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The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 1 (2013)" : 7 Documents clear
Production and Characterization of Bacillus firmus pectinase Roosdiana, Anna; Prasetyawan, Sasangka; Mahdi, Chanif; Sutrisno, Sutrisno
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (228.693 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpacr.2013.002.01.111

Abstract

Pectinase is enzyme which functions to hydrolyze pectin become D-galacturonic acid unit. This enzyme is potential in various industries, especially in fruit juice industry.  Pectinase can be derived from various microorganisms resulting in different pectinase character. The aims of this research were to determine the optimum condition of pectinase production and to characterize the resulted pectinase including optimum condition of pectinase activity and the influence of metal ion.  The optimum condition of pectinase production was carried out by growing Bacillus firmus on basal media containing pectin as inducer at various  pH (5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10), temperature (30, 35, 40, 45, 50) oC and fermentation time (6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36) hours. while the optimum pectinase activity was done at various pH ( 4, 6, 7, 8, 10 ), temperature (30, 35, 40, 45, 50) oC and reaction time (10, 20, 30, 40, 50) minutes. The influence of Zn2+, Mg2+, K+ at 2-10 mM to pectinase activity were also investigated. The result showed that optimum condition of pectinase production occurred at pH7-8, temperature 40-50 oC and fermentation time 18hours, while the optimum condition of pectinase activity was pH 7, temperature 50 oC and reaction time 30 minutes. The existence of Zn2+, Mg2+, K+ ions  affected significantly to pectinase activity.  Mg2+ acted as non competitive inhibitor; however K+ and Zn2+ acted as un competitive inhibitor.
Synthesis Organonitrogen Compounds from Patchouli Alcohol Through Ritter Reaction with Acetonitrile and Its Toxicity to Artemia salina Leach. Nisyak, Khoirun; Rahman, Mohammad Farid; Sutrisno, Sutrisno
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (322.756 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpacr.2013.002.01.113

Abstract

Patchouli oil contains a compound with biological activities to human body called the patchouli alcohol that can be further developed in medical field. This research aimed to synthesize organonitrogen compound from patchouli alcohol through Ritter reaction with acetonitrile and discover its toxicity towards Artemia salina Leach. The isolation of patchouli alcohol from patchouli oil using fractional distillation under reduced pressure method. The synthesis of organonitrogen compound is done at room temperature with the mol ratio of patchouli alcohol: acetonitrile: sulfuric acid is 1:1,5:4 for 24 hours. The result showed that the amount of patchouli alcohol produced from fractional distillation is 65,25%. The main product yielded from the synthesis between patchouli alcohol and acetonitrile through Ritter reaction is 36,93 % of N-(4,8a,9,9-tetramethyl decahydro-1,6-methanonaphtalene-1-yl) acetamide. Starting material used have LC50 of 77,39 ppm. The product of synthesis have higher toxicity level than starting material, which have LC50 value is 10,39 ppm with the potential as medical compounds.
Extraction of Pb2+ using Silica from Rice Husks Ash (RHA) – Chitosan as Solid Phase Widwiastuti, Hanandayu; Mulyasuryani, Ani; Sabarudin, Akhmad
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (498.421 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpacr.2013.002.01.114

Abstract

The existence of lead (Pb) compounds in waters can be caused of waste pollution from industrial activities such as dye and battery industries. Lead has toxic characteristic and is able to causing deseases. The levels of Cr(VI) can be decreased by methods such as electroplating, oxidation, reduction, and membrane separation. But this methods require high cost and produce a lot of waste. Furthermore, those methods cannot determine the small concentration of Pb2+. Therefore, solid phase extraction is used because it’s a simple method and can be used to preconcentrate Pb2+ ion.The aim of this study is to create solid phase from nature material as an alternative method to determine Pb2+ in water samples. The solid phase is silica from rice husks ash (RHA) that was modified using chitosan. To achieve that aim, the optimization of silica : chitosan composition was done. The influence of Pb2+ concentration and citric acid concentration was studied to obtain optimum recovery of Pb2+. Interaction between Pb2+ ion and solid phase silica – chitosan could be estimated based on the result.The result showed the optimum composition of silica : chitosan is 65% silica : 35% chitosan with Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) 0.00455 mek/g. Mass Adsorbed Pb2+for 1 g silica : chitosan 65% is 9.715 mg/g. Optimum recovery of Pb2+ on solid phase extraction is reached at concentration of Pb2+ 10 ppm and citric acid concentration 0.05 M (88.25 % and 81.18 %). This result showed that solid phase extraction using silica – chitosan can be used as an alternative method to determine Pb2+ in water.
2,6-Bis(benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl)-3,7-dipentadecyltetrathienoacene (DBT-TTAR2) as an Alternative of Highly Soluble p-Type Organic Semiconductor for Organic Thin Film Transistor (OTFT) Application Supriadi, Mery B.; Chen, Ming-Chou; Li, You-Shan
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (565.799 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpacr.2013.002.01.118

