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Jurnal Global Strategies
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19079729     EISSN : 24419600     DOI : -
Jurnal Global & Strategis is a scientific journal published twice a year, every June and December. JGS invite discussions, reviews, and analysis of contemporary against four main themes: international peace and security; international political economy; international businesses and organization; as well as globalization and strategy. JGS published by Cakra Studi Global Strategis (CSGS), center of studies that examine the issues of international relations and this center of studies was under control by Airlangga University International Relations Department.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis" : 10 Documents clear
The Influence of Social, Economic, and Environmental Factors on Health Quality in ASEAN Muryani, Muryani; Indra, Fairidita Annisa
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.91-102

Abstract

There is a serious problem in term of health over the past 70 years in developing countries, one of them is the quality of life expectancy. Even it has continued to increase but still there is a gap between developed and developing countries. The gap in life expectancy is assumed to be rooted in the differences in socio-economic conditions of different social groups. Health matter, especially in the ASEAN region, is an important issue that must be addressed. Therefore, this research has an objective to explore the influence of social, economic and environmental factors on health quality in ASEAN. The variables in this research are the impacts of population, urbanization, food production, GDP, health spending, and CO2 emissions on health in 9 ASEAN countries in the period from 2001-2015. The analysis method is a panel of regression data. The findings of the research are that all the independent variables have a significant effect on Health quality in ASEAN.
Japanese Public Diplomacy in Indonesia: The Role of Japanese Agencies in Academic Exchange Programs between Japan and Indonesia Mubah, A. Safril
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.37-50

Abstract

Japan and Indonesia have developed mutual cooperation in academic exchange programs for the past three decades. Japan acknowledges that student interchange plays a significant role in promoting mutual understanding between Japan and foreign countries. Japanese government expects international students, either those who are still studying in Japan or those who have returned to their home countries, serve as a bridge between their countries and Japan. To achieve this goal, Japanese government employs some agencies to undertake academic exchange programs. In Indonesia, particularly, some Japanese agencies such as Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO), Japan Foundation, and Japan International Cooperation Center (JICE) have played important role in student exchanges. They have various programs to attract Indonesian students getting involved in academic exchanges. This paper describes these agencies’ role in academic exchange programs between Japan and Indonesia. Considering that the Japanese agencies work to promote Japan’s soft power through public diplomacy activities under transgovernmental networks model, I utilize concepts of public diplomacy and transgovernmental networks as a framework for analyzing the case. I argue that Japanese agencies have successfully served as Japanese public diplomacy agents by acting great role in advancing Japan’s soft power through academic exchange activities. However, some challenges appear in the way to achieve Japanese public diplomacy goal to create mutual understanding between Japanese and Indonesian people.
Indonesia, ASEAN Centrality and Global Maritime Fulcrum Auliya, Putri; Sulaiman, Yohanes
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.79-90

Abstract

Why Indonesia remains committed to maintain centrality of ASEAN in its Indo-Pacific strategy as a way to deter conflicts, especially in light of President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s famous proclamation of “Global Maritime Fulcrum?” The main thrust of “Global Maritime Fulcrum” doctrine is that facing shifting geopolitical and economic power from the West to Asia, Indoneia needed to face the challenge by putting Indonesia’s interest back to the forefront of global political and economic discourse. Yet, by the end of the day, Indonesia remained committed in pushing for the centrality of ASEAN especially in dealing with potential conflicts in the Indo-Pacific region. By stressing the centrality of ASEAN, meaning that Indonesia is attempting to strengthen cooperation between the members of ASEAN and crafting a cooperative regional framework, Indonesia and ASEAN as a whole may be able to reduce the tension due to the clashing interest of the United States and China in Indo-Pacific region.
A Study about Pork Farm in Surakarta as Export Commodity Ichwanda, Naufal Rhyo; Lie, Wilyam; Prakoso, Septyanto Galan
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.123-132

