Jurnal Ruas (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
ISSN : 16933702     EISSN : 24776033
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) is a scientific publication for widespread research and criticism topics related to urbanism and architecture studies. RUAS is published twice a year since 2011 by the Department of Architecture of Universitas Brawijaya.
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 12, No 1 (2014)" : 9 Documents clear
Elemen Pembentuk Citra Kawasan Bersejarah Di Pusat Kota Malang Pettricia, Hana Ayu; Wardhani, Dian Kusuma; Antariksa, Antariksa
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2014.012.01.2

Abstract

The study of the image of an area needs to be done to find out the identity of the place. District of Klojen is an area that has a legacy of historic buildings and environment in the Dutch colonial era, therefore it is necessary to study the image of the District Klojen kawasan bersejarah.This study aims: (1) analyze the imageforming elements in the historic district based on the perception of residents Klojen District of Malang, and (2) analyze the factors that influence respondents in identifying the image-forming elements in the historic district Klojen. Malang resident perception is divided into three groups, ie community groups, students, and experts. The method are used descriptive analytical and evaluative analysis. Descriptive methods isused to analyze the elements of the image forming region, using mental maps and interviews. Evaluative analysis used to analyze the factors that influence respondents to identify the image of the historic district, and to review the typology of perception of the respondents use the gestalt theory. The results are (1) image of the historic downtown district that is Klojen still can’t properly captured by the inhabitants of the city of Malang, and the District Klojen still highlight the historic image, (2) factors that influence respondents perceptions are internal factors and external. Typology of perception, internal factors and external factors had ties in identifying the image of the historic district.Key words: image, historic, gestalt theory, mental maps.
Penyusunan Database Arsitektur Nusantara Berbasis Tipologi Arsitektur Dari Paradigma Budaya T, Ema Yunita; Ridjal, Abraham M.
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2014.012.01.3

Abstract

Penelitian mengenai arsitektur nusantara saat ini tersebar luas. Perlu upaya untuk menghimpun dan menyatukan hasil-hasil penelitian tersebut agar dapat dimanfaatkan untuk perbaikan negeri. Database Arsitektur Nusantara berisi kejamakan dan kemajemukan ragam arsitektur nusantara merupakan upaya yang strategis bagi kebutuhan penelitian bertema kearifan lokal arsitektur nusantara. Database ini dimanfaatkan dan dikembangkan bersama secara partisipatori dengan media web online. Dasar penyusunan data base adalah perumusan tipologi arsitektur dengan paradigma budaya yaitu: Keperkasaan Masyarakat Megalit, Kewaspadaan Pelestari Lingkungan Hutan, Ketekunan Masyarakat Tani Pedalaman, Keterbukaan Masyarakat Pesisir, dan Kelenturan Masyarakat Dagang, Industri dan Informasi. Variabel amatannya didasarkan pada aspek dan unsur-unsur arstitektural, yang kelengkapannya tergantung ketersediaan data. Jenis data meliputi data deskriptif (tulisan/paparan), gambar 2 dan 3 dimensi, peta-peta, hingga model digital X3D dalam bentuk video. Kelengkapan data ini dapat dikembangkan dan dibangun bersama-sama. Dengan adanya database yang dapat menjadi salah satu bahan rujukan penelitian arsitektur, diharapkan data-data hasil penelitian ini dapat bermanfaat bagi pengembangan pengetahuan yang terkandung dalam arsitektur nusantara sehingga bermanfaat bagi perbaikan negeri ini.Kata kunci: database (data dasar), Arsitektur Nusantara
Kriteria Kinerja Energi Untuk Kenyamanan Termal Pada Bangunan Fasilitas Pendidikan Tinggi Di Indonesia Analisis Dengan Metode Important Performance Analysis Ariestadi, Dian; Alfianto, Imam; Sulton, Mohammad
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2014.012.01.4

