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Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI
Published by Universitas Tadulako
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20
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STUDI PENGGUNAAN KAPUR SEBAGAI BAHAN ADITIF TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK CAMPURAN BETON ASPAL LAPIS AUS (AC-WC)

Mansyur, Kartini, Mashuri, Mashuri, Alhadar, Ali

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI

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Abstract

Asphalt Concrete Wearing Course (AC-WC) is the layer indirect contact with the wheels of the vehicle that makes this layer is easy damage. The use of additive in Asphalt Concrete Mixtures as AC-WC has often done to improve the durability. One of additional material that has been used is hydrate lime. The aim of this research was to know the effect of using lime as additive on AC-WC characteristics.Variations lime used in this study was 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25% respectively. Characteristic of AC-WC mixture include stability, flexibility, durability, VIM, VMA, VFB and flow of the mixtures. Test characteristic of the mixtures using Marshall Method.Analysis of the relationships the characteristic of AC-WC mixtures with variations of lime using statistical methods is experiment factorial at 95% confidence level or α= 5%. The result of this study was to found that using lime as additives to effect the characteristic of AC-WC mixtures. Optimum Asphalt Content tends to increase due to increased lime content in the AC-WC. The result also found that the best lime content is 15%, Optimum asphalt content is 6.67% with an increase stability value of 9.75%, durability value of 1.39% and flexibility value of 11.61% when compared to the characteristics of AC-WC mixture without additives lime.Keyword:  Lime, Asphalt Concrete Wearing Course (AC-WC)

PENGARUH ASPEK SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP BANGKITAN PERGERAKAN ZONA KECAMATAN DI KOTA PALU

Ismadarni, Ismadarni

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI

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Abstract

Population growth increases the need for housing, facilities / infrastructure and transportation. Theexpansion of the city that is not accompanied by the provision of infrastructure could result inproblems, one of them is the transportation problem. This study aims to determine the pattern of trafficmovement and socioeconomic factors that influence the trip generation in the district zones in Palu.Primary Survey conducted by delivering questionnaires to 1449 families residing in the four districtzones namely North Palu, East Palu, West Palu, and South Palu. The results of the questionnaires were tabulated to determine the amount and pattern of trip which were chosen as the independent and the dependent variable, and then analyzed through SPSS-16. Multiple linear regression equation was used to determine the factors that influence the trip generation. The analysis showed that there are three patterns of trip that occurs from each zone district in the city of Palu, i.e. Intra-zone, ekstra-zone, and Internal-External. Socioeconomic factors that influence significantly the trip generation districtzones of North Palu (Ypu), East Palu (Ypt), West Palu, (Ypb) , and South Palu, (Yps) are the number of family members (X1), the number of two-wheeler ownership (X2) and the amount of income (X5).Keyword:  Trip generation, Socio-economic aspect

PENGARUH SUHU TERHADAP MODULUS ELASTISITAS DAN ANGKA POISSON BETON ASPAL LAPIS AUS (AC-WC) DENGAN KAPUR SEBAGAI FILLER

Wiyono, Arselina Wood Ward, Setiawan, Arief, Nurhidayat, Nurhidayat

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI

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Abstract

Today the use filler in asphalt concrete mixes such as AC-WC has done much to improve durability. hydrated lime is the only one.The purpose of this reasearch was to determine theeffect of temperature variation of the modulus of elasticity and Poisson ratio figures asphalt contred wearing course (AC-WC) using hydrated lime as a filler. Variations hydrated lime used inthis reasearch is a variation of the levels of hydrated lime: dust filer 0%, 25% and 50%, and the temperature variation is 20°C, 30°C, 40°C, 50°C, 60°C. The results showed that the higher the test temperature, the diminishing value of modulus of elasticity, but inversely proportional to the number poisson where the higher the test temperature, the higher the number poissonnya, causing the mixture to become more flexible when the load is given. The results showed that the greater the level of lime, the diminishing value of modulus of elasticity, but inversely proportional to the number poisson where greater levels of calcium, the higher the number poissonnya, causing the mixture to become more flexible when the load is given.Keyword:  Temperature, Asphalt Concrete wearing course, HydratedLime, Indirect Tensile Strength (IDT-Strength), Modulus of Elasticity, Poisson ratio.

