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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 20851103     EISSN : 23560991     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
This journal is a peer-reviewed journal established to promote the recognition of emerging and reemerging diseases specifically in Indonesia, South East Asia, other tropical countries and around the world, and to improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence, prevention, and elimination. The journal is intended for scientists, clinicians, and professionals in infectious diseases and related sciences. We welcome contributions from infectious disease specialists in academia, industry, clinical practice, public health, and pharmacy, as well as from specialists in economics, social sciences and other disciplines.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 3 (2014)" : 10 Documents clear
BACTERIA CAUSED SEPSIS BIOMARKERS Tjempakasari, Artaria; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Sepsis is a clinical condition of patients with serious infections that show a systemic inflammatory response, with or without a positive blood culture. sepsis is one of the most frequent causes of death in patients in intensive care units. We are at urgent need for biomarkers and reliable measurements that can be applied to risk stratification of septic patients and that would easily identify those patients at the highest risk of a poor outcome. Such markers would be of fundamental importance to decision making for early intervention therapy. Pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor- (TNF- ), interleukins-1,-6,-8 (IL-1, IL-6, IL-8) are postulated to play a major role in the pathogenesis of the syndrome. C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) are among a few biomarkers thatincorporated into clinical practice although their precise role in the pathopysiology of sepsis and organ dysfunction still unclear.
A PATIENT DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH SPASMS Kholili, Ulfa; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the countries with the high endemic of Dengue viral infection followed by Thailand, Myanmar, India and Srilanka. For more 10-15 years, Dengue Viral Infection/DHF has become a cause of patient who should be hospitalized and was the first cause of death children in south easthern Asia.1,2 Batavia was the first city of Indonesia found Dengue Viral infection which had been written in journal by David Bylon in the 1779. Encephalopathy of dengue (ED) is one unusually complication of dengue viral infection which had been characterized by aberration the arrangement of nerves central (CNS). This paper want to describe of a young teenage with suffer from DHF and seizure. Beside it, pleural effusion and cerebral edema had been found. Seizure most likely due to dengue encephalopathy associated with cerebral edema and was supported by positive IgG and IgM anti dengue. Corticosteroid was given toimprove cerebral edema. By good management as long as admission, she was discharged from hospital with a good condition.
UPDATE MANAGEMENT CONCURRENT INFECTION BETWEEN DENGUE VIRAL AND SALMONELLA Wikanesthi, Dyah; Sari, Desiana W; Chilvia, Eva; Soedirham, Oedojo; Kurniasari, Lely; Soegijanto, Soegeng
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Since Januari 2013, Soerya Hospital has found many cases with positive result of IgM Salmonella along with NS1 or IgM & IgG Dengue. The clinical manifestations mostly are high fever, headache, vomiting, malaise and plasma leakage. Some of them with convulsion and unconsciousness. Therefore in order to get well of care management, this clinical phenomena should be studied carefully. The aim of this research is to get update management concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection. Observational study had been done, since Januari 2013 until Juli 2013. Purposive sampling in 30 case of concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection compared with 30 case of Dengue Viral infection alone. Diagnosis has published based on WHO 2011 criteria. By using anti vomiting drug, anti pyretic, anti convulsion and antibiotic for Salmonella infection and rehidration using Ringer Acetate, combining Ringer Asetat andDextrose 5% or combining Ringer Asetat Saline 0,225% or solution of Dextrose 5% and Saline 0,45 during 4–5 days hospitalization. The result show that all cases were recovered and got well. There is no significant different between concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection compared with Dengue Viral infection alone. Some cases showed that length time to stay in hospital become1–2 days longer. It was due to delayed getting antibiotic for Salmonella infection. All cases had got first drugs accurately in a clinical manifestation that has been daily showed. It was as a problem solving for saving all the cases.
THE ANTI-TB DRUG SENSITIVITY OF Mycobacterium tuberculosis FROM CEREBROSPINAL FLUID AND BONE TISSUE BIOPSY SPECIMENS OF PATIENTS SUSPECTED TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS AND SPINAL TB IN Dr SOETOMO HOSPITAL INDONESIA Mertaniasih, Ni Made; Kusumaningrum, Deby; Koendhori, Eko Budi; Harijono, Sugeng; Arky, Catur Endra; Putri, Jayanti; Urifah, Hanik
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is an infection of meningens which potentially life threatening with significant morbidity and mortality. Spinal TB has the same problem with TBM, infection in bone and joint, the delayed diagnosis worsens the prognosis. The rapid and accurate diagnosis plus promt adequate treatment is essential for the good outcome. The aim of this research is to study thefirst line drug sensitivity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from specimens of cerebrospinal fluid from suspected tuberculous meningitis patients and bone tissue biopsy from suspected spinal TB patients. The method of this research is TB Laboratory examination in Department of Clinical Microbiology – Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Indonesia, using the gold standard liquid culture method MGIT 960 System (Becton Dickinson) and solid culture method with Lowenstein-Jensen medium. The specimens CSF from 50 TBM patients at January 2013 until May 2014. Positive isolate detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex were 11 isolates (22%), which sensitivity 100% (11/11 isolates) to Rifampin (R), Pyrazinamide (Z), Ethambutol (E), and Streptomycin (S); one isolate resistant to Isoniazid, sensitivity to Isoniazid 90,90% (10/11); and received 21 specimens of bone tissue biopsy which positive 5 isolates(23%), all isolates sensitive 100% (5/5 isolates) to Rifampin and Pyrazinamide, and 1 isolates resistant to Isoniazid, Ethambutol, and Streptomycin, in which sensitivity 80% (4/5 isolates) to Isoniazid, Ethambutol, and Streptomycin. The conclusion of this research is positivity detection 22% of CSF specimens, and 23% of bone tissue biopsy were low. All isolates sensitive 100% to Rifampin and Pyrazinamide, and 80-90% sensitive to Isoniazid.
MANIFESTATION OF AIDS WITH DIARRHEA Zainuddin, Rahmat; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Infectious diseases HIV/AIDS is a global health problem. According to WHO (2000) reported that 58 million people in the world are infected with HIV, within the 22 million people died from AIDS or 7000 people die every day. HIV Infection caused decrease and disorder of humoral and cellular immunity. Intestinal mucosal normally shows a physiologic inflamation that account for intestinal mucosal integrity. Diarhhea in HIV infection due to immune deficiency can caused by pathogen and non pathogen. Acute and chronic diarrhea usually found in HIV infection patient, the latter is more frequent. HIV enteropathy cause chronic diarrhea without pathogen infection because intestinal mucous damage by HIV direct infection. Treatment is characterized as causative supportive and symptomatic treatment causal, supportive and Symptomatic. Immunonutrient is very important within management patient HIV/AIDS.
UPDATE MANAGEMENT CONCURRENT INFECTION BETWEEN DENGUE VIRAL AND SALMONELLA Wikanesthi, Dyah; Sari, Desiana W; Chilvia, Eva; Soedirham, Oedojo; Kurniasari, Lely; Soegijanto, Soegeng
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (301.661 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i3.240

