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INDONESIA
VIVID Journal of Language and Literature
Published by Universitas Andalas
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
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Articles 58 Documents
ANALYSIS OF ILLOCUTIONARY ACT IN THE PRINCE AND THE PAUPER MOVIE Almuslimah, Suci
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 1 (2012)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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This research deals with an analysis of Illocutionary Act in The Prince and the Pauper movie. There are two primary objectives in this study; first, to find the types of the illocutionary act in The Prince and the Pauper movie and  second, to find the dominant type used in this movie. In collecting the data, the writer uses non participant observational method purposed by Sudaryanto (1993). In this study, the writer applies Searle’s theory (1979) and Ibrahim’s theory (2003) in the analysis. The analysis of illocutionary act was also supported by the theory of context proposed by Leech (1983). As the result, the writer finds there are five types of illocutionary act in the utterances occur in the movie. They are, assertive, directive, commissive, expressive, and declaration. The writer also finds that directive is the dominant type being used in the movie.
THE USE OF ADDRESS FORM IN HITCH MOVIE: A SOCIOLINGUISTIC STUDY Khalik, Abdul
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 1 (2012)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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This article discusses the address forms used in a conversation. The study is aimed at explaining the background of the use of address forms and social dimension which is reflected from the use of the address forms in the interaction. The data are taken from a movie entitled "Hitch", produced in 2005. Data were collected through observational method and supported by recording techniques to identify the use of address forms in the movie. At the same time, to support data analysis, the writer also takes pictures of the characters when using the address forms in the movie. Data were analyzed by using the pragmatic identity method referring to Wardaugh’s theory and supported by Holmes’ theory about the social dimension. After analyzing 14 data, it is found that there are 3 (21.4%) use of the address form of titles, 3 (21.4%) use of the first name, one (7.2%) use of the last name, 5 (35.7%) use of nickname, and 2 (14.3%) use of title and last name. While the factors behind the use of address forms are: to show politeness, seriousness of the subject, respect, familiarity with the speaker, compassion, and to greet the other person. The use of address forms illustrates the scale of social relations, the status scale, formality scale, and affective and function of scale.
The Ignorance of Human’s Feeling Due to Materialism and Individualism: Social Critiques toward Late Victorian Society in Oscar Wilde’s Selected Short Stories Wardani, Citra Ayu
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 1 (2012)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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Artikel ini memaparkan kritik sosial Oscar Wilde terhadap masyarakat Inggris pada akhir abad kesembilan belas (yang lebih dikenal sebagai zaman Victoria), yang ia sampaikan melalui tiga cerita pendeknya berjudul The Nightingale and the Rose, The Devoted Friend dan The Remarkable Rocket. Penelitian dilakukan dengan memakai pendekatan sejarah yang menghubungkan karya sastra dengan kondisi sosial saat karya tersebut ditulis. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat Inggris di zaman Victoria cenderung mengabaikan perasaan manusia karena mereka cenderung bersifat materialis dan individualis yang disebabkan oleh adanya sistem kelas dalam masyarakat Inggris saat itu.
MOLLY ASTER’S JOURNEY AS A HEROINE IN DAVE BARRY AND RIDLEY PEARSON’S PETER AND THE STARCATCHERS: AN ARCHETYPAL CRITICISM Augusta, Ariella
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 1 (2012)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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Penelitian ini membahas peranan tokoh Molly Aster dalam novel Peter and the Starcatchers yang penulis yakini memiliki karakteristik sebagai seorang pahlawan, sebagaimana tokoh Peter Pan yang selama ini dikenal sebagai pahlawan tunggal dalam novel tersebut. Dengan mengaplikasikan metode kualitatif dan teori Perjalanan Kepahlawanan yang dikembangkan oleh Joseph Campbell dalam bukunya The Hero With the Thousand Faces, penulis menemukan bahwa Molly Aster layak disebut sebagai seorang pahlawan perempuan dalam novel ini karena ia melalui hampir semua tahapan yang dikemukakan Campbell untuk menjadi seorang pahlawan. Hasil ini menjadi sangat penting karena novel ini, yang merupakan fiksi anak, akan mampu mendorong pembaca muda, terutama perempuan untuk memiliki karakteristik kepahlawanan seperti seorang Molly Aster.