TINJAUAN PENGEMBANGAN LANDASAN PACU BANDAR UDARA KASIGUNCU KABUPATEN POSO

Adu, Amir S, Barnabas, Peter Lee, Setiawan, Arief

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
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Abstract

Means of airport for landing and take off of aircraft is runway. This writing to determine the direction of runway according to aircraft that serviced, geometric requirements of existingrunway conditions in 2011 and the development of phase II stage 2 in 2030 and runway pavement thickness existing conditions in 2011 and the development of phase II stage 2 in 2030. Method that used to determine the direction of the runway using the wind rose and for geometric runway using the ICAO and FAA as well as for runway pavement thickness using the FAA.From the wind analysis result using the wind rose, the direction of the existing runway 03-21 can be used safely. From the calculation result of the geometric condition of existing runway length obtained in 2011 by ICAO runway at for the Fokker F-28 aircraft while the width of the runway by ICAO and FAA at 30,48 m. The condition of the existing runway has a runway length 1.617 m and a width 30 m, so that the runway has been unable to serve the aircraft.For the conditions of the development of phase II stage 2 in 2030 acquired by the FAA runway length at 2.070 m and width 30,48 m while the length of the runway by ICAO at 2.704 m and a width 45,72 m. Conditions runway geometric phase II development stage 2 has a length 2.100 m and a width 45 m, so the runway is capable of servicing Boeing 737-300 aircraft safely compared with FAA planning method. From the calculation result of runway pavement thickness existing conditions in 2011 earned a total pavement thickness is 38 cm with aircraft plan Xian MA-60. Condition of existing runway has a total pavement thickness is 87 cm so that the Xian MA-60 aircraft can be served safely. For the conditions of the development of phase II stage 2 obtained after the equivalent total pavement thickness is 69,5 m for model 1 and 68,8 cm for the model 2 with aircraft plan Boeing 737-300. Conditions runway development phase II stage 2 has a totalpavement thickness after the equivalent is 77,5 cm, so the Boeing 737-300 aircraft can be served safely.Keyword:  Runway, airport, Kasiguncu, Poso

PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN KAPUR SEBAGAI BAHAN PENGISI (FILLER) TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK CAMPURAN BETON ASPAL LAPIS AUS (AC- WC)

Andri, Andri, Setiawan, Arief, Pradani, Novita

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
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Abstract

Increased population growth boosted road transport infrastructure. So it takes a good pavement structure. Efforts to increase the hot asphalt mix with the new specification implies the use of hydrated lime as an anti stripping agent in the mix asphalt. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of the use of hydrated lime as a filler that uses a mixture of asphalt with aggregate filler composition arrangement between a stone dust and hydrated lime on Asphaltic Concrete - Wearing Course (AC - WC). The composition is lime: stone dust is 0%: 100%, 25%: 75%, 50%: 50%, and 75%: 25%.  The results of this research indicate that the lime filler significantly affects the quality of the mix, the value of stability, flexibility, durability, density, VIM, VMA, VFB, and flow with the value of F table greather than F arithmetic based on Anova two factor analysis. From the research lime used 0%, 25%, and 50%, due to the variation of 75% lime can not set the value of the optimum bitumen content. Stability values obtained at optimum bitumen content in lime variation of 0%, 25% and 50% is 1114,862 kg, 1243,425 kg, and 1167,645 kg. And for Retained Marshall Stability value of 94,303%, 98.301% and 99.202%. The quality of the mix with hydrayed lime as a filler is better. Based on the value of Marshall Stability and durability, it can be stated that the addition of hydrated lime as a filler can improve the quality of the mix. Keyword: Lime, filler, Asphaltic Concrete - Wearing Course(AC-WC)

ANALISIS KELELAHAN (FATIGUE) PADA HOTMIX RECYCLED ASPHALT (HMRA)

Pradani, Novita

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
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Abstract

Pavement Recycling as alternative technology in pavement construction and maintenance iscontinuously developed due to scarcity and highly cost of materials. The aim of this research is to modifyrecycled material by adding a polymer that is capable to improve the physical properties of bitumen andthe performance of recyled mixture. The asphalt mixture in this research is AC-Wearing Course (AC-WC)which contain Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP), fresh material and asphalt Pen 60/70. Percentage RAPused is 20% and 30% to the total weight of mixture. Fatigue Performance of mixture was measured using 4-Point Bending Test Apparatus with strain control. The result from bitumen characteristic tests shown that RAPbitumen has lower penetration grade and higher viscosity value. Fatigue test shown that, rising thepercentation of RAP will increase the fatigue resistance of mixture by higher average number of cycles at30% RAP mixture (19307 cycles). Generally, the research shown that RAP can be used as alternativematerial to the pavement rehabilitation. In spite of that attention of maximum RAP percentation in mixtureand construction quality control should be taken into account.