Abstract

Gedung di negara beriklim tropis termasuk Indonesia paling banyak menggunakan energi untuk sistem tata udara 45-70%, sistem tata cahaya 1020%,. SNI 03-6196-2000 tentang prosedur audit energi pada bangunan gedung, memiliki ruang lingkup meliputi perkantoran, hotel, pertokoan/pusat belanja, rumah sakit, apartemen dan rumah tinggal. Bangunan fasilitas pendidikan tinggi belum mendapat perhatian terkait dengan kinerja energi karena kenyamanan suhu dan pencahayaan. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengidentifikasi kriteria dasar sebagai indikator awal untuk melakukan penilaian (assesment) terhadap kinerja energi bangunan. Analisis dan identifikasi kriteria dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Important Performance Analysis (IPA). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari sekitar 40 kinerja kriteria desain bangunan yang memiliki pengaruh dengan kenyamanan termal terdapat 24 faktor yang dipersepsikan penting oleh pengguna bangunan fasilitas bangunan pendidikan tinggi, meliputi kategori: (1) lokasi bangunan, (2) upaya reduksi panas sekitar bangunan, (3) denah bangunan, (4) bentuk arsitektur, (5) desain struktural dan selubung bangunan, (6) desain struktural dan selubung, (7) interior ruang, serta (8) sistem penghawaan dan pencahayaan buatanKata kunci: kinerja termal bangunan, bangunan fasilitas pendidikan tinggi, metode Important Performance Analysis
Variabel Aspek Kepuasan Berhuni Di Lingkungan Hunian Perkotaan, Kota Malang Mustikawati, Triandriani; Ernawati, Jenny
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2014.012.01.1

Abstract

The satisfaction and perception on neighborhood is one of the most basic topic in Environmental Psychology. This research aims at exploring subjectif indicators of the urban neighborhood quality viewed through the perception of the residents on their neighborhood. The quality of the neighborhood is seen through 4 aspects: architecture and city planning, sosial relationship, public service and contextual aspect. 40 respondent were choosen from the newest telephone book by simple random sampling method. They respresent 5 districts in Malang city. The respondent were asked to answer the self-administered questioner that consist of semi-open questions about residential quality aspect, qualitatively. The method of analysis is descriptive statistic. The result showed 77 variables of residential satisfaction according to the residents perspective. These variables are divided into 4 aspects of the quality of neighborhood (architecture and city planning, sosial relationship, public service and contextual). It showed that beside physical aspects of environment, the residents also determine supportive non physical aspects as important aspects for their neighborhood.Keywords:residential satisfaction, urban neighborhood
Belenggu Persepsi Pada Lapangan Taman Tugu Pahlawan Surabaya (Suatu Kajian Perubahan Makna Arsitektural) Alamsyah, Bhakti
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2014.012.01.5

Abstract

Karya arsitektur disamping bentukan setting fisiknya didalamnya terkandung berbagai makna yang disajikan bagi penggunanya yang untuk penikmatannya bisa dipersepsi secara meluas hingga memunculkan makna beragam. Namun arsitektur bak mata uang bermuka ganda. Sisi yang satu mempersilakan tampilnya aneka persepsi dari pengamat sedang sisi lain secara layak sebagai alat untuk memanipulasi, memaksakan makna tunggal yang dilandasi ‘kuasa’ kepentingan tertentu. Desain Lapangan Taman Tugu Pahlawan Surabaya sebagai hasil kolaborasi penguasa dan cendekiawan mewakili kepentingan disatu sisi dan hasilnya untuk kepentingan masyarakat disisi lain. Apa yang tersembunyi dibalik tindakan kompromi kepentingan ini menjadi menarik bila ditinjau dari sudut pandang pengamat dan perencanaan dalam konteks perubahan makna . Penjelajahan dilangsungkan terhadap dinamika perancangan dan perilaku nyata yang berlangsung pada setting fisik Lapangan Taman Tugu Pahlawan. Dengan perspektif demikian diharapkan timbulnya pemahaman yang memberagam tentang makna desain dan tempat kawasan Tugu Pahlawan . Makna baru ataupun yang telah lama ada namun mungkin teredam, tersembunyikan oleh adanya hegemoni sistem terhadap kehidupan sosial sebagai suatu representasi wajah kebudayaan pasca-modern kontemporer.Kata Kunci : Perubahan Makna, Lapangan Taman Tugu Pahlawan
Keberagaman Pengguna Ruang Publik Permukiman Di Atas Air Berkepadatan Tinggi Fauzi, Hendri; Siregar, Johannes Parlindungan; Wardhani, Dian Kusuma
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2014.012.01.6

