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INDONESIA
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 23017171     EISSN : 2541092X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
The scope of JBE are Epidemiology of Communicable Disease, Epidemiology of Non-communicable Disease, Tropical Disease, Epidemiology Surveillance, Management Outbreak, Epidemiology of Preventable Disease, and Epidemiology of Cancer.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 264 Documents
Risk Factors Correlated with Incidence of Low Birth Weight Cases Purwanto, Anjas Dwi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.731 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V4I32016.349-359

Abstract

The infant with Low Birth Weight (LBW) was one of the risk factors that contributed to the high infant mortality, especially in the neonatal period. About 17% from 25 millions birth each year in the world are infant with LBW. LBW could be caused by multifactor that were maternal factors (maternal age, birth interval, parity, anemia), social-economic and behaviour, fetus factor, placental factor, and environmental factor. The research aims was to analyze the risk factors correlated with incidence of LBW. This research was an observational  research with case-control design. The number of samples in this research were 120 mothers who delivered in working area of RSIA Kendangsari in 2014. The subjects were selected used systematic random method. The independent variabels in this research were maternal age, education level, employment status, birth interval, parity, age pregnancy, multiple pregnancy, hypertension, and anemia, while the dependent variable in this research was LBW. Based on correlation analysis used Chi-square test showed there were not significant correlation (p>0,05) between birth interval and parity with LBW cases and there were significant correlations (p<0,05) between age pregnancy, hypertension during pregnancy and anemia with LBW cases. Odds Ratio (OR) were 13,571 on age pregnancy, 2,224 on multiple pregnancy,2,753 on hypertension and 4,030 on anemia. The conlusion showed that the risk factors of LBW cases were age pregnancy, multiple pregnancy, hypertension and anemia. While maternal age, education level, employment status, birth intervaland parity were not had any correlation with LBW cases.Keywords: LBW, risk factors, babies, maternal, pregnancy
Risk Ratio of Osteoporosis According to Body Mass Index, Parity, and Caffein Consumption Limbong, Elsa Adlina; Syahrul, Fariani
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 3, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.636 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V3I22015.194-204

Abstract

The number of osteoporosis tends to increase in Indonesia. East Java is one of five provinces with the highest risk of osteoporosis in Indonesia. This study aims to analyze risk ratio of osteoporosis for women according to BMI, parity, and caffeine consumption. Research used observational analytic with case control design. Sample case came from women with osteoporosis who reside in surabaya and did the checkup at Dr. Soewandhie Surabaya Hospital at 2013–2014. Control sample came from non osteoporosis women who reside in surabaya and did the checkup at Dr. Soewandhie Surabaya Hospital at 2013–2014. Respondents consisted of 45 cases and 45 controls were obtained using simple random sampling method. Data was obtained from primary and secondary data. The independent variables were body mass index, parity and caffeine consumption. Analysis was done by using OR calculation on Epi Info with significance level 95% CI. The risk ratio of each variable include BMI (OR = 2,99; 95% CI = 1,16 < OR < 7,74), parity (OR = 2,72; 95% CI = 1,07 < OR < 7,01), and caffeine consumption (OR =2,41;95% CI = 0,91 < OR < 6,42. The conclusion are women who had BMI <18.5 were at risk of osteoporosis 2.99 times more than women who had BMI ≥18,5. Women who had parity ≥ 3 times were at risk of osteoporosis 2.72 times more than women who have parity < 3 times. Women who consume caffeine ≥ 2 cups/ day were at risk of osteoporosis 2.41 times more than women who consume caffeine <2 cups/day but not significant. Researcher recommend women to have normal BMI and limit the number of births to prevent osteoporosis.Keywords: risk, osteoporosis, BMI, parity, caffeine
Factors Associated with Diarrheal Dehydration in Toddlers at Kalijudan Health Center Work Area Christy, Meivi Yusinta
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.258 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V2I32014.297-308

