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Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 23017171     EISSN : 2541092X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
The scope of JBE are Epidemiology of Communicable Disease, Epidemiology of Non-communicable Disease, Tropical Disease, Epidemiology Surveillance, Management Outbreak, Epidemiology of Preventable Disease, and Epidemiology of Cancer.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 26 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi" : 26 Documents clear
Waist Circumference as The Strongest Factor Related to Blood Glucose Level Septyaningrum, Nenni; Martini, Santi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTThe increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity is associated with the increasing incident of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Obesity, especially abdominal obesity is an important risk factor for the onset of diabetes. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between body mass index, waist circumference and waist hip ratio with blood glucose level. The study design was cross-sectional. The study population was elderly posyandu member aged 45 to 70 years in Menur clinic work area who were registered in elderly posyandu activities in May 2013. The numbers of sample were 60 respondents who drawn by simple random sampling method. The variabels of this study were the characteristics of respondent, body mass index, waist  circumference,  waist hip ratio and fasting blood glucose level. The study showed that respondents classified as overweight (38%), obesity (33, 3%), abdominal obesity based on waist circumference  (77.8%), abdominal obesity based on waist hip ratio (81,7 %) and blood glucose level more than 125 mg/dl (8.3%). Pearson correlation test showed that there was relationship between body mass index with blood sugar levels (p=0,007; r=0,345), between waist circumference with blood sugar levels (p=0,001; r=0,424) and  between waist hip ratio with blood sugar levels (p =0,002; r=0,392). Waist circumference as the strongest factor related to blood glucose level. Waist circumference measurement should be done in elderly posyandu activities to detect high-risk individuals with diabetes. Keywords: Diabetes, body mass index, waist circumference, waist hip ratio,                     blood glucose level
The Relationship Analysis Between Husband’s Knowledge, Attitude And Practice for Maternal Health Muji, Novina Eka; Hargono, Arief
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTThe total mortality of mother in east java was still catagorized so high. Pasuruan regency was one of many areas which capable to decrease maternal mortality rate(MMR) up to the targeted level number by MDGs 2015. The maternal health was also one of husband’s duty as a decision maker in the family. The purpose of this research was to analyze a relationship among knowledge, attitude and the husband’s practice for maternal health. This research was done in May until June 2013 at Puspo sub-district of Pasuruan Regency. A research design was a cross sectional of the population from of all of couple who had a child from second month to 2 years old, lived in a roof. The amont of respondent was 115 couple. The sample selection was systematically done by random sampling. The variable of this research was characteristic, knowledge, attitude and the husband’s action. The result showed that mostrespondens had lower knowledge about maternal health (72,2%), a positive attitude (73,9) and the unsupported action in maternal health (68,7). A chi-square test showed that there was no relationship between knowledge antion, neither between attitude nor action on maternal health.The conclusion that can be drawn on research about relationship of knowledge, attitudes and actionsin support of maternal health husband wife in Pasuruan district Puspo isno correlation between knowledge and attitude of the husband with the husband in the act of giving support to maternal health became pregnant wife until the election of contraception.Keywords : knowledge, attitudes, actions, maternal health
Factors Affecting Completeness Basic Immunization Village District of North Krembangan Rahmawati, Adzaniyah Isyani; Wahjuni, Chatarina Umbul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTEach state issues have particular regard to infectious diseases, many ways to eradication of infectious diseases, one of them with the basic immunization. This study was conducted to determine the factors that affect the completeness of the basic immunization in infants or toddlers in the District of North Kembangan Village of Surabaya as PD3I disease prevention. The design used a case-control (case control) by the number of sample cases as much as 22 respondents and the amount of control by 44 respondents. Research subjects are taken by simple random sampling. Dependent variable of this study is the age of the respondent, education level, income level, employment status, knowledge about immunization, traditions and beliefs, as well as family support, attendance officer, location and attitude of staff immunization. The results showed the influence of tradition on the completeness of immunization (p = 0.015) and family support (p = 0.001). Completeness of primary immunization in infants as efforts to prevent PD3I disease affected family tradition that used to immunize baby or toddler in a baby or toddler will likely get a complete immunization and family who support immunization infant or toddler chance to get a complete immunization. For that we need a health promotion approach to the public in order to change the traditions that are not used to immunize a support for immunization and to give sense to the decision makers benefit families that immunization in infants or toddler. Keywords: immunization status, family tradition, family support
Family Support and Glucose Control Related to Microvascular Complications Symptoms Wardani, Alfiah Kusuma; Isfandiari, Muhammad Atoillah
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTDiabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease whose prevalence continues to increase. WHO predicts that diabetes will be 7 major diseases that will cause the death in 2030. Many people with diabetes are not aware of  it so that they get complications. The increasing number of people with diabetes mellitus who develop complications because of the bad controlling of blood sugar levels  and the lack of support from family. The Complications were observed in this study is microvascular complications. This study aims to analyze between family support and control blood sugar levels with the incidence of microvascular complications in the patients with symptoms of diabetes mellitus in the Community Health Center Jagir Surabaya.This research uses analytic observational study sample of patients with diabetes mellitus who had diabetes mellitus ≥ 5 years as many as 34 samples. The Sampling was done by the simple random sampling, while the data analysis was done by the Chi Square test.The results showed that there was no relationship between family support with symptoms of microvascular complications (p=0.069), but there is a relationship between the control of blood sugar levels with symptoms of microvascular complications (p=0.002).The Microvascular symptoms that are often experienced by people with diabetes mellitus in the Community Health Center Jagir is symptomatic neuropathy complications . The proportion of patients with diabetes mellitus who received family support at 55.9%, while  the patients with diabetes mellitus who control the blood sugar levels well totaling 17 respondents. It is expected that people with diabetes mellitus to control eating diet and regular exercise. Keywords : Family support, blood sugar levels control, symptoms of microvascular complications.
