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Kota surabaya,
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 23017171     EISSN : 2541092X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
The scope of JBE are Epidemiology of Communicable Disease, Epidemiology of Non-communicable Disease, Tropical Disease, Epidemiology Surveillance, Management Outbreak, Epidemiology of Preventable Disease, and Epidemiology of Cancer.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi" : 12 Documents clear
Effectivenessof Child Health Monitoring System in Simomulyo PHC Surabaya Kartika Sari, Prima Dian
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.207-217

Abstract

Infant mortality rate in Surabaya was increased in 2015. Simomulyo is a region with the highest infant mortality rate with the number of 16 deaths in 2015 and 12 deaths in 2016. Despite the high infant mortality rate, programs that related to child health indicators have been surpassed the percentage of service coverage. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of Child Health Monitoring System in Primary Health Care of Simomulyo with system approach consisting of input, process, and output variables. The method of this research is evaluative-descriptive with Village Midwifes, Midwife Coordinator, and program officer as research informant. The result of this study emphasized that input variables for data types and data sources have been implemented effectively. Evaluation of process variables for data compilation is indicated as effective, data collection, individual data tracking, and planning of action is indicated as fair, and data analysis is less effective. Evaluation of output variable for service coverage calculation is indicated as less effective. The conclusion of this research is the effectiveness of process and output variables are less effective. Researchers proposed several alternative solutions such as socialization and workshop for all officers and village midwifes, Constructing standardized report form for the use of data analyzing, individual data tracking, and planning of action.Keywords: Infant Mortality Rate, child health monitoring, surveillance system
Analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Physical Condition of The House with Incidence Pulmonary Tuberculosis Kenedyanti, Evin; Sulistyorini, Lilis
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.152-162

Abstract

Diseases that can be caused by environmental factors one of which is tuberculosis (TB). TB is an infectious disease that most often affects the lung tissue by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Based on the observation of the condition of the settlement in the district Mulyorejo very crowded and poor sanitation, it may result in environmentally based disease is pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). This study was an observational study, the design of the study is a case-control study. Analysis of the data used are seeing the value OR. The sample was taken by purposive sampling with a sample size of 5 houses pulmonary tuberculosis patients and 10 home instead of pulmonary tuberculosis patients. The collection of data by observation sheet, physical measurements of air quality, and air sampling using Haz-Dust EPAM-5000 models, then dust samples were sent to the Institute of Tropical Disease Airlangga University for examination Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria in the air by PCR Aerosol. The results showed Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the air is a risk factor for pulmonary tuberculosis (OR = 2.667) and the physical condition of the house is a risk factor for pulmonary tuberculosis (OR = 2.667). People should improve the physical condition of the house, particularly the addition of mechanical ventilation to facilitate air circulation. For a house whose walls are attached to the neighboring wall can make the air vent on the roof, for further research using more samples to determine the factors that cause Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the home of respondents both patients and non-sufferers.Keywords:physical condition of the home, lung tuberculosis (TB), Mycobacterium tuberculosis
The Relationship Between Duration Disease and Glucose Blood Related to Subjective Compliance in Diabetes Mellitus Lathifah, Nur Lailatul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.218-230

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is often called the silent killer because it can affect all the organs of the body and cause several kinds of complaints. In 2013, Tambaksari Sub-district, Surabaya city has high DM case and become health problem because it has DM prevalence rate exceeding East Java prevalence 2,1% and bigger than DM prevalence rate in Indonesia that is 1.5%. The purpose of this study was to analyze the duration of disease and blood sugar levels with subjective complaints in patients with type 2 diabetes in Puskesmas Rangkah and Pacarkeling Surabaya. This research uses analytic observational with cross sectional method. The sample in this research that is patient of type 2 DM as much as 50 sample. The sampling technique was done by Simple Random Sampling, the researcher conducted the interview with the help of questionnaire. Data analysis using Chi Square test. Dependent variable in this research is subjective complaint, while the independent variable is disease duration and blood sugar level. Result of research indicate that there is correlation between duration of disease with subjective complaint in patient Type 2 DM (p = 0.049) and blood sugar level with subjective complaint In patients with type 2 diabetes (p = 0.004). Based on the analysis it can be concluded that there is a relationship between the duration of the disease and blood sugar levels with subjective complaints in patients with Type 2 diabetes. To the puskesmas in order to increase knowledge and information to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus diabetes mellitus in the form of complications and how to handle it.Keywords:type 2 diabetes mellitus, disease duration, glucose blood, subjective complaint
Effect of Diabetes Mellitus on Successful Treatment of Tuberculosis in Tanah Kalikedinding PHC Yanti, Zeni
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.163-173