Abstract

Pork as one of most consumed meat in the world had a big potential to be on prospective international trade commodities. Asia, especially East Asia and Southeast Asia had a deep root culture of pork culinary even in Moslem-majority countries like Indonesia and Malaysia. Although its commodity price is considered low in the international trade, the demand of pork is relatively stable. Current top exporter of pork is being held by European Union, followed by United States and Canada, while the current top importer of pork is held by China followed by United States. Southeast Asia actually had a potential to develop its pork export and take some of international market but in reality Southeast Asian countries still struggling to develop their pork export. Between Southeast Asia countries only Thailand and Vietnam who are able to export their pork meat to other countries in a large scale. Therefore, we want to share the result of our qualitative study regarding this topic to enhance the knowledge about the condition and the prospect of this commodity and what barrier that hinder Southeast Asian countries from developing their pork market by using competitive advantage theory and pork farm in Surakarta, Indonesia as the study case. The results of our study are expected could be used as reference to develop pork export in Southeast Asia.
Dissents in Regulating Cultural Trade and Its Mechanisms of Dispute Settlements in Multilateral Forum: Analyzing the Roles of UNESCO and WTO Pratamasari, Annisa
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.51-62

Abstract

Even though the volume of trade in goods and service increases in some advanced economy countries, trade in cultural goods and services remain in neglected terrain within multilateral frameworks. WTO has indeed highlighted the importance of cultural goods’ protection; however, its meaning and scopes, terms of protection, and dispute settlement on cultural goods and services have remained vague. On the other hand, UNESCO shed some lights on the trade of cultural goods and services, but some of the articles in its convention arises some contradiction with WTO clauses. The cases presented in this paper are all related to the culture trade, namely Canada for a periodical case (DS31), Turkey’s taxation of foreign film (DS43), Canada’s case on film distribution service (DS117), and China’s case on publications and audiovisual products (DS363). This paper aims to analyze how those cases were handled in the dispute settlement of WTO and supposed to be handled by both UNESCO and WTO. I would like to draw some lessons from the inadequate dispute settlement in WTO on culture trade, then proceed to formulate some suggestions of how cultural trade-related disputes are supposed to be formulated.
Smart Maritime Diplomacy: Diplomasi Maritim Indonesia Menuju Poros Maritim Dunia Rijal, Najamuddin Khairur
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.63-78

Abstract

This article examines the efforts of Indonesia's maritime diplomacy, especially in Southeast Asia and ASEAN to realize the World Maritime Axis (WMA) vision. WMA is the “jargon” of the Joko Widodo government to realize Indonesia’s ideals as an advanced, independent, and strong maritime state, and has positive contribution to the world. Through a descriptive-qualitative research approach, to answer the efforts of Indonesian maritime diplomacy, the primary data was collected through a review of the annual reports of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. The secondary data is obtained through various literature related to WMA and Indonesian maritime diplomacy in Southeast Asia and ASEAN. By using Christian Le Miere's conceptualization of maritime diplomacy, this article shows that Indonesia’s maritime diplomacy efforts integrate the soft approach through cooperation and persuasive efforts with a hard approach through coercive action. By the author, this efforts is referred as Smart Maritime Diplomacy.
Sinergitas Pembangunan Tata Ruang Pertahanan Daerah dalam Menghadapi Ancaman Non-Militer di Indonesia Alfajri, Alfajri; Setiawan, Azhari; Wahyudi, Herry
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.103-122

