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Kota palu,
Sulawesi tengah
INDONESIA
AGROLAND
Published by Universitas Tadulako
ISSN : 0854641X     EISSN : 24077607     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Agroland : jurnal Ilmu-ilmu pertanian diterbitkan 3 kali dalam satu tahun. Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh Fakultas pertanian Universitas Tadulako dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kapasitas Dosen diLingkup Fakultas Pertanian dalam Bidang Penelitian dan sebagai penunjang dalam Tri Dharma Perguruan tinggi.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 24, No 1 (2017)" : 10 Documents clear
PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN PADI (Oryza sativa L) PADA BERBAGAI POLA JAJAR LEGOWO DAN JARAK TANAM Donggulo, Candra V.; Lapanjang, Iskandar M.; Made, Usman
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8569

Abstract

This study aimed to find the bestJajar Legowo system at different planting spaces for growth and yield of rice; to find Jajar Legowo system better for growth and yield of rice; and to find planting space better for growth and yield of rice.  The study used a Randomized CompletelyBlock design) with two factors including two kinds of planting spaces and three types of Jajar Legowo systems.  Each treatment combination had three replicates thus there were 18 experimental plots. The adoption of Jajar Legowo system of 2:1 at the planting space of 20 cm x 20 cm resulted in higher plant heights; similarlythe planting space of 25 cm x 25 cm at Jajar Legowo system of 3:1 produced higher plant heights.  The implementationof Jajar Legowo system of 4:1 had more tiller and panicle numbers per clump; whileJajar Legowo system 3:1 resulted in higher average grain weightwhich was 7.29 t/hacompared to the other Jajar Legowo system.Key Words :Jajar legowo, Planting space, Rice.
PENGARUH CENDAWAN Verticillium lecanii (ZIMM) ISOLAT PALOLO TERHADAP MORTALITAS WALANG SANGIT Leptocorisa acuta Thunberg. (HEMIPTERA: ALYDIDAE) PADA TANAMAN PADI (Oryza sativa L.) Ardi, Fitra Jaya; Pasaru, Flora; Nasir, Burhanuddin
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8574

Abstract

Rice is the raw materials for staple food that are vital to Indonesians. The production of dried unhusked rice (DUR) in Central Sulawesi province in 2014 was 1,022,054 t decreasing 9,310 t (0.90%) compared to the previous production in 2013 (1,031,364 t).  Therice production in 2014 had contributed about 1.44% to the total national DUR production of 70.85 million t (CBS, 2015). The decreasing productivity is partly due to earhead rice bugs. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of V. lecanii Palolo fungal isolates of different suspension dilutionson the mortality of testedearhead rice bugs(Leptocorisa acuta Thunberg) keptin a house screen.  The propagation of V. lecanii using PSA media and themaking of suspension dilution were carried out in Plant Pest laboratory of Faculty of Agriculture Tadulako University in February to April 2016.  The experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized design with five treatments i.e. control, dilutions of 10-3, 10-5, 10-7, and 10-9.  Each experimental unit was replicated thrice.  Each treatment of the dilutions was 1 ml drew up using a pipette and allowed to dropdirectly on the ear bug body.  The bugs then were released into the house screen within whichgrown plant rice had reached a milky grain phase.  The mortality of the bugs infected with V. lecanii was observed seven days after the applications.  The highest imago mortality of the earhead rice bugs was found in the 10-5 dilution of Palolo V. lecanii isolates. Keywords: Leptocorisa acuta, Rice and Verticillium lecanii.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PENDAPATAN INDUSTRI BAWANG GORENG DI KOTA PALU Malik, Shintami Rouwelvia; Antara, Made; Sulaeman, Sulaeman
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8570

Abstract

The purpose of this research were to identify and analyze factors influencing the income of fried onion industry perceived from the aspects of its price, production cost, advertising cost, the amount of raw materials used and the number of labor used, and to determine the level of fried onion industry income in Palu.  Respondents were selected using a purposive sampling technique with which 32 fried onion industries with production capacity ranging from 3000 – 18,000 kg year-1 were chosen.The results of analysis showed that the factors including the price (X1), the production cost (X2), the advertising cost (X3), the amount of raw materials (X4) and the number of labor (X5) simultaneously had highly significant effect on the income of the fried onion indicated by F-test (1435,106) >F-table (3.82) for the 99% significant level. Therefore, H0 was rejected and H1 accepted.  The results of t-test indicated that except the number of labor (X5), the other factors   such as the price (X1), the production cost (X2), the advertising cost (X3), the amount of raw materials (X4) and the number of labor (X5)partially had significant affect on the income of the fried onion industry..  The results of revenue and income analyses showed that the production was 582.81 kg month-1 of fried onion in average with the average revenue of IDR 130.586.425,78, and the average income of IDR 76.128.503,19 industry-1month Key words: Fried onion, Income, Regression analysis.
DINAMIKA TUMBUH TANAMAN BAWANG MERAH (Allium cepa L. Kelompok Agregatum) VARIETAS LEMBAH PALU DENGAN PEMBERIAN PUPUK ORGANIK DAN INTERVAL PEMBERIAN AIR SISTEM SPRINGKLE wahyana, Esa; Anshar, Muhammad; Ete, Andi
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8575