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an infection disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. According to WHO in 2014 among 9,6 billion people in the word infected TB. In Indonesia there are 647 cases at 100.000 population. Est Jawa had the both contributor of TB cases after West Java. Surabaya is the district with the highest level TB case in East Java. National indicator of successful treatment is Success Rate. SR throughout Surabaya district in 2015 is 79.21%, (national standard ≥85%). Tanah Kalikedinding primary health care had SR decreased 82.1%, 81.2% and 68.33%. Failure TB Treatment caused low these SR. One of the caused of this, is high level of diabetes mellitus incident. The purpose of this research to find the influence of diabetes mellitus to successful of TB Treatment. The study design is cross sectional, the sample used were 55 pulmonary tuberculosis patients at Tanah Kalikedinding Primary Health Care. Statistic test used logistic regression with α= 0.05.The result of logistic regression p = 0.012 means that there is influence between diabetes mellitus with the successful treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis. OR value = 2.056 means that patient pulmonary tuberculosis without diabetes mellitus has the possibility recover 2.056 times greater than the patient pulmonary tuberculosis with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus screening in the Tuberculosis early treatment, appropriate treatment and monitoring is a step that can be done by Tanah Kalikedinding PHC Surabaya to minimize the incidence of failure treatment of Tuberculosis with diabetes mellitus. Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Successful Treatment, Success Rate, Tuberculosis
Risk Analyses Factor of Infant Mortality Caused by Tetanus Neonatorum in East Java Sari, Selvy Novita
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.231-239

Abstract

Tetanus neonatorum is an infection in infants ( < 28 days), caused by bacteria Clostridium tetani that enter the body through the wound. Tetanus neonatorum is one of the leading causes of neonatal mortality in the world. The case of tetanus neonatorum is present in 14 provinces in Indonesia, East Java has the second highest case of tetanus neonatorum. Factors affecting infant mortality among others include maternal immunization status, parity, delay admission of TN patients, and umbilical cord care. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between maternal immunization status, parity, delay admission of TN patients, and umbilical cord care with mortality of tetanus neonatorum. This study uses cross sectional design using 59 respondents obtained from T2 report to Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur in 2014-2016. The result of the research by using chi-square test and α= 0,05 obtained TT immunization of pregnant women (p = 0.257), parity (p = 0.034; PR= 0.39; 95% CI 0.16-0.98), delay admission of TN patients (p = 0.061), and umbilical cord care (p = 0.007; PR = 2.31; 95% CI 1.29-4.15). The conclusion of this study is there are no relationships between maternal immunization status and delay admission with mortality of tetanus neonatorum and a significant relationships between parity and umbilical cord care with mortality of tetanus neonatorum in East Java in 2014-2016. To reduce the risk factors of infant mortality, it is necessary to socialize TT immunization to pregnant women, planning of pregnancy, clean delivery and umbilical cord care.Keywords: risk factors, delay admission, mortality of tetanus neonatorum, parity, and umbilical cord care, maternal immunization
Relationship Between Knowledge and Hypertension History with Blood Pressure Control in Elderly Zaenurrohmah, Destiara Hesriantica; Rachmayanti, Riris Diana
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.174-184

Abstract

Hypertension is a main cause of morbidity and mortality in Indonesia, thus the treatment of this disease commonly done in every level of health facilities. Based on Riskesdas 2013 the most diseases toward elderly is Hypertention up to 57.6% followed by arthritis (51.9%) and stroke (46.1%). Based on blood pressure measurement in Posyandu Melati known most of elderly have prehypertension. This research aimed to analyze the relationship between knowledge, hypertention history and blood pressure control of elderly in Posyandu Melati, Ampel sub district, Semampir distric, Surabaya City. This research was an observational research with cross sectional approach. Subjects of the research were drawn from the population using total population with inclusive criteria was elderly that had come to the Posyandu Melati. Number of samples obtained was 50 elderies. Primary data were collected using questionnaires. Analysis data has done using univariate and bivariate analysis. After being analyzed, data processed by chi square statistical test. The result of bivariate analysis was found that variables associated with hypertension history and blood pressure control (p = 0.019). The conclusion which could be drawn were knowledge was unassociated with blood pressure control. Hypertension history has low associated with blood pressure control. There is needs of education or health promotion for elderlies through counseling and medias.Keywords: knowledge, hypertension history, blood pressure control
Description of Hand Hygiene’s Compliance on Nurse of Hemodialysis at Haji Hospital Surabaya Nurani, Rr Rizqi Saphira; Hidajah, Atik Choirul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.240-252

Abstract

Thousands patients around the world die every day because of infections when they get treatment. This is because the transmission of microbacteria from the hands of health workers. Hand hygiene is the most important aspect to prevent the transmission of microbacteria and preventing HAIs. Hand hygiene awareness of health workers is a fundamental behavior to prevent cross-infection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hand hygiene compliance of nurse in Unit Hemodialysis of Hajj General Hospital Surabaya. Type of this research is descriptive research and observations by using a qualitative approach. Data retrieval on the research is an interview with nurse and audit hand hygiene. Research instrument using a questionnaire of hand hygiene and BSI knowledge, and hand hygiene audit form made by WHO. The population in this research was all nurses in Hemodialysis Unit General Hospital Surabaya Hajj that add up to 11 people. The results of this research obtained that compliance with hand hygiene Unit Hemodialysis nurse is 35%. The compliance were still less and has not reached the standards established by the PPI Hajj General Hospital Surabaya that is 100% and still has not reach compliance standards of WHO that is 40%. Hand hygiene compliance was low caused by the low participation of PPI base training and the lack of availability of hand hygiene facility in the Hemodialysis Unit General Hospital Surabaya Hajj. Advice from research were conducting on job training about how to perform hand hygiene and improve hand hygiene facilities in Hemodialysis Units. Keywords: hand hygiene, compliance, nurse
The Association of Socioeconomic and Nutritional with Risk of Tuberculosis in DM Type 2 Patient Fitri, Pantaria Noor; Isfandiari, Muhammad Atoillah
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.185-194