Abstract

Since Januari 2013, Soerya Hospital has found many cases with positive result of IgM Salmonella along with NS1 or IgM & IgG Dengue. The clinical manifestations mostly are high fever, headache, vomiting, malaise and plasma leakage. Some of them with convulsion and unconsciousness. Therefore in order to get well of care management, this clinical phenomena should be studied carefully. The aim of this research is to get update management concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection. Observational study had been done, since Januari 2013 until Juli 2013. Purposive sampling in 30 case of concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection compared with 30 case of Dengue Viral infection alone. Diagnosis has published based on WHO 2011 criteria. By using anti vomiting drug, anti pyretic, anti convulsion and antibiotic for Salmonella infection and rehidration using Ringer Acetate, combining Ringer Asetat andDextrose 5% or combining Ringer Asetat Saline 0,225% or solution of Dextrose 5% and Saline 0,45 during 4–5 days hospitalization. The result show that all cases were recovered and got well. There is no significant different between concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection compared with Dengue Viral infection alone. Some cases showed that length time to stay in hospital become1–2 days longer. It was due to delayed getting antibiotic for Salmonella infection. All cases had got first drugs accurately in a clinical manifestation that has been daily showed. It was as a problem solving for saving all the cases.
THE ANTI-TB DRUG SENSITIVITY OF Mycobacterium tuberculosis FROM CEREBROSPINAL FLUID AND BONE TISSUE BIOPSY SPECIMENS OF PATIENTS SUSPECTED TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS AND SPINAL TB IN Dr SOETOMO HOSPITAL INDONESIA Mertaniasih, Ni Made; Kusumaningrum, Deby; Koendhori, Eko Budi; Harijono, Sugeng; Arky, Catur Endra; Putri, Jayanti; Urifah, Hanik
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (152.009 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i3.236

