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INDONESIA
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 23017171     EISSN : 2541092X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
The scope of JBE are Epidemiology of Communicable Disease, Epidemiology of Non-communicable Disease, Tropical Disease, Epidemiology Surveillance, Management Outbreak, Epidemiology of Preventable Disease, and Epidemiology of Cancer.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi" : 12 Documents clear
Differences Characteristics Patients Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 with and without Coronary Heart Disease Aquarista, Nindara Citra
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.37-47

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is the third highest Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), which causes death in Indonesia.The incidence of coronary heart disease in diabetes mellitus is high, 65% of people with diabetes mellitus die due to coronary heart disease and stroke. The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences in the characteristics of Diabetes mellitus type 2 in patients with and without coronary heart disease in Haji General Hospital Surabaya year 2016. This research uses observational analysis with cross sectional study design. The subject of the study is the incidence of diabetes Mellitus type 2 with and without coronary heart disease with undergoing outpatient treatment at Haji General Hospital Surabaya year 2016. The Samples were taken by fixed-disease sampling method with 42 people as the samples. The data analysis uses Chi Square test. The results show for the independent variables that have the most significant difference inHaji General Hospital Surabaya year 2016 is smoking behavior (p = 0.00; PR = 7.85; 95% CI = 2.09 to 29.50) and hypertension (p = 0,002; PR = 3.51; 95% CI = 1.42 to 8.67). In conclusion, the smoking behavior and hypertension can lead to complications of coronary heart disease for patients with type in Diabetes Mellitus type 2 in Haji General Hospital year 2016. It needs awareness to check blood pressure regularly and eliminate the smoking habit as the prevention of complications of coronary heart disease for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.Keywords: diabetes mellitus type 2, coronary hearth disease.
Knowledge and Preventive Action of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Transmission in Household Contacts Agustina, Saflin; Wahjuni, Chatarina Umbul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.85-94

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease directly caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Family involvement for its prevention need to be taken into account includes knowledge, attitudes and practice.  The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of the prevention behavior of the disease in household contact families in the working area of Puskesmas Rangkah, Pacar Keling and Gading at Surabaya 2015.  This research was case control study uses a sample of 25 cases and 25 control samples. Collecting data using questionnaires to obtain information about the variables: the prevention of the disease transmission, socio-economic status, gender, knowledge and attitudes.  The results showed that the majority of respondents have a socio-economic status in the low category (72 %), female (58 %), have a good knowledge (78 %), a good attitude (72 %), and good transmission prevention of pulmonary TB (56 %). Chi square test showed that there is a gender difference (p = 0.010). Wilxocon Mann Whitney test shows that no differences in socioeconomic status (p = 0.533), attitude ( p = 0.212 ) and there are differences in knowledge (p = 0.018) and action (p = 0.000) prevention of transmission of the disease in the household contacts. It can be concluded that there is a difference in behavior includes knowledge and preventive measures of pulmonary TB transmission in the household contacts. Suggest the need for cooperation and intervention from a health personnel to family and patient as well as the strong motivation of the people against infection-prevention measures of pulmonary TB.  Keywords: family, knowledge, attitude, precaution of Pulmonary Tuberculosis infection
Factors That Related With Diptheria Cases of Children in Bangkalan Health Centers in 2016 Arifin, Isnaniyanti Fajrin; Prasasti, Corrie Indria
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.26-36

Abstract

The diptheria cases raised up in Bangkalan District in 2015, as many as 19 case with CFR 15,79% spread in 13 subdistricts/villages. This study was to analyze the risk factors the corelated factors to dipheria cases of children with case control design and analyses data using computer computing. It condusted in July-December 2016 by using questionnaire, interviews, observation, and measurement. Total sample was 48 respondents which number of case 8 respondents and number of control 40 respondents. Variabel in this study were characteristic (age, sex, level of education), the completeness of immunization DPT, and the condition of the physical environment of the house. Characteristic (level of education), the completeness of immunization DPT, and the condition of the physical environment of the house had corelated to diptheria cases. The most influential variable was the completeness of immunization DPT (p value = 0,037; OR = 4,667). Health workers in particular in collaboration with the village midwife cadres need to increase it’s role as educator and conselor in providing information in the form of outreach to the community related to the risk of transmission of diphtheria and immunization basics awarding benefits to the entire Neighborhood/village at Posyandu activities until it reaches the target UCI.Keywords: risk factors, diphtheria cases, Bangkalan sub district Health Centers
The Knowledge of Lung Tuberculosis Suspects for Sputum Examination Attitude In The Kamoning Primary Health Care Arivany, Puteri Febriana
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.75-84