Abstract

ABSTRACTOne of common health problem among toddlers in Indonesia is diarrhea. Diarrhea is a disease that has risk to cause death. The main causes of death in diarrhea is dehydration by the loss of fluids and electrolytes through feces. Based on monthly reports of diarrhea at Kalijudan Health Center (Indonesian: Puskesmas Kalijudan) in 2013, there were some toddlers aged 1–4 years old that suffered dehydration due to diarrhea. This research aimed to analyze the relationship between maternal characteristics and knowledge and the incidence of toddler dehydration due to diarrhea at Kalijudan Health Center, Surabaya. This research was an analytic observational research with case-control design. Subjects of the research were drawn from the population using simple random sampling. Number of samples obtained was 30 individuals for case group and another 30 for control group. The independent variables were the characteristics of the toddler’s mother (including age, education, work statu, family income) and knowledge of the toddler’s mother. Primary data were collected using questionnaires. Analysis of the data was done using Chi Square statistical test. The results of bivariate analysis, it was found that the variables associated with the incidence of diarrheal dehydration among toddlers were mother’s work status (p = 0.010), and knowledge of the toddler’s mother (p = 0.002). There were no relationship among age of toddlers’ mother (p = 0.779), mother’s education (p = 0.797), and family income (p = 0.430). The conclusion that could be drawn was the work status and knowledge of the toddler’s mother was significantly associated with the incidence of diarrheal dehydration in toddlers. There is needs of education or health promotion for mothers concerning to proper management of diarrhea for toddlers using prevention of diarrhea through seven interventions.Keywords: characteristics, knowledge, mother’s toddler, diarrhea dehydration, toddler
Waist Circumference as The Strongest Factor Related to Blood Glucose Level Septyaningrum, Nenni; Martini, Santi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity is associated with the increasing incident of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Obesity, especially abdominal obesity is an important risk factor for the onset of diabetes. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between body mass index, waist circumference and waist hip ratio with blood glucose level. The study design was cross-sectional. The study population was elderly posyandu member aged 45 to 70 years in Menur clinic work area who were registered in elderly posyandu activities in May 2013. The numbers of sample were 60 respondents who drawn by simple random sampling method. The variabels of this study were the characteristics of respondent, body mass index, waist  circumference,  waist hip ratio and fasting blood glucose level. The study showed that respondents classified as overweight (38%), obesity (33, 3%), abdominal obesity based on waist circumference  (77.8%), abdominal obesity based on waist hip ratio (81,7 %) and blood glucose level more than 125 mg/dl (8.3%). Pearson correlation test showed that there was relationship between body mass index with blood sugar levels (p=0,007; r=0,345), between waist circumference with blood sugar levels (p=0,001; r=0,424) and  between waist hip ratio with blood sugar levels (p =0,002; r=0,392). Waist circumference as the strongest factor related to blood glucose level. Waist circumference measurement should be done in elderly posyandu activities to detect high-risk individuals with diabetes. Keywords: Diabetes, body mass index, waist circumference, waist hip ratio,                     blood glucose level
Factors that Affect Mother to the Children (2-36 month) Exclusion in Sub PIN Diphtheria Swardana, Nicholas Fransida; Wahjuni, Chatarina Umbul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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Abstract