The Differences of the Behavioral Factors of Midwifes in UCI village and non UCI Wati, Siti Fatma; Wahjuni, Chatarina Umbul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACT2-3 millions of people in all groups of age die every year caused by the diseases that can be prevented by immunization: diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and measles. It is due to the UCI village target from year to year are not increased properly. One of the reasons of the unattainable UCI’s target is due to the factor of the officers. This research aims to determine the differences of the characteristic and the behavioral of the officers in UCI village as well as non-UCI in the District of Pasuruan (Kabupaten Pasuruan). The research is conducted by using the design of cross sectional. The samples in this study were 76 village midwifes. Sampling was stratified random sampling method. Data were analyzed using chi square statistical test. The independent variabel is the status of village UCI. The dependent variable is the characteristics of the village midwifes ( age, background of the knowledge, work experiences, employment status, training and double/dual duty), knowledge, action and attitude. There are significant differences in some variables of obstetricians such as the work experiences (p=0,023), the employment status (p=0,030), the double/dual duty (p=0,013), the knowledge (p=0,003), the action (p=0,017), and the behavior (p=0,045). Meanwhile, several variables have not significant differences, such as the age (p=0,193), the knowledge (p=0,185), the training activity (p=0,762), and the behavioral (0,219). Based on the brief explanation above, we can draw the conclusion that there are the differentiations in UCI village as well as non UCI village from the officers including the factors of the work experiences, the staffing, the double duty, the knowledge, the action and behavior. The policy so that the obstetricians will focus on running the programs in accordance with the skills.Keywords: the characteristic, the duty, the behavioral, the status of UCI                         villages, the village midwifes.
Determinants of Clinical Diphtheria After Sub National Diphtheria Immunization Days In 2012 At Bangkalan Utama, Feranita; Wahjuni, Chatarina Umbul; Martini, Santi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTThe government had held sub-national diphtheria immunization days in 2012 to combat an outbreak of diphtheria in East Java province. However, there werestill regencies or cities which had high incidence and Bangkalanregencywas the highest. The research aimed to analyze the determinants of diphtheria in Bangkalan after SNIDs. This research was case control study with 31 subjects as case and 124 as control spread in 25 case villages and 25 control villages. Bivariate analysis used chi-square and simple logistic regression. Multivariate analysis used logistic regression. Bivariate analysisresult showed that individual and household variables that had associate with incidence of diphtheria in the Bangkalan after SNIDs of diphtheria vaccine in 2012 were DPT immunization status, the status of SNIDs, age, and mothers education level. In this study, there were not associate between village variables with diphtheria in the Bangkalan after SNIDs. Multivariate analysis result showed that had associate with incidence of diphtheria in Bangkalan after SNIDs were no DPT immunization (p=0,012; OR=4,765), incomplete DPT immunization (p=0,001; OR=6,276), 3-7 years of age (p=0,014; OR=15,137), 7-15 years of age (p=0,001;OR=41,984), and no immunization in SNIDs (p=0,020; OR=3,553). Conclusion, the dominantfactors that affected diphtheriainBangkalanwere status of DPTimmunization, ageand the SNIDs of diphtheria. Recommendation, DPTimmunizationshould becomplete, boosterimmunization should be needed, monitoring theimplementation ofsubPIN should be strict, especially inschool, and thecoverage ofDPT3andsubPIN should be increased and its report should be improved.Keywords: diphtheria, sub-nationaldiphtheriaimmunization days, DPT                              immunization
Related factor of Knowledge by Stroke in Institute of Higher Education Employees Wardhani, Novida Rizky; Martini, Santi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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  ABSTRACTStroke is an infectious disease cause of death was not ranked top in urban areas according Depkes (2011) approximately 28.5% of stroke patients died, the rest partially paralyzed or even paralyzed and the remaining 15% can be cured. Stroke is taking place in people who are productive. This study aims to Related factor of Knowledge by Stroke in Institute of Higher Education Employees. This study was analytical research with cross sectional design. The questionnaire given to 142 respondents. Dependent variable in this study was the knowledge about stroke risk factors, the level of knowledge of the early recognition of stroke symptoms and the knowledge how to handle. The independent variables were age, gender, and education level. Data analysis using Chi Square test and Spearman test. The results showed the level of knowledge of stroke risk factors 78.9% of respondents in the level of knowledge of "good" about stroke risk factors, the level of early recognition of stroke symptoms FAST  method from respondents largely in the category of "not good", and 63.4% of the respondents have know how to handle it properly. Results of the analysis showed significant relationships between the sexes is the level of knowledge of risk factors for stroke, p = 0.020 so that p < α (0,05). Furthermore the relationship between level of education and the level of early recognition of stroke symptoms, p = 0.006 to p < α (0.05) and the value obtained was 0,229 r. Conclusion of this research knowledge of risk factors was well, correct of treatment knowledge, correct medical stroke center was hospital, appropriate time window less of 3 hours and only level early recognition of stroke symptoms still not quite knew.Key words : risk factors, first symtomps, knowledge, stroke, employee, higher education 