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the dynamics of Lembah Palu shallot varietygrowth under various rates of organic fertilizer and different intervals of sprinkle watering systems. The research was conducted in Bulupountu Jaya village, SigiBiromarusub district, Sigi district of Central Sulawesi province from October to January 2014. The experiment was conducted using Split Plot design in which the main plots were watering intervals (one hour watering for every three days and one hour watering for every six days) and sub plots were 40 t/ha organic fetilizer applications (green leaf and manure bokashi).Plant parameters oberved were total leaf area, dry plant weight, net assimilation rate, relative growth rate and leaf area ratio.  The research results showed that there was no significant interaction effect between the watering intervals and the bokashi on the growth and yield of the shallots and individually the effect of the watering intervals was not significant as well.  Whereas, individually the bokashi was found to significantly affected the dry weight of Lembah Palu shallot variety plant at 40 days after planting. Keywords: Lembah Palu shallot, Organic fertilizers, and Watering.
ANALISIS KOMPARATIF USAHATANI PADI SAWAH YANG MENGGUNAKAN VARIETAS CILIWUNG DAN CIGEULISDI DESA TATAKALAI KECAMATAN TINANGKUNG UTARA KABUPATEN BANGGAI KEPULAUAN Zen, Ismail; Antara, Made; Rauf, Rustam Abd.
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8566

Abstract

The research aims were 1) to determine the production and income of wetland rice farming system of Ciliwung and Cigeulis varieties, and 2) to determine the disparities of the production and income of the wetland rice farming system of Ciliwung and Cigeulis varieties in Tatakalai village of North Tinangkung sub district.  Population of the research was 325 farmers who were cultivating wetland rice and members of farmer groups.  The number of samples was 50 people. Data collected was analyzed using income analysis and production and income comparison analysis. The incomes of the farmers were IDR 5,959,921.79/ha for those who planted Ciliwung variety and IDR 9,255,957.70/ha for those who planted Cigeulis variety.  There was no significant different in the rice productions between the two varieties but the average incomes of both varieties farming system was significant.Keywords : Income, Production and Wetland Rice Farming System.
KARAKTERISTIK MANGGA LOKAL (Mangifera spp) MELALUI IDENTIFIKASI MORFOLOGI DAN ANATOMI DI KABUPATEN DONGGALA DAN KABUPATEN SIGI Faizal, Faizal; Mahfudz, Mahfudz; Adelina, Enny
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8571

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the characteristics of local mango plants based on their                       leaf morphology and anatomy.  The morphological observations were conducted in Funta                  Sindue,of Donggala district and Oloboju Sigi Biromaru of Sigi district while the anatomy was     determined in the Biotechnology Laboratory at Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of Tadulako University from January to April 2016. The morphological parameters observed were plant age, plant height, stem diameter, canopy diameter, canopy shape and stemcolor whilst the variable sof leaf  anatomy  were stomata size, epidermis size, stomata number, epidermis number, stomata density and stomata  index. The morphological and anatomical characters observed by a cluster analysis were described in  the form of a dendogram. The results of cluster analysis of both villages at a distance of    0540 resulted  in three accessions which are OB12, OB13 and OB15. The OB13 was found to have   highest stomata   index and stomata density while the OB12 has the lowest ones. The OB15 also has lowest stomata density.Keywords : Dendogram,  Mango, Morphology, Leaf anatomy.
PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN BAWANG MERAH VARIETAS LEMBAH PALU YANG DIBERIKAN BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI ATONIK Deedad, Ahmad; Samudin, Sakka; Ansar, Muhammad
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8567

