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INDONESIA
AGROLAND
Published by Universitas Tadulako
ISSN : 0854641X     EISSN : 24077607     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Agroland : jurnal Ilmu-ilmu pertanian diterbitkan 3 kali dalam satu tahun. Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh Fakultas pertanian Universitas Tadulako dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kapasitas Dosen diLingkup Fakultas Pertanian dalam Bidang Penelitian dan sebagai penunjang dalam Tri Dharma Perguruan tinggi.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 24, No 3 (2017)" : 10 Documents clear
EFEKTIFITAS EKSTRAK DAUN PANDAN WANGI (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb) TERHADAP KUMBANG BERAS (Sitophylus oryzae L.) Susanti1, Susanti1; yunus2, Moh; pasaru, Flora
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i3.9489

Abstract

Sitophilusoryzae L. is an important insectin warehouses causing damages to rice grainsand assisting fungal growthto spreadin a short time.  This leads to the rice grain become inconsumable. Symptoms of attacksinclude holes in rice grains or the rice grains change into flour. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of extracts of fragrant pandan leaves (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.) in controlling Sitophylusoryzae L.  The research was carried out in the Laboratory of Disease of TadulakoUniversity and arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with five treatments and replicated five times. The treatments included control (without treatment, A0), 5% fragrant pandan leaf extract (A1), 10% fragrant pandan leaf extract (A2), 15% fragrant pandan leaf extract (A3), and 20% fragrant pandan leaf extract (A4). Data was then analyzed using analysis of variance followed by a HSD test at 5% level when the treatments had significant effect. The study showed that the leaf extract of P. Amaryllifoliussignificantlyaffected the mortality ofSitophylusoryzae L observed at oneWAA (week after application), two WAA, and three WAA. The leaf extracts of P. amaryllifoliusapplied at theconcentration of 20% is more effective in controlling Sitophylusoryzae L atone WAA, two WAA, and three WAA. The insect mortality was 57.87% at the concentration of 20% while it was 50.52% at the concentration of 15%,30.16%at the concentration of 10%, 18.2% at the concentration of 5%, and least at Control.
UJI ADAPTASI PADI UNGGUL INPARA-3 DI LAHAN RAWA LEBAK MENGGUNAKAN BERBAGAI PAKET PEMUPUKAN ADAPTIF Rois, Rois; Syakur, Abd.; Basri, Zainuddin
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i3.10316

Abstract

Swamp land is a suboptimal land which is potential for the development of food crops, including rice Inpara varieties. The increase in rice yield planted in suboptimal land, suach as in swamp land is highly determined by a number of factors, including the application of a suitable fertilization package. This experiment was conducted on farmer land via on farm adaptive research (OFAR) approach using Randomized Block Design with 5 fertilization packages. Each fertilization package was repeated 5 times and therefore there were 25 plots used. Each plot was planted with 375 seeds, resulting in a total of 9,375 plants. Fertilization packages tested consisted of: d1 = Farmer's fertilization dosage (50 kg urea/ha + 50 kg phonska/ha); d2 = Fertilization dosage based on soil analysis (116 kg Urea/ha + 81 kg KCl/ha + 88 kg Phonska/ha); d3 = Fertilization dosage based on IRRI interpretation (100 kg Urea/ha + 125 kg Phonska/ha); d4 = Recommended fertilization dosage of BPP (85 kg Urea/ha + 85 kg SP-36/ha + 50 kg KCl/ha); and d5 = Fertilization dosage based on swamp soil test interpretation result (PUTR) (300 kg Urea/ha + 50 kg SP-36/ha + 150 kg KCl/ha). Results of plant height and number of tillers were obtained on the use of d3 and d5 fertilization packages of 100.5 cm and 16.1 tillers respectively. While the average number of panicles, the weight of dried grain per mill and the weight of dry grain per milled per plot was obtained on the use of d5 fertilizer package of 15.7 panicles each, 45.9 grams and 5.0 kg per plot. Keywords : Inpara rice, swamp land, fertilization package
ANALISIS PEMASARAN CENGKEH DI DESA JONO OGE KECAMATAN SIRENJA KABUPATEN DONGGALA Lisnawati, Lisnawati; Hadayani, Hadayani; Kalaba, Yulianti
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017%.v24.i3.9484

