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INDONESIA
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 23017171     EISSN : 2541092X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
The scope of JBE are Epidemiology of Communicable Disease, Epidemiology of Non-communicable Disease, Tropical Disease, Epidemiology Surveillance, Management Outbreak, Epidemiology of Preventable Disease, and Epidemiology of Cancer.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 24 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi" : 24 Documents clear
Factors that Affect Mother to the Children (2-36 month) Exclusion in Sub PIN Diphtheria Swardana, Nicholas Fransida; Wahjuni, Chatarina Umbul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTSub National Immunization Week (PIN) Diphtheria is an additional immunization activity simultaneously in 19 regencies/ cities as an attempt to cope with outbreak of diphtheria in East Java. Sub PIN Diphtheria coverage result in 2012 in the Sukolilo Village, Surabaya in children(2–36 months) did not fulfill the target because there are many children(2–36 months) that did not participate. This study was conducted to analyze the factors that affect mother to the children(2–36 months) exclusion in Sub PIN Diphtheria in the Sukolilo Village, Surabaya 2013, include: maternal age, maternal education level, maternal employment, number of children, mother’s level of knowledge, maternal attitudes, husband support, community support, and exposure information. This study conducted with observational analytic approach and case control design. Large sample of 90 mothers drawn by simple random sampling. Statistical analysis is used multiple logistic regression with α < 0.05. The results showed that the variables that affect the exclusion of mothers to immunize children(2–36 months) in Sub PIN Diphtheria sequentially are less maternal attitude (p = 0.000), maternal less knowledge (p = 0.005), the husband does not support (p = 0.047), and were not informed (p = 0.018). Whereas maternal age, maternal education level, maternal employment, number of children, and the community support has no effect because the p value < 0.05. Therefore it is necessary counseling and motivation to the mother, socialization to the husband, and optimize health promotion media in order to minimize the exclusion Sub PIN Diphtheria future.Keywords: children (2–36 months), diphteria, immunization, knowledge,                         attitude
Measles Surveillance Attributes Assessment Based on The Puskesmas Surveilance Officers’ Perception in Surabaya Maharani, Bilqis Elfira; Hargono, Arief
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTMeasles is one of infectious diseases that potentially lead to death when complications occur. Based on the data from East Java Health Department, Surabaya is the area where the most measles cases occur in East Java and increase in the last three years. As one of measles controlling efforts, surveillance has been expected to provide qualified data and information as the basis for any decision making for a treatment or intervention. Therefore, an evaluation is needed in order to assure the effectiveness and efficiency of the surveillance application in achieving the goals. This study is a descriptive research aiming at evaluating the attributes of measles epidemiology surveillance system in Surabaya on 2012. The evaluation was done by assessing the attributes of surveillance then compared to Technical Guide for Measles Surveillance 2012, The Decree of The Health Ministry of The Republic of Indonesia No.1116/MENKES/SK/VIII/2003 On Guide for Conducting Surveillance System of Health Epidemiology and Guidelines for Evaluating Surveillance Systems from Center for Disease Control and Prevention 2001. The data collection method employed interview and observation or study documentation. The respondents of this study were 39 surveillance officers at 39 Puskesmas in Health Department Surabaya working area. The variabels of this study were simplicity, flexibility, data quality, acceptability, sensitivity, predictive value positive, representativeness, timeliness, and stability. The results of this study showed that the simplicity is complicated. The flexibility from CBMS is not flexible whereas the flexibility from EWARS is flexible. The data quality, acceptability, sensitivity and representativeness are low. The predictive value positive has not been able to be scored. The stability is high and the timeliness is punctual.Keywords: surveillance, evaluation, attribute, measles
Factors Related to Practice on DPT Vaccine Distribution and Storage Rahayu, Fitri
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTThe diptheria outbreak in Surabaya indicated that immunization program failure. Immunization is primary preventif effort to decrease morbidity of disease. An immunization service is very important to protect vaccine quality through cold chain so that vaccine potency be optimal. The purpose of this study was to analysis of factors which are assosiated with midwive’s practice of DPT vaccine distribution and storage to outreach. This study is applying observational approach using cross sectional method. Populations are all village midwives in public health center East Surabaya. The numbers of sample were 38 midwives taken using simple random sampling. The dependent variable was midwive’s practice of DPT vaccine distribution and storage to outreach and the independent variables of this study were work duration, a history of training of cold chain, sosialization, knowledge, attitude. Primary data were obtained through observation and interview. The results showed that 68.4 % midwive’s practice on DPT vaccine distribution and storage at outreach is good. Independent variable which are significant assosiated with midwive’s practice on DPT vaccine distribution and storage at outreach is sosialization about vaccine distribution and storage (p = 0.026) and value of phi and Cramer’s V = 0.431. Enhancement of socialization again be needed to village midwive as efforts for increase knowledge and attitude.Keywords: midwive, cold chain, vaccine distribution, DPT
Accuracy of Measles Immunization Records and Reporting in Maternal and Child Health Card and Cohort Book Finazis, Rekha
