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INDONESIA
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 23017171     EISSN : 2541092X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
The scope of JBE are Epidemiology of Communicable Disease, Epidemiology of Non-communicable Disease, Tropical Disease, Epidemiology Surveillance, Management Outbreak, Epidemiology of Preventable Disease, and Epidemiology of Cancer.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 22 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi" : 22 Documents clear
Factors Associated with Diarrheal Dehydration in Toddlers at Kalijudan Health Center Work Area Christy, Meivi Yusinta
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V2I32014.297-308

Abstract

ABSTRACTOne of common health problem among toddlers in Indonesia is diarrhea. Diarrhea is a disease that has risk to cause death. The main causes of death in diarrhea is dehydration by the loss of fluids and electrolytes through feces. Based on monthly reports of diarrhea at Kalijudan Health Center (Indonesian: Puskesmas Kalijudan) in 2013, there were some toddlers aged 1–4 years old that suffered dehydration due to diarrhea. This research aimed to analyze the relationship between maternal characteristics and knowledge and the incidence of toddler dehydration due to diarrhea at Kalijudan Health Center, Surabaya. This research was an analytic observational research with case-control design. Subjects of the research were drawn from the population using simple random sampling. Number of samples obtained was 30 individuals for case group and another 30 for control group. The independent variables were the characteristics of the toddler’s mother (including age, education, work statu, family income) and knowledge of the toddler’s mother. Primary data were collected using questionnaires. Analysis of the data was done using Chi Square statistical test. The results of bivariate analysis, it was found that the variables associated with the incidence of diarrheal dehydration among toddlers were mother’s work status (p = 0.010), and knowledge of the toddler’s mother (p = 0.002). There were no relationship among age of toddlers’ mother (p = 0.779), mother’s education (p = 0.797), and family income (p = 0.430). The conclusion that could be drawn was the work status and knowledge of the toddler’s mother was significantly associated with the incidence of diarrheal dehydration in toddlers. There is needs of education or health promotion for mothers concerning to proper management of diarrhea for toddlers using prevention of diarrhea through seven interventions.Keywords: characteristics, knowledge, mother’s toddler, diarrhea dehydration, toddler
Evaluation Of Malaria Surveillance System In Department Of Health District Sumbawa Besar Zainuddin, Zainuddin; Hendrati, Lucia Yovita
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v2i3.1301

Abstract

ABSTRACTMalaria is a public health problem that can affect infant mortality, under five, pregnant women and can reduce productivity. The annual parasite incidence from 2008 antil 2011showed malaria morbidity in Sumbawa district remain high. The Purpose of this study was to describe the implementation of Malaria Surveillance System at the District Health Office Lombok Sumbawa Besar. This study used a descriptive survey method. Subjects were malaria surveillance officer in district Health office, health centers, and hospitals. Research object is a document epidemiological surveillance report of malaria in 2013. Variables of this study is the implementation of malaria surveillance system (input, process, output) and surveillance system attributes. Data obtained from interviews and observations were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the data type on input stage was not yet complete, the quantity of labor was complete but insufficient quality of human resources, facilities and sufficient funds were available. At stage of the data collection process employed W2 weekly report format and monthly report format, report formats and reporting lines were simple, completeness and monthly reports 100% W2, W2 reporting time liness was > 80% and monthly reports was > 90%, Analysis and interpretation of the data was done However the analysis of relationshif was conducted by 20% of primary health care. The resulting output is a description of endemicity areas, API and SPR are presented in tabular form, graph and maps. Dissemination of information is done in the form of reports, workshops and profiles. Feedback is done each month through coordination meeting, regular meetings and regular supervision. Surveillance evaluation system based on attributed surveillance showed its simplicity and acceptability, however sensitivity can not be assessed yet, low NPP 1.75%, report punctuality was > 80%. It is necessary the existence of expert epidemiologists (S2) and skilled epidemiologists (S1), training officer, coordination, and the role of public institutions and budgetary surveillance of malaria increased in all areas Sumbawa district health offices.Keywords: malaria surveillance systems, evaluation, surveillance attributes
The Relationship Between Obesity and Smoking to Hypertension Incidence Lasianjayani, Tifani; Martini, Santi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v2i3.1231