Abstract

Tarakan City is the most developed region in northern Borneo with great potential that has a fascination for outsiders to enter Tarakan City. It has potential as a region with a high density, so it will be difficult to provide a public space with a common interest due to the limited space. Activities undertaken communities are able to support social activities and behaviors with some activity. Capable of forming a social space that is used together are categorized as public spaces that accommodate the specific activity of the community either individually or in groups, by age and gender. The purpose of this study is to identification the diversity of the user based on the typology of space and activity patterns of public space were observed. Assessment of the diversity of users using the Simpsons Diversity Index with data from observations. This study suggested that the high density conditions with the type of settlement that is in the water it was found that users of public space in the sub- blocks of different studies have diversity in each sub- tract.Keywords: Public Space, simpsons diversity index, diversity of users, typology of space
Penataan Ruang Kelas Yang Sesuai Dengan Aktivitas Belajar Kasus: Paud Kuncup Matahari Dan Pg/Ra Mutiara Bhima Sakti Sidoarjo M., Triandriani; S., Noviani; T., Ema Yunita
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2014.012.01.7

Abstract

The main problem of PG/RA Mutiara Bhima Sakti and PAUD Kuncup Matahari’s classroom design is how to optimize the available space-resources to accomodate learning acitivities.This could be a supporting factor to success learning program. This research aim to find the suitable classroom model for PG/RA Mutiara Bhima Sakti and PAUD Kuncup Matahari by studying of space-use and learning program. PG/RA Mutiara Bhima have only 1 permanent classroom, while another classroom was divided into 2 classrooms using non-permanent divider. PAUD Kuncup Matahari’s classroom was too small to accomodate all the students. From the result of the analysis and according to BCCT program (as the learning program used by those two prescools), we arrange classroom into centers: natural, dramatic, preparation, block, etc. These centres was arranged by utilize space-resources optimizely. One centre colud be used by one class or more, in the same time or in different time. The classrooms was designed flexible. They can be used for different activities by changing their interior arrangement.Kata kunci: arrangement, classroom, children
Pengaruh Aspek Arsitektur dan Perencanaan Kota Terhadap Terbentuknya Ikatan Batin Dengan Suatu Tempat (Place Attachment) Ernawati, Jenny
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2014.012.01.8

Abstract

This paper reports an empirical study that was aimed to explore community’s evaluations of architecture and urban planning qualities and it’s influence on place attachment. Place attachment is understood as emotional or affective connection that people develop with their places of residence, due to the meaning given to that site. This study used a survey research design which was conducted in two stages. The first stage of the surveys was to explore variables of architecture and town planning qualities using a combination of open-and-close-ended questions. Forty respondents selected randomly to participate in this phase of study. This resulted 28 variables of architecture and urban planning qualities, which were then used for the next stage of the survey. The second stage of the survey used questionnaire involving seven-point Likert scale to evaluate those qualities and unidimensional scale of place attachment consisted of five variables. There were 193 respondents from five different neighbourhoods in Malang chosen randomly to participate in the survey. Several multivariate data analysis, including factor analysis and regression analysis were used to explore effects of architecture and urban planning qualities on place attachment. Results indicated that, in general, perceived architecture and urban planning qualities are significant as predictors of place attachment. These predictors consist of four factors that are Built Environmental Aesthetics; Pedestrian Facilities; Street Network; and Green Open Space Availability. Those four factors influence 27.2% of the development of place attachment.Keywords: place attachment; community’s evaluations; architecture; urban planning and design
Penerapan Konsep Permakultur Dengan Pendekatan Sosioekologi Dalam Membangun Desa Wisata (Studi Kasus: Desa Jengglung Harjo, Kabupaten Tulungagung) Permatasari, Bonita Ratih; Ridjal, Abraham M.; Soekirno, Ali
RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies) Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : RUAS (Review of Urbanism and Architectural Studies)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ruas.2014.012.01.9

Abstract

The current condition of agriculture areas is decreasing its number because of the increases of the need for housing. In the aspect of tourism, the needed lands for development of tourism are also increased in Indonesia because it is expected to increase foreign exchange. The need and the lack of food can be supported by developing the tourist areas. One of applications to develop the tourist areas is permaculture (permanent agriculture) which was firstly introduced by Bill Mollison. However the concept of permaculture is not directly applicable because the impact on the permaculture could affect the environment of the area. Thus the relationship between the application of permaculture and the local community cultures is needed. Permaculture is also needed to be adapted into the culture of the local communities in the case study areas. The sites of the case studies are located in Jengglung Harjo and Sine village Tulungagung. This area is adjacent to Sine beach. In this study, the researcher used the descriptive analysis methods with visual culture approach. The visual culture approach is more preferred in the field of socio-ecological studies on the study and the area of study. The application of permaculture can be used as an alternative to enlarge the potential of food and tourism. By linking the permaculture to local culture, it can reduce the negative impacts in the field of socio-ecology.Key words: permaculture, eco-tourism, socio-ecology

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