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTInfectious diseases such as diseases that can be prevented by immunization remains a problem in Indonesia, one of which is measles. The government has sought to prevent through measles immunization in infants aged 9 months. Seeing the efforts that have been made through measles immunization program and still finding measles in the community, it is necessary to evaluate the success of programs related to the measles immunization. This study was conducted to determine the problems that occur in terms of recording and reporting of data related to measles immunization in particular measles immunization data quality. The population was 5 posyandu with the highest number of children under five in the region of new health centers Gunung Anyar city of Surabaya. The number of respondents is as much as 50 respondents with details of each neighborhood health center will take 10 respondents. The sample selection is done through a rapid survey method. The variables studied were the quality of immunization data on books maternal and child health card or other health records compared with immunization data on a cohort book. Other variables are the quality of data on infants in posyandu regiter book by book cohort. The results showed that the percentage of the suitability of the data of measles in the community with book five cohort remains low in the neighborhood health center. Meanwhile, the percentage of suitability daata on the register books with babies in posyandu cohort book is also fairly low. This suggests that the quality of data recorded measles immunization is relatively low.Keywords: immunization, measles,infant recording, reporting
Evaluation the Pulmonary Tuberculosis Control Program with Strategy DOTS in Puskesmas Tanah Kalikedinding Surabaya Noveyani, Adistha Eka; Martini, Santi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTStrategy DOTS is the tuberculosis control programs. The program has implemented in Tanah Kalikedinding Health Center and has expected to reach CDR ≥ 70% and SR ≥ 85%, which closely related to the management of health centers. This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of the DOTS program in health center whose the results associated with indicators of tuberculosis. This was a descriptive design study with the population was all pulmonary specialist, tuberculosis officers and laboratory personnel and pulmonary tuberculosis patients. The number of Tuberculosis patient respondents was 32 respondents. Samples were chosen using purposive sampling. Data collected by interview questionnaire and checklist. The variables were the finding case, the TB treatment, the enabling factor and inhibiting factor, recording and reporting, and result of tuberculosis indicators. This study resulted that CDR in 2013 was 112% already reached the national target ≥ 70%. This success related to the finding case almost all patients > 2 weeks of cought and all (100%) patients were examinated sputum and diagnosed according to the steps of tuberculosis diagnosis in Indonesia Department of Health guidelines. While SR in 2013 was 65.5% did not reach the target ≥ 85%. It was caused of there are patients who did not have a taking drug observer (PMO). All (100%) patients ever forgot taking anti tuberculosis drugs. Change in schedule of visit to the continuation phase be 2×/month caused patients to forget taking anti tuberculosis drugs. The enabling factor was counseling routinely by health care workers in health center. Inhibiting factor was distance to health center by majority (65,5%) patients were > 1 km. So they needed vehicle to go to the health center. Recording and reporting using electronic systems and being reported by online. So it is expected all TB patients were expected have a taking drug observer and optimizing the role of the a taking drug observer to increase success rate.Keywords: DOTS strategy, Case Detection Rate, Success Rate, evaluation,                     Tuberculosis
Factors associated with dental caries in children aged 4-6 years old Widayati, Nur
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTDental caries is one of the dental health problems. Dental caries are formed because there was leftover food that sticks to the teeth, which eventually lead to tooth calcification. Impact, teeth become brittle, hollow, even broken.Dental caries experience a loss of power to make a child chewing and digestive disruption, which resulted in growth of less than the maximum. This study aims to determine the relationship of parents’ behavior towards the maintenance of dental health of children (feeding habits sweet, sticky and drinking milk, teeth maintenance, inspection tooth and mouth) with dental caries in the TK R.A Bustanussholihin in Balun village Turi District of Lamongan. This study Analytics whose data is collected with a cross sectional sample of kindergarten children aged 4–6 years with a total sample of 49 children. The collection of primary data through interviews parents TK R.A Bustanussholihin student using questionnaires and secondary data obtained from the agency are in the region of the profile data TK R.A Bustanussholihin in Balun Village of Turi District of Lamongan. This study used a correlation coefficient of contingency. Based on the results of the contingency coefficient correlation test showed that the factors that have a strong relationship is the habit of feeding the sweet, sticky, and drink milk with a value of P = 0.504. While the factors that have a weak link is the habit of maintaining dental hygiene habits of children and child oral examination . From this study it can be concluded that there is a relationship or a strong correlation between feeding habits sweet, sticky and drinking milk with the incidence of dental caries in children aged 4–6. So as to prevent dental caries severity we need to hold counseling on feeding sweet, soft and gooey on the effect of dental caries as well as how it should be formula feeding or breast milk to the child to prevent rampant caries.Keywords: dental caries, sweetened food, children aged 4–6 years
Environment Biological and Health Care Efforts Influenced of Lymfatic Filariasis Incidence, Sarmi Distric Sipayung, Mina; Wahjuni, Chatarina Umbul; Devy, Shrimarti