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the influence of atonic concentrations which can increase plant growth and yield of shallot (Allium cepa L. Aggregatum Group) of Lembah Palu variety.  This study was conducted from February to May 2015in Bulupountu village, Sigi District, Central Sulawesi Province.  This study used a Randomized Block designin which grouping was based on diameter of shallot bulbs. Five treatments with four replicates were applied including Control (A0), 0.25 ml atonic/l water(A1),0.50 ml atonic/l water (A2), 0.75 ml atonic/l water(A3), and 1.0 ml atonic/l water (A4).Datawas analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by a HSD test at 5% if the atonic effect was significant.  The atonic concentrations significantly affected the growth and yield of Lembah Palu shallot variety in which the best treatment was found in the application of 1.0 ml atonic/l water.  Keywords: Atonic, Lembah Palu shallot variety.
MUTU KIMIA DAN ORGANOLEPTIK PASTA KULIT BUAH NAGA (Hylocereus polyrhizus) HASIL FERMENTASI DENGAN BERBAGAI MACAM RAGI S, Hasrudin; Rostiati, Rostiati; Nur alam, Nur alam
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8572

Abstract

This research aimed atidentifyingthe chemical quality and organoleptic properties of dragon fruit skinafter fermenting with different kinds of yeast and at determining the weight of dragon fruit rind and the typeof yeast which could produce best chemical quality and organoleptic properties. This research applied a Factorial Completely Randomized design with two factors. The first factor was the weight of red dragon fruit rind (20, 30, 40 g). The second factor was yeast types (control, bread yeast, tempeh yeast, and cassava yeast). Each experimental treatment was replicated twice, so there were 24 experimental units. The effect of the treatments was determined usinga F-test at 0.05% and if the effect significant then it would be further analyzed using an Honestly Significant Difference (HSD) test.The weight of dragon fruit rindsignificantly affected the level of anthocyanin, water content, texture, color and flavor.  The weight of dragon fruit rind of 20 g resulted in better anthocyanin level while 40 g produced better pH, water content, texture, color and flavor. Keywords: Chemical quality, Dragon Fruit,  Fermentation and Yeast.
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL USAHA PETERNAKAN AYAM PETELUR PADA CV.TAUFIK NUR DI KOTA PALU Muhammad, Muhammad; Hadayani, Hadayani; Laapo, Alimuddin
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8568

Abstract

Laying hens farming system of CV. Taufik Nur is the largest of the nine laying    hen farm businesses residing in Sigi Regency.  These laying hen farmings have not yet been able to meet the quota of market demand outside the regency such asPalu city due to their incapability to optimally achieve their production target.  Their production actually can be raisedby means of enlarging their chicken coops as well as increasing the chicken populationsuited to local climatic and management condition.  The purpose of this  research was to analyze the financial feasibility of the laying hen farming system of   Taufik Nur CV.and to analyze the impact of decreasing egg production levels caused by   the chicken death and feed price rises.This research was carried out in October                  to December 2016.  Respondents were purposively determined from the CV. internal parties such as operational workers, manager and an administrative worker.  The NPV of the Taufik Nur CV. was larger than 0 (IDR 2,367,567,450);the IRR was 37.12%  greater than the discount rate of 16%; the net B/C value was 7.64 greater than one; and the PBP was 2.61 less than the age of the business i.e. 2 years 8 months. Based on the results of a sensitivity analysis, this business is still feasible to operatealthough the egg production decrease by 15%and the price of feed concentratesin crease by 37%. Keywords :  Financial analysis, Lying hens, and Sensitivity.
PEMANFAATAN MULSA DAN PUPUK KANDANG TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN TOMAT (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) Anggraeni, Ria; Hadid, Abd.; Laude, Syamsuddin
Agroland Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2017.v24.i1.8573

Abstract

This research aim was to determine the effect of various rates of chicken manure and straw mulch on the growth and yield of tomato plant.  The research method used a Two-factorial Randomized Block design (RBD). The first factor was the rate of chicken manure consisting of 5 t/ha (P1), 10 t/ha (P2) and 15 t/ha (P3). The second factor was the rate of rice straw mulch including control (M0, without mulch), 5 t/ha (M1), 10 t/ha (M2) and15 t/ha (M3). Each treatment was repeated thrice, so that there were 36 experimental units.  The results ofthe study indicated thatthe chicken manure and the rice straw mulch interaction significantly affected the growth and yield of tomato as observed on plant height, number of leaves, number of fruit per plant, yield per tile and yield per hectare.  The interaction of chicken manure at 10 t/ha and rice straw mulch at10 t/ha resulted in largest number of leaves, number of fruit per plant, yield per tile and yield per ha.The highest production of tomatoes found was 11.98 t/ha. Keywords: Chicken manure, Rice straw mulch, and Tomato.

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