STUDI KEBUTUHAN ANGKUTAN UMUM PENUMPANG PERKOTAAN DI KOTA PALU (Studi kasus: Trayek Mamboro - Manonda)

Febrianti AD, Ana, Mashuri, Mashuri

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
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Abstract

One of cause of public transport services is not optimal is the incompatibility between the number ofpublic transport with passenger numbers to be served. Incompatibility of the number of publictransport with the number of passengers served would also affect the income of public transportoperators. The purpose of this study is to estimate the needs of the urban public transport routesMamboro – Manonda, Palu City based on the number of passengers along the route. Primary datacollection survey was conducted in January of 2010 for 3 days at each peak morning, afternoon andevening. Survey of primary data through questionnaires and enumeration of the number ofpassengers. The primary data include the number of passengers up and down along the route, roundtrip time of the public transport, time headway of each the public transport. Secondary data includepath of Mamboro – Manonda route, the number of public transportation of Mamboro – Manondaroute. Methods and standards used in estimating the number of public transportation refer to theTechnical Guidelines for the delivery of the Urban Passenger Transport, 2002, the Ministry ofTransportation, Republic of Indonesia.The results have been found several conclusions as follows: there are differences in the needs ofpublic transport in every peak hour morning, afternoon and evening, number of public transport thatoperates not according to the number of passengers served, increasing the number of publictransport is not required for the next few years.

STUDI KONDISI KECEPATAN OPERASI PADA RUAS JALAN DI DALAM LINGKUNGAN KAMPUS UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO

Batti, Joy Fredi

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
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Abstract

Improvement of roads within the Campus of Tadulako university will have an impact on increasing theoperating speed of traffic. When the speed of operation that occurs well above design speedoperating then the problem of safety of road users in a campus of Tadulako University will be a seriousproblem that the operating speed in the campus need to be evaluated. The purpose of this study wasto evaluate the operational speed conditions that occur on roads within the Campus of TadulakoUniversity.Travel time data collection of traffic on a road segment length on the campus of Tadulako Universityhas been done in the month of December in 2011 for two days. The travel time data used inestimating the speed of traffic data. Determination of speed of operation is based on the 85percentile. Determination of the operating speed based on the Lamm R. et. al. In 1999.The results of research to get several conclusions as follows: roads are good criteria for R1, R3, R4, R5,R6, R7 and R8, fair criteria for R2. The study also found that there is a 50.0% rate exceed V= 35 km/h onroad segment 3 (R3), 45.0% on road segment 5 (R5), 40.0% on each road segment 2 and 6 (R2, R6),20.0% on road segment 1 (R1). The recommended type of speed control is rumble strip, speed humpsand bumps.

ANALISA BIAYA OPERASI KENDARAAN (BOK) ANGKUTAN UMUM ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI RUTE PALU - POSO

Rahman, Rahmatang

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI

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Abstract

The interurban public transportation within province is one of many public transportation types used tocarry passengers from one city to another within a province, operated accordingly to the time androute scheduled by a transportation company.The objectives of the research was to find out theamount of the vehicle operational cost (VOC) of the interurban within the province and to find outthe compatibility between the rate set by the government in this periode and the income received bythe public transportation operator or entrepreneur. The research was conducted by colleting primaryand secondary data gathered through some instruments questionnaire and interview surveys towardsthe public transportation entrepreneurs and some related institutions.The result shows that theoperational cost of each vehicle vary according to the vehicle’s brand and production year. Thevehicle operational cost is Rp. 229.372.412/year. And the vehicle operational cost is Rp.184.542.434/year. For the received income, it also varies according to the types of vehicle. For thepublic transportation as much Rp. 92.487.588,-/year. And for the income is as much Rp. 54.917.566,-/year.

PENGARUH SULFUR TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK MARSHALL ASPHALTIC CONCRETE WEARING COURSE (AC-WC)

Setiawan, Arief

Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal REKAYASA dan MANAJEMEN TRANSPORTASI

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Abstract

Improving the quality of petroleum asphalt is required to obtain the characteristicmix asphalt is better so than pavement thickness becomes thinner also provide a longer service life.One of the added material used is Sulfur. The addition of Sulfur to the asphalt, better known as SulfurExtended Asphalt (SEA) as a partial substitution of hard asphalt. The purpose of this study was todetermine the effect of Sulfur on the characteristics of AC-WC mixture.The study was conducted by giving the variation of sulfur content of 0%, 3%, 5% and 7% of the weightof asphalt. Aggregate taken from the Taipa River with a choice of AC-WC finely graded based on theGeneral Specifications of Bina Marga in 2010. Gradation based targeting by portion, forimplementation in a laboratory controlled by sieve. Testing characteristics of the mixture usingMarshall. Kruskal-Wallis test with SPSS version 17 conducted to determine the effect of Sulfur on thecharacteristics of Marshall.The results obtained, in general that the addition of Sulfur increases the need for optimum bitumencontent (OBC). Based on Kruskal-Wallis test shows that the Sulfur had a significant influence on thestability, density, VMA and flow at 95% confidence level. Optimum asphalt content at 0%, 3% and 5%is 5.65%, 6.18% and 5.85% respectively. At 7% bitumen content could not be determined the OptimumBitumen Content value. Marshall stability increased by 13.37% (1935.331 kg) and 17.65% (2008.328 kg)on the sulfur content of 3% and 5%, to specimen control 0% sulfur (1707.054 kg).