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease mostly attacks the lungs TB disease is transmitted by smear positive TB patients through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes in the form of droplets. Sputum examination is an effort to enforce TB diagnose and to determine the potential of this transmission. The aims was conducted to determine the relationship between the respondents’ knowledge andthe sputum examination in the health center Kamoning Sampang. This research used analytic observational study with survey method using cross sectional. The research performed in 60 patients and sampling method used is imple random sampling. The independent variabel consist of education, occupation, income respondents, education and attitude of the respondent in conducting sputum examination. The strength of correlation was measured by Contingency Coefficient and Odd Ratio (OR) were analyzed using chi-square test. Contingency Coefficient of respondents knowledge knowledge suspected pulmonary tuberculosis in sputum examination is 0,253 and OR = 3,600. The conclusion is there was a weak correlation between the respondents knowledge and sputum examination. Symptoms and treatment of pulmonary TB can be identified if the health workers in collaboration with religious leaders and community leaders to provide the Information according to age and education of the respondents.Keywords: knowledge, attitude, TB suspect, sputum examination
Relationship of Respondent’s Characteristic with The Risk of Diabetes Mellitus and Dislipidemia at Tanah Kalikedinding Widyasari, Nina
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.130-141

Abstract

Non-communicable diseases is one of the health problems of the world and Indonesia, which until now is still a concern in the world of health because of one cause of death. Several types of PTM encountered are dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus (DM). The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship of age, sex, and education with DM and dyslipidemia in Tanah Kecamatan kecamatan kecamatan This study is a cross sectional study. The population in this study is all residents who live in RT 05 RW 02 Kelurahan Tanah kali Kedinding Kenjeran District with a population of 125 KK consisting of 402 people. The sample was taken by simple random sampling with Slovin formula of 125 KK. The sample in this research is 50 people. The results of this study indicate that there is a relationship of age of respondents (p value = 0.005); Respondent’s gender (p value = 0,000); Education last respondent (p value = 0,001) with risk of Diabetes Mellitus disease. And there is a significant relation between age of respondent (p value = 0,007); Gender (p value = 0,000); Education (p value = 0,000) with the risk of dyslipidemia. It is suggested to residents of Kalikedinding lands that implementing improved lifestyle by undergoing regular control of eating habits, exercise, and blood glucose and dyslipidemia checkups is necessary. Keywords: non-communicable diseases, diabetes mellitus, dislipidemia
Quality of Plague Surveillance System in Pasuruan Regency Year 2014 Based on Surveillance Attributes Malikhatin, Siti; Hendrati, Lucia Yovita
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.60-74

Abstract

Plague which is the zoonosis quarantine disease remains occur in Pasuruan Regency. Plague suspect was still found until year 2013. Plague surveillance that still actively conducted in Pasuruan Regency is  probably the only one plague surveillance in Indonesia. Plague surveillance consist of human and rodent surveillance. Evaluation of surveillance system is needed to improve its quality, efficiency, and usefulness. This research aimed to assess the quality of plague surveillance system in Pasuruan Regency year 2014 based on attributes which are simplicity, flexibility, acceptability, data quality, sensitivity, predictive value positive, representativeness, timeliness, and stability. The research design was evaluation study. Subjecct was plague surveillance system in Pasuruan Regency year 2014. Data were collected by interviews, observations, and document study. The obtained data and information were compared to the guidelines and recent theories then presented in narrations, tables, and figures. The research showed that the surveillance system was simple and flexible, lack of data quality and acceptability, unmeasurable sensitivity and predictive value positive, low representativeness and timeliness, and high stability. This research concluded that quality of plague surveillance system in Pasuruan Regency based on its attributes  was not good enough. The suggestion given are conduct training, supply a sufficient budgetary fund, do monitoring and evaluation periodically, disseminate information to another program and sector, also to the community, send surveillance report by e-mail, use spreadsheet software for surveillance rodent reporting, improve the report by including information about damage serum, serum less than the total of captured rodent, and report about the missing trap.  Keyword: plague, human surveillance, rodent surveillance, surveillance attributes, evaluation 
The Relationship Between PSN Behavior with Existence Larvae of Aedes aegypti In Port of Pulang Pisau Nani, Nani
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.1-12