Abstract

Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is an infection of meningens which potentially life threatening with significant morbidity and mortality. Spinal TB has the same problem with TBM, infection in bone and joint, the delayed diagnosis worsens the prognosis. The rapid and accurate diagnosis plus promt adequate treatment is essential for the good outcome. The aim of this research is to study thefirst line drug sensitivity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from specimens of cerebrospinal fluid from suspected tuberculous meningitis patients and bone tissue biopsy from suspected spinal TB patients. The method of this research is TB Laboratory examination in Department of Clinical Microbiology – Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Indonesia, using the gold standard liquid culture method MGIT 960 System (Becton Dickinson) and solid culture method with Lowenstein-Jensen medium. The specimens CSF from 50 TBM patients at January 2013 until May 2014. Positive isolate detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex were 11 isolates (22%), which sensitivity 100% (11/11 isolates) to Rifampin (R), Pyrazinamide (Z), Ethambutol (E), and Streptomycin (S); one isolate resistant to Isoniazid, sensitivity to Isoniazid 90,90% (10/11); and received 21 specimens of bone tissue biopsy which positive 5 isolates(23%), all isolates sensitive 100% (5/5 isolates) to Rifampin and Pyrazinamide, and 1 isolates resistant to Isoniazid, Ethambutol, and Streptomycin, in which sensitivity 80% (4/5 isolates) to Isoniazid, Ethambutol, and Streptomycin. The conclusion of this research is positivity detection 22% of CSF specimens, and 23% of bone tissue biopsy were low. All isolates sensitive 100% to Rifampin and Pyrazinamide, and 80-90% sensitive to Isoniazid.
MANIFESTATION OF AIDS WITH DIARRHEA Zainuddin, Rahmat; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.012 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i3.237

Abstract

Infectious diseases HIV/AIDS is a global health problem. According to WHO (2000) reported that 58 million people in the world are infected with HIV, within the 22 million people died from AIDS or 7000 people die every day. HIV Infection caused decrease and disorder of humoral and cellular immunity. Intestinal mucosal normally shows a physiologic inflamation that account for intestinal mucosal integrity. Diarhhea in HIV infection due to immune deficiency can caused by pathogen and non pathogen. Acute and chronic diarrhea usually found in HIV infection patient, the latter is more frequent. HIV enteropathy cause chronic diarrhea without pathogen infection because intestinal mucous damage by HIV direct infection. Treatment is characterized as causative supportive and symptomatic treatment causal, supportive and Symptomatic. Immunonutrient is very important within management patient HIV/AIDS.
BACTERIA CAUSED SEPSIS BIOMARKERS Tjempakasari, Artaria; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.692 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i3.238

Abstract

Sepsis is a clinical condition of patients with serious infections that show a systemic inflammatory response, with or without a positive blood culture. sepsis is one of the most frequent causes of death in patients in intensive care units. We are at urgent need for biomarkers and reliable measurements that can be applied to risk stratification of septic patients and that would easily identify those patients at the highest risk of a poor outcome. Such markers would be of fundamental importance to decision making for early intervention therapy. Pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor- (TNF- ), interleukins-1,-6,-8 (IL-1, IL-6, IL-8) are postulated to play a major role in the pathogenesis of the syndrome. C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) are among a few biomarkers thatincorporated into clinical practice although their precise role in the pathopysiology of sepsis and organ dysfunction still unclear.
A PATIENT DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH SPASMS Kholili, Ulfa; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (417.698 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i3.239

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the countries with the high endemic of Dengue viral infection followed by Thailand, Myanmar, India and Srilanka. For more 10-15 years, Dengue Viral Infection/DHF has become a cause of patient who should be hospitalized and was the first cause of death children in south easthern Asia.1,2 Batavia was the first city of Indonesia found Dengue Viral infection which had been written in journal by David Bylon in the 1779. Encephalopathy of dengue (ED) is one unusually complication of dengue viral infection which had been characterized by aberration the arrangement of nerves central (CNS). This paper want to describe of a young teenage with suffer from DHF and seizure. Beside it, pleural effusion and cerebral edema had been found. Seizure most likely due to dengue encephalopathy associated with cerebral edema and was supported by positive IgG and IgM anti dengue. Corticosteroid was given toimprove cerebral edema. By good management as long as admission, she was discharged from hospital with a good condition.

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