Abstract

ABSTRACTHypertension is a disease that causes morbidity and mortality about 20–50% of all deaths. In the worldwide, about 927 people suffer hypertension and that number will be increase to 29,2 in 2025. Obesity and smoking are one of risk factors to hypertension incidence. The purpose of this research was to analayze the relationship between obesity and smoking to hypertension incidence. The cross sectional design is used in this research and involved 75 samples who ware selected from cardiology’s patients at Haji Hospital Surabaya by simple random sampling on May 2014. The variables are sex, obesity, and smoking behavior. In the smoking behavior data, the history of smoking, filters used, smoking periode, total cigarette, and types of cigarette are used. In this research, crosstabulation with Chi Square test is used on data analysis. There are 45 people (60%) had hypertension and 64,4% from sample with hypertension was women. The result of this research showed that there was a significant relationship between obesity and hypertension (p = 0,014) with coeffisient contingension about 0,299. Otherwise, there was no a significant relationship between history of smoking (p = 0,211), filters used (p = 0,378), smoking periode (p = 1,000), smoker criteria (p = 0,848), and types of cigarette (p = 0,673) to hypertension incidence. The conclution of this research was only obesity which had a relationship with hypertension incidence.Keywords: hypertension, sex, obesity, smoking behavior
Relationship Five Behavioral Indicators and Healthy Living with Tuberculosis Multidrug-Resistant Mulyanto, Heri
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v2i3.1302

Abstract

ABSTRACTClean and healthy life style is a behavior that is closely related to the emergence of infectious diseases, including TB continued into MDR-TB. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the 5 behavioral indicators of clean and healthy living with MDR-TB in Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital. Research was conducted used a retrospective analytic designed by case control study. Subjects drawn from a population with a simple random sampling with a ratio of 1: 1 between cases and controls, patients of MDR-TB in TB clinic as many as 27 patients as cases group and patients who had undergone TB treatment for at least 6 months with a negative smear results by 27 patients as a control group. The variables in this study were healthy and hygienic behavior, and several other variable and MDR-TB The variables in this study were healthy and hygienic behavior, demographic variables and MDR-TB. Research results calculated used Chi Square test with a confidence level of 95% (α = 0.05) showed age, gender, education level and marital status was not associated with MDR- TB, nutritional eating life style associated with MDR-TB (OR = 0,25 and p = 0.014), exercise life style (physical activity) associated with MDR-TB (OR = 0,16 and p = 0.00), utilizing life style health care facilities associated with MDR-TB (OR= 0,091 and p = 0.01), life style to prevent co-infections was not associated with MDR-TB (p = 0.78), and the provision of a healthy home environment behaviors associated with TB multidrug-resistant (OR = 0,28 and p = 0.03). There are four variables of clean and healthy life style associated with MDR-TB, so that health care facilities are advised to give the promotion of clean and healthy life style TB patients to prevent progression to MDR-TB.Keywords: Clean and Healthy Life Style, multidrug resistant tuberculosis
Factors Associated with Diarrheal Dehydration in Toddlers at Kalijudan Health Center Work Area Christy, Meivi Yusinta
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v2i3.1232

Abstract

ABSTRACTOne of common health problem among toddlers in Indonesia is diarrhea. Diarrhea is a disease that has risk to cause death. The main causes of death in diarrhea is dehydration by the loss of fluids and electrolytes through feces. Based on monthly reports of diarrhea at Kalijudan Health Center (Indonesian: Puskesmas Kalijudan) in 2013, there were some toddlers aged 1–4 years old that suffered dehydration due to diarrhea. This research aimed to analyze the relationship between maternal characteristics and knowledge and the incidence of toddler dehydration due to diarrhea at Kalijudan Health Center, Surabaya. This research was an analytic observational research with case-control design. Subjects of the research were drawn from the population using simple random sampling. Number of samples obtained was 30 individuals for case group and another 30 for control group. The independent variables were the characteristics of the toddler’s mother (including age, education, work statu, family income) and knowledge of the toddler’s mother. Primary data were collected using questionnaires. Analysis of the data was done using Chi Square statistical test. The results of bivariate analysis, it was found that the variables associated with the incidence of diarrheal dehydration among toddlers were mother’s work status (p = 0.010), and knowledge of the toddler’s mother (p = 0.002). There were no relationship among age of toddlers’ mother (p = 0.779), mother’s education (p = 0.797), and family income (p = 0.430). The conclusion that could be drawn was the work status and knowledge of the toddler’s mother was significantly associated with the incidence of diarrheal dehydration in toddlers. There is needs of education or health promotion for mothers concerning to proper management of diarrhea for toddlers using prevention of diarrhea through seven interventions.Keywords: characteristics, knowledge, mother’s toddler, diarrhea dehydration, toddler
The Effect of Training to the Screening of Tuberculosis Suspected Children by Health Centers Officer ‘Afifatussalamah, Rizka; Isfandiari, Muhammad Atoillah
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v2i3.1303