Abstract

A new compound of organic semiconductor based on tetrathienoacene (TTA) derivatives, DBT-TTAR2 was synthesized and characterized. The corporation of dibenzo[b,d]thiophene (DBT) group and alkyl substituent in both ends of TTA core have a significant effect on their π-π molecular conjugation length, energy gaps value and solubility properties. DBT-TTAR2 is fabricated as p-type organic semiconductor of organic thin film transistor (OTFT) by solution process at Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan. A good optical, electrochemical, and thermal properties of DBT-TTAR2 showed that its exhibits a better performance as highly soluble p-type organic semiconductor.
Synthesis of Hematite Pigments (alpha-Fe2O3) by Thermal Transformations of FeOOH Khoiroh, Lilik Miftahul; Mardiana, Diah; Sabarudin, Akhmad; Ismuyanto, Bambang
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.127 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpacr.2013.002.01.120

Abstract

Synthesis of iron oxide FeOOH from FeCl3, followed by thermal transformation to form red hematite was conducted. The effect of pH and temperature calcinations was studied. The pigment obtained was analyzed by XRD, color reader and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The structure crystal of pigment at all variation of pH and calcinations temperature were hematite (a-Fe2O3) with good crystallization and  relatively pure. The color of pigment obtained at pH variation were red with maximum value of L * a* at pH 6 while the mean grain size with minimum coefficient of variation was at pH 8 with mean grain size was 0.17 mm. The maximum of calcinations temperature was at 800oC for 3 hour. The resulting pigment was shaped like a spheres.
Characterization of Polyclonal Antibody Induced by Autoantibody TPO (Thyroidperoxidase) From Autoimmune Thyroid Disease (AITD) Serum with ELISA and Western Blotting Fiqriyana, Maulidya Aulia; Roosdiana, Anna
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.63 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpacr.2013.002.01.126

Abstract

Autoantibody TPO is a potential marker for early detection of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). Autoantibody TPO has a specifity and a sensitivity ranging from 82% to100% in comparison to other AITD serology markers. Concentration of autoantibody TPO in sera had a positive correlation with activities of chronic AITD. This research have been conducted to investigate the characteristic of polyclonal antibody TPO induced by autoantibody TPO from serum of AITD patients. The autoantibody TPO was isolated from serum of AITD patients and its band proteins was confirmed using western blotting, acquiring molecular weight of 51.81 kDa. The protein was induced to a rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and recognized as an antigen. Serum of rabbit produced polyclonal antibody which was characterized using ELISA and Western blotting. The result showed that autoantibody TPO isolated from serum of AITD patients was immunogenic, which induced the polyclonal antibody anti-TPO (anti-anti-TPO). It was found that the highest polyclonal antibody was obtained on 3rd serum bleeding with the absorbance of 0.3225 and a molecular weight of 51.81 kDa, which is able to specifically recognize autoantibody TPO. Keywords : Autoimmune thyroiditis, Autoantibody TPO, TPO, polyclonal antibody, ELISA, Western blotting
Functionalization of Chitosan with 3,4,5-Trihydroxy Benzoic Acid Moiety for The Uptake of Chromium Species Sabarudin, Akhmad; Motomizu, Shoji
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (686.242 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpacr.2013.002.01.136

Abstract

Chitosan-based chelating resin, the cross-linked chitosan functionalized with 3,4,5-trihydroxy benzoic acid moiety (CCTS-THBA resin), was newly synthesized and its adsorption behavior toward appropriate elements was investigated. At pH 5-9, the CCTS-THBA resin showed quantitative adsorption (87-91%) for Cr (VI), while only < 15% for Cr (III). The addition of cyclohexanediamine tetraacetic acid (CyDTA) to the samples resulted in a considerably increase of the adsorption of both chromium species. In this condition, Cr (III) is chelated with CyDTA to form anionic complexes at pH 3-5, which was then completely adsorbed on the resin by ion exchange mechanism. Similarly, the adsorption of Cr (VI) reached almost 100% in pH range of 3-6. The adsorption capacity of CCTS-THBA resin for Cr (VI) was 109 mg g-1.

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