Jurnal Ruas (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
ISSN : 16933702     EISSN : 24776033
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) is a scientific publication for widespread research and criticism topics related to urbanism and architecture studies. RUAS is published twice a year since 2011 by the Department of Architecture of Universitas Brawijaya.
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 14, No 2 (2016)" : 7 Documents clear
Pola Spasial Permukiman Tradisional Bali Aga di Desa Sekardadi, Kintamani Agusintadewi, Ni Ketut
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2016.014.02.5

Abstract

The Bayung Gede village has derived smaller traditional settlements around Kintamani. Sekardadi is one of these settlements that has an inherent consociates with the village of origin, or the Bayung Gede. Despite the fact that the Sekardadi has a uniqueness on spatial pattern and house lay out, this village has not been welldocumented as an old village in Bali. These uniqueness are interesting to be indepth explored. It is not only on the basic philosophy of the house pattern, but also how this pattern to be physical implemented. This study aims to describe some characteristics of the village, both physical and nonphysical aspects, through the way of descriptive exploratory qualitative approach. According to the theory housing pattern of Habraken (1978) and Turgut (2001), research variables are determined into three variables: 1) Cultural setting; 2) Behavioural setting; and 3) Spatial setting. The result shows that macro spatial pattern of the Sekardadi village is divided into three zones: 1) Utama Mandala locates in the north of the village; 2) Madya Mandala is in the middle of the village, and 3) Nista Mandala in the south. Spatial pattern follows the hulu-teben conception or linear pattern with the main road as a cardinal orientation. Higher land means a sacred area (parahyangan) that is characterized by the existence of Pura Puseh. Meanwhile, the opposite is defined as a profane area (palemahan) with the presence of graves; and in the middle is the settlement (pawongan).Keywords: spatial pattern; traditional settlement; Sekardadi village
Pelestarian Aspek Kesemestaan Dan Kesetempatan Dalam Arsitektur Bangsal Sitihinggil Di Kraton Yogyakarta Suryono, Alwin
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2016.014.02.1

Abstract

The Sitihinggil Kraton Yogyakarta building, completed in 1926, has a EuropeanJavanese architecture style. It is originally a coronation place of the Mataram Sultans and the first Indonesia President. In the present time, it is used for royal official ceremonies and tourist attractions. The purpose of this study is to reveal the universallocal aspects of Sitihinggil architecture and describe its conservation concept. The method used is descriptive-explanatory, with the approach of Javanese CultureArchitecture-Conservation. The universal aspect is based on the Javanese culture philosophy ”unitary natural-social-spiritual interaction”, whereas the local aspects are “philosophy of tolerance” and architecture style. Natural relation associates with symmetrical space layout towards the philosophical axis and the adaptive building (to the environment). The social relation associates with the dialogue between the Sultan (inside the building) with the people (sitting in the North Square). The spiritual relation associates with the Sultan’s meditation ritual in this building while looking at the White Post’s direction. “Tolerance” philosophy could be seen through the architectural styles. Conservation concept: Preservation of space layout (opennessposition of the building); Restoration of the North Square (thickened the surrounding grass and trees); Preservation-routine maintenance of building (Roofs, ceilings, beams, gutters, windows, pillars, ornaments)Keywords: universal, local, culture, preservation.
Sanggah Kemulan Nganten dan Pelangkiran: obyek penentu keberlangsungan rumah tinggal tradisional Desa Pedawa, Bali Prajnawrdhi, Tri Anggraini; Pebriyanti, Ni Luh Putu
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2016.014.02.6

Abstract

Balinese traditional architecture’s form and character are associated to its culture, custom and religious system of the Balinese. Traditional Balinese house as part of the Nusantara Architecture are inherited from our ancestors and have become the evident of our history. Tri Hita Kharana is the concept which reflect a close relationship between the Balinese with the nature and the God, which become the foundation of traditional setllement in Bali Aga vilages, thus it also become the main concept in preserving Balinese traditional architecture. The unique character of traditional house in desa Pedawa formed by people’s belief of their ancestor; their tradition as palm sugar maker; their nature and surrounding areas; and their way of life. This research aimed to discover the important factor from this traditional house which preserve this house to this moment. Case study method includes field observation, interview and historical study with the use of descriptive analysis has presented that Sanggah Kemulan Nganten and Pelangkiran are the two most important factors in preserving the traditional house in Desa Pedawa.Keywords: traditional house, Pelangkiran, Sanggah Kemulan Nganten
Ekspresi Lanskap-Agrikultur dan Pola Permukiman Masyarakat Peladang di Madura Timur F, Redi Sigit.; Wulandari, Lisa Dwi; Santosa, Herry
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2016.014.02.2