Abstract

ABSTRACTChildren are the ones who are at risk of contracting tuberculosis (TB), but so far it has not been a priority. The proportion of tuberculosis in children case detection remains low among all tuberculosis cases. Bojonegoro is one among regencies in East Java which was appointed as the operational trial tuberculin test. The case detection begins with screening of tuberculosis suspects. Screening of tuberculosis suspected children by health centers officer will determine how much the cases of tuberculosis in children are found in health centers. Health officers at the health centers became the most dominant factor in screening of tuberculosis suspected children. Training about tuberculosis in children was done in 16 health centers among 36 health centers in Bojonegoro. This study aimed to analyze the effect of training to the screening of tuberculosis suspected children by health center officers in Bojonegoro. This study is observational analytic with cross-sectional design. The sampling technique is simple random sampling with respondents consisting of 29 doctors and 29 nurses who are responsible for tuberculosis programs in 29 health centers in Bojonegoro. The variables studied were the training and screening of tuberculosis suspected children. The results showed that screening of tuberculosis suspected children was inappropriate from the target (75.9%) and officers who have not attended the training of tuberculosis in children were 58.6%. Logistic regression test showed that there was effect of training to the screening of tuberculosis suspected children (p = 0.019) and prevalence ratio showed that health officers who was attended the training of tuberculosis in children were able to do the screening of tuberculosis suspected children well 8,50 times greater than those who didn’t. The training for the officers who have not attended the training of tuberculosis in children needs to be done, so that screening of tuberculosis suspected children in Bojonegoro can be optimally implemented.Keywords: screening, suspected, training, tuberculosis, tuberculosis in children
ANGGAPAN KESEHATAN YANG DIRASAKAN WANITA USIA SUBUR DALAM MEMERIKSAKAN PAYUDARA SEJAK DINIPerceived Health Beliefs of Fertile Age Women upon Early Breast Examination Rahmatari, Aida
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v2i3.1298

Abstract

ABSTRACTBreast cancer remains a problem in Indonesia because 68.6% of patients see a doctor at an advanced stage, while in the early stages are only 22.4%. One of precaution can be done by early detection of breast cancer with breast examination. This study was conducted to analyze the relationship between perceived health beliefs of fertile age women with practice of early breast examination. This study is an observational analytic study using a case-control design. Samples were taken from the population by simple random sampling. Total sample are 24 case groups and 24 control groups. The independent variables were perceived threat, perceived benefits, perceived barriers. The dependent variables were practice of early breast examination. The results of the study were analyzed by using Chi Square test. The results of bivariat analyze are known that the variables are related to the practice of early breast examination are perceived threat (p = 0,013), and perceived barriers (p = 0,021). Variables that are not related to the practice of early breast examination are perceived benefit (p = 0,348). The conclusion is perceived threat, and perceived barriers in fertile age women are significantly related to practice of early breast examination. Advised for women to be able to be a savior for himself and the booster and motivator to the other women in the neighborhood for the early detection of breast cancer.Keywords: breast cancer, breast examination, early detection, fertile age                       woman, perceived
Relationship Between Storage and Recording with Quality of DPT Vaccine Cold Chain in Puskesmas Hikmarida, Faradiba
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v2i3.1304