ABSTRACTSub National Immunization Week (PIN) Diphtheria is an additional immunization activity simultaneously in 19 regencies/ cities as an attempt to cope with outbreak of diphtheria in East Java. Sub PIN Diphtheria coverage result in 2012 in the Sukolilo Village, Surabaya in children(2–36 months) did not fulfill the target because there are many children(2–36 months) that did not participate. This study was conducted to analyze the factors that affect mother to the children(2–36 months) exclusion in Sub PIN Diphtheria in the Sukolilo Village, Surabaya 2013, include: maternal age, maternal education level, maternal employment, number of children, mother’s level of knowledge, maternal attitudes, husband support, community support, and exposure information. This study conducted with observational analytic approach and case control design. Large sample of 90 mothers drawn by simple random sampling. Statistical analysis is used multiple logistic regression with α &lt; 0.05. The results showed that the variables that affect the exclusion of mothers to immunize children(2–36 months) in Sub PIN Diphtheria sequentially are less maternal attitude (p = 0.000), maternal less knowledge (p = 0.005), the husband does not support (p = 0.047), and were not informed (p = 0.018). Whereas maternal age, maternal education level, maternal employment, number of children, and the community support has no effect because the p value &lt; 0.05. Therefore it is necessary counseling and motivation to the mother, socialization to the husband, and optimize health promotion media in order to minimize the exclusion Sub PIN Diphtheria future.Keywords: children (2–36 months), diphteria, immunization, knowledge,                         attitude
Measles Surveillance Attributes Assessment Based on The Puskesmas Surveilance Officers’ Perception in Surabaya Maharani, Bilqis Elfira; Hargono, Arief
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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Abstract

ABSTRACTMeasles is one of infectious diseases that potentially lead to death when complications occur. Based on the data from East Java Health Department, Surabaya is the area where the most measles cases occur in East Java and increase in the last three years. As one of measles controlling efforts, surveillance has been expected to provide qualified data and information as the basis for any decision making for a treatment or intervention. Therefore, an evaluation is needed in order to assure the effectiveness and efficiency of the surveillance application in achieving the goals. This study is a descriptive research aiming at evaluating the attributes of measles epidemiology surveillance system in Surabaya on 2012. The evaluation was done by assessing the attributes of surveillance then compared to Technical Guide for Measles Surveillance 2012, The Decree of The Health Ministry of The Republic of Indonesia No.1116/MENKES/SK/VIII/2003 On Guide for Conducting Surveillance System of Health Epidemiology and Guidelines for Evaluating Surveillance Systems from Center for Disease Control and Prevention 2001. The data collection method employed interview and observation or study documentation. The respondents of this study were 39 surveillance officers at 39 Puskesmas in Health Department Surabaya working area. The variabels of this study were simplicity, flexibility, data quality, acceptability, sensitivity, predictive value positive, representativeness, timeliness, and stability. The results of this study showed that the simplicity is complicated. The flexibility from CBMS is not flexible whereas the flexibility from EWARS is flexible. The data quality, acceptability, sensitivity and representativeness are low. The predictive value positive has not been able to be scored. The stability is high and the timeliness is punctual.Keywords: surveillance, evaluation, attribute, measles
The Relationship Analysis Between Husband’s Knowledge, Attitude And Practice for Maternal Health Muji, Novina Eka; Hargono, Arief
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe total mortality of mother in east java was still catagorized so high. Pasuruan regency was one of many areas which capable to decrease maternal mortality rate(MMR) up to the targeted level number by MDGs 2015. The maternal health was also one of husband’s duty as a decision maker in the family. The purpose of this research was to analyze a relationship among knowledge, attitude and the husband’s practice for maternal health. This research was done in May until June 2013 at Puspo sub-district of Pasuruan Regency. A research design was a cross sectional of the population from of all of couple who had a child from second month to 2 years old, lived in a roof. The amont of respondent was 115 couple. The sample selection was systematically done by random sampling. The variable of this research was characteristic, knowledge, attitude and the husband’s action. The result showed that mostrespondens had lower knowledge about maternal health (72,2%), a positive attitude (73,9) and the unsupported action in maternal health (68,7). A chi-square test showed that there was no relationship between knowledge antion, neither between attitude nor action on maternal health.The conclusion that can be drawn on research about relationship of knowledge, attitudes and actionsin support of maternal health husband wife in Pasuruan district Puspo isno correlation between knowledge and attitude of the husband with the husband in the act of giving support to maternal health became pregnant wife until the election of contraception.Keywords : knowledge, attitudes, actions, maternal health
Factors Affecting Completeness Basic Immunization Village District of North Krembangan Rahmawati, Adzaniyah Isyani; Wahjuni, Chatarina Umbul
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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Abstract