Anxiety Level Differences Between The Face Of Labour And Multigravida Primigravida Shodiqoh, Eka Roisa; Syahrul, Fahriani
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTFacing childbirth is one thing that can cause anxiety. The process of giving birth is not always only somatic, but also psychosomatic. It is because many psychological elements affect the process of giving birth. This study aimed to analyze the differences of the level anxiety in facing childbirth between primigravida and multigravida.The research was conducted with cross-sectional design using questionnaires and Hamilton Rating Scale Anxiety (HRS-A). Interviews were conducted on 43 primigravidae and multigravidae pregnant women on 3rd trimester who checkup at Puskesmas Talango Sumenep.  Sample was taken by simple random sampling. Independent variables in this study were maternal characteristics, internal and external factors which cause anxiety. The dependent variable was the level of anxiety in facing labor.Testing difference in the level anxiety in the face of labor between primigravida and multigravida with Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney U test, where statistic values sig. (2-tailed) is 0,006 or p<0,05 indicating that there were differences in anxiety levels between primigravida and multigravida. The conclusions that can be drawn is that there are differences in the level of anxiety in facing childbirth between primigravida and multigravida. It is recommended for health worker to concern not only on the pregnancy but also on mother’s psychology condition. Health worker should inform husbands to accompany their wife from pregnancy to childbirth.Keyword: anxiety level, labor, primigavida, multigravid
Correlation between Knowldege and Family Support with Active Cadre’s Role Indrawan, Ida Bagus Made Dwi; Wahjuni, Chatarina Umbul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTOne factor that can  help achievement of 100% UCI village status at Puskesmas is depend on cadre’s role in promoting the importance of immunization to baby mothers and to motivate baby mothers  to follow immunization program. The research objective was to analysis factors that related with active cadres roles in UCI village status achievement. This was a cross sectional study  with sample size used in this research was 63 cadres which is selected by stratified random sampling from UCI village and non UCI village. Result of this research showed  there were no significant correlation between age ( p = 0,523 ), level of education         ( p = 0,459 ),  years of being cadre ( p =0,818 ), work status ( p = 0,766 ), attitude ( p = 1,000 ), and posyandu’s acces ( p = 0,713 )  with active cadres role. However, chisquare test showed there were correlation between knowledge ( p =0,000) and family support (p = 0,001) with active role cadres. There was no difference of cadre’s role in UCI village and non UCI village ( p = 1,000 ). Conclusion from this research were significant correlation between knowldege and family support with cadre’s role n UCI village achievement. The suggestion for departemen of health Surabaya and Puskesmas is to do refreshing cadres by training regularly to imcrease cadre’s knowledge about immunization.Keywords : family support, knowledge, active role cadre, attitude, UCI village.
Relationship with the Regularity of Visits Complications of Hypertension in Patients more than 45 years old Wijayanto, Wahyu; Satyabakti, Prijono
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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  ABSTRACTHypertension being a risk factor for the entrance of various degenerative diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke and other vascular Penyait. One factor that may increase the risk of hypertension one of them is poor lifestyle such as smoking, excessive consumption of salt in the diet and lack of exercise. This study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge about the relationship with the regularity of visits Complications of Hypertension Hypertension in Patients 45 years of age at the Tembok Dukuh  health center at Surabaya. The study was an observational cross-sectional study design. Sample size were 48 people that hypertensive patients more than 45 years old  who were treated at the Tembok Dukuh  health center. Independent variables, namely knowledge about the complications of hypertension patients and dependent variable is the regularity of visits to theTembok Dukuh health center patients with hypertension  Data analysis using the crosstab tes The results with cross-tabulation (crosstab) can be seen as many as 30 people from 48 respondents have less knowledge and affect the regularity of visits to the Tembok Dukuh health center. The conclusion can be drawn that most hypertensive patients more than 45 years old whose came to Tembok Dukuh  health centers has less knowledge about hypertension complications that result in hypertensive patients regularity of visits decreasedKeyword : hypertension, knowledge, regularity of visits 

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