Abstract

This article aims to understand and explain the local context of state’s defense toward non-military threats in Indonesia. As the broading and deepening development of security significance, non-traditional security agenda urges multi-levels and multi-sectors synergy especially in the local government because the nature of non-military threats in Indonesia developed at the local level. First, authors review numbers of literatures about non-traditional security, non-military threats and the securitization theory. Second, the article elaborates the strategic environment—global, regional, and national—and threats perception from the perspective of Indonesia’s defense posture. After that, the article explains securitization aspects of multi-level and multi-sectors synergy on facing the non-military threats at the local level. The result of this research is the synergy of national development, regional development and national defense development needs to be synchronized with the support of clear regulations, considering the available resources to achieve real community welfare, both in terms of income, employment opportunities, business opportunities, access to policy making, competitiveness, and an increase in the human development index. The strategic relations between stakeholders in the synergy of national defense development is essential to achieve formidable defense. Policy socialization between vertical agencies of ministries/institutions and regional governments needs to be optimized and intensified so that there will be a common perception in the management and implementation of national defense development on dealing with non-military threats.
Antartica's Sovereignty: Adoption of Artic Council Concept as a Better Replacement for Antartica Treaty System (ATS) Ladiqi, Suyatno; Hamzah, Akmal
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.15-24

Abstract

The conflict surrounding the sovereignty over the region of Antarctica is a long-standing issue that has plagued the claimant states for decades. The exhaustion of mineral and raw material fuels the hostility and struggle for dominance over the unclaimed region which beliefs to be the largest remaining reserve of oil and gas as well as other valuable natural resources. With growing number of claimant states and the inexistence of proper international framework, the issue over Antarctica is a time-ticking bomb waiting to burst and causes a major friction over the South Pole. Due to the success achieved by Arctic Council in managing the Arctic region inspire this paper to propose and evaluate the idea of establishing an “Antarctica Council” as a crucial recourse to solve what Antarctica Treaty System (ATS) has failed to achieve. This paper is an examination of analysis and critiques in legal documents and international reports that seek a critical approach over the ineffectiveness of the existing legal framework and possible improvement in Arctic council concept adoptions.
The Paradiplomatic Role of the ConIFA in Promoting Self-Determination of Marginalised Entities Utomo, Ario Bimo
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.25-36

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to apply the paradiplomacy framework in exploring the role of NGOs in promoting the issue of marginalised peoples. More specifically, it highlights the Confederation of Independent Football Association (ConIFA), an international football governing body comprising minority peoples, stateless nations, and regions which are unrecognised by the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). The author attempts to discuss ConIFA’s ability in voicing the issue of self-determination concerning its members, which are mainly sidelined in the mainstream international affairs. This paper discusses two questions: (1) does ConIFA qualify to be regarded as a paradiplomatic actor? If yes, in what ways? and (2) to what extent does ConIFA advocate the issue of self-determination of its members? In so doing, the researcher first studies the nature of ConIFA through its own constitution as well as examining its activities through various sources. Second, the author also utilises core concepts on paradiplomacy to seek in which category does ConIFA’s activities fall into. The findings suggest that ConIFA qualifies as a paradiplomatic actor in the sense that it has two forces: horizontal and vertical. Horizontally, it platforms its members to interact with like-minded counterparts through numerous activities. Vertically, ConIFA also possesses a comparative advantage to reach a wider audience by framing the issue through sport. However, the study also indicates that while self-determination is promoted through ConIFA, the organisation does not possess enough political capacity to facilitate a deeper advocacy, thus making its paradiplomatic activities mainly fall into the cultural category.
Indo-Pacific Maritime Cooperation: ASEAN Mechanisms on Security Towards Global Maritime Governance Damayanti, Angel
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.1-44

Abstract

The importance of the sea in the current era of globalization has called all countries for managing their interests at sea as well as their common concern collectively, cooperatively and inclusively. By looking at the notions of the sea as a medium of connectivity and sea as a resource coupled with its vulnerability particularly in Indian and Pacific Oceans, Indo-Pacific maritime cooperation towards global ocean governance accordingly are vital to the international stability, a successful of sea-based trading system and sustainability use of the oceans. Therefore this article discusses the rationale of Indo-Pacific Maritime Cooperation, which made possible by the common concern of countries that locate between the Indian and West Pacific ocean maritime, the vulnerabilities of the region and the existence of various ASEAN’s mechanisms on Maritime Security Cooperation as well as regional regime and international law. Nevertheless, ASEAN needs to note some issues relating to its consolidation as well as the internal challenges in the realization of global maritime governance.

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