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CORRELATION BETWEEN ABILITY TO RECOGNIZE SENTENCE ERRORS AND ABILITY TO PRODUCE GRAMMATICALLY CORRECT UTTERANCES

Masrizal, Masrizal

Englisia Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

This article summarizes and reports an empirical study investigating students’ ability in recognizing grammatical errors and producing grammatically correct sentences. Thirty eight university students were involved in a set of grammar tasks which were specifically created to measure their ability to both identify errors and avoid them in language productions. The main purpose of the study is to prove whether their ability to pinpoint errors within sentences resembles their ability in producing grammatically correct sentences using the same features. The study also measures the appropriateness of the test items in order to see how it affects students’ performance. Final test data collected from the students in two different groups reveal that their ability to recognize sentence errors has positive correlation to their ability to produce correct sentences. The correlation figure among the more proficient students (group 2) is relatively larger, indicating that the amount of knowledge on relevant features positively influences, to a certain extent, the quality of language production and responses.

IDENTIFYING THE CONCEPT OF BILINGUALISM AND BILINGUALS THROUGH SEVEN BAKER’S DIMENSIONS OF BILINGUALISM

Mulyani, Mulyani

Englisia Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

The study is mainly aimed at investigating and analyzing the concept of bilingualism and bilinguals based on seven Baker’s (2011) dimensions of bilingualism; ability, culture, context, age, use, elective bilingualism, and balance of two languages. All of the dimensions were discussed specifically and comparatively based on Baker’s bilingualism dimensions related to the experience of learning second language (L2) of both the participants. However, another dimension; development is not discussed in this study since there is insufficient information and no correlation to the participants’ experience in learning L2. There were two participants involved in this study; they are Australian but coming from different backgrounds and experiences of learning L2. The data was collected by means of semi-structured interviews using both closed-question and open-question methods. The findings indicates that it is arduous to specify to what extent the concept of bilingualism and bilinguals are.

AN ANALYSIS OF ACEHNESE EFL STUDENTS’ GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN WRITING RECOUNT TEXTS

M. Isa, Qudwatin Nisak, Risdaneva, Risdaneva, Alfayed, Affied

Englisia Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

This study aims at finding empirical evidence of the most common types of grammatical errors and sources of errors in recount texts written by the first-year students of SMAS Babul Maghfirah, Aceh Besar. The subject of the study was a collection of students’ personal writing documents of recount texts about their lives experience. The students’ recount texts were analyzed by referring to Betty S. Azar classification and Richard’s theory on sources of errors. The findings showed that the total number of error is 436. Two frequent types of grammatical errors were Verb Tense and Word Choice. The major sources of error were Intralingual Error, Interference Error and Developmental Error respectively. Furthermore, the findings suggest that it is necessary for EFL teachers to apply appropriate techniques and strategies in teaching recount texts, which focus on past tense and language features of the text in order to reduce the possible errors to be made by the students.

CODE SWITCHING AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF LINGUISTIC SYSTEM OF SIMULTANEOUS BILINGUAL CHILDREN

Suek, Leni Amelia

Englisia Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

Code switching and code mixing are the phenomena commonly seen done by a bilingual. This behavior is influenced by several aspects such as the linguistic system, sociolinguistics, pragmatics, and language competence of the bilingual. If children are able to distinguish two different languages since early age, they will be considered simultaneous bilinguals. They show that they develop multiple, rather than single, linguistic systems. However, it was understood that code switching and code mixing were due to the failure in using proper words, language features, and sociolinguistic competence. Yet, recent studies have shown that bilingual children are able to use both languages proficiently with no signs of confusion or failure in language use. This ability also does not hinder their cognitive development.

MAINTAINING THE IDENTITY OF BILINGUAL INDIVIDUALS IN MULTICULTURAL/MULTILINGUAL SETTINGS

Trisnawati, Ika Kana

Englisia Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

This paper discusses the ways bilingual people are able to maintain their identity within any multicultural and multilingual environment. As today’s societies have shown to have more people with varied language/cultural backgrounds, it is interesting to learn how the bilinguals understand and identify themselves despite living in a totally different environment. Data in this paper came from a number of multicultural/multilingual settings for comparison purposes. Findings showed that there have been three major factors contributing to maintain the bilinguals’ identity in a diverse environment including language, family, and peer interaction.