Abstract

ABSTRACTIncreasing number of diphteria cases in Sidoarjo Regency, with occurrence of cases in those who had received DPT immunization shows the existence of problem concerning to immunization. The efficacy itself, depends on the quality of vaccines given. Insufficiency in cold chain may lower the quality of DPT vaccines. The purpose of this study was to analyze relationship between DPT vaccine storage and recording for DPT vaccines cold chain with quality of DPT vaccine cold chain in puskesmas Sidoarjo Regency. This research is a descriptive research with cross sectional design. Sample used were total population, which includes all 26 puskesmas within Sidoarjo. The variables were DPT vaccine storage, recording for DPT vaccines cold chain and quality of DPT vaccine cold chain. The result of this study showed that DPT vaccine storage was good (58%), recording for DPT vaccines cold chain were insufficient (77%), and quality of DPT vaccine cold chain in puskesmas was also good (62%). Spearman correlation test showed relationship between DPT vaccine storage and quality of DPT vaccine cold chain in Puskesmas was strong and positive (r = 0,561). Relationship between recording for DPT vaccines cold chain and quality of DPT vaccine cold chain in puskesmas was moderate and positive (r = 0,421). the better the storage for DPT vaccines and recording for DPT vaccines cold chain in puskesmas, the better its cold chain quality in puskesmas. Improvement in officers’ obedience in storing DPT vaccine and its recording concerning to the cold chain which appropriate according to procedures, were really needed.Keywords: storage, recording, quality, cold chain, DPT vaccine
Factors Related To HPV Vaccine Practice Among Adult Women Sari, Adelia Perwita; Syahrul, Fariani
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v2i3.1299

Abstract

ABSTRACTCervical cancer is one of most common diseases among women worldwide. Human papilloma virus (HPV) is known as precursor of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer can be prevented effectively by practicing hpv vaccine. But the coverage of HPV vaccine is remain low. The objection of study was to analyze factors related to HPV vaccine pratice among adult women. This study used case control design with sample size 25 for each group. Sample case was women who took HPV vaccine in IBI Kota Kediri on 2013, while sample control was neighboor from the sample case who didn’t take HPV vaccine. The independent variabels were age, education level, marital status, income level, knowledge, family support, family history of cervical cancer and the dependent variable was HPV vaccine practice. Those variables was analyzed with chi square or Fisher’s exact with significancy level at 95%. The result showed that there were correlation between education level (p = 0.006; c = 0.346), knowledge (p = 0.001; c = 0.464), and family support (p = 0.000; c = 0.516) with HPV vaccination practice. While there were no correlation between age (p = 0.275), marital status (0.490) and income level (p = 0.098) and family history of cervical cancer (p = 1.000) with HPV vaccination practice. Based on data from this study can be concluded that family support and knowledge had average strenght correlation withHPV vaccine practice among adult women. So, the intervention should be focused in increasing knowledge among women and their family about the important of HPV vaccine as a cervical cancer prevention.Keywords: practice, preventive, HPV, vaccine, adult women
The Correlation Between Indoor Air Pollution with the Incident of Toddler’s Pneumonia Mahalastri, Ni Nyoman Dayu
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v2i3.1305

Abstract

ABSTRACTPneumonia is a serious health problem in the world, including in Indonesia. Based on the results of Riskesdas 2007, pneumonia was the second ranking cause of death in the proportion of children aged 1–4 years and is under the diarrhea which ranks first. Environmental factors or conditions of the house, especially the air quality in the house is said to be one of the factors that can trigger pneumonia in infants. This study was conducted to determine the correlation of indoor air quality factors with the incidence of toddler’s pneumonia. Type of this study is observational analytic and use case control design. The population of case group was all toddlers who become visitors Mojo Health Center in January 2014 until March 2014 and was diagnosed with pneumonia. While population of control group was all toddlers who become visitors Mojo Health Center in January 2014 until March 2014 and was diagnosed with diseases other than pneumonia. The number of respondents in this study were 60 respondents. The selection of the sample with simple random sampling method. The variables studied were cigarette smoke exposure in the house, size of ventilation and residential density. The results of the analysis using Epi Info StatCalc indicate that exposure to cigarette smoke in the house (OR = 4.00), size of ventilation (OR = 4.03), and residential density (OR = 4.38) has an correlation with incidence of toddler’s pneumonia. It is expected that the public can avoid air pollution in the house in order to prevent toddlers from pneumonia.Keywords: cigarette smoke, size of ventilation, residential density, air quality,                 toddler’s Pneumonia

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