Government Control and Restriction on Society as Reflected in Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury: an Intertextual Reading Haryando, Muhammad Septian
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 are masterpieces of both well-known authors. Both novels highlight government’s control and propaganda upon society as they reveal different ways of control and propaganda in the stories. This research aims to find the intertextual relation that exist in both novels. In conducting this research, the writer uses the theory of intertextuality by Julia Kristeva, combined with the Ideology and Ideological State Apparatus theory by Louis Althusser. The research proves that there are so many similarities between both novels in the terms of the government control purposes such as making people become passive, making people believe what government wants them to believe, and eliminating people’ chance to rebel. This research also proves that there are similarities in the main characters’ development in both novels. Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury is evidently influenced by Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell. Fahrenheit 451 become the other side of Nineteen Eighty-Four; or we can say that it is the American version of Nineteen Eighty-Four.Keywords: intertextuality, government control, propaganda, big brother, books banning
PSYCHOANALYTICAL ANALYSIS ON HANNIBAL LECTER AND BUFFALO BILL CHARACTERS AS SEEN IN THE SILENCE OF THE LAMBS AND HANNIBAL RISING BY THOMAS HARRIS. Putra, Panji Perdana
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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This research descibes about the analysis of the characters in The Silence of the Lambs and Hannibal Rising by Thomas Harris. These characters is very interesting to be analyze because they appeared the similarity in serial killer, and also the diffrences in style. Both of them, comparing in the development of their pscycological problems by their chilhood traumatic experiences. The writer uses the psychological approach by Sigmund Freud who divided three human psyche zones Id, Ego and Superego. Also the Self Defence Mechanism that proposed by Anna Freud. In this research, the writer applies the qualitative research by using descriptive method. As the result of the analysis, the writer finds that despite of these characters, Buffalo Bill who is the traditional method in serial killer and Hannibal Lecture who is categorized as sophisticated serial killer. Both of them applies their self defence mechanism as the tools to achieve their goals.Keywords: psychoanalysis, self-defense mechanism, sublimation, trauma
WOMEN’S STEREOTYPE AND MEN’S DOMINATION AS REFLECTED IN STEPHANIE MEYER’S THE TWILIGHT SERIES Lovely, Marisa
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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ABSTRACTThis article analyses the Twilight Series by Stephanie Meyer. These novels tell about the relationship among human, vampire and werewolf. This research aims to identify the stereotype of women and men in the novels. The writer focuses the analysis on some of women characters and men characters by appling the theory from Cheri Register “prescriptive criticism”. Register has standard toward a literary works from feminist view point. After analyzing the data, the writer found three women’s stereotype and two men’s domination. The negative depiction potrays (1) Women as dependent beings, (2) Women as submissive beings and (3) women as less Intelectual beings. The writer assumes that the twilight series do not participate on feminist development eventhough the author is a woman.Keywords: feminist criticism, Prescriptive criticism, Twilight series
VONNEGUT’S HUMANIST BELIEF AGAINST THE DEHUMANIZATION OF PEOPLE IN HIS THREE SELECTED SHORT STORIES Johar, Rizka Khairina
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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In this study the author discusses several short story by American writer Kurt Vonnegut: "Harrison Bergeron", "Welcome to the Monkey House", and "Tomorrow and Tomorrow and Tomorrow". The three stories are in the genre of science fiction and tell the future state of the earth where there is a tremendous increase in the population. The concepts of repressive State Apparatus and Ideology State Apparatus by Althusser are used to analyze how the authorities control the public in order to maintain their positions as rulers. Kurt Vonnegut’s concept of Humanism is also explored in short stories. In his three short stories, Vonnegut reveals that people in power control people in such a way that it often unquestioned. The people in power in the stories establish inhumane rules with sanctions and therefore they are difficult to break. On the other hand the authorities influence the people by means of ideologies. These forms of controls are rejected by Kurt Vonnegut with brand of Humanism.Keywords: ideology, Humanism, dystopia, Vonnegut
THE TECHNIQUES USED BY J.M. RODWELL IN TRANSLATING SOME DEFENSIVE VERSES OF THE QURAN FROM ARABIC INTO ENGLISH Febiyani, Arrizka
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 3, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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This article highlights the techniques used by J.M. Rodwell in translating some defensive verses of Quran from Arabic into English. The data are the defensive verses from surah Al Baqarah190-193, Al Hajj:39, and Ali Imran:200. In this research, the writer firstly analyzes the contextuall meaning of the defensive verse which is inspired by Tafsir Ibn Kathir (2009) and the history of the Prophet Muhammad by M. Husain Haikal (2006). Then the analysis focuses on the techniques used by the translator. In analyzing the techniques, there are two main theories used. The main theory is proposed by Vinay and Darbelnet (cited in Fawcett 1997) and the supporting theory is proposed by Molina and Albir (2002). The data analyzed are at word and phrase level.  The result of the analysis discovers that the contextual meaning of the verses refers to the command of war which is only permitted to those who are attacked for the purpose of self-defense and defending Islamic ideology. The techniques of translation used by Rodwell in translating them are literal translation, amplification, calque, adaptation, reduction, transposition, compensation, and modulation.Key terms: the Quran, defensive verse, techniques of translation
Totalitarianism versus Democracy in The Hunger Games Trilogy: Foucauldian Discourse and Power Relations Mutiara, Fella
Vivid Journal of Language and Literature Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

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This article discusses two political systems in The Hunger Games trilogy written by Suzanne Collins. The trilogy consists of The Hunger Games (2008), Catching Fire (2009), and Mockingjay (2010). The works reflect at least two political systems which are totalitarianism and democracy, and the confrontation between Capitol that applies totalitarianism and the rebels who put hopes on democracy. After the rebels win the war against the totalitarian Capitol, they and all citizens soon expect democracy would bring better lives. In analysing whether democracy fails for them or not, the writer uses Foucauldian discourse and power relations which argue that discourses have strong relationship with power. People tend to believe democracy to be the most humane political arrangement, while totalitarianism is all about total control. Democracy especially refers to freedom. This concept of freedom has now changed both in matter of meaning and practice. Comparing the discourses on totalitarianism and democracy in the books, one can see democracy has become a troublesome system similar to totalitarianism. However, using Foucauldian discourse and power relations has brought the writer to the conclusion that democracy in this trilogy is totalitarianism in disguise.Keywords: political system, totalitarianism, democracy, freedom, total control, discourse, disguise.