SOCIAL FACTORS PROMPTING ADULT BILINGUAL SPEAKERS TO CODE SWITCH

Bani Bili, Yunita Reny

Englisia Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

It has been long known that bilinguals can switch their speeches from one language to another when interacting within their own community. Some experts argue that code switch occurs due to the lack of proficiency in languages, lazy choices and easy solutions in communicating, and impact of linguistic dominance. This paper describes the social factors which promote adult bilinguals in code switching. The paper focuses on three types of the social factors contributing to code switching.The first type deals with factors independent of specific speakers and circumstances such as prestige, cover prestige, and power relation. The second one is related to speakers’ competence both as individuals and members of a sub group. The last category refers to factors within the conversation where code switching emerges. To conclude, these social factors are highly relevant in prompting adult bilinguals to code switch.

THE TYPES OF REQUEST EXPRESSIONS USED IN NOVEL “HARRY POTTER AND THE CHAMBER OF SECRETS”: Their Appropriateness to ESL/EFL Teaching for Junior High School Students in Indonesia

Isna, Nuzulul, Permata Sari, Inong

Englisia Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

Novels can be authentic sources for learning ESL/EFL, especially in non-English speaking countries. They may present reliable learning references in the absence of native speakers. This article aims to identify the types of request expressions originated in novel “Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets” as well as their appropriateness for teaching ESL/EFL in aligment to current applied curriculum (2006 curriculum) in junior high school level in Indonesia. This research employed a qualitative research which was based on content analysis methodology. The data analysis revealed the types of request expressions (Tsui, 1989) generated out of 110 items uttered by the characters in the novel. 65.5% of the finding matched the nine request expressions learning materials embedded in the 2006 curriculum. Indeed, this finding may significantly contribute to the addition of authentic English learning source, especially in teaching speaking skill.

METAPHORS IN THE EX-GAM’S POLITICAL DISCOURSES DURING PRE-PUBLIC ELECTIONS IN ACEH

Usman, Jarjani

Englisia Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

The Free Aceh Movement, locally called Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM), developed several unique political discourses after having signed a peace accord with the Government of Indonesia (GoI) in Helsinki in 2005. The discourses created are metaphorical in Acehnese language, aimed to structure people’s mind and to be accepted and transformed into their actions that supported GAM during pre-public election post conflicts. However, research on analyzing the metaphors is scant. This research used Lakoff and Johnson’s (1980a, 1980b) conceptual metaphor and Fairclough’s framework of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) to critically analyze the political discourses in order to unveil the meaning and their ideology position. The research shows the most commonly used metaphor was ELECTION IS A BATTLE. However, the currently used political metaphors are more persuasive, urging people to voluntarily come back to their political party, than previously used ones that seemed to strongly force people to be on their side.

LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY OF STUDENTS IN INTENSIVE ENGLISH LANGUAGE INSTITUTE (IELI) OF FLINDERS UNIVERSITY

Marina, Marina

Englisia Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

This study aims to examine the influence of gender and nationality on the use of language learning strategies. The population of this study was the students who enrolled and studied in IELI of Flinders University and 34 students became the convenience samples. Strategy Inventory for Language Learner (SILL) questionnaire version 7.0 developed by Oxford (1990) was used as the main instrument of the research. The data analysis in this research used quantitative approach with Cronbach’s α for measuring item reliability, descriptive statistics for demographic data and Independent-Samples T-test for gender differences, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) for nationality differences. The results showed that gender and nationality has had an insignificant effect in the use of language learning strategies.

MANAGING DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR OF STUDENTS IN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM

Khasinah, Siti

Englisia Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Banda Aceh

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Abstract

This article describes students’ disruptive behaviors in language classroom that may greatly affect language teaching and learning process, especially in ESL or EFL classes. Teachers should know what disruptive behavior is to enable them to deal with problems occurred in their classroom or to take preventive actions to keep their students well-behaved during the class. This can reduce the occurrence of misbehavior of students in their classroom. To prevent disruption in the classroom, teachers should establish behavioral expectations in the first day of the semester and the expectations can be based on students attendance, arrivals and departures, class participation, full English speaking, and other appropriate conducts in the syllabus and discuss them at the outset of the term. The agreement is then assigned as a learning contract or a code of conducts with which bounds the whole class. Consequently, whenever students are misbehaved, teachers and other students will directly know and recognize that the behaviors are out of the code. There are factors reasoning students to behave badly, so teachers as trouble solvers have to find appropriate strategies that are effective in helping students keep the code. Otherwise, the disruptions will escalate quickly and the problems will increase in numbers rapidly and finally, teachers will have to work very hard to avoid teaching failure and “losing face” when they cannot manage the disruption as listed in the expectation.