ABSTRACTEach state issues have particular regard to infectious diseases, many ways to eradication of infectious diseases, one of them with the basic immunization. This study was conducted to determine the factors that affect the completeness of the basic immunization in infants or toddlers in the District of North Kembangan Village of Surabaya as PD3I disease prevention. The design used a case-control (case control) by the number of sample cases as much as 22 respondents and the amount of control by 44 respondents. Research subjects are taken by simple random sampling. Dependent variable of this study is the age of the respondent, education level, income level, employment status, knowledge about immunization, traditions and beliefs, as well as family support, attendance officer, location and attitude of staff immunization. The results showed the influence of tradition on the completeness of immunization (p = 0.015) and family support (p = 0.001). Completeness of primary immunization in infants as efforts to prevent PD3I disease affected family tradition that used to immunize baby or toddler in a baby or toddler will likely get a complete immunization and family who support immunization infant or toddler chance to get a complete immunization. For that we need a health promotion approach to the public in order to change the traditions that are not used to immunize a support for immunization and to give sense to the decision makers benefit families that immunization in infants or toddler. Keywords: immunization status, family tradition, family support
Factors Related to Practice on DPT Vaccine Distribution and Storage Rahayu, Fitri
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe diptheria outbreak in Surabaya indicated that immunization program failure. Immunization is primary preventif effort to decrease morbidity of disease. An immunization service is very important to protect vaccine quality through cold chain so that vaccine potency be optimal. The purpose of this study was to analysis of factors which are assosiated with midwive’s practice of DPT vaccine distribution and storage to outreach. This study is applying observational approach using cross sectional method. Populations are all village midwives in public health center East Surabaya. The numbers of sample were 38 midwives taken using simple random sampling. The dependent variable was midwive’s practice of DPT vaccine distribution and storage to outreach and the independent variables of this study were work duration, a history of training of cold chain, sosialization, knowledge, attitude. Primary data were obtained through observation and interview. The results showed that 68.4 % midwive’s practice on DPT vaccine distribution and storage at outreach is good. Independent variable which are significant assosiated with midwive’s practice on DPT vaccine distribution and storage at outreach is sosialization about vaccine distribution and storage (p = 0.026) and value of phi and Cramer’s V = 0.431. Enhancement of socialization again be needed to village midwive as efforts for increase knowledge and attitude.Keywords: midwive, cold chain, vaccine distribution, DPT
Family Support and Glucose Control Related to Microvascular Complications Symptoms Wardani, Alfiah Kusuma; Isfandiari, Muhammad Atoillah
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
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Abstract

ABSTRACTDiabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease whose prevalence continues to increase. WHO predicts that diabetes will be 7 major diseases that will cause the death in 2030. Many people with diabetes are not aware of  it so that they get complications. The increasing number of people with diabetes mellitus who develop complications because of the bad controlling of blood sugar levels  and the lack of support from family. The Complications were observed in this study is microvascular complications. This study aims to analyze between family support and control blood sugar levels with the incidence of microvascular complications in the patients with symptoms of diabetes mellitus in the Community Health Center Jagir Surabaya.This research uses analytic observational study sample of patients with diabetes mellitus who had diabetes mellitus ≥ 5 years as many as 34 samples. The Sampling was done by the simple random sampling, while the data analysis was done by the Chi Square test.The results showed that there was no relationship between family support with symptoms of microvascular complications (p=0.069), but there is a relationship between the control of blood sugar levels with symptoms of microvascular complications (p=0.002).The Microvascular symptoms that are often experienced by people with diabetes mellitus in the Community Health Center Jagir is symptomatic neuropathy complications . The proportion of patients with diabetes mellitus who received family support at 55.9%, while  the patients with diabetes mellitus who control the blood sugar levels well totaling 17 respondents. It is expected that people with diabetes mellitus to control eating diet and regular exercise. Keywords : Family support, blood sugar levels control, symptoms of microvascular complications.

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