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTDistrict Sarmi is the most endemic area of filariasis in Papua which has rate of microfilaria (mf) (47.06%) up to the year2012. In the Province Papua filarial worm is Wuchereria bancrofti and is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito vectors. Lymphatic filariasis does not cause death, but in chronic cases it causes disability, psychosocial problems, stigma, and decreased productivity. This study was aimed to analyze environment biological and health care efforts that influence the incidence of lymphatic filariasis. This study used case-control method. Samples comprised 32 case samples (mf +) and 32 control samples (mf-). Primary data were collected through interviews and observation. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square and continued with multivariate Logistic Regression. Statistical analysis obtained indicated two variables on the incidence of lymphatic filariasis limfatik in District Sarmi (health care efforts pvalue = 0.002, OR: 7.779, as well as the biological environment pvalue= 0.008, OR: 5.841). Significant variables were health services with sub-variables promotion, prevention and the environmental biology. Suggestion: Mosquito bites should be avoided, the vector should be controlled through mutual cooperation and health promotion should be implemented.Keywords: Wuchereria bancrofti, lymphatic filariasis, vector, health care,                         Sarmi Distric
Evaluation of health surveillance activities of hajj 2013 in the hajj embarkation Palangkaraya Hoesea, Elvan Virgo
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTMeningococcal meningitis and MERS-CoV is a disease that can be transmitted to a wary pilgrim considering the high incidence of both diseases in the Middle East region. This study was conducted to evaluate the surveillance activities conducted at embarkation Palangkaraya pilgrimage between 2013 and assess the surveillance activities based on the attributes of surveillance and barriers that occur in the implementation of activities. Experiment was conducted with descriptive design using quantitative approach. Questionnaires were completed at 6 implementing surveillance activities. Interviews were conducted to obtain information about the variables under study includes data collection, processing, analysis and interpretation, dissemination of information and surveillance attributes such as simplicity, flexibility, acceptability, sensitivity, positive predictive value, representatif, timeliness, data quality and data stability. Implementation health surveillance in the hajj embarkation Palangkaraya in 2013 showed all stages of the surveillance activities have been conducted in accordance with the procedures as well as evaluating surveillance activities in accordance attribute shows all the attributes of surveillance can be assessed, unless the sensitivity and positive predictive value because no cases of meningococcal meningitis. Conclusion that the implementation of health surveillance activities Hajj has been running quite well based approach to surveillance and surveillance attributes. The report has been used by the agency activities related to the activities of hajj embarkation. Need to increase the quantity and quality of manpower resources and facilitiesKeywords: disease transmission, hajj health surveillance, assessment                             attributes
Analysis Factor Associated Tuberculin Test in Children Contact Tuberculosis History Triharinni, Tika; Isvandiari, Muhammad Atoillah
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTTuberculosis in children can not be separated from the history of contact with smear-positive tuberculosis patients as a source of infection. The aims of this study was to identify and analyze the risks tuberculin test results among children who had contact with patients with smear-positive tuberculosis in health center Bangil and health center Raci Pasuruan. The design of this study was cross sectional using systematik random sampling technique. Sample were drown from children with history of contacts with smear positive tuberculosis patients during 2012. This studies was from January until Juni 2013. The independent variables included age, sex, BCG immunization status, nutritional status, the average duration of exposure per day and residential density, the dependent variable was the tuberculin test results. It was found that from the study the results that a positive tuberculin test result was 28.57%. There was a significant relationship between age, nutritional status, the average duration of exposure per day, residential density of the tuberculin test, and there was no significant relationship between sex and status of BCG immunization results and tuberculin test results. Male and a dense residential density increases the risk of a positive tuberculin test results. While a good nutritional status is a protective factor for tuberculin test result positive.Keywords: tuberculin test, children, history of contacts of smear positive
The Relationship Between Contact Characteristics with TB symptoms Presence in Patient’s Contact of Pumonary TB BTA+ Sari, Reny Mareta
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTTB patient can infect 10-15 people for 1 year, especially people with frequently direct contact with patients (WHO, 2014). The number of Pulmonary TB BTA+ patients in Puskesmas Tanah Kali Kedinding increase in 2011 to 2013. Every year, the number of population in the working area of the health center has the possibility of infected tuberculosis continues to increase. The objective of this research to analize the relationship between contact characteristic with TB symptoms presence in patient’s contact of Pumonary TB BTA+. This study used a cross sectional design. The samples were contacts of pulmonary TB BTA+ patients who were in Puskesmas Tanah Kali Kedinding Surabaya in 2013. Dependent variable is the status of the contact which is characterized by the presence of TB symptoms experienced after patient diagnosed pulmonary TB BTA +. The results of statistical tests with α = 0.05 showed that age (p = 0.010), contact-patient relationship status (p = 0.028), and residence (p = 0.027) had a relationship with the onset of symptoms the contacts of pulmonary TB BTA+. While the gender variable (p = 0.273), education level (p = 0.201), and employment status (p = 0.328) did not have a relationship with onset of symptoms on contact . It can be concluded that age, contact-patient relationship status, and residence had a relation with the onset of symptoms on contact while gender, education level, and employment status did not have a relationship onset of symptoms on contact of pulmonary TB BTA+.Keywords: contact, pulmonary TB, symptoms to contact

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