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a diseases caused by less effective insulin use. East Java is the ten highest province for Diabetes prevalence all over Indonesia. DM patient risk higher for TB. This research aims to find out relationship between social-economy and nutrition status with TB occurrence to DM-type 2 sufferer in Kecamatan Tambaksari. This research is retrospective quantitative with case control design with age and sex corresponding. Sample of the research was counted by matching formula obtained out of 38 DM-TB sufferers for cases and 38 DM for control. Sample case and control were taken by simple random sampling. Characteristic result of DM and TB sufferers in Kecamatan Tambaksari 50% aged between 56–65 year. Amount of the sufferers 60,5% male. Education level is irrelated to the risk of TB occurrences in DM-type 2 sufferer, (p = 0.608 (> α= 0.05). Working status is related to the risk of TB occurrence to type 2 DM sufferer, (p = 0.022,OR = 3.2; 95%CI = 1.288-8.440). Waged level is related to the risk of TB occurrence to DM-type 2 sufferer, (p.= 0.009,OR = 13.214; 95%CI = 1,597-109.370). Nutrition status is related to TB occurrence to DM-type 2 sufferer, (p = 0.000, OR = 17.889; 95%CI = 4.653-68.772). The conclusion of this research is social economy factor, that is unemployed and wage < UMK, and nutrition status IMT < 18.5 related to TB occurrence to DM-type 2 sufferer. It needs to perform socialization for eating pattern regulation to DM-type 2 sufferer, TB screening to sufferer to DM-type 2 sufferer with nutrition status IMT < 18.5, and assistance for DM-type 2 with TB to have medical treatment routinely.Keywords: Tuberculosis, Diabetes Mellitus, socioeconomic, nutritional status
The Correlation between Family Support with Quality of Life Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in Pademawu PHC Meidikayanti, Wulan; Wahyuni, Chatarina Umbul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.253-264

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is type of DM which has suffered by almost 90% people in the world. Type 2 diabetes mellitus require long-term treatment to improve the quality of life. This research aims to analyze the relationship of family support with the quality of life of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type of research is observational analytic with cross sectional design. The population of the research was patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus who visit the clinic in Pademawu in May-June 2017. The sample is most sufferers DM who perform outpatient Puskesmas in Pademawu May-June 2017. A large sample was 50 respondents which randomly selected or use simple random sampling. The variables examined are the characteristics of respondents (age, gender, level of education, long suffering, complications) and family support. The chi square test results with significance level of 5% (α= 0.05) showed variables which associated with quality of life of type 2 diabetes mellitus significantly is family support (p =0.00) and complications of DM (p = 0.011). The conclusion is the variable family support and complications have significant relationship with the quality of life of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the clinic Pademawu, Pamekasan. The advice is expected for health workers in Clinics Pademawu to further enhance health promotion about the importance of family support programs against sufferers and families to extend the life of sufferers of type 2 diabetes mellitus.Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, family support, quality of life, non-infection disease
Relationship Between Children Under Five Years Characteristics, Age While Measles Immunization, History of Exclusive Breastfeeding with Clinical Measles Andriani, Linda
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.195-206

Abstract

Measles is a disease that can be prevented by immunization. According to Indonesian Health Ministry report  2016 there were 8,185 cases in 2015 and 12,943 cases in 2014. The highest number of meales cases were  found in East Java, and Sidoarjo regency is the region with the highest cases, there are 507 cases in 2015 and a significant increase in 2016 of 1141 cases. The number of cases of clinical measles at Wonoayu Public Health Center from year 2013 are 4 cases, 2014 is 16 cases, 2015 is 43 cases and year 2016 is 99 cases. This research aims to analyze the relationship of children under five years characteristics, age of measles immunization and history of exclusive breastfeeding. This type of research is observational analytic with cross sectional design. The sample was taken by simple random sampling and the sample size was 61 children under five years old registered in the MTBM / MTBS register of Wonoayu Health Center according to the inclusion criteria and then analyzed by Chi-square test. The results showed that there was a relation between measles immunization age (p = 0.018), history of exclusive breastfeeding (p = 0.045) to clinical measles. There was no association between sex of children under five years (p = 0.909) against clinical measles. Give attention from health workers to children’s discipline related to precise measles immunization is very important as well as understanding of mother’s children under five about the role of exclusive breastfeeding for child immunity.Keywords:clinical measles, children under five’s characteristic, age while measles immunization, history of exclusive breastfeeding

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