengue Virus Infection. Monitoring clinical manifestation should always be done, to predict the appropriate diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection.
Comparative Study of Filarial Detection by Microscopic Examination and Serological Assay Utilizing BMR1 and BMXSP Recombinant Antigens for Evaluation of Filariasis Elimination Program at Kampung Sawah and Pamulang, South Tangerang District, Banten, In Nasution, Silvia
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

South Tangerang district is one of the endemic areas for filariasis; and based on an evaluation study in 2008-2009 which covered several subdistricts, the prevalence of microfilaria was between 1–2.4%. Nevertheless, the evaluation by serological assay has never been reported. A cross-sectional study was conducted to detect the microfilaremia and anti-filarial IgG4 antibody status in Kp Sawah and Pamulang subdistricts. Cluster sampling was performed in Kp Sawah by collecting finger-prick blood (FPB) and venous blood samples from inhabitants who lived with and nearby the four elephantiasis subjects in the area. The FPB were only collected in Pamulang area by consecutive sampling method. The detection method included microscopic evaluation of FPB and serological detection using recombinant antigens BmR1 and BmSXP by ELISA and lateral flow rapid tests. Symptomatic patients who had 2nd and 3rd degree of elephantiasis were clinically determined in 10% (4/40) subjects. Among those with elephantiasis, 2 were positive serologically but their microscopic results were all negative (40/40). Meanwhile, the microscopic result for 107 subjects from Pamulang were all negative. The results of the rapid tests showed that 15% (6/40) of the positive cases were detected by Brugia Rapid and 27.5% (11/40) by PanLF. Meanwhile, the ELISA showed that 20% (8/40) of the cases were positive with BmSXP, whereas only 2.5% or 1/40 sample was found to be positive with BmR1. Even though the sensitivity of the Rapid test was lower when compared to microscopic examination for these samples, the assay showed good specificity ranging from 72.5 to 97.5%. The optical density (OD) values of ELISA has ranged between 0.3–3.045.
EVALUATION OF Salmonella sp CONTAMINATION AND ITS ANTIBIOTICS RESISTANCE PATTERNS ISOLATED FROM BROILER MEAT SOLD AT WET MARKET IN CENTER OF SURABAYA Aprillian, Risky; Rahardjo, Dadik; Koesdarto, Setiawan
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.339 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i6.440

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance now days become a main issue to the medical researches as found many positive result of antibiotic resistance test. One of the causes of antibiotic resistance is using antibiotic as a feed additive to animal. Bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics can be a danger to humans, in this case the resistant bacteria as a result of treatment errors animals, especially chickens that uses low-dose antibiotics as growth promoters. This study aimed to determine the contamination of Salmonella sp and its antibiotics resistance patterns of Salmonella sp isolated from broiler meat sold at wet market in the Center of Surabaya: (a) Pasar Kembang, (b) Pasar Kupang, (c) Pasar Dukuh Kupang, (d) Pasar Kedungsari, (e) Pasar Kedungdoro and (f) Pasar Keputran. The method that used in this study was bacteriological isolation and identification method. The method started with pre-enrichment using Buffered Pepton Water, selective enrichment using Tetrathionate Broth and Selenite Cysteine broth, selective media using Salmonella-Shigella Agar, Biochemical test using Triple Sugar Iron Agar, Simon Citrate, Methyl Red – Voges Proskauer, and Sulfide Indol Motility, and followed with susceptibility test according to Kirby-Bauer method using Mueller-Hinton Agar. The antibiotics that used in susceptibility test were: (a) Meropenem, (b) Ampicillin Sulbactam, (c) Amikacin, (d) Ofloxacin and (e) Nalidixic Acid. The results of this study were found 90% or 27 of 30 samples positive contaminated with Salmonella sp. The results of antibiotics resistance from 27 isolates 0% were resistant to Meropenem, 0% were resistant to Amikacin; 3.7% were resistant to Ampicillin-Sulbactam; 11.1% were resistant to Ofloxacin and 44.4% were resistant to Nalidixic Acid.
PROFILE OF HEMATOCRIT LEVEL CAPTURED BY DIGITAL HEMATOCRIT TEST Widiyanti, Prihartini; Sardjono, Tri Arif
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.255 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i6.442

Abstract

The dengue fever is a disease caused by Dengue virus which is transmitted via Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus vector. This Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) case in Indonesia tend to rise from year to year caused by delayed detection and inadequate handling. The laboratory parameter of hematocrite had regularly been performed using invasive method by taking the blood from the patient. This method is still not been able to monitor patients with DHF by repetitive and accurate measurament. This research project aims is to perform a digital hematocrit test (DHT) with non-invasive accurate sensors. Digital Hematocrit Test (DHT) is needed to presenting fast, exact, economical and accurate detection methods of hematocrit level. Measureable magnitude by the instrumentation is non-absorb intensity electromagnetic waves 560 nm emitted by transmitter captured by receiver. Signal captured by the receiver then converted into electrical signal. The electrical signal from receiver was the levels of hemoglobin. Levels of hemoglobin then converted to hematocrit. Hematokrit is three times the level of hemoglobin. Technology of hematocrit monitoring is aimed to control DHF patient clinical symptoms continuously and acquisitively.
DIFFERENCES OF UNIVERSAL AND MULTIPLEX PRIMER FOR DETECTION OF DENGUE VIRUS FROM PATIENTS SUSPECTED DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (DHF) IN SURABAYA Ansori, Arif; Sucipto, Teguh; Deka, Pemta; Ahwanah, Nur; Churrotin, Siti; Kotaki, Tomohiro; Soegijanto, Soegeng
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.223 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i6.594