Abstract

This study aimed to determine marketing channels, to identify marketing marginand marketing efficiency of cloves to determinethe portionof clove prices received by farmers in JonoOge village of Sirenja district. The population in this study was all farmers (107 people) who run farming cloves and traders involved in the marketing of cloves. The number of respondents included was 43 farmers and 7 collectors. Data was analyzed using analysis of marketing margins, marketing efficiency and price portions received by farmers. The marketing analysis results showed that there were three marketing channels: (I) Farmers – Village Collector –Sub District Collector – Inter-island Trader; (II) Farmers –Sub District Collector – Inter-island trader; and (III) Farmers – Inter-island Trader. The marketing margin was USD 7,000 for channel I, USD 5,000for channel II, and USD 3,000 for channel III with the farmer's share price of 94.26%, 95.90% and 97.54%, respectively. The channel marketing efficiency for the three channels was 2.59, 2.23 and 1.37, respectively.
IDENTIFIKASI SIFAT FISIK TANAH ALIH FUNGSI LAHAN HUTAN MENJADI PERKEBUNAN KAKAO(Theobroma cacao L.) DI DESAPARIGIMPU’UKECAMATAN PARIGI BARAT KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Jasmin, Sutrisno; Ramlan, Ramlan; Monde, Anthon
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i3.9490

Abstract

 This study aimed to determine the physical properties of the soil under forest land and that under forest land converted into plantations of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in Parigimpu'uvillage, West Parigi sub district, ParigiMoutong district. Soil analysis was carried out in the Laboratory of Soil Science of the Faculty of Agriculture, TadulakoUniversity. Survey method used in this research was through observing and determining the research location. Three undisturbed and three disturbed soil samples were collected from each land use (forest and cacao plantation). The undisturbed soil samples were taken from 0 – 20 cm soil depth using soil rings while the disturbed soil sample were obtained compositely from the same depth.  The research results showed that the soil characteristics in the cacao plantation tended to decreased compared to that in the forest land.  Soil bulk density ranged from light to heavy with porosity varied from less to good.  Soil texture was dominated by sand fractions in the forest land with relatively lowsoil C-organic.
PERTUMBUHAN TUNAS ANGGUR HITAM (Vitis vinifera L.) PADA BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI BENZYLAMINO PURIN DAN INDOLEBUTYRIC ACID Mardiyah, Mardiyah; Basri, Zainuddin; Yusuf, Ramal; Hawalina, Hawalina
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i3.9486

Abstract

This study aimed to determine media compositions supplied with BAP and IBA suitable for the growth of black grape shoots. This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tadulako, during April to September 2016. The study used a factorial completely randomized design. Two factors were tested, the concentrations of BAP i.e. 1.50 ppm, 2.00 ppm and 2.50 ppm; and the concentration of IBA i.e. 0.00 ppm, 0.25 ppm and 0.50 ppm. There were nine treatment combinations and each combination treatment was replicated three times to obtain 27 experimental units. Each experimental unit using an explant. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and followed by Honestly Significant Difference test at level of 5% if the treatment effects were significant. The results showed that the composition of the culture media supplied with 2.00 ppm BAP without IBA is able to stimulate the formation of black grape leaves at the earliest, at an average of 18.67 days per explant, while the media added with 2.00 ppm 0.25 ppm BAP together with IBA can lead to longest shoot growth, at an average of 2.13 cm per bud. The culture media applied with 2.50 ppm BAP can trigger earliest shoot growth and highest number of leaf formation which were 11.11 days after culture and 2.44 leaves per explant. Earliest formation of black grape shoots of 11.89 days after culture is stimulated by the addition of 0.25 ppm IBA.
ANALISIS PENDAPATAN DAN KELAYAKAN USAHATANI JAGUNG DI DESA OLOBOJU KECAMATAN SIGI BIROMARU KABUPATEN SIGI Talib.S, Talib.S; Damayanti, Lien; Sulaeman, Sulaeman
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i3.9491

Abstract

Corn (Zea Mays) is one of the most important cultivated plants in our civilization. Although it mainly refers to the type of crop, corn is also used to refer to some kinds of the same Zeaclan commonly called grasses. This study aimed to determine the amount of income and the feasibility of cor farming located in Oloboju village of  Sigi Biromaru sub district of Sigi District from March to June 2016. Determination of samples was done usingasimple random sampling method.  The samples used in the study were 30 respondents selected from a population of 75 corn growers. The results of the analysis showed that the average production of cornwas 4,666 kg with the average revenue of IDR 12,740,002, while the average of total cost spent by onerespondent farmer was IDR 3,070,341 with an income of IDR 9,669,660.  The value of R/C was4.14 (>1) indicating that the corn farming is feasible to be developed.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN BOKASHI DAUN GAMAL TERHADAP SERAPAN NITROGEN DAN HASIL TANAMAN JAGUNG MANIS (Zea mays saccarata) PADA ENTISOL SIDERA Safria, Safria; Wahyudi, Imam; Ali, Ramlan
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i3.9487