Abstract

The existence of Aedes aegypti larvae is an indicator of the existence of Aedes aegypti mosquito populations in the area. This mosquito is a vektor that can transmit diseases like Dengue, Zika, Yellow Fever and Chikungunya. The most effective efforts to eradicate mosquito larvae are within off the circle of mosquito chain that is by conducting mosquito nest eradication (PSN). Factors that may affect the existence of Aedes aegypti larvae are PSN behavior that consist of knowledge, attitudes and practice. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of knowledge, attitudes and practice mosquito eradication with existence of Aedes aegypti larvae. This study use cross sectional design with a sample size of 80 respondents selected by simple random sampling. To determine the relationship between the dependent variable and independent variables used chi square test. The independent variable in this study is the knowledge, attitude and practice. The results of this study show that based on the chi square test with α = 5% knowledge (p value = 0,004; PR = 1,76; CI 95% 1,19-2,59), attitude (p value = 0,024 ; PR = 1,55 ; CI 95% 1,08-2,24) and the PSN practice (p value = 0,000, PR = 3,89; CI 95% 2,01-7,52) relationship with existence larvae. The conclusion is that there are relationship between knowledge, attitude and practice PSN with the exixtence of Aedes aegypti larvae in the Port of Pulang Pisau.Keywords: the existence of larvae of Aedes aegypti, knowledge, attitudes, practice PSN
Correlations Between Physical Activity, Smoking Habit And Attitude In Elderly With Incidence of Osteoporosis Dimyati, Kiki Familia
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.107-117

Abstract

Osteoporosis was one of degenerative disease that is common in the elderly. There was a several of risk factors of osteoporosis. Two of them were physical activity and smoking habits. Attitude was one part of a person’s behavior that may affect the prevention of disease. This study aimed to analyze the affect of physical activity, smoking habits, and attitude of the elderly to incidence of osteoporosis. This study is an observational study with case control design. The number of samples in this study was 66 elderly who visited Osteoporosis Clinic Husada Utama Hospital in Surabaya. Respondent selection taken with systematic random sampling. The independent variables of this study were physical activity, smoking habit, and attitude, while the dependent variable was incidence of osteoporosis. Based on correlation analysis with logistic regression test showed there was a significant correlation (p<0,05) between physical activity, smoking habits, and attitude. Odds Ratio (OR) in this study for physical activity was 14,764 ,smoking habit was 9,646 and attitude was 5,623. The conclusion of this study, there was physical activity as a dominant affect after controlled smoking habits and attitude to incidence of osteoporosis. The suggestion is to do physical activity three times a week, consume healthy food and beverage, take an enough sleep,reduce stress factors and stop smoking also. Keywords: Physical activity, smoking habits, elderly
Relationship Between Mothers’ Role and Knowledge in Recurrence Prevention of Food Allergy for Children Under Five Years-Old Rinawarti, Fitria
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.118-129

Abstract

There are 30-40% of people with allergies world wide in 2011, this is based on data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) more than tripled from 1993 to 2006. Parents play an important role in overcoming the recurrence of allergies in children in order of recurrence allergies and more severe recurrence. The goal of the study is to analyze association mothers’s role and knowledge in recurrence prevention of food allergy in children under five years-old. The study is an analytic observational research with cross sectional design. Method of sampling usedis simple random sampling. The samples were 39 mothers who have children under five years-old with food allergy in Rumah Sakit Islam Jemursari Surabaya. Analysis used chi-square test with α = 0.05 significance level.The results revealed the knowledge of mothers’ with allergy recurrance is 15 person (38,5%) have a good knowledge in prevention of food allergy in children under five years-old, while mothers’s role in recurrence prevention of food allergy in children under five years-old is 26 person (66,7%) have a role unfavorable. The statistical test by using chi-square revealed there were association between mothers’role (ρ=0,030) and mother’s of knowledge (ρ=0,00001)in recurrence prevention of food allergy for children under five years-old.The conclusions of the results this study is mothers’s role with unfavorable to have children under five years-old with an allergy recurrence of severe allergy, while mothers with good knowledge to have children under five years-old with an allergy reccurrance of mild allergy.Keywords: recurrence allergies, mother’s role, mother’s knowledge
Bundle Prevention Form Filling Completeness of Surgical Site Infection (SSI) on Sectio Caesarea Patients in 2016 Putri, Adita Puspitasari Swastya; Artanti, Kurnia Dwi; Mudjianto, Dwiono
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I12017.13-25

Abstract

Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) is an infection acquired during a patient undergoing treatment proedur and medical measures in health care facilities within ≥ 48 hours or within ≤ 30 days and infection was observed after the patients leaving the health care facility. The one of Hais what often happens is Surgical Site Infection (SSI) so that SSI surveillance is needed for prevention and control of infection. Bundle prevention is an instrument used for data collection the incidence of SSI in Hospital X Surabaya. This study aims to look at the picture of existence, charging and completeness of bundle SSI prevention on patients sectio caesarea in Hospital X Surabaya. The study design used is cross sectional with a total sample of 47 patients were taken by simple random sampling on patients sectio caesarea in January-June 2016. The result showed that 64% of patient records status is not accompanied by SSI prevention bundle with charging and completeness of the data that is still below the predetermined standard that is equal to 80%. Although SSI surveillance is in conformity with the guidelines infection surveillance but there are still some shortcomings in terms of the accuracy of the data so that the information obtained is still not able to be reported as well.Keywords: surveillance, SSI, hospital

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