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a global health problem in tropical and subtropical regions, as well as endemic in110 countries around the world. Indonesia is one of the largest countries in the region of endemic dengue. In Indonesia, dengue virus infection has become a contagious disease that was very important and was reported in 1968. Many molecular epidemiological approaches have been developed to look for factor that has been assumed as the cause of the increase of prevalence dengue virus infection in the world. The aim of this study is for the detection and determination of serotype of dengue virus in Surabaya. The method used was the technique of Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with specific primers for dengue virus. Samples suspected DHF patients were obtained from various health center and hospital in Surabaya. Results of this research detected negative result for dengue virus in all samples of patients suspected DHF. Negative results caused by dengue virus titers in serum samples of patients who had been dropped due to long storage time and taken after the third day of fever in early period.
AN APPROPRIATE DIAGNOSIS OF DENGUE VIRUS INFECTION IN SOME CASES WHO HAD AND WERE BEING TREATED IN SOERYA HOSPITAL SEPANJANG – INDONESIA Soegijanto, Soegeng; Wikanesthi, Desiana; Chilvia, Eva; Soedirham, Oedojo
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (187.043 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i6.595

Abstract

Since January 2014, Soerya Hospital has found many cases with positive result of NS or IgM and IgG Dengue. The clinical manifestations mostly were high fever with headache, vomiting and also malaise convulsion and unconsciousness. Aim of the study is to find out an appropriate diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection. Observasional study had been done since January–April 2014 with 50 cases of dengue Virus Infection. The diagnostic procedure was made based on the WHO 2011 criteria. Result Many cases had come with fever within couple days, some of them showed convulsions. Therefore, it should be made a differential diagnosis with other disease, such as acute tonsilopharingitis, etc. The patient also had to be tested with NS1 if the patient come in the first, second and third day of fever and followed by IgM/IgG dengue on the fourth, fifth or sixth days of fever. The diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection was made based on the WHO criteria 2011. This study showed that not all cases showed positive result of NS1 or IgM/IgG dengue on the first or second test. For the negative result, we should not think that the case is not a case of Dengue Virus Infection, especially if it happens at Aedes aegypti breeding season, the patient should be observed and performed the test again to get a proper diagnosis for Dengue Virus Infection. Monitoring clinical manifestation should always be done, to predict the appropriate diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FILARIAL DETECTION BY MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION AND SEROLOGICAL ASSAY UTILIZING BMR1 AND BMXSP RECOMBINANT ANTIGENS FOR EVALUATION OF FILARIASIS ELIMINATION PROGRAM AT KAMPUNG SAWAH AND PAMULANG, SOUTH TANGERANG DISTRICT, BANTEN, INDONESIA Nasution, Silvia
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (719.803 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i6.597

Abstract

South Tangerang district is one of the endemic areas for filariasis; and based on an evaluation study in 2008-2009 which covered several subdistricts, the prevalence of microfilaria was between 1–2.4%. Nevertheless, the evaluation by serological assay has never been reported. A cross-sectional study was conducted to detect the microfilaremia and anti-filarial IgG4 antibody status in Kp Sawah and Pamulang subdistricts. Cluster sampling was performed in Kp Sawah by collecting finger-prick blood (FPB) and venous blood samples from inhabitants who lived with and nearby the four elephantiasis subjects in the area. The FPB were only collected in Pamulang area by consecutive sampling method. The detection method included microscopic evaluation of FPB and serological detection using recombinant antigens BmR1 and BmSXP by ELISA and lateral flow rapid tests. Symptomatic patients who had 2nd and 3rd degree of elephantiasis were clinically determined in 10% (4/40) subjects. Among those with elephantiasis, 2 were positive serologically but their microscopic results were all negative (40/40). Meanwhile, the microscopic result for 107 subjects from Pamulang were all negative. The results of the rapid tests showed that 15% (6/40) of the positive cases were detected by Brugia Rapid and 27.5% (11/40) by PanLF. Meanwhile, the ELISA showed that 20% (8/40) of the cases were positive with BmSXP, whereas only 2.5% or 1/40 sample was found to be positive with BmR1. Even though the sensitivity of the Rapid test was lower when compared to microscopic examination for these samples, the assay showed good specificity ranging from 72.5 to 97.5%. The optical density (OD) values of ELISA has ranged between 0.3–3.045.

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