Abstract

The study aimed to determine the effect of gamal leafBokashiapplied toEntisolSidera on nitrogen uptake and yields of sweet corn. This research was conducted in February to June 2016 and located in Bulu Pountu Jaya village, Biromaru sub district, Sigi district, Central Sulawesi Province. This study used a randomized completelyblock design with seventreatments of bokashi rates i.e. control (g0), 10 ton/ha (g1), 15 ton/ha (g2), 20 ton/ha (g3), 25 ton/ha (g4), 30 ton/ha (g5), and 35 ton/ha (g6). Each treatment was replicated three times so that there were 21 experimental units. There is a significant effect on soil pH, soil organic, total soil N, plant N, Plant dry weight, N uptake and yield of sweet corn crop production.The research results showed that addingBokashi at therate of 35 ton/ha resulted in highes soil pH, total soil C-organic, total soil N, plant N, plant dry weight, N uptake and yields of sweet corn.
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL USAHA AYAM RAS PETELUR SUNJU MANDIRI DI DESA SUNJU KECAMATAN MARAWOLA KABUPATEN SIGI Fadila, Tri; Kassa, Saharia; Laapo, Alimuddin
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i3.9492

Abstract

This research aimed to analyze the financial feasibility ofthe laying chicken business of Sunju Mandiri. This research was conducted in Sunju Village, Marawola Sub-district, Sigi District from March to April 2017. Determination of  respondents in this study was done purposively. Data was analyzed using financial analysis consisting of 4 investment criteria, namely: Net Present Value (NPV), Net Benefit Cost Ratio (Net B/C), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), and Payback Periode(PP). The results of this study showed that NPV during the period 2012 to 2016 was IDR 424,088,257, Net B/C was 1.67, IRR was 37.48% and PP was 2 years 7 months. They also indicate that there had been an increase in the price of the laying chicken feed resulting in raised production costs by 32% with the obtained NPV fell to IDR 3,410,596, Net B/C dropped to 1.01, IRR fell to 14.29%, and PP increase to 3.7 years. However, these values still indicate that the laying chicken of Sunju Mandiri is financially feasible business.
PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL BAWANG MERAH LEMBAH PALU PADA BERBAGAI DOSIS PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR BIOKULTUR URIN SAPI Lasmini, Sri Anjar; Wahyudi, Imam; Nasir, Burhanuddin; Rosmini, Rosmini
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i3.9703

Abstract

Shallot growth is strongly influenced by climatic factors and available soil nutrients. By doing appropriate fertilization, the plants will get the nutrients needed. This study aimed to determine the effect of cow urine bioculture (liquid organic fertilizer) rates on shallot growth and yield. The research was conducted in Oloboju village, Sigi Biromaru sub district, Sigi Regency, Central Sulawesi Province from March to June 2017. The study used a randomized completely design which consisted of with no application of bioculture liquid fertilizer (B0), 250 L ha-1bioculture liquid (B1), 500 L ha-1bioculture liquid (B2) and 750 Lha-1bioculture liquid (B3). Each treatment was replicated four times, so there were 16 experimental units. Each unit of experiment consisted of 260 plants so that a total of 4160 plants were grown. The results showed that the bioculture liquid fertilizer applied at the rate of 750 L ha-1 resulted in significantly higher plant height, bulb diameter, bulb water content, number of tillers per hill, fresh weight of bulb,  bulb bulk weight, dry weight of plant and bulb yield per hectare compared to the other treatments. Adding the bioculture liquid fertilizer at the rate of  750 L ha-1  produced  shallot bulb of  9.27 ton ha-1.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ELASAGU SEBAGAI PUPUK ORGANIK PADA TANAMAN JAGUNG (Zea mays L.) UNTUK MENGURANGI PENGGUNAAN PUPUK NPKDI DESA ALINDAU KECAMATAN SINDUE KABUPATEN DONGGALA Noviyanty, Amalia; Sulmi, Sulmi
Agroland Vol 24, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i3.10317

Abstract

Donggala is one of corn producer regencies in Central Sulawesi province supported by suitable climatic factors, regional potency and society aspect.  Since 2001, the government has promoted GemaPalagung program (Movement of Rice, Soybean and Corn Self-Reliance).  This program was evidently effective as shown by increasing in corn production, although it has yet to meet the domestic need of corn which is then lead to corn import (Purwono and Hartono, 2008). This indicates that efforts to increase corn production are still necessary (Ekowati and Nasir, 2011). One effort to increase production is by fertilization, especially by minimizing the use of chemical fertilizers (inorganic) that have a negative impact. Waste of processed sago known as elasaguis an organic material with high C/N ratio potentially to be used as an organic fertilizer through decomposition process.  This research aimed at obtaining balanced elasagu organic fertilizer application and its efficiency when use in corn plantation. A randomized block design was used with five rate applications of the elasagu fertilizer i.e. no fertilizer applied (control), 35 g NPK fertilizer applied, 0.7 kg elasagu applied,  0.35 kg ela sagu+50 g NPK fertilizer applied, and 0.7 kg ela sagu+35 g NPK fertilizer applied.  The research results showed that the 0.7 kg ela sagu+35 g NPK fertilizer treatment leads to highest in plant height, leaf number, and plant dry weight. Keywords: Corn, elasago and waste.

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