Jurnal Ruas (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
ISSN : 16933702     EISSN : 24776033
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) is a scientific publication for widespread research and criticism topics related to urbanism and architecture studies. RUAS is published twice a year since 2011 by the Department of Architecture of Universitas Brawijaya.
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 16, No 1 (2018)" : 6 Documents clear
Jiwa Puitis Nenek Moyang Orang Buton dalam Mendirikan Rumah Tradisional Buton Malige di Kota Baubau Umar, Muhammad Zakaria; Faslih, Arman; Rosyidah, Sitti
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

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Abstract

Our ancestors were poetic in architecture. This study was aimed at studying the ancient poets ancestral spirits against traditional Buton malige houses. This research used architectural criticism method. The model of interpretive criticism with variant advocatory criticism is used in architectural criticism model. This study concluded that the ancestors of the Buton people were poetic in making the traditional Buton malige house. The ancestral spirit of the Buton people against the malige building takes place in the talk of the macro cosmos-cosmic cosmos and the principles of Islamic teachings of Tasawuf transformed into talks of floor plans, looks, and pieces.
The Impact of Aspect Ratio on External Heat Gain of Multi-storey Office Buildings in Jakarta Iyati, Wasiska; Yulita, Eryani Nurma; Thojib, Jusuf; Sufianto, Heru
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
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Abstract

The narrow land in big cities such as Jakarta, increases the amount of high rise building, especially multi-storey office building. Office building consumes much energy to provide air conditioning to meet the thermal comfort inside the building. On the other hand, the building shape, building envelope, and building orientation to the sun's position are the main factors in building design aspects that affect the amount of cooling load. This study aims to investigate the impact of the aspect ratio or the ratio of the longer dimension of an oblong plan to the shorter, on external heat gain of multi-storey office building. Variables examined include the transparent and solid area of building envelope, the total area of the surface of the building envelope in any orientation, and the volume of the building, as well as the influence of those proportion on the external heat gain. This study uses mathematical calculations to predict the cooling load of the building, particularly external heat gain through the walls, roof and glass, as well as comparative analysis of models studied. The study also aims to generate the design criteria of building form and proportion of multi-storey office buildings envelope with lower external heat gain. In Jakarta climatic conditions, the result on rectangular building plan with aspect ratio of 1 to 4 shows that the external heat gain did not differ significantly, and the smallest heat gain is found on the aspect ratio of 1.8. Results also showed that the greater aspect ratio, the greater reduction of external heat gain obtained by changing the orientation of the longest side facing east-west into the north-south, about 2.79% up to 42.14% on the aspect ratio of 1.1 to 4. In addition, it is known that in same building volume, changing the number of floors from 10 to 50 can improve the external heat gain almost twice.
Preferensi Masyarakat tentang Lingkungan Perumahan yang Ingin Ditinggali Syafrina, Andina; Tampubolon, Angela Christysonia; Suhendri, Suhendri; Hasriyanti, Nunik; Kusuma, Hanson Endra
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
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Abstract

Housing development needs to be supported by particular guidelines issued by authorized institute for the achievement of development feasibility. Community participation as the main actors and users also took an important part for housing development to fit the target. Community disappointment is often caused by results that do not match the desires or not according to standards. The aim of this study was to find the preferences of the community related to the housing environment to be occupied, so it can open the new possibility in planning and designing the housing environment. This research uses exploratory qualitative and grounded theory method. Data collection is done through an open-ended online questionnaire and shared freely (non-random sampling). The collected data was analyzed qualitatively using the content analysis methods. The result showed that the five aspects that become the preference of residential environment (5 PRE) namely: environmental comfort, environmental facilities, environmental infrastructure, location and accessibility, building and residential environment design.
Identifikasi Genotype Rumah Adat Sumba Barat dengan Metode Space Syntax Irwanuddin, Irfan
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
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Various influences toward West Sumba traditional house’s morphology are affecting the way its exterior appearance has formed. Despite their exterior uniformity, each of these houses is showing different spatial configuration. Spatial configuration is a product of certain social processes. In other words, different society will produce different spatial configuration. Meanwhile, it is believed that space syntax method could be employed to elaborate objectively particular social phenomenon by examining its spatial configuration. Based on that, this research attempted to identify the genotype in those houses to reveal the social phenomenon occurred. Core and territory are parts of several factors that potentially represent a cultural pattern in certain society. The result revealed that these houses are in fact sharing same spatial patterns. It is strongly indicated by core and territory pattern comparison. Four of the five samples are showing a strong genotype, while the left one is showing a genotype differences. In addition, there is a fact that this house with different genotype is located in a village that exposed to modernization.
Perubahan Makna serta Benturan Klaim akan Ruang Kota pada Kawasan Taman Kencana Bogor Widyawati, Karya; Suryani, Nia
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
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Taman Kencana Bogor be a witness of the development of the city of Bogor from the colonial period as a residential area for researchers and government employees. Since the development of Bogor this area has drastic changes. Utilization of buildings as a place of business has changed the structure of many urban space. In addition, the more famous Taman Kencana as a culinary tourist point in Bogor also gives impact to this place. To reveal the impact of the development of this region, conducted with qualitative data collection, archival research, and interviews and observations on a regular basis. This situation also indicates a relationship of attraction between the interests of the function area as a residential area and culinary tourism, and there was a clash of claims to space.
Transformasi Unsur Fisik Pembentuk Sumbu di dalam Alun-Alun Terhadap Kompleks Pemerintah di Jawa Malonda, Ayesha Aramita; Kusliansjah, Yohanes Karyadi
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
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In the past, Alun-alun is united with the Keraton complex and present in an axis. The physical elements which forms an axis in Alun-alun are the two banyan trees that form the orientation towards the government complex (Keraton). As the development progresses, Alun-alun is revitalized to adjust current cultural conditions and to improve the quality of the Alun-alun's hall as the city's identity. This research aimed to determine the representation of physical elements which formed an axis in Alun-alun towards the government complex. Habraken's theory on the physical order was considered adequate to dissect the physical elements which formed Alun-alun and lead to the conclusion of this research. Matters that needs to be identified to reach the interpretation stage were identifying levels in nominal classes, namely major arteries, roads, building elements, partitioning, furniture, bodies and utensils. The results indicated that the axis of Alun-alun towards the current government complex was indicated by the physical form of locating the furniture in one axis, forming the pathways, the hardening of soil at the main entrance area and the addition of gates inside Alun-alun. The conclusion of this research was that in the past, the axis of Alun-alun towards the government complex was formed by the belief and symbolic meanings of its cultural life. Currently the axis was formed from the physical element of complementary facilities or infrastructure of economic and social activities as a representation of the axis in Alun-alun towards the government complex.

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