Abstract

Corn is the cultural identity of the Madurese, they being called as maize eaters and included an agrarian society with a kind of shifting agriculture landscape called “ekologi tegal”. Cornfield was once the most important hierarchy in tanèyan lanjhèng. The pattern of rural settlement in Madura is a combination of several clusters tanèyan lanjhèng formed by main moor space hierarchy, then occupancy. Indigenous land use occupancy states should not diminish arable land. But the shift in consumption from maize to rice and Islamic land inheritance system that is uksorilokal and matrilocal changing land use as residential space hierarchy utama.Tujuan this paper is to seek the embodiment and the relationship between the agricultural landscape (dost) with occupancy (tanèyan lanjhèng) so as to form a pattern of settlement , to do with a shift in consumption and a system of inheritance. Discussion method uses anthropologicalarchitectural approach. So characteristic of farming communities in eastern Madura is a problem: the hierarchy of space, the position of women, kinship, social system, as well as the limits of hierarchy, related to settlement patterns. The physical manifestation of settlements tend to the meaning and philosophy of Islam.Keywords: tegal ecology, settlement patterns, tanèyan lanjhèng, meaning and philosophy of Islam
Filosofi Penataan Ruang Spasial Vertikal Pada Rumah Tradisional Saoraja Lapinceng Kabupaten Barru Wasilah, Wasilah; Hildayanti, A.
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2016.014.02.7

Abstract

Bugis vertically traditional house is generally divided into three parts: head, body and leg home. The third part has a function and a different philosophy but as one that in synergy. In the field of architectural, philosophy plays a decisive role in the spatial distribution of building space. Mainly in traditional buildings such as Saoraja Lapinceng in Barru which has a variety of philosophical and meaningful messages resulting from the interpretation of the community against natural phenomena and customs that developed in the area. But in the days of modernization, most people do not know the philosophy applied to Saoraja Lapinceng. Therefore, this descriptive study will identify various philosophies contained in each division of the spatial space vertically on Saoraja Lapinceng. Through analysis techniques diachronic reading is a search method traces the history and ideology prevailing in Barru, it is known that the Bugis Barru divide the space vertically into three parts, namely "rakkeang" or the top of the house serves as a place to stay occupant of women symbolizing the group elevated, "ale bola" or the middle part serves as a male occupant symbolize authority and in controler, and "awa bola" or bottom serves as a storage area residents working equipment symbolizes foot and driving.Keywords: Bugis, philosophy of space, vertical spatial space, traditional home
Desain Panel Absorpsi Difusor Bunu Makainas, Indradjaja; Sela, Rieneke Lusia Evani
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2016.014.02.3

Abstract

Panel Absorpsi Difusor Bunu adalah panel akustik yang berfungsi sebagai penyerap sekaligus pemencar bunyi yang terbuat dari sabut kelapa (bunu). Panel ini digunakan untuk mendapatkan Waktu Dengung (ReveberationTime) sesuai standar kenyamanan pendengaran didalam ruang teater rumah (home theater), ruang karaoke, studio penyiaran radio, studio rekaman, ruang kelas/siding ,ruangi badah, auditorium. Bunu sebagai bahan yang melimpah di seluruh pelosok Nusantara yang dikenal dengan sebutan kepulauan Nyiur Melambai perlu dimaksimalkan pemanfaatannya. Didaerah umumnya bunu hanya dijadikan sebagai bahan bakar memasak, malah menjadi limbah dari hasil pengolahan kopra. Panel dikerjakan di AKAS desa Rantewringin kabupaten Kebumen provinsi Jawa Tengah dengan cara manua lkecual idalam menguraikan sabut kelapa menjadi serat (coirfibre) dan serbuk (cocopeat). Bahan pembuat panel adalah seratnya yang disusun berlapis. Panel dibuat dalam 2 (dua) jenis terdiri dari yang datar yang disebut panel indrabunu 01 dan piramida disebut indrabunu 02, untuk mendapatkan nilai koefisien serap αyang berbeda. Pengujian nilai α dari panel dilakukan di Laboratorium Akustik Pusat Penelitian Metrologi LIPI Serpong.Kata Kunci : bunu,panel,absorpsi,difusor
Building Form berdasarkan Sejarah Kawasan Bangunan pada Jalan Basuki Rahmat Malang Ridjal, Abraham Mohammad; Antariksa, Antariksa; Suryasari, Noviani; Santoso, Joko Triwinarto
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2016.014.02.4

Abstract

Human civilization had been through along with the evidence of history. The city of Malang has its own history which been proved by its buildings as the eyewitnesses. As a part of Indonesian History, Malang contributed to colonialism era in which colored this nation efforts during the independence through its buildings which became the evidence of what happened. The existence of these buildings were important for the record of history, not just political stories but also how did people acted in it. Ignorance of these could erase the history of Malang, in which could stop the transfer information about what did Malang. In this case identified and re-constructed history of Malang is needed to re-built its identity. Through this agenda by historical-description hoped Malang Identity could be found and the building form could re-arranged through its character. If this action done, development of Malang city would be synergy with its own history and identity.Keywords